网络官员下台考验政府与私营部门的关系

2020-11-19 12:01

Cyber Official’s Ouster Tests Government Relations With Private Sector JJg世界播

网络官员下台考验政府与私营部门的关系JJg世界播


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Chris Krebs testified at a Senate hearing in May 2019. President Trump this week fired him from his post as director of the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. JJg世界播

克里斯·克雷布斯(Chris Krebs)在2019年5月的参议院听证会上作证。本周,特朗普总统解除了他作为国土安全部网络安全和基础设施安全局局长的职务JJg世界播


Chris Krebs was widely credited with forging ties between the government and the private sector during his two-year tenure as director of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. Those ties are now under threat after he was fired Tuesday by President Trump, lawmakers and business executives say. JJg世界播

克里斯·克雷布斯(Chris Krebs)在担任网络安全和基础设施安全局(CyberSecurity And Infrastructure Security Agency)局长的两年任期内,被广泛认为是在政府和私营部门之间建立联系的功臣。议员和企业高管表示,在他周二被特朗普总统解雇后,两国关系现在受到威胁。JJg世界播


With Mr. Krebs and two key deputies out at CISA, an arm of the Department of Homeland Security, some warn the rapid-fire departures will set back public-private collaboration on cybersecurity threats at a key moment. JJg世界播

克雷布斯和国土安全部(Department Of Homeland Security)下属机构CISA的两名关键副手离开后,一些人警告称,在关键时刻,快速离职将阻碍公私合作应对网络安全威胁。JJg世界播


Private firms own most U.S. critical infrastructure, including the power grid, water system and financial services. A federal commission assessing U.S. cyber readiness this year urged federal agencies to share with businesses threat intelligence—and vice versa—to ward off attacks by foreign governments and criminal groups. JJg世界播

私营企业拥有美国大部分关键基础设施,包括电网、供水系统和金融服务。一个评估美国网络准备情况的联邦委员会今年敦促联邦机构与企业分享威胁情报-反之亦然-以抵御外国政府和犯罪集团的攻击。JJg世界播


CISA has strengthened such partnerships since the Trump administration created the agency in 2018. But Mr. Krebs’s departure has injected chaos into those lines of communication, said Patrick Gaul, executive director of the National Technology Security Coalition, an Atlanta-based advocacy group representing chief information security officers. JJg世界播

自2018年特朗普政府成立中钢协以来,该机构一直在加强这种合作关系。但国家技术安全联盟(National Technology Security Coalition)的执行董事帕特里克·高尔(Patrick Gaul)说,克雷布斯的离开给这些沟通渠道带来了混乱。国家技术安全联盟是一家总部位于亚特兰大的倡导组织,代表着首席信息安全官。JJg世界播


“Chris leaving is a disappointment for us because we’ve worked so hard to build that relationship and that level of trust,” said Mr. Gaul, whose organization represents security chiefs at Fortune 1000 companies. JJg世界播

“克里斯的离开让我们很失望,因为我们一直在努力建立这种关系和那种程度的信任,”高卢说。他所在的组织代表着财富1000强公司的安全主管。JJg世界播


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Matt Masterson, a senior cybersecurity adviser at the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, testified at a Senate hearing in 2018. JJg世界播

美国网络安全和基础设施安全局(CyberSecurity And Infrastructure Security Agency)高级网络安全顾问马特·马斯特森(Matt Masterson)在2018年的参议院听证会上作证JJg世界播


Mr. Krebs’s firing came amid growing tensions between CISA—tasked with protecting critical infrastructure such as voting systems—and Mr. Trump’s administration, which has alleged fraud in the Nov. 3 presidential election. No evidence of widespread fraud has emerged, and in a joint statement last week challenging such claims without naming the president, CISA and other agencies called the election “the most secure in American history.” JJg世界播

克雷布斯被解职之际,负责保护投票系统等关键基础设施的中钢协与特朗普政府之间的关系日益紧张,后者指控特朗普政府在11月3日的总统选举中存在舞弊行为。目前还没有出现普遍存在舞弊的证据,在上周发表的一份联合声明中,对这种说法提出质疑,但没有点名总统,中钢协和其他机构称这次选举是“美国历史上最安全的一次”。JJg世界播


Mr. Trump cited that statement when he announced Mr. Krebs’s firing on Twitter. Two other senior CISA officials, Deputy Director Matthew Travis and Assistant Director for Cybersecurity Bryan Ware, resigned in recent days, adding to fears that cybersecurity matters are becoming politicized within the federal government. JJg世界播

特朗普在Twitter上宣布解雇克雷布斯时引用了这一声明。中钢协另外两名高级官员,副局长马修·特拉维斯(Matthew Travis)和负责网络安全的助理局长布莱恩·威尔(Bryan Ware)最近几天辞职,加剧了人们对联邦政府内部网络安全问题正在变得政治化的担忧。JJg世界播


“It suggests to the greater community that maybe CISA isn’t a nonpartisan institution, we don’t really know who’s in charge, and maybe we should keep our own counsel for a while,” Sen. Angus King (I., Maine) said. JJg世界播

缅因州参议员安格斯·金(Angus King)说,“这向整个社会表明,或许CISA不是一个无党派机构,我们真的不知道谁是负责人,或许我们应该暂时保留自己的建议。”JJg世界播


“We’ve got two months before there’s a new president, and our adversaries look at transitions as periods of vulnerability anyway,” Mr. King added. “What [Mr. Trump] is doing is multiplying that vulnerability.” JJg世界播

金补充说,“我们还有两个月的时间就会产生新总统,而我们的对手无论如何都会把过渡视为易受攻击的时期。”“(特朗普先生)正在做的是让这种脆弱性成倍增加。”JJg世界播


That dynamic also could extend internationally, said Jerry Ray, chief operations officer at Singapore-based data security company SecureAge Technology Pte. “You will see a lot of countries look to each other [for information] instead of to the U.S. first,” Mr. Ray said. JJg世界播

新加坡数据安全公司SecureAge Technology Pte的首席运营官杰里·雷(Jerry Ray)表示,这种动态也可能扩展到国际上。雷说:“你会看到很多国家相互寻求信息,而不是首先向美国寻求帮助。”JJg世界播


Representatives at CISA and the White House National Security Council didn’t respond to requests for comment about such concerns. Mr. Krebs, a Trump appointee who is respected among cyber experts and lawmakers in both parties, also didn’t respond to a request for comment. JJg世界播

中钢协和白宫国家安全委员会(White House National Security Council)的代表没有回应就此类担忧置评的请求。克雷布斯是特朗普任命的,在两党网络专家和议员中都很受尊敬。他也没有回复记者的置评请求。JJg世界播


Some current and former government officials say that the agency can withstand a housecleaning at the top as it prepares to transition to a new administration under President-elect Joe Biden. JJg世界播

一些现任和前任政府官员表示,该机构在准备向当选总统乔·拜登(Joe Biden)领导的新政府过渡之际,可以经受住高层的内部清理。JJg世界播


“There is a strong team of people who are there,” said Kiersten Todt, managing director of the Cyber Readiness Institute, a nonprofit focused on small businesses, who was a cyber adviser to the Obama administration. “When any agency is down any amount of men or women, it’s not easy, but it’s not insurmountable.” JJg世界播

“那里有一个强大的团队,”网络准备研究所(Cyber Readness Institute)常务董事基尔斯滕·托德(Kiersten Todt)说。该研究所是一家专注于小企业的非营利组织,曾担任奥巴马政府的网络顾问。“当任何机构裁员时,无论男女人数多少,都不容易,但也不是不可逾越的。”JJg世界播


Multiple CISA officials said after the departures that they were optimistic that their work, for now, would continue uninterrupted. Brandon Wales, a career official who is now serving as the acting director, is well-respected at the agency and cares deeply about its election security mission, according to his colleagues. Because he isn’t a political appointee, it is harder for the White House to remove him. JJg世界播

多名中钢协官员在离职后表示,他们乐观地认为,就目前而言,他们的工作将不会中断。据他的同事说,现任代理局长的职业官员布兰登·威尔士(Brandon Wales)在该机构很受尊敬,非常关心该机构的选举安全任务。因为他不是政治任命的,所以白宫更难罢免他。JJg世界播


Still, agency officials were on high alert Wednesday. Some are concerned that Matt Masterson, a senior cybersecurity adviser at CISA with extensive election administration experience, could be next to receive a pink slip. Before joining DHS two years ago, Mr. Masterson was a Republican commissioner on the federal Election Assistance Commission who made protecting elections from cyberattack a priority after the 2016 election. He has received widespread praise for helping to bridge the gap between federal agencies and state and local election officials. JJg世界播

尽管如此,该机构官员周三仍处于高度戒备状态。一些人担心,拥有丰富选举管理经验的中钢协高级网络安全顾问马特·马斯特森(Matt Masterson)可能是下一个被解雇的人。在两年前加入国土安全部之前,马斯特森是联邦选举援助委员会的共和党委员,他把保护选举不受网络攻击作为2016年大选后的首要任务。他因帮助弥合联邦机构与州和地方选举官员之间的鸿沟而受到广泛赞誉。JJg世界播


“The mission is unchanged,” Mr. Masterson tweeted hours after Mr. Krebs was fired. JJg世界播

克雷布斯被解雇几小时后,马斯特森在推特上写道,“任务没有改变。”JJg世界播


Many cybersecurity experts argue that CISA should be empowered with more resources and authority in the coming years as cyber threats intensify across the U.S. economy. Michael Daniel, the White House cybersecurity coordinator under President Barack Obama, said the department is an accomplishment upon which Mr. Biden’s administration should build. JJg世界播

许多网络安全专家认为,随着美国经济中网络威胁的加剧,未来几年中钢协应该被赋予更多的资源和权力。奥巴马(Barack Obama)政府的白宫网络安全协调员迈克尔·丹尼尔(Michael Daniel)说,该部门是拜登政府应该在此基础上取得的一项成就。JJg世界播


U.S. cybersecurity policy has remained fairly stable between recent presidents, said Mr. Daniel, now president and chief executive of the Cyber Threat Alliance, a nonprofit intelligence-sharing group. The continuity makes Mr. Krebs’s firing after an election seemingly devoid of major incidents even more notable, he said. JJg世界播

丹尼尔现在是非营利性情报共享组织网络威胁联盟(Cyber Threat Alliance)的总裁兼首席执行长,他说,美国的网络安全政策在近几届总统任期内保持相当稳定。他说,这种连续性使得克雷布斯在一场看似没有重大事件的选举后被解职一事更加引人注目。JJg世界播


“To me,” Mr. Daniel said, “that makes no sense.” JJg世界播

“在我看来,”丹尼尔说,“这毫无意义。”JJg世界播

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