天主教徒分裂,主教们审查拜登的堕胎立场

2020-11-19 08:02

Catholics divided as bishops examine Biden's abortion stance PCm世界播

天主教徒分裂,主教们审查拜登的堕胎立场PCm世界播


Catholics split almost evenly in supporting Donald Trump or Joe Biden in the presidential election. Now they’re sharply divided over a declaration by the head of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops that the president-elect's support for abortion rights presents the church with a “difficult and complex situation.” PCm世界播

天主教徒在总统选举中支持唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)或乔·拜登(Joe Biden)的人数几乎各占一半。美国天主教会议主席发表声明称,当选总统对堕胎权的支持给教会带来了“艰难而复杂的局面”。现在,他们在这一问题上出现了严重分歧。PCm世界播


The USCCB’s president, Los Angeles Archbishop José Gomez, made that statement Tuesday near the close of the conference’s national meeting and announced the formation of a working group of bishops to assess the dilemma. Some experts said it's possible the group will discuss whether Biden — a practicing Roman Catholic — should be barred from partaking in Holy Communion. PCm世界播

USCCB主席、洛杉矶大主教何塞·戈麦斯(JoséGomez)周二在会议接近尾声时发表了这一声明,并宣布成立一个由主教组成的工作组来评估这一困境。一些专家表示,该组织可能会讨论拜登--一名虔诚的罗马天主教徒--是否应该被禁止参加圣餐。PCm世界播


Catholic anti-abortion activists hope the bishops follow through with tough words and action, making clear that Catholic politicians who support abortion are in breach of church teaching. PCm世界播

天主教反堕胎活动人士希望主教们坚持强硬的言论和行动,明确表示支持堕胎的天主教政客违反了教会的教义。PCm世界播


Biden’s policy agenda “is incompatible with the Catholic position on abortion and the protection of innocent human life,” said Marjorie Dannenfelser, president of the Susan B. Anthony List, a leading anti-abortion group. PCm世界播

主要的反堕胎组织苏珊·B·安东尼名单(Susan B.Anthony List)的主席玛乔丽·丹南费尔泽(Marjorie DannenFelser)说,拜登的政策议程“与天主教在堕胎和保护无辜生命问题上的立场不符”。PCm世界播


But others criticized the USCCB as setting the stage for potential conflict with the president-elect just days after he received a congratulatory call from Pope Francis. Biden said he hopes to work with the pontiff on issues such as climate change, poverty and immigration. PCm世界播

但也有人批评美中贸易全国委员会为与当选总统发生潜在冲突埋下伏笔,而就在几天前,他刚刚接到教皇方济各的祝贺电话。拜登说,他希望在气候变化、贫困和移民等问题上与教皇合作。PCm世界播


“The USCCB leadership simply can’t embrace the idea of engagement and goodwill that Pope Francis has asked of them,” said David Gibson, director of Fordham University’s Center on Religion and Culture. “That the pope called to congratulate Biden and discussed working together while the American bishops capped their meeting with plans to do battle with the incoming president says it all.” PCm世界播

福特汉姆大学宗教与文化中心主任大卫·吉布森说:“美中贸委会领导层根本无法接受教皇方济各对他们提出的接触和善意的要求。”“教皇打电话向拜登表示祝贺,并讨论了在美国主教们以与即将上任的总统交战的计划结束他们的会议时共同努力的问题,这说明了一切。”PCm世界播


Natalia Imperatori-Lee, a professor of religious studies at Manhattan College, also was dismayed by the USCCB. PCm世界播

曼哈顿学院的宗教研究教授Natalia Imperatori-Lee也对USCCB感到失望。PCm世界播


“It seems they’d like to start an antagonistic relationship with only the second Catholic to be elected the president of this country,” she said via email. “This is appalling.” PCm世界播

她在电子邮件中说:“他们似乎只想与第二位当选这个国家总统的天主教徒开始敌对关系。”“这太可怕了。”PCm世界播


“The bishops have chosen to continue the culture war that uses abortion to drive wedges in our church and our society, because they see that as a winning issue for them,” she wrote. PCm世界播

她写道:“主教们选择继续这场文化战争,利用堕胎在我们的教会和我们的社会中制造障碍,因为他们认为堕胎对他们来说是一个胜利的问题。”PCm世界播


Gomez has welcomed many of Biden’s stances, including on immigration, racial justice and climate change. But some conservative bishops, citing the church’s opposition to abortion, have been outspoken in their criticism after Gomez congratulated Biden on his victory. PCm世界播

戈麦斯欢迎拜登的许多立场,包括在移民、种族正义和气候变化方面的立场。但在戈麦斯祝贺拜登获胜后,一些保守派主教以教会反对堕胎为由,直言不讳地提出了批评。PCm世界播


On Tuesday, as the USCCB ended the public portion of its meeting, Gomez read a statement that arose from discussions with some of the agitated bishops. PCm世界播

周二,当美中贸委会结束会议的公开部分时,戈麦斯宣读了一份声明,这份声明是在与一些焦虑不安的主教讨论后发表的。PCm世界播


“The president-elect has given us reason to think he will support some good policies” but also some that “undermine our preeminent priority of the elimination of abortion," the archbishop said. PCm世界播

这位大主教说:“当选总统让我们有理由相信他会支持一些好的政策”,但也有一些“破坏了我们消除堕胎的首要任务”。PCm世界播


“These policies pose a serious threat to the common good,” Gomez added. “When politicians who profess the Catholic faith support them ... it creates confusion among the faithful about what the church actually teaches on these questions.” PCm世界播

戈麦斯补充说:“这些政策对公共利益构成了严重威胁。”“当自称信奉天主教的政客支持他们时……。这在信徒中造成了困惑,他们不知道教会在这些问题上到底教了什么。“。PCm世界播


Gomez said he would form a working group to address the matter, headed by the USCCB’s vice president, Detroit Archbishop Allen Vigneron. PCm世界播

戈麦斯说,他将成立一个工作组来解决这一问题,该工作组由美中贸易全国委员会副主席、底特律大主教艾伦·维格纳隆(Allen Vigneron)领导。PCm世界播


Two Catholic academics, responding to queries from The Associated Press, did not rule out the possibility that the working group could discuss whether Biden should be barred from partaking in Holy Communion because of his abortion stance. PCm世界播

两名天主教学者在回答美联社(Associated Press)的提问时,不排除工作组可能会讨论拜登是否应该因为他的堕胎立场而被禁止参加圣餐。PCm世界播


That question “does not turn on what political office he holds, but on his public conduct as a Catholic,” said Edward Peters, professor of canon law at Sacred Heart Major Seminary in Detroit. PCm世界播

底特律圣心主要神学院的教会法教授爱德华·彼得斯(Edward Peters)说,这个问题“不是取决于他担任什么政治职务,而是取决于他作为天主教徒的公共行为”。PCm世界播


“His prominence in public life makes his case more visible, certainly,” Peters added. "But, in the end, it is his own behavior that determines whether he should be refused Holy Communion.” PCm世界播

彼得斯补充说:“当然,他在公众生活中的显赫地位使他的案件更加引人注目。”但归根结底,是他自己的行为决定了他是否应该被拒绝圣餐。PCm世界播


Thomas Groome, a theology professor at Boston College, said conservative bishops on the working group would likely push for Biden to be denied Communion. But he noted that Biden’s support for abortion rights is, according to many surveys, shared by most U.S. Catholics. PCm世界播

波士顿学院(Boston College)神学教授托马斯·格罗姆(Thomas Groome)表示,工作组中的保守派主教可能会推动拒绝拜登的圣餐。但他指出,根据许多调查,拜登对堕胎权的支持得到了大多数美国天主教徒的认同。PCm世界播


Groome called Gomez’s statement “dreadfully unfortunate" and said “the bishops should be helping bring us together rather than driving us apart.” PCm世界播

格罗姆称戈麦斯的声明“非常不幸”,并说“主教们应该帮助我们团结在一起,而不是把我们分开。”PCm世界播


Chieko Noguchi, a USCCB spokeswoman, said the working group has not yet met and declined to comment on whether it would discuss a potential Communion ban for Biden. There has been no response by Biden’s transition team to AP requests for comment. PCm世界播

美中贸委会发言人野口千子(Chieko Noguchi)表示,工作组尚未会面,并拒绝就是否会讨论拜登可能的圣餐禁令发表评论。拜登的过渡团队没有回应美联社的置评请求。PCm世界播


Divisions within the USCCB’s ranks over the president-elect have been stark, with some, such as Bishop Joseph Strickland of Tyler, Texas, balking at recognizing his victory. PCm世界播

美中贸易全国委员会内部对当选总统的分歧一直很明显,德克萨斯州泰勒主教约瑟夫·斯特里克兰(Joseph Strickland)等一些人不愿承认他的胜利。PCm世界播


“I appreciate Archbishop Gomez’ acknowledgment that Vice President Biden’s proposed policies are divergent from Catholic teaching in significant ways,” Strickland tweeted Tuesday. “It remains troubling that the USCCB treats the election as certified when it is not & it continues to be a source of division.” PCm世界播

周二,斯特里克兰在推特上写道:“我很欣赏戈麦斯大主教承认拜登副总统提出的政策在很大程度上偏离了天主教的教义。”“令人担忧的是,美中贸易全国委员会将此次选举视为经过认证的选举,而实际上选举并未通过认证,这仍然是造成分歧的一个原因。”PCm世界播


Journalists for Catholic news outlets pointed out that the USCCB did not wait for election results to be certified in 2016, when it swiftly congratulated Trump after Election Day. PCm世界播

天主教新闻机构的记者指出,美中贸委会没有等到2016年的选举结果得到认证,当时它在选举日结束后迅速祝贺特朗普。PCm世界播


Kristan Hawkins, a Catholic who is president of Students for Life of America, said leaders of the U.S. church need to be blunter in condeming Catholic politicians who support abortion rights. PCm世界播

天主教徒克里斯坦·霍金斯(Kristan Hawkins)是美国生命学生组织(Students For Life Of America)的主席,她说,美国教会的领导人在谴责支持堕胎权的天主教政客时需要更加直言不讳。PCm世界播


“This pretense that ending preborn life is negotiable with the church does create chaos and confusion,” Hawkins said. “This failure of leadership gives women who know that abortion is wrong the permission they’re looking for to get an abortion." PCm世界播

霍金斯说:“这种结束早产生命可以与教会协商的借口确实造成了混乱和困惑。”“这种领导力的失败让那些知道堕胎是错误的女性获得了她们正在寻求的堕胎许可。”PCm世界播


However, Jamie Manson, president of Catholics for Choice, said Gomez’s claim that Biden’s position creates confusion among church members is "condescending.” PCm世界播

然而,选择天主教徒的主席杰米·曼森说,戈麦斯声称拜登的立场在教会成员中造成了混乱,这是“居高临下”。PCm世界播


“They are, in fact, well-informed and have used their consciences in their choice both to elect President-elect Biden and to support reproductive health care,” she said. PCm世界播

她说:“事实上,他们消息灵通,在选择当选总统拜登和支持生殖健康方面都运用了自己的良知。”PCm世界播


In the election, 50% of Catholic voters backed Trump and 49% favored Biden, according to VoteCast, a survey of more than 110,000 voters nationwide conducted for The Associated Press by NORC at the University of Chicago. PCm世界播

根据VoteCast的数据,在选举中,50%的天主教选民支持特朗普,49%的人支持拜登。VoteCast是由芝加哥大学NORC为美联社对全国11万多名选民进行的一项调查。PCm世界播


Associated Press religion coverage receives support from the Lilly Endowment through the Religion News Foundation. The AP is solely responsible for this content. PCm世界播

美联社的宗教报道通过宗教新闻基金会得到礼来捐赠基金的支持。美联社对此内容负全部责任。PCm世界播

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