致命的高斯珀斯山火背后的真相

2020-11-19 10:08

Damage from Australia's worst 'mega-blaze' that raged for three months, burning 512,000 hectares and countless homes could have been avoided - the truth behind the deadly Gospers Mountain fire 1bz世界播

澳大利亚最严重的大火肆虐了三个月,烧毁了51.2万公顷土地和无数房屋,造成的损失本可以避免--这场致命的高斯珀斯山大火背后的真相。1bz世界播


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Damage from the deadly Gospers Mountain fire last summer in NSW could have been avoided, as details about a planned backburn in Mount Wilson 15 kilometres away have emerged. 1bz世界播

去年夏天新南威尔士州致命的高斯珀斯山大火造成的损害本可以避免,因为15公里外威尔逊山计划进行的背部燃烧的细节已经浮出水面。1bz世界播


The treacherous Gospers Mountain fire started on October 26 after a lightning strike and raged for three months, burnt over 512,000 hectares and damaged countless homes, with the land and its residents still recovering a year later. 1bz世界播

这场危险的戈珀斯山大火始于10月26日,在一次闪电袭击后开始,持续了三个月,烧毁了51.2万公顷土地,摧毁了无数房屋,一年后土地和居民仍在恢复。1bz世界播


But it was the Mount Wilson backburn lit bythe NSW Rural Fire Service on December 14 last year - which ended up burning for 53 days and destroying 63,700 hectares - that should never have happened. 1bz世界播

但去年12月14日,新南威尔士州农村消防局点燃的威尔逊山背燃-最终燃烧了53天,摧毁了6.37万公顷-本不应该发生。1bz世界播


The controversial planned backburn, which is considered part of the Gospers Mountain fire, went against the advice of veteran Mount Wilson RFS captain Beth Raines, who ended up losing her house in the blaze, the Sydney Morning Herald reported. 1bz世界播

据《悉尼先驱晨报》报道,这一备受争议的回燃计划被认为是高斯珀斯山火的一部分,违背了威尔逊山救援队资深队长贝丝·雷恩斯的建议,她最终在大火中失去了自己的房子。1bz世界播


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Damage from the Gospers Mountain fire (pictured above) in December 2019 could have been avoided according to a number of sources 1bz世界播

据多位消息人士透露,2019年12月发生的高斯珀斯山火(见上图)造成的损失本可以避免1bz世界播


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The December 14 backburn destroyed over 63,000 hectares and damaged countless homes 1bz世界播

12月14日的逆火烧毁了超过6.3万公顷的土地,损坏了无数房屋1bz世界播


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Many homes (pictured above) were damaged at Gospers Mountain, which was later dubbedAustralia’s first 'mega-blaze' 1bz世界播

戈斯珀斯山的许多房屋(如上图)遭到破坏,这座山后来被称为澳大利亚第一场“大火”1bz世界播


'To do it on that day and in those conditions was ludicrous,' Bill Shields, who captained the nearby Bilpin Royal Fire Service for 30 years, said. 1bz世界播

比尔·希尔兹(Bill Shields)在附近的比尔平皇家消防局(Bilpin Royal Fire Service)担任队长长达30年之久,他说,在那一天,在那样的条件下这么做是荒谬的。1bz世界播


'The more fire you introduce under those conditions, the more likely you are to have an escape.' 1bz世界播

“在这种情况下,你放的火越多,逃生的可能性就越大。”1bz世界播


The consequences of the backburn almost 12 months on remain for all to see. 1bz世界播

近12个月来,这种后遗症的后果仍是有目共睹的。1bz世界播


It razed orchards in Bilpin, part of the Mount Tomah Botanic Garden, ancient rainforests and the Blue Gum Forest. 1bz世界播

它摧毁了比尔平的果园,托马山植物园的一部分,古老的热带雨林和蓝胶森林。1bz世界播


It also licked bushland in Mount Wilson, Mount Irvine, Mount Tomah, Bilpin, Berambing, Kurrajong Heights, Blackheath, Mount Victoria and Bell, and damaged 20 houses. 1bz世界播

它还席卷了威尔逊山、欧文山、托马山、比尔平、伯兰宾、库拉容高地、布莱克希思、维多利亚山和贝尔的灌木丛,损坏了20座房屋。1bz世界播


Plenty continue to question why the Mt Wilson backburn was done in daylight hours and whether the RFS had a plan to contain the fire if the situation escalated. 1bz世界播

许多人继续质疑为什么威尔逊山的背部燃烧是在白天进行的,以及如果情况升级,RFS是否有控制火灾的计划。1bz世界播


Increasing the frustration is the RFS declining to release its review of the backburn or its advice at the time to theNSW Bushfire Inquiry. 1bz世界播

增加挫折感的是,RFS拒绝公布其对背部烧伤的审查,也拒绝公布当时对新南威尔士州森林大火调查的建议。1bz世界播


Ian Brown, anIndependent Bushfire Group member who worked in national parks management for 20 years, said someone needs to be held accountable. 1bz世界播

独立丛林火组织成员伊恩·布朗(Ian Brown)在国家公园管理工作了20年,他说,需要有人被追究责任。1bz世界播


'We've all made mistakes in fires, but there's got to be some sort of acknowledgement that these things happened so they can be improved. It's time for truth and healing,' he said. 1bz世界播

他说,我们都在火灾中犯过错误,但我们必须承认,这些事情发生了,这样才能改善它们。是时候真相和治愈了。1bz世界播


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Bill Shields (pictured above) who captained the nearby Bilpin Royal Fire Service for 30 years, labelled the backburn 'ludicrous' 1bz世界播

比尔·希尔兹(如上图)曾在附近的比尔平皇家消防局担任队长长达30年之久,他认为这种背燃现象“荒唐可笑”1bz世界播


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Veteran Mount Wilson RFS captain Beth Raines (pictured) opposed the backburn - she later lost her house in the blaze 1bz世界播

经验丰富的威尔逊山救援队队长贝丝·瑞恩斯(如图)反对背部燃烧--她后来在大火中失去了自己的房子1bz世界播


'In the end, the backburn was a total failure. It might have been an appropriate strategy under the right circumstances, but there was no imminent threat to justify it.' 1bz世界播

“归根结底,这是一次彻底的失败。在合适的情况下,这可能是一个合适的策略,但没有迫在眉睫的威胁来证明它是合理的。”1bz世界播


A spokesman for the NSW Rural Fire Service said the southern containment strategy of the Gospers Mountain fire followed 'careful planning' with input from local brigades and the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 1bz世界播

新南威尔士州农村消防局的一位发言人说,南部控制戈珀斯山火的策略是在当地消防队和新南威尔士州国家公园和野生动物服务机构的参与下进行的。1bz世界播


'The NSW RFS is committed to thoroughly investigating incidents such as this and ensuring that it incorporates the learnings from those scenarios into its practices and procedures,' the spokesman said. 1bz世界播

这位发言人说,新南威尔士州应急服务队致力于彻底调查这类事件,并确保将从这些情况中吸取的经验教训纳入其做法和程序中。1bz世界播

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