乔治·弗洛伊德之死的中心警官有过投诉的历史

2020-05-28 22:17

Officer at center of George Floyd's death had history of prior complaints
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乔治·弗洛伊德之死的中心警官有过投诉的历史
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The Minneapolis police officer seen kneeling on the neck of an unarmed black man heard saying "I can't breathe" multiple times before he died was a 19-year department veteran who was the subject of a dozen police conduct complaints that resulted in no disciplinary action.The officer, who was praised for valor during his career, also once fired his weapon during an encounter with a suspect, records show.QCB世界播

明尼阿波利斯警察跪在一名手无寸铁的黑人男子的脖子上,在他死前多次听到他说“我不能呼吸”,这名警官是一名在该部门工作了19年的老兵,他是十几起警察行为投诉的对象,这些投诉没有导致纪律处分。记录显示,这名在职业生涯中因英勇而受到称赞的警官,还曾在与嫌疑人的一次遭遇中开枪。QCB世界播


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The officer, Derek Chauvin, and three fellow officers were fired Tuesday from the Minneapolis Police Department, one day after the incident involving George Floyd, whose cries of physical pain were recorded on a cellphone video and whose death led to a wave of violent protests Wednesday night in Minnesota's largest city.Minneapolis police identified the other officers as Thomas Lane, Tou Thao and J. Alexander Kueng.QCB世界播

周二,这位名叫德里克·肖文(Derek Chauvin)的警官和三名同事被明尼阿波利斯警察局解雇,此前一天,涉及乔治·弗洛伊德(George Floyd)的事件发生。弗洛伊德身体疼痛的哭声被手机视频记录下来,周三晚间,他的死亡在明尼苏达州最大的城市引发了一波暴力抗议活动。明尼阿波利斯警方确认其他警官是托马斯·莱恩(Thomas Lane)、窦涛(Tou Thao)和J·亚历山大·奎恩(J.Alexander Kueng)。QCB世界播


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To be the subject of a dozen complaints over a two-decade career would appear "a little bit higher than normal," said Mylan Masson, a retired Minneapolis Park police officer and longtime police training expert for the state of Minnesota at Hennepin Technical College.QCB世界播

米伦·马森(Mylan Masson)是明尼阿波利斯公园的一名退休警官,也是亨内平技术学院(Hennepin Technical College)明尼苏达州的长期警察培训专家。他说,在20年的职业生涯中,成为十几起投诉的对象,似乎“比正常情况下要高一点”。QCB世界播


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But, she added, anyone can file a complaint against an officer, whether or not it's valid, and officers might be subject to more complaints if they deal with the public often.Either way, an officer's disciplinary record will be up for scrutiny in any legal proceedings, Masson said.QCB世界播

但是,她补充说,任何人都可以对警察提出投诉,无论它是否有效,如果警察经常与公众打交道,他们可能会受到更多的投诉。马森说,无论哪种方式,警官的纪律记录都将在任何法律程序中接受审查。QCB世界播


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An investigation including state authorities is being led by the FBI.Chauvin, 44, who is white, is being represented by lawyer Tom Kelly, who declined to comment when contacted by NBC News.Efforts to reach the other officers for comment were unsuccessful Wednesday.QCB世界播

包括州当局在内的一项调查正在由联邦调查局领导。44岁的肖文是白人,由律师汤姆·凯利(Tom Kelly)代表,当NBC新闻联系到他时,凯利拒绝置评。周三,记者试图联系到其他警官请其置评,但均未成功。QCB世界播


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Image: George Floyd (Courtesy photo)QCB世界播

图片来源:乔治·弗洛伊德(供图)QCB世界播


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Bridgett Floyd, Floyd's sister, said on NBC's "TODAY" show Wednesday morning that she wants all of the officers at the scene to be charged with murder.Officers were responding to a report of a forgery at a grocery store when they encountered Floyd outside.QCB世界播

弗洛伊德的妹妹布里奇特·弗洛伊德(Bridgett Floyd)周三上午在美国全国广播公司(NBC)的“今日”(Today)节目中表示,她希望现场的所有警官都被指控犯有谋杀罪。当警察在外面遇到弗洛伊德时,他们正在接报一家杂货店发生了一起伪造案件。QCB世界播


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"They murdered my brother. He was crying for help," Bridgett Floyd said.QCB世界播

布里奇特·弗洛伊德说:“他们谋杀了我的兄弟。他哭着求救。”QCB世界播


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The Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis, which represents the department's 800-plus rank-and file officers, asked the public not to rush to judgment before all video can be reviewed and a medical examiner's report is released.QCB世界播

代表该部门800多名普通警官的明尼阿波利斯警官联合会要求公众在审查所有视频并发布法医报告之前不要仓促做出判断。QCB世界播


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"Officers' actions and training protocol will be carefully examined after the officers have provided their statements," the union said Tuesday.It did not immediately return a request for comment about Chauvin's and the other officers' options if they choose to contest their firings.QCB世界播

工会周二表示:“在警官提供声明后,将仔细检查警官的行动和培训方案。”如果肖文和其他军官选择对自己的解雇提出异议,它没有立即回复就肖文和其他军官的选择发表评论的请求。QCB世界播


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Chauvin, who joined the Minneapolis Police Academy in October 2001, has had a career that included use-of-force incidents and at least one lawsuit related to an allegation of violations of a prisoner's federal constitutional rights.QCB世界播

肖文于2001年10月加入明尼阿波利斯警察学院,他的职业生涯包括使用武力事件和至少一起与侵犯囚犯联邦宪法权利的指控有关的诉讼。QCB世界播


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In 2006, Chauvin was one of six officers from the Third Precinct who responded to a stabbing at a Minneapolis home.Police said Wayne Reyes stabbed his friend and his girlfriend and then threatened to kill all of them with a shotgun.QCB世界播

2006年,肖文是第三分局六名警官中的一员,他们对明尼阿波利斯一户人家发生的刺杀事件做出了反应。警方表示,韦恩·雷耶斯刺伤了他的朋友和女友,然后威胁要用猎枪将他们全部杀死。QCB世界播


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Police pursued Reyes, who fled in his truck.He got out of the vehicle with a shotgun, and "several officers fired multiple shots," killing Reyes, police said in a report.QCB世界播

警方追捕雷耶斯,雷耶斯开着卡车逃走了。警方在一份报告中说,他带着猎枪从车里出来,“几名警察开了多枪”,打死了雷耶斯。QCB世界播


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It was unclear during the initial investigation which officers fired their weapons and whether Reyes had made any verbal or physical threats.QCB世界播

在最初的调查中,尚不清楚是哪些警官开枪,也不清楚雷耶斯是否进行了任何口头或身体威胁。QCB世界播


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All of the officers, including Chauvin, were put on paid leave during an investigation, which is standard protocol.It is unclear what happened with the investigation, and Minneapolis police did not immediately respond to a request for Chauvin's service record.QCB世界播

所有的警官,包括肖文,在调查期间都被带薪休假,这是标准的礼仪。目前还不清楚调查发生了什么,明尼阿波利斯警方也没有立即回应索要肖文服役记录的请求。QCB世界播


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The same year, Chauvin and seven others were named in an unrelated federal lawsuit filed by an inmate at the Minnesota Correctional Facility at Lino Lakes.Further information was not immediately available; records show that the case was dismissed without prejudice in 2007.QCB世界播

同年,肖文和其他七人在利诺湖明尼苏达州惩教所的一名囚犯提起的一起无关的联邦诉讼中被点名。无法立即获得进一步的信息;记录显示,该案于2007年在没有损害的情况下被驳回。QCB世界播


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In 2008, Chauvin and a second officer were called to a residence for a domestic disturbance.According to police, Ira Latrell Toles, 21, was holed up in a bathroom and tried to escape when Chauvin got inside.When Toles refused to obey Chauvin's order to get down, police said, a struggle began and Toles grabbed for Chauvin's weapon.QCB世界播

2008年,肖文和另一名警官因家庭骚乱被叫到一处住宅。据警方称,21岁的艾拉·拉特雷尔·托尔斯(Ira Latrell Toles)躲在浴室里,当肖文进入浴室时,他试图逃跑。警方说,当托尔斯拒绝服从肖文的命令下来时,一场斗争开始了,托尔斯抓住了肖文的武器。QCB世界播


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Chauvin fired twice, hitting Toles in the abdomen, the Pioneer Press newspaper of St. Paul reported.Toles was taken to the hospital and survived.QCB世界播

据圣保罗先锋报报道,肖文开了两枪,击中了托尔斯的腹部。托尔斯被送往医院,并幸免于难。QCB世界播


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Chauvin and the other officer, who was not named, were placed on paid leave during an investigation, which is standard protocol.Police did not respond to a request for information about the outcome of the investigation.QCB世界播

肖文和另一名未透露姓名的警官在调查期间被带薪休假,这是标准的礼仪。警方没有回应提供调查结果信息的请求。QCB世界播


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The newspaper said that earlier in 2008, Chauvin was awarded a department medal of valor for "his response in an incident involving a man armed with a gun."Chauvin was recognized again in 2009 by the police department.QCB世界播

该报称,2008年早些时候,肖文因“在涉及一名持枪男子的事件中做出的反应”而被授予部门英勇勋章。肖文于2009年再次获得警察局的认可。QCB世界播


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In 2011, Chauvin was again placed on temporary leave after he responded to the scene of a shooting.QCB世界播

2011年,肖文在对枪击现场做出反应后,再次被暂时休假。QCB世界播


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Police said that Leroy Martinez, 23, drew his gun near a playground at the Little Earth of United Tribes public housing complex and that an officer shot him after he refused to drop the gun and listen to commands.Chauvin and other officers arrived at the scene, and while none of them fired their weapons, they were all placed on a standard three-day administrative leave as part of the investigation.QCB世界播

警方表示,23岁的勒罗伊·马丁内斯(Leroy Martinez)在联合部落小地球(Little Earth Of United Tribes)公共住房建筑群的一个操场附近拔枪,一名警察在他拒绝放下枪并听从命令后开枪打死了他。肖文和其他警官赶到现场,虽然他们都没有开枪,但作为调查的一部分,他们都被安排了为期三天的标准行政休假。QCB世界播


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Tim Dolan, then the police chief, later said the officers, including Chauvin, "acted appropriately and courageously."QCB世界播

当时的警察局长蒂姆·多兰(Tim Dolan)后来表示,包括肖文在内的警察“行动得当,英勇无畏”。QCB世界播


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Chauvin has also been the subject of complaints listed in the city's Office of Police Conduct database.Details of those cases were unavailable after they were closed and listed as "non-public."They resulted in no discipline.QCB世界播

肖文也是该市警察行为办公室数据库中列出的投诉对象。这些案件在被关闭并被列为“非公开”后,细节无法获得。他们的结果是没有纪律。QCB世界播


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Minneapolis police did not respond to a request Wednesday for comment or more information about Chauvin's disciplinary record.QCB世界播

周三,明尼阿波利斯警方没有回应要求置评或提供更多有关肖文的纪律记录的请求。QCB世界播


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Kelly, Chauvin's attorney, has had politicians as clients and also defended Jeronimo Yanez, a police officer in the Minneapolis suburb of St. Anthony.Yanez was charged with manslaughter in the death in 2016 of Philando Castile, a black driver whom Yanez fatally shot during a traffic stop -- another case that prompted Black Lives Matter protests and a national conversation about race and gun rights.Yanez was acquitted the following year.QCB世界播

肖文的律师凯利有政界人士作为客户,还为明尼阿波利斯郊区圣安东尼的一名警察杰罗尼莫·亚尼斯(Jeronimo Yanez)辩护。亚尼斯在2016年被控过失杀人罪,他是一名黑人司机菲兰多·卡斯蒂尔(Philando Castile),亚尼斯在一次交通拦截中开枪打死了他--这是另一起引发黑人生命也是抗议活动的案件,并引发了一场关于种族和枪支权利的全国性讨论。亚尼斯于次年被无罪释放。QCB世界播


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Chauvin's personal life was the subject of a profile two years ago in the Pioneer Press, which interviewed his wife, Kellie Chauvin, a Hmong woman who was born in Laos and was vying to become Mrs. Minnesota America 2018.QCB世界播

两年前,先锋出版社(Pioneer Press)采访了他的妻子凯莉·肖文(Kellie Chauvin),肖文的私生活是他的个人生活的主题。凯莉·肖文是一名苗族女子,出生于老挝,正在竞选2018年成为明尼苏达州美国夫人。QCB世界播


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She told the newspaper that she married Chauvin eight years previously and that they met when he brought someone he was arresting to the hospital where she was working.He later came back and asked her out.QCB世界播

她告诉该报,她八年前嫁给了肖文,他们是在肖文把他正在逮捕的人带到她工作的医院时认识的。后来他回来约她出去。QCB世界播


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"Under all that uniform, he's just a softie," Kellie Chauvin said.QCB世界播

凯莉·肖文(Kellie Chauvin)说:“在所有制服之下,他只是一个软弱的人。”QCB世界播


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Protesters demonstrated Tuesday night and again on Wednesday outside Chauvin's home in Oakdale, a Twin Cities suburb.Oakdale's police chief said the protest was "very peaceful."QCB世界播

抗议者周二晚上和周三在肖文位于奥克代尔(Oakdale)的家外示威,奥克代尔是双子城郊区。奥克代尔的警察局长说,抗议活动“非常和平”。QCB世界播

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