美联储的威廉姆斯表示,缺乏财政援助可能对经济构成挑战

2020-11-19 08:13

Fed’s Williams Says Lack of Fiscal Aid Could Challenge Economy 4Hx世界播

美联储的威廉姆斯表示,缺乏财政援助可能对经济构成挑战4Hx世界播


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John Williams, the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, speaking last year. 4Hx世界播

纽约联邦储备银行(Federal Reserve Bank Of New York)行长约翰·威廉姆斯(John Williams)去年曾发表过这样的讲话4Hx世界播


Federal Reserve Bank of New York President John Williams said Wednesday that if elected leaders don’t deliver new aid for the economy, the path of the recovery will likely be slower than if help were provided. 4Hx世界播

纽约联邦储备银行(Federal Reserve Bank Of New York)行长威廉姆斯(John Williams)周三说,如果当选领导人不为经济提供新的援助,复苏的道路可能会比提供帮助时慢。4Hx世界播


Fiscal aid has “been a critical part of why the economy has recovered as well as it has,” Mr. Williams said in a virtual appearance at an event held by the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing, a journalists’ association. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯在记者协会先进商业编辑与写作协会(Society For Advance Business Editing And Writing)举办的一场活动上虚拟露面时说,财政援助“一直是经济复苏的关键部分”。4Hx世界播


“When that money runs out and some of these programs expire, I think that cuts off some of the support that small businesses and households were getting, and that’s going to slow the economy over coming months,” Mr. Williams said. He added that the recovery so far has been uneven but much stronger than expected. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯说,“当资金耗尽,其中一些项目到期时,我认为这会切断小企业和家庭获得的一些支持,这将在接下来的几个月里减缓经济增长。”他补充说,到目前为止,复苏并不均衡,但比预期要强劲得多。4Hx世界播


Without a renewal of this aid, the economy will face additional challenges in the coming months, Mr. Williams said. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯说,如果不延长这项援助,未来几个月美国经济将面临更多挑战。4Hx世界播


He did add, however, that news of effective coronavirus vaccines gives him hope for the economic outlook. 4Hx世界播

然而,他补充说,有效的冠状病毒疫苗的消息给了他对经济前景的希望。4Hx世界播


Mr. Williams, who also serves as vice chairman of the rate setting Federal Open Market Committee, didn’t suggest any new actions were coming from the central bank. Fed officials have pegged their short-term rate target at near zero and indicated that level will be there for years to come, as they press ahead with large amounts of bond buying. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯同时也是制定利率的联邦公开市场委员会(Federal Open Market Committee)副主席,他并未暗示美联储将采取任何新行动。美联储官员已将短期利率目标固定在接近于零的水平,并表示,随着他们推进大规模债券购买计划,这一水平将在未来几年内保持不变。4Hx世界播


Like many Fed officials, Mr. Williams indicated government aid of the sort that replaces programs that expired several months ago would be a big boost to the economy. But so far, elected leaders have failed to deliver that help. On Tuesday, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said he thought it “likely the economy will continue to need support from both monetary policy and fiscal policy.” 4Hx世界播

与许多美联储官员一样,威廉姆斯表示,政府提供的援助取代了几个月前到期的计划,将是对经济的一大提振。但到目前为止,民选领导人未能提供这种帮助。周二,美联储主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔(Jerome Powell)表示,他认为“美国经济可能继续需要货币政策和财政政策的支持。”4Hx世界播


Mr. Williams was upbeat about the power the Fed had to continue bolstering the recovery effort, and suggested that even if the Fed maintains the current scope of support, it will make a meaningful contribution to the effort. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯对美联储必须继续支持复苏努力的力量持乐观态度,并表示,即使美联储维持目前的支持范围,它也将对这一努力做出有意义的贡献。4Hx世界播


“Our commitment throughout has been to use all of our available tools to support a strong economy, get the economy back to full strength,” Mr. Williams said. “For us, you know, a key part of this is really making sure that we’re providing, that we’re doing our part to provide monetary policy support, and our other programs as well, and keeping, you know, basically keeping financial conditions as supportive of a strong economic recovery as possible,” he said. 4Hx世界播

威廉姆斯说:“我们始终致力于利用我们所有可用的工具来支持一个强劲的经济,让经济恢复到最强劲的状态。”他说:“对我们来说,关键的一部分是确保我们提供支持,尽自己的一份力量提供货币政策支持,以及我们的其他计划,并保持金融状况基本保持在尽可能强劲的经济复苏的支持之下。”他说:“对我们来说,关键的一部分是确保我们提供支持,尽我们所能提供货币政策支持,以及我们的其他计划,并保持金融状况尽可能地支持强劲的经济复苏。”4Hx世界播


In separate comments Wednesday, the leader of the Richmond Fed, Thomas Barkin, said that when it comes to the kinds of stimulus the Fed can give the economy, “our powers are limited. And they’re focused on either rates and asset purchases, and in some of these emergency backstop facilities.” 4Hx世界播

在周三的单独评论中,里士满联邦储备银行行长托马斯·巴尔金(Thomas Barkin)表示,当谈到美联储可以给经济带来的刺激措施时,“我们的权力是有限的。”他们关注的是利率和资产购买,以及其中一些紧急支持设施。4Hx世界播


Mr. Barkin added that “we may have a challenging few months ahead of us. But we also see daylight on the horizon,” in large part because of the coronavirus vaccine developments. 4Hx世界播

巴尔金补充说,“我们未来几个月可能会面临挑战。”但我们也看到了曙光即将出现,“这在很大程度上是因为冠状病毒疫苗的发展。4Hx世界播

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