太阳能成本创历史新低

2020-10-14 07:33

Solar energy reaches historically low costs YcS世界播

太阳能成本创历史新低YcS世界播


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Photo by Manuel Romano/NurPhoto via Getty Images YcS世界播

图片来源:曼努埃尔·罗马诺/NurPhoto通过Getty ImagesYcS世界播


In some parts of the world, solar power is now the cheapest source of electricity in history, thanks to policies encouraging renewable energy growth. That’s according to a new report released today by the International Energy Agency (IEA). YcS世界播

在世界一些地区,由于鼓励可再生能源增长的政策,太阳能现在是历史上最便宜的电力来源。这是根据国际能源署(IEA)今天发布的一份新报告得出的结论。YcS世界播


Sunshine is free, but the technology needed to turn it into usable electricity can be expensive. To encourage more people and companies to switch to solar power, countries can adjust their policies to make purchasing that equipment more affordable. Today, more than 130 countries have policies that lower the cost of building new solar installations. This is the first year that the IEA took such policies into consideration when calculating the cost of solar energy in its annual World Energy Outlook report. After doing so, their estimates of the cost of solar power fell by between 20 to 50 percent per region compared to last year, Carbon Brief first reported. YcS世界播

阳光是免费的,但将其转化为可用电力所需的技术可能会很昂贵。为了鼓励更多的人和公司改用太阳能,各国可以调整他们的政策,使购买这种设备的价格更实惠。今天,130多个国家制定了降低建造新太阳能装置成本的政策。这是国际能源署在其年度世界能源展望报告中计算太阳能成本时第一年考虑到这些政策。Carbon Brief首先报道,在这样做之后,他们对每个地区太阳能成本的估计与去年相比下降了20%到50%。YcS世界播


Solar is on track to become “the new king of electricity supply,” the report says, as prices continue to fall. It’s expected to dominate more and more of the market over the next decade, boosted by global efforts to tackle climate change. The EU, for example, set a goal to source 32 percent of its energy from renewables by 2030. YcS世界播

报告称,随着价格持续下跌,太阳能有望成为“新的电力供应之王”。在全球应对气候变化的努力的推动下,预计在未来十年,它将占据越来越多的市场份额。例如,欧盟设定了到2030年32%的能源来自可再生能源的目标。YcS世界播


“It does seem that the policy support is here to stay which is a very good thing,” says Brent Wanner, who leads power generation modeling and analysis for the IEA’s World Energy Outlook. “These policy frameworks are really essential to underpinning those low costs, which then underpin the kind of growth we need to move towards climate ambitions.” YcS世界播

国际能源署“世界能源展望”(World Energy Outlook)发电建模和分析负责人布伦特·万纳(Brent Wanner)表示:“看起来政策支持确实会持续下去,这是一件非常好的事情。”“这些政策框架对于支撑这些低成本真的至关重要,而低成本又支撑着我们实现气候雄心所需的那种增长。”YcS世界播


In most countries in the world, it’s consistently cheaper to build solar farms than new coal- or gas-fired power plants, the report says. For utility-scale solar projects completed this year, the average cost of electricity generation over the lifetime of the plant (called the levelized cost of electricity) was between $35 to $55 per megawatt-hour in some of the world’s biggest markets — the US, Europe, China, and India. Just four years ago, the global average levelized cost for solar power was $100 per megawatt-hour, according to the World Economic Forum. About a decade ago, it was $300. YcS世界播

报告称,在世界上大多数国家,建造太阳能发电场一直比新建燃煤或燃气发电厂更便宜。对于今年完成的公用事业规模的太阳能项目,在一些世界上最大的市场-美国、欧洲、中国和印度-在工厂整个生命周期内的平均发电成本(称为标准化电力成本)在每兆瓦时35美元到55美元之间。根据世界经济论坛(World Economic Forum)的数据,就在四年前,全球太阳能的平均水平成本为每兆瓦时100美元。大约十年前,这是300美元。YcS世界播


The cost for coal, in comparison, currently ranges between about $55 and $150 per megawatt-hour, according to the new IEA report — about the same as where it’s been for more than a decade. And the coal industry has been in decline despite US efforts from the Trump administration to prop it up. Globally, coal use probably won’t go back to pre-pandemic levels even if the economy recovers next year, the IEA anticipates. YcS世界播

相比之下,根据国际能源署的新报告,煤炭的成本目前在每兆瓦时约55美元至150美元之间-与十多年来的水平大致相同。尽管美国特朗普政府努力支撑煤炭行业,但煤炭行业一直在下滑。国际能源署预计,在全球范围内,即使明年经济复苏,煤炭使用量也可能不会回到大流行前的水平。YcS世界播


The forecast for solar in the future, on the other hand, is sunny. Electricity demand is down now because of the pandemic, but the IEA expects that people’s appetite for electricity could rebound quickly once the pandemic is under control and the economy recovers. It also anticipates a future where solar power continues to grow at record-setting speeds to meet increasing consumer demands. YcS世界播

另一方面,对未来太阳能的预测是晴朗的。由于大流行,电力需求现在下降,但国际能源署预计,一旦大流行得到控制,经济复苏,人们对电力的胃口可能会迅速反弹。该公司还预计,未来太阳能发电将继续以创纪录的速度增长,以满足日益增长的消费者需求。YcS世界播


“The good news about this is that solar tech continues to improve and innovation continues to drive those costs down,” Wanner says. YcS世界播

“关于这一点的好消息是,太阳能技术继续改进,创新继续推动这些成本下降,”Wanner说。YcS世界播

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