特斯拉“全自动驾驶”测试版来了,看起来吓死人了

2020-10-24 11:31

Tesla’s "Full Self-Driving" beta is here, and it looks scary as hell cNh世界播

特斯拉“全自动驾驶”测试版来了,看起来吓死人了cNh世界播


暂无cNh世界播

Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge cNh世界播

插图:亚历克斯·卡斯特罗/The VergecNh世界播


This week, Tesla began pushing its “Full Self-Driving” (FSD) update to a select group of customers, and the first reactions are now beginning to roll in. The software, which enables drivers to use many of Autopilot’s advanced driver-assist features on local, non-highway streets, is still in beta. As such, it requires constant monitoring while in operation. Or as Tesla warns in its introductory language, “it may do the wrong thing at the worse time.” cNh世界播

本周,特斯拉开始将其“全自动驾驶”(FSD)更新推向选定的客户群体,第一批反应现在开始滚滚而来。该软件使司机能够在当地的非高速公路街道上使用Autopilot的许多先进的驾驶员辅助功能,目前仍处于测试阶段。因此,它需要在运行过程中不断进行监控。或者,正如特斯拉在其介绍性语言中警告的那样,“它可能会在更糟糕的时候做出错误的事情。”cNh世界播


Frankly, this looks terrifying — not because it seems erratic or malfunctioning, but because of the way it will inevitably be misused. cNh世界播

坦率地说,这看起来很可怕-不是因为它看起来不稳定或出现故障,而是因为它不可避免地会被滥用。cNh世界播


Early reactions to the software update range from “that was a little scary” to full-throated enthusiasm for CEO Elon Musk’s willingness to let his customers beta-test features that aren’t ready for wide release. This willingness has helped Tesla maintain its market leader position at the forefront of electric and autonomous vehicle technology, but it also presents a huge risk to the company, especially if those early tests go wrong. cNh世界播

对软件更新的早期反应从“有点吓人”到对首席执行官埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)愿意让客户对尚未准备好广泛发布的功能进行Beta测试的热情不一而足。这种意愿帮助特斯拉保持了其在电动和自动驾驶汽车技术前沿的市场领先者地位,但这也给该公司带来了巨大的风险,特别是如果这些早期测试出现问题的话。cNh世界播


A Tesla owner who goes by the handle “Tesla Raj” posted a 10-minute video on Thursday that purports to show his experience with FSD. He says he used the feature while driving down “a residential street... with no lane markers” — a function that Tesla’s Autopilot previously was unable to do. cNh世界播

周四,一位名为“特斯拉·拉吉”的特斯拉车主发布了一段10分钟的视频,声称展示了他使用消防车的经历。他说他在“一条住宅区的街道……”开车时使用了这个功能。没有车道标志“--这是特斯拉的Autopilot以前无法实现的功能。cNh世界播


Right off the bat, there are stark differences in how FSD is presented to the driver. The visuals displayed on the instrument cluster look more like training footage from an autonomous vehicle, with transparent orange boxes outlining parked cars and other vehicles on the road and icons that represent road signs. The car’s path is depicted as blue dots stretching out in front of the vehicle. And various messages pop up that tell the driver what the car is going to do, such as “stopping for traffic control in 75 ft.” cNh世界播

从一开始,向司机展示消防车的方式就有很大的不同。仪表组上显示的视觉效果看起来更像是自动驾驶汽车的培训镜头,透明的橙色方框勾勒出道路上停放的汽车和其他车辆的轮廓,还有代表路标的图标。这辆车的路径被描绘成在车前伸展的蓝点。弹出各种信息,告诉司机汽车要做什么,比如“在75英尺内停车进行交通管制。”cNh世界播


The car also made several left- and right-hand turns on its own, which Raj described as “kind of scary, because we’re not used to that.” He also said the turns were “human like” in so far as the vehicle inched out into the opposite lane of traffic to assert itself before making the turn. cNh世界播

这辆车还自己做了几次左右转弯,拉吉形容这“有点吓人,因为我们不习惯这样。”他还说,在转弯之前,车辆缓缓驶入对面车道,以确定自己的位置,这一点上讲,这些转弯是“像人一样”的。cNh世界播


Another Tesla owner who lives in Sacramento, California, and tweets under the handle @brandonee916 posted a series of short videos that claim to show a Tesla vehicle using FSD to navigate a host of tricky driving scenarios, including intersections and a roundabout. These videos were first reported by Electrek. cNh世界播

另一位住在加利福尼亚州萨克拉门托的特斯拉车主在推特上发帖,账号为@brandonee916,他发布了一系列短视频,声称展示了一辆特斯拉汽车使用FSD导航一系列棘手的驾驶场景,包括十字路口和环形交叉路口。Electrek最先报道了这些视频。cNh世界播


The vehicles in both Tesla Raj and @brandonee916’s tests are driving at moderate speeds, between 25 and 35 mph, which has been very challenging for Tesla. Musk said Tesla Autopilot can handle high-speed driving with its Navigate on Autopilot feature and low speeds with its Smart Summon parking feature. (How well Smart Summon works is up for debate, given the number of Tesla owners reporting bugs in the system.) The company has yet to allow its customers hands-off driving on highways, like Cadillac with its Autopilot competitor Super Cruise. But these medium speeds, where the vehicle is more likely to encounter traffic signals, intersections, and other complexities, is where Tesla has encountered a lot of difficulties. cNh世界播

特斯拉Raj和@brandonee916测试中的车辆都是以中速行驶,时速在25到35英里之间,这对特斯拉来说是非常有挑战性的。马斯克表示,特斯拉自动驾驶功能可以处理高速驾驶,自动驾驶功能可以处理低速驾驶,智能召唤停车功能可以处理低速驾驶。(考虑到特斯拉车主报告系统中有漏洞的数量,Smart Summon的工作效果如何还有待讨论。)。该公司尚未允许客户在高速公路上不插手驾驶,比如凯迪拉克(Cadillac)及其自动驾驶竞争对手超级巡航(Super Cruise)。但这些中速是特斯拉遇到很多困难的地方,也是车辆更容易遇到交通信号灯、十字路口和其他复杂情况的地方。cNh世界播


For now, FSD is only available to Tesla owners in the company’s early access beta-testing program, but Musk has said he expects a “wide release” before the end of 2020. The risk, obviously, is that Tesla’s customers will ignore the company’s warnings and misuse FSD to record themselves performing dangerous stunts — much like they have done for years and continue to do on a regular basis. This type of rule-breaking is to be expected, especially in a society where clout-chasing has become a way of life for many people. cNh世界播

目前,FSD只对特斯拉车主提供给该公司的早期贝塔测试计划,但马斯克曾表示,他预计在2020年底之前会“广泛发布”。显然,风险在于,特斯拉的客户会无视公司的警告,滥用FSD来记录自己表演危险特技的情况-就像他们多年来所做的那样,并将继续定期这样做。这种违反规则的行为是意料之中的,特别是在一个追逐影响力已经成为许多人的生活方式的社会里。cNh世界播


Tesla has said Autopilot should only be used by attentive drivers with both hands on the wheel. But the feature is designed to assist a driver, and it’s not foolproof: there have been several high-profile incidents in which some drivers have engaged Autopilot, crashed, and died. cNh世界播

特斯拉表示,Autopilot只应由注意力集中的司机双手放在方向盘上使用。但该功能是为帮助司机而设计的,而且也不是万无一失的:已经发生了几起备受瞩目的事故,一些司机启动了自动驾驶,发生了撞车和死亡事件。cNh世界播


“Public road testing is a serious responsibility and using untrained consumers to validate beta-level software on public roads is dangerous and inconsistent with existing guidance and industry norms,” said Ed Niedermeyer, communications director for Partners for Automated Vehicle Education, a group that includes nonprofits and AV operators like Waymo, Argo, Cruise, and Zoox. “Moreover, it is extremely important to clarify the line between driver assistance and autonomy. Systems requiring human driver oversight are not self-driving and should not be called self-driving.” cNh世界播

自动车辆教育合作伙伴(Partners For Automated Vehicle Education)的公关总监埃德·尼德迈尔(Ed Niedermeyer)说,“公共道路测试是一项严肃的责任,使用未经培训的消费者在公共道路上验证测试级软件是危险的,与现有的指导和行业规范不一致。”自动车辆教育合作伙伴组织包括Waymo、Argo、Cruise和Zoox等非营利性和AV运营商。“而且,厘清驾驶员辅助和自主之间的界限是极其重要的。需要人类司机监督的系统不是自动驾驶,不应该被称为自动驾驶。“cNh世界播

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