IPhone 12与iPhone 11、iPhone XR与iPhone SE:比较苹果的全阵容

2020-10-14 08:14

iPhone 12 vs. iPhone 11 vs. iPhone XR vs. iPhone SE: Comparing Apple’s Full Lineup wGF世界播

IPhone 12与iPhone 11、iPhone XR与iPhone SE:比较苹果的全阵容wGF世界播


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At a virtual event on Tuesday, Apple executives announced a bajillion new iPhone 12 models. Or at least pretty close to it. wGF世界播

在周二的一次虚拟活动上,苹果高管宣布了数以百万计的新iPhone12机型。或者至少非常接近它。wGF世界播


Instead of the trio of new iPhones it launched the past few years, Apple trotted out four. Add to that a couple of layover models and the recently launched SE, and the grand total of iPhones currently sold directly by Apple is seven! (There are others you can still buy elsewhere, but I’m not going there.) wGF世界播

苹果没有推出过去几年推出的三款新iPhone,而是推出了四款。再加上几款中途停留机型和最近推出的SE,苹果目前直接销售的iPhone总数为7部!(你还可以在其他地方买到其他东西,但我不会去那里。)。wGF世界播


Why so many? Apple will tell you its “good, better, best” move across all of its product lines (Watch and iPad, too) gives consumers more choice. With variations in size, features and price, you can decide which works best for you and your budget. wGF世界播

为什么这么多?苹果会告诉你,它的所有产品线(手表和iPad也是如此)的“好、更好、最好”给了消费者更多的选择。根据尺寸、功能和价格的不同,您可以决定哪种最适合您和您的预算。wGF世界播


There are global business reasons, too, explained Patrick Moorhead, president of the technology firm Moor Insights & Strategy. “Different price points mean more in countries like China and India, where $25 makes a huge difference,” he added. wGF世界播

技术公司摩尔洞察与战略公司(Moor Insight&Strategy)总裁帕特里克·穆尔黑德(Patrick Moorhead)解释说,这也有全球商业原因。他补充说:“在中国和印度这样的国家,不同的价位意味着更多,在这些国家,25美元的价格有很大的不同。”wGF世界播


The result? Shopping for an iPhone now requires a magnifying glass for careful inspection of the features—notably the cameras, screen sizes and compatibility with the new 5G cellular networks. It’s important to understand all your choices—what you get and don’t get with each of them, new and old. I’ve broken it down for you: wGF世界播

结果是什么呢?现在购买iPhone需要放大镜来仔细检查功能-特别是摄像头、屏幕尺寸以及与新的5G蜂窝网络的兼容性。重要的是要了解你所有的选择--你从每一个选择中得到了什么,没有得到什么,无论是新的还是旧的。我为你把它拆开了:wGF世界播


What you get: The smallest, most feature-packed iPhone in years. Yeah, remember when iPhones actually fit in our hands and pockets? With the Mini, a 5.4-inch screen has been crammed in an aluminum and glass package about the size of the iPhone 8 or SE. wGF世界播

你得到的:这是多年来最小、功能最丰富的iPhone。是啊,还记得什么时候我们手中和口袋里都装得下iPhone吗?有了Mini,5.4英寸的屏幕被塞进了大约与iPhone8或SE大小的铝和玻璃包装中。wGF世界播


Beyond that, you get all the core iPhone 12 benefits: 5G connectivity for faster cellular wireless; the new, faster A14 Bionic processor; the new squarish design that’s comparatively thinner and lighter than preceding models; and those Retina XDR displays, which are brighter, more colorful OLED screens. The phone displays are also coated in what Apple calls a “ceramic shield” that it says provides four times better drop performance. wGF世界播

除此之外,你还可以享受到iPhone 12的所有核心优势:5G连接速度更快的蜂窝无线;新的更快的A14仿生处理器;新的方形设计,比之前的机型更薄更轻;以及Retina XDR显示屏,更明亮,更五颜六色的OLED屏幕。手机显示屏还涂上了苹果所谓的“陶瓷屏蔽层”,苹果表示,这种屏蔽层的跌落性能要高出四倍。wGF世界播


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The complete iPhone lineup for 2020. wGF世界播

2020年的完整iPhone阵容wGF世界播


All of the iPhone 12 models have a magnetic disc embedded in the back, enabling you to magnetically clip new MagSafe accessories to the back, including a new $39 wireless charger and wallet pouch. I’m oddly excited about these! wGF世界播

所有iPhone12机型的背面都嵌入了一个磁盘,让你可以将新的MagSafe配件磁性地夹在背面,包括一个售价39美元的新无线充电器和钱包袋。我对这些感到莫名其妙的兴奋!wGF世界播


Camera-wise, there’s a 12-megapixel wide and ultrawide camera on the back. All of the iPhone 12 cameras (front and back) are now capable of Night Mode and have HDR 3 for crisper, more detailed shots. wGF世界播

相机方面,背面有一个1200万像素宽的超宽相机。所有的iPhone12摄像头(前置和后置)现在都可以进入夜间模式,并且有HDR3,可以拍摄更清晰、更详细的照片。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: There’s no charging brick or ear buds in the box. Apple has cut that across all of its iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro models. iPhone 12 Mini buyers also miss out on some higher-end cameras and sensors, which I’ll get to. wGF世界播

你不明白的是:盒子里没有充电砖或耳塞。苹果已经在所有iPhone12和iPhone12Pro机型上削减了这一比例。IPhone12 Mini的购买者也错过了一些更高端的摄像头和传感器,我稍后会讲到。wGF世界播


What you get: All the same stuff as that iPhone 12 Mini, but with a bigger 6.1-inch screen. Yep, that’s the only difference between the two. wGF世界播

结果:与iPhone12 Mini相同,但屏幕更大,为6.1英寸。是的,这是两者唯一的区别。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: Any improvement in battery life over last year’s iPhone 11. In fact, Apple didn’t focus on battery life, mentioning only that the models still have all-day battery life, and that there are some built-in 5G power-saving tricks. wGF世界播

你没有得到的是:电池续航时间比去年的iPhone 11有什么改善。事实上,苹果并没有关注电池续航时间,只提到这些机型仍然有全天的电池续航时间,而且还有一些内置的5G省电诀窍。wGF世界播


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The iPhone 12 Pro comes in stainless steel, with extra camera power. wGF世界播

IPhone12Pro采用不锈钢材质,拥有额外的摄像头功率wGF世界播


What you get: The same size 6.1-inch screen as the iPhone 12 but in a more premium design and with extra camera power and tricks. Instead of the aluminum rims of the standard iPhone 12 models, the Pros get fancy-schmancy stainless steel. wGF世界播

结果:与iPhone12大小相同的6.1英寸屏幕,但设计更高端,拥有额外的摄像头功率和特技。专业版没有使用标准iPhone12的铝制轮辋,而是采用了别致的不锈钢。wGF世界播


And, like last year’s Pros, the 12 Pro has a triple camera system—a telephoto, a wide and an ultrawide. There’s a slight improvement over last year: The wide-angle camera now has a wider aperture, which Apple says offers 27% better low-light performance. The 12 Pro also has a lidar sensor for depth-sensing environments for 3-D applications like design or augmented reality. The two Pro models will also be able to shoot higher-quality Dolby Vision HDR. wGF世界播

而且,和去年的专业版一样,12Pro也有一个三摄系统--长焦、广角和超宽。与去年相比略有改善:广角相机现在有了更大的光圈,苹果公司表示,这提供了27%的微光性能。12Pro还有一个激光雷达传感器,可用于设计或增强现实等3D应用的深度传感环境。这两款Pro型号还将能够拍摄更高质量的杜比视觉HDR。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: The smaller 12 Pro is only missing a couple of camera upgrades, plus a bigger battery of the Pro Max. wGF世界播

你没有得到的是:较小的12 Pro只错过了几次摄像头升级,外加Pro Max的较大电池。wGF世界播


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Apple gave its new Pro models larger displays, but kept their sizes similar to their predecessors: from left, iPhone 11 Pro Max, iPhone 12 Pro Max, iPhone 11 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro. wGF世界播

苹果给了新的Pro机型更大的显示屏,但它们的尺寸与之前的机型相似:从左起,iPhone 11 Pro Max、iPhone 12 Pro Max、iPhone 11 Pro和iPhone 12 ProwGF世界播


What you get: The Pro Max is the same as the regular Pro but with a monster 6.7-inch screen (covering a larger battery) and a few camera upgrades. There’s a new telephoto camera with more magnification, capable of 2.5x optical zoom. There’s also an improved optical image stabilization system. wGF世界播

结果:Pro Max与普通Pro相同,但配备了6.7英寸的巨型屏幕(覆盖更大的电池)和几个摄像头升级。有一种新的长焦相机,放大倍数更大,可以进行2.5倍的光学变焦。还有一个改进的光学稳像系统。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: A phone that isn’t the size of a pool raft. wGF世界播

你不明白的是:一部没有台球筏大小的手机。wGF世界播


What you get: Last year’s Goldilocks phone, just $100 cheaper. It’s a large phone with a 6.1-inch screen that does the basics with great all-day battery life. Its camera lineup is similar to that of the iPhone 12 and 12 Mini, so people who aren’t going for pro photography might not even care about that. wGF世界播

你能买到的:去年的金发手机,只便宜100美元。这是一款6.1英寸屏幕的大手机,基本功能齐全,电池续航时间长。它的相机阵容与iPhone12和12 Mini相似,所以不喜欢专业摄影的人可能甚至不会关心这一点。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: 5G, multiple cameras, an OLED screen and a thinner design. wGF世界播

你没有得到的是:5G、多摄像头、OLED屏幕和更薄的设计。wGF世界播


What you get: A two-year old iPhone that’s still capable of holding its own. I loved the XR back in 2018 because of its bigger screen, colorful design and big battery. Sure, the A12 processor might seem old, but this is still going to be a very snappy phone from those upgrading from an iPhone 7 or 8. wGF世界播

你得到的是:一部两年前的iPhone,仍然能够坚持自己的风格。早在2018年,我就很喜欢XR,因为它的屏幕更大,设计五颜六色,电池更大。当然,A12处理器可能看起来很旧,但对于那些从iPhone7或8升级的人来说,这仍然是一款非常时髦的手机。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: A second camera for ultrawide shots, and any bragging rights whatsoever. wGF世界播

你没有得到的是:超宽镜头的第二台相机,以及任何吹嘘的权利。wGF世界播


What you get:A fingerprint sensor. (Something I wish all phones had in 2020, with our mask-covered mugs.) A 4.7-inch screen that fits in your hand! Plus, snappy performance from the A13 Bionic processor and a solid, single 12-megapixel camera that is capable of portrait mode with software tricks. wGF世界播

你得到的是:一个指纹传感器。(我希望2020年所有的手机都能有这样的东西,带着我们的面罩杯子。)4.7英寸的屏幕可以放在你的手中!此外,A13仿生处理器的出色性能和1200万像素的坚固单像素摄像头能够通过软件技巧实现肖像模式。wGF世界播


What you don’t get: 5G, multiple cameras, pet portrait mode (no artful blur around Fido’s face!), a bigger screen or Face ID. wGF世界播

你没有得到的是:5G,多摄像头,宠物肖像模式(菲多的脸周围没有巧妙的模糊!),更大的屏幕或面部ID。wGF世界播


I am planning to review the newest models in the coming weeks. wGF世界播

我计划在接下来的几周里回顾一下最新的型号。wGF世界播


If you can’t wait until then and plan to pre-order before, please promise you will remember my annual iPhone buying advice: Regardless of what you’re upgrading from, choose which features matter to you most, and try to ignore Apple’s marketing machine, especially around 5G this year.5G on its own isn’t a reason to buy an entirely new phone—at least not until the networks get faster and are more accessible to all. wGF世界播

如果你迫不及待地想在那之前预订,请承诺你会记住我每年给你的iPhone购买建议:无论你从什么地方升级,都要选择对你最重要的功能,并尽量忽略苹果的营销机器,特别是今年的5G左右。5G本身不是购买全新手机的理由-至少在网络变得更快、更容易为所有人提供之前是不会的。wGF世界播


(Dow Jones & Co., publisher of The Wall Street Journal, has a commercial agreement to supply news through Apple News.) wGF世界播

(华尔街日报的出版商道琼斯公司(Dow Jones&Co.)与苹果新闻(Apple News)签订了一项商业协议,将通过苹果新闻提供新闻。)。wGF世界播


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Apple introduced four new iPhones on Tuesday. wGF世界播

苹果周二推出了四款新款iPhonewGF世界播


—Do you have questions about what iPhone to get and the new models? What do you want to see tested? Shoot me a note at joanna.stern@wsj.com, and maybe I’ll answer it in the review. And for more WSJ Technology analysis, reviews, advice and headlines, sign up for our weekly newsletter. wGF世界播

-你对买什么iPhone和新机型有什么问题吗?你想看什么测试?给我发邮件到joanna.stein@wsj.com,也许我会在评论中回复。欲了解更多华尔街日报科技分析、评论、建议和头条,请订阅我们的每周时事通讯。wGF世界播

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