HOW COPS FAILED MELBOURNE: Victoria Police are slammed for failing to stop crazed Bourke St killer's rampage which killed six and injured 27 in one of Australia's worst-ever criminal massacres
警察如何辜负墨尔本：维多利亚州警方因未能阻止疯狂的Bourke St Killer的暴行而受到猛烈抨击，这起暴行造成6人死亡，27人受伤，这是澳大利亚有史以来最严重的犯罪大屠杀之一。
Victoria Police committed a series of monumental blunders that allowedJames Gargasoulas to enter Melbourne and commit the Bourke Street massacre.
维多利亚州警方犯下了一系列重大错误，让詹姆斯·加加索拉斯(James Gargasoulas)得以进入墨尔本，犯下了伯克街(Bourke Street)大屠杀。
Gargasoulas mowed down 33 pedestrians on the packed strip in the central city on January 20, 2017 after evading police over a two-day period.
Among the dead wasthree-month-old Zachary Bryant; 10-year-old Thalia Hakin; Jess Mudie, 22; Yosuke Kanno, 25; Matthew Si, 33; and Bhavita Patel, 33.
死者包括三个月大的扎卡里·布莱恩特(Zachary Bryant)、10岁的塔利亚·哈金(Thalia Hakin)、22岁的杰斯·穆迪(Jess Mudie)、25岁的菅野洋介(Yosuke Kanno)、33岁的马修·西(Matthew Si)和33岁的巴维塔·帕特尔。
Baby Zac was being pushed in his pram by his mum when Gargasoulas ploughed into them, sending Zac 68 metres into the air to his death.
The inquest began last year and ran for 31 days and heard from 60 witnesses.
In handing down her 300 page findings on Thursday, Coroner Jacqui Hawkins provided a scathing assessment of how police had mishandled Gargasoulas leading up to the atrocity.
Police had been trying to capture him after the near fatal stabbing attack on his brother in Windsor.
By late morning, the deranged killer had demonstrated he was armed, dangerous, in a manic and psychotic state and had no intention to stop or surrender to police.
He had viciously attack his brother and made threats to 'kill all' in a Facebookmessage,kidnapped his girlfriend and driven dangerously to avoid apprehension on multiple occasions.
Still, police allowed Gargasoulas to drive into Melbourne's CBD while they slowly trailed behind him in a convoy.
Ms Hawkins claimed Victoria Police's bungling contributed to the 'perfect storm'.
'I find that once the offender was driving recklessly around the intersection of Swanson and Flinders Street and then headed west along Bourke Street ... there was nothing further the operational police could have done safely,' MsHawkins said.
The coroner said Victoria Police allowed all of the cards to fall in Gargasoulas' favour.
'Including a set of systemic deficiencies in the response of Victoria Police, that permitted manipulation by a single, dangerous and unpredictable offender,' she said.
Ms Hawkins lashed out at force command over a range of deficiencies, one of which saw police afraid to take down Gargasoulas out of fear of reprisals from their own bosses.
'I agree with Assistant Commissioner (Stephen) Fontana’s opinion that the fear of being disciplined paralysed some police members from taking more assertive action on the day. This issue has hopefully, in part, been addressed with the implementation of the new Hostile Vehicle Policy,' she said.
Despite the findings, the coroner was unable to conclude the outcome might have ended differently had things been done differently.
'I am unable to conclude that had any of these responses been different, that the catastrophic outcome could have been avoided,' Ms Hawkins said.
'My investigation starkly exposed the significant practical challenges of stopping a moving vehicle. Finding an appropriate means to neutralise offenders who use their vehicles, as a weapon, is incredibly difficult and options are limited.'
The court heard police had worked hard since the tragedy to rectify the clear errors of their previous ways.
'Victoria Police has done much soul searching to ensure it is better equipped, and to provide individual officers with the support of the police command to be more decisive and able to respond differently if this kind of incident were to present itself again,' Ms Hawkins said.
She has made nine recommendations aimed at preventing a similar rampage.
These include changes relating to the granting of bail.
'It is agonising ... such a violent drug-fuelled, psychotic and delusional perpetrator was allowed to slip through the cracks,' Ms Hawkins said.
The coroner poured specific scorn on the way police had handled what they described as a 'extended follow' in the lead-up to the atrocity.
'I find that the extended follow from Yarraville to Port Melbourne was a pursuit and should have been called as such,' she said.
'Not calling a pursuit meant that proper oversight was not initiated, as no pursuit controller was allocated.
'This meant that no one had responsibility to conduct the appropriate and necessary risk assessments to manage the risk. This was a clear breach of the Pursuit Policy.'
It was well known at the time that rank and file police had been terrified of initiating pursuits for fear of reprisals from force command.
'Had a pursuit been called by Port Phillip 508 and/or any to the other units in the convoy of police, following at the time and given the preceding events, I have no doubt a pursuit controller would have recognised the futility of "chasing" this offender again and would have appropriately terminated the pursuit,' Ms Hawkins said.
The coroner further chastised attempts by police to negotiate with Gargasoulas.
'When all the facts are objectively considered, the negotiated surrender plan really amounted to nothing more than two phone calls and a series of bizarre text messages,' Ms Hawkins told the court.
'There was no actual negotiation. There were no plans made, nor agreement reached. The strategy never had a chance of succeeding.'
'How could it, when the person they were trying to negotiate with was not a clear-thinking, law-abiding, rational person, but a delusional offender, fixated on taunting police.'
Ms Hawkins was scathing of senior officers who had headed the doomed intercept of Gargasoulas.
'What was needed was a disciplined, calculated and objective approach from senior officers so that decisions and alternative strategies could be evaluated and formulated as the events unfolded and to assist in managing the dynamic situation and the operational police officers in the field,' she said.
Gargasoulas was jailed for life in 2019
He will be 75 before he is eligible for parole after being sentenced in February to a minimum of 46 years behind bars.
Victoria PoliceChief Commissioner Shane Patton will address the findings on Thursday afternoon.