拆解苹果三款新iPhone12摄像系统

2020-10-14 15:30

Breaking down Apple’s three new iPhone 12 camera systems CAK世界播

拆解苹果三款新iPhone12摄像系统CAK世界播


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Image: Apple CAK世界播

图片来源:苹果CAK世界播


Apple has just announced its iPhone 12 lineup, and as part of today’s announcements, the company introduced a dizzying amount of camera tech scattered amongst the new iPhones. If you’re coming from an iPhone that currently has a single camera, or even a pair, you may find some serious upgrades here. CAK世界播

苹果公司刚刚宣布了其iPhone12系列,作为今天宣布的一部分,该公司推出了数量惊人的相机技术,散布在新的iPhone中。如果你的iPhone目前只有一个摄像头,甚至是两个摄像头,你可能会在这里发现一些重大的升级。CAK世界播


But first, let’s establish the baseline. CAK世界播

但首先,让我们建立基线。CAK世界播


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One camera: iPhone SE (2020) and iPhone XR CAK世界播

一台摄像头:iPhone SE(2020)和iPhone XR。CAK世界播


The iPhone SE turned heads earlier this year at a $399 price, and the iPhone XR is now $499. Both have a single 12-megapixel f/1.8 “wide” camera, though they’re not quite the same — the XR has a larger sensor, while the iPhone SE appears to be a smaller one similar to 2017’s iPhone 8. Neither has ultrawide or telephoto lenses, nor fancy Deep Fusion techniques; your portrait-mode shots are also limited to what Apple’s machine learning algorithms can guess about depth, since there’s no second camera to verify. CAK世界播

今年早些时候,iPhone SE以399美元的价格吸引了人们的目光,而iPhone XR现在是499美元。这两款相机都有一个1200万像素的f/1.8“宽”摄像头,尽管它们不太一样--XR的传感器更大,而iPhone SE似乎更小,类似于2017年的iPhone 8。既没有超宽或长焦镜头,也没有花哨的Deep Fusion技术;肖像模式的拍摄也仅限于苹果的机器学习算法可以猜测的深度,因为没有第二个摄像头需要验证。CAK世界播


Still, each offers a six-element lens with optical image stabilization, 4K60 video recording, and a basic portrait mode. CAK世界播

尽管如此,每一款都提供了一个具有光学图像稳定功能的六元素镜头,4K60视频录制,以及基本的肖像模式。CAK世界播


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Two cameras: iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 mini CAK世界播

两个摄像头:iPhone 12和iPhone 12 mini。CAK世界播


The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 mini come with two cameras each, but perhaps even more importantly, that single main camera has changed. While it still offers 12 megapixels like prior phones, the lens now has 7 elements and a larger f/1.6 aperture that lets 27 percent more light hit that sensor compared to the previous gen — which should mean brighter, less noisy and/or blurry images in low light, and slightly less depth of field. CAK世界播

IPhone12和iPhone12 mini各配备两个摄像头,但也许更重要的是,单一的主摄像头已经改变。虽然它仍然像以前的手机一样提供1200万像素,但镜头现在有7个元素和更大的f/1.6光圈,与上一代相比,让光线照射到传感器上的光线增加了27%-这应该意味着在微光下图像更亮,噪音更少和/或模糊,景深也略有降低。CAK世界播


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A second 12-megapixel f/2.4 ultrawide camera with a 120-degree field of view, a 5-element lens, and a 13mm-equivalent focal length, which sounds like the same ultrawide we got in the iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro CAK世界播

第二个1200万像素的f/2.4超宽摄像头,120度视野,5元素镜头,13 mm焦距,听起来和我们在iPhone11和iPhone11Pro上得到的超宽摄像头是一样的。CAK世界播


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Apple’s Deep Fusion computational photography system, which can now be used on either camera (instead of just the main) and which Apple says runs faster on the iPhone 12 CAK世界播

苹果的Deep Fusion计算摄影系统,现在可以在任何一个摄像头上使用(而不仅仅是主摄像头),苹果公司表示,该系统在iPhone12上运行得更快。CAK世界播


Night mode, which you won’t find on the iPhone SE, can be used on both the ultrawide and front TrueDepth cameras here, meaning you’ll be able to take night mode shots no matter which iPhone 12 camera you’re using. (The iPhone 11 didn’t support night mode with the ultrawide.) CAK世界播

夜间模式是你在iPhone SE上找不到的,在这里的超宽和前置TrueDepth摄像头上都可以使用,这意味着无论你使用的是哪款iPhone12摄像头,你都可以拍摄夜间模式的照片。(iPhone11不支持超宽屏的夜间模式。)。CAK世界播


A new night mode time-lapse feature CAK世界播

一种新的夜间模式延时功能。CAK世界播


Apple’s Smart HDR 3 system, which will automatically adjust things like white balance and contrast in photos to make them look more natural, according to the company CAK世界播

据苹果公司称,该公司的Smart HDR3系统将自动调整照片中的白平衡和对比度等内容,使照片看起来更自然。CAK世界播


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The ability to shoot HDR video with Dolby Vision at 30 fps CAK世界播

使用Dolby Vision以每秒30帧的速度拍摄HDR视频。CAK世界播


Three cameras + LIDAR: iPhone 12 Pro CAK世界播

三个摄像头+激光雷达:iPhone 12 Pro。CAK世界播


Like the iPhone 11 Pro, the iPhone 12 Pro adds a third telephoto camera to the package, and as far as we can tell, it’s the same f/2.0, 52mm telephoto as last year except you can now also use it to take Deep Fusion photos. But perhaps most interestingly, the iPhone 12 Pro also has a LIDAR sensor, which could have a big benefit in low-light situations — Apple says the LIDAR sensor can do up to 6x faster autofocus in low light and let you take Night Mode portrait photos. CAK世界播

和iPhone11Pro一样,iPhone12Pro在包装中增加了第三个长焦摄像头,据我们所知,它和去年的f/2.0,52 mm长焦摄像头是一样的,除了你现在也可以用它来拍摄Deep Fusion照片。但或许最有趣的是,iPhone 12 Pro也有LIDAR传感器,这在微光情况下可能会有很大好处--苹果公司表示,LIDAR传感器在微光下自动对焦的速度最高可以提高6倍,还能让你拍摄夜间模式人像照片。CAK世界播


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The same main and ultrawide cameras found in the iPhone 12, and the same new modes CAK世界播

与iPhone12相同的主摄像头和超宽摄像头,以及相同的新模式。CAK世界播

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