Officer at center of George Floyd's death had history of prior complaints
The Minneapolis police officer seen kneeling on the neck of an unarmed black man heard saying "I can't breathe" multiple times before he died was a 19-year department veteran who was the subject of a dozen police conduct complaints that resulted in no disciplinary action.The officer, who was praised for valor during his career, also once fired his weapon during an encounter with a suspect, records show.
The officer, Derek Chauvin, and three fellow officers were fired Tuesday from the Minneapolis Police Department, one day after the incident involving George Floyd, whose cries of physical pain were recorded on a cellphone video and whose death led to a wave of violent protests Wednesday night in Minnesota's largest city.Minneapolis police identified the other officers as Thomas Lane, Tou Thao and J. Alexander Kueng.
周二，这位名叫德里克·肖文(Derek Chauvin)的警官和三名同事被明尼阿波利斯警察局解雇，此前一天，涉及乔治·弗洛伊德(George Floyd)的事件发生。弗洛伊德身体疼痛的哭声被手机视频记录下来，周三晚间，他的死亡在明尼苏达州最大的城市引发了一波暴力抗议活动。明尼阿波利斯警方确认其他警官是托马斯·莱恩(Thomas Lane)、窦涛(Tou Thao)和J·亚历山大·奎恩(J.Alexander Kueng)。
To be the subject of a dozen complaints over a two-decade career would appear "a little bit higher than normal," said Mylan Masson, a retired Minneapolis Park police officer and longtime police training expert for the state of Minnesota at Hennepin Technical College.
米伦·马森(Mylan Masson)是明尼阿波利斯公园的一名退休警官，也是亨内平技术学院(Hennepin Technical College)明尼苏达州的长期警察培训专家。他说，在20年的职业生涯中，成为十几起投诉的对象，似乎“比正常情况下要高一点”。
But, she added, anyone can file a complaint against an officer, whether or not it's valid, and officers might be subject to more complaints if they deal with the public often.Either way, an officer's disciplinary record will be up for scrutiny in any legal proceedings, Masson said.
An investigation including state authorities is being led by the FBI.Chauvin, 44, who is white, is being represented by lawyer Tom Kelly, who declined to comment when contacted by NBC News.Efforts to reach the other officers for comment were unsuccessful Wednesday.
Image: George Floyd (Courtesy photo)
Bridgett Floyd, Floyd's sister, said on NBC's "TODAY" show Wednesday morning that she wants all of the officers at the scene to be charged with murder.Officers were responding to a report of a forgery at a grocery store when they encountered Floyd outside.
"They murdered my brother. He was crying for help," Bridgett Floyd said.
The Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis, which represents the department's 800-plus rank-and file officers, asked the public not to rush to judgment before all video can be reviewed and a medical examiner's report is released.
"Officers' actions and training protocol will be carefully examined after the officers have provided their statements," the union said Tuesday.It did not immediately return a request for comment about Chauvin's and the other officers' options if they choose to contest their firings.
Chauvin, who joined the Minneapolis Police Academy in October 2001, has had a career that included use-of-force incidents and at least one lawsuit related to an allegation of violations of a prisoner's federal constitutional rights.
In 2006, Chauvin was one of six officers from the Third Precinct who responded to a stabbing at a Minneapolis home.Police said Wayne Reyes stabbed his friend and his girlfriend and then threatened to kill all of them with a shotgun.
Police pursued Reyes, who fled in his truck.He got out of the vehicle with a shotgun, and "several officers fired multiple shots," killing Reyes, police said in a report.
It was unclear during the initial investigation which officers fired their weapons and whether Reyes had made any verbal or physical threats.
All of the officers, including Chauvin, were put on paid leave during an investigation, which is standard protocol.It is unclear what happened with the investigation, and Minneapolis police did not immediately respond to a request for Chauvin's service record.
The same year, Chauvin and seven others were named in an unrelated federal lawsuit filed by an inmate at the Minnesota Correctional Facility at Lino Lakes.Further information was not immediately available; records show that the case was dismissed without prejudice in 2007.
In 2008, Chauvin and a second officer were called to a residence for a domestic disturbance.According to police, Ira Latrell Toles, 21, was holed up in a bathroom and tried to escape when Chauvin got inside.When Toles refused to obey Chauvin's order to get down, police said, a struggle began and Toles grabbed for Chauvin's weapon.
2008年，肖文和另一名警官因家庭骚乱被叫到一处住宅。据警方称，21岁的艾拉·拉特雷尔·托尔斯(Ira Latrell Toles)躲在浴室里，当肖文进入浴室时，他试图逃跑。警方说，当托尔斯拒绝服从肖文的命令下来时，一场斗争开始了，托尔斯抓住了肖文的武器。
Chauvin fired twice, hitting Toles in the abdomen, the Pioneer Press newspaper of St. Paul reported.Toles was taken to the hospital and survived.
Chauvin and the other officer, who was not named, were placed on paid leave during an investigation, which is standard protocol.Police did not respond to a request for information about the outcome of the investigation.
The newspaper said that earlier in 2008, Chauvin was awarded a department medal of valor for "his response in an incident involving a man armed with a gun."Chauvin was recognized again in 2009 by the police department.
In 2011, Chauvin was again placed on temporary leave after he responded to the scene of a shooting.
Police said that Leroy Martinez, 23, drew his gun near a playground at the Little Earth of United Tribes public housing complex and that an officer shot him after he refused to drop the gun and listen to commands.Chauvin and other officers arrived at the scene, and while none of them fired their weapons, they were all placed on a standard three-day administrative leave as part of the investigation.
警方表示，23岁的勒罗伊·马丁内斯(Leroy Martinez)在联合部落小地球(Little Earth Of United Tribes)公共住房建筑群的一个操场附近拔枪，一名警察在他拒绝放下枪并听从命令后开枪打死了他。肖文和其他警官赶到现场，虽然他们都没有开枪，但作为调查的一部分，他们都被安排了为期三天的标准行政休假。
Tim Dolan, then the police chief, later said the officers, including Chauvin, "acted appropriately and courageously."
Chauvin has also been the subject of complaints listed in the city's Office of Police Conduct database.Details of those cases were unavailable after they were closed and listed as "non-public."They resulted in no discipline.
Minneapolis police did not respond to a request Wednesday for comment or more information about Chauvin's disciplinary record.
Kelly, Chauvin's attorney, has had politicians as clients and also defended Jeronimo Yanez, a police officer in the Minneapolis suburb of St. Anthony.Yanez was charged with manslaughter in the death in 2016 of Philando Castile, a black driver whom Yanez fatally shot during a traffic stop -- another case that prompted Black Lives Matter protests and a national conversation about race and gun rights.Yanez was acquitted the following year.
肖文的律师凯利有政界人士作为客户，还为明尼阿波利斯郊区圣安东尼的一名警察杰罗尼莫·亚尼斯(Jeronimo Yanez)辩护。亚尼斯在2016年被控过失杀人罪，他是一名黑人司机菲兰多·卡斯蒂尔(Philando Castile)，亚尼斯在一次交通拦截中开枪打死了他--这是另一起引发黑人生命也是抗议活动的案件，并引发了一场关于种族和枪支权利的全国性讨论。亚尼斯于次年被无罪释放。
Chauvin's personal life was the subject of a profile two years ago in the Pioneer Press, which interviewed his wife, Kellie Chauvin, a Hmong woman who was born in Laos and was vying to become Mrs. Minnesota America 2018.
两年前，先锋出版社(Pioneer Press)采访了他的妻子凯莉·肖文(Kellie Chauvin)，肖文的私生活是他的个人生活的主题。凯莉·肖文是一名苗族女子，出生于老挝，正在竞选2018年成为明尼苏达州美国夫人。
She told the newspaper that she married Chauvin eight years previously and that they met when he brought someone he was arresting to the hospital where she was working.He later came back and asked her out.
"Under all that uniform, he's just a softie," Kellie Chauvin said.
Protesters demonstrated Tuesday night and again on Wednesday outside Chauvin's home in Oakdale, a Twin Cities suburb.Oakdale's police chief said the protest was "very peaceful."