新西兰总理杰辛达·阿德恩以压倒性优势赢得连任

2020-10-18 08:08

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern Wins Landslide Re-Election TkC世界播

新西兰总理杰辛达·阿德恩以压倒性优势赢得连任TkC世界播


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New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern addressed her Labour Party after winning re-election Saturday. TkC世界播

新西兰总理杰辛达·阿德恩(Jacinda Ardern)在周六赢得连任后向她所在的工党发表了讲话TkC世界播


WELLINGTON, New Zealand—New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s center-left Labour Party won a landslide victory in national elections Saturday as voters endorsed her government’s efforts to stamp out the coronavirus. TkC世界播

新西兰惠灵顿-新西兰总理杰辛达·阿德恩(Jacinda Ardern)领导的中左翼工党(Labour Party)在周六的全国选举中赢得压倒性胜利,选民支持她的政府消灭冠状病毒的努力。TkC世界播


With 80% of ballots counted, Labour had almost twice the vote of its main rival, the conservative National Party, which conceded defeat. Labour was also projected to have enough seats in parliament to form New Zealand’s first single-party government in more than two decades. TkC世界播

在80%的选票清点完毕后,工党获得的选票几乎是其主要竞争对手保守派国家党(National Party)的两倍,后者承认失败。工党预计还将在议会中获得足够的席位,以组建新西兰20多年来的第一个一党政府。TkC世界播


New Zealand, a longstanding U.S. ally, elects its government through a proportional system that allocates seats in a single legislature based on a party’s share of the total vote. Coalition governments have been the uninterrupted norm since the proportional system began in 1996. TkC世界播

新西兰是美国的长期盟友,通过比例制度选举政府,这种制度根据政党在总选票中的份额分配单一立法机构的席位。自1996年开始实行比例制以来,联合政府一直是不间断的规范。TkC世界播


Labour campaigned on a higher tax rate for the wealthiest 2% of earners while National promised temporary tax cuts across the board to stimulate the economy. But for many voters, the election was only about the pandemic. They rewarded Ms. Ardern’s government for its success in limiting the spread of the coronavirus and for opening a gusher of spending that for now has prevented job losses and business closures from spiraling. New Zealand, which followed a strategy of stamping out the virus rather than trying to slow its spread, has had little more than 1,500 cases and only 25 deaths. TkC世界播

工党的竞选主张对最富有的2%的人征收更高的税率,而国家承诺暂时全面减税以刺激经济。但对许多选民来说,这次选举只是关于这场流行病。他们奖励了阿德恩的政府,因为它成功地限制了冠状病毒的传播,并开启了大量支出,目前阻止了失业和企业倒闭的螺旋式增长。新西兰遵循的是扑灭病毒的战略,而不是试图减缓其传播速度,目前只有1500多例病例,只有25人死亡。TkC世界播


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Labour Party supporters celebrated results at Auckland Town Hall Saturday. TkC世界播

周六,工党支持者在奥克兰市政厅庆祝选举结果TkC世界播


Analysts said the atmosphere of crisis favored the incumbent and National undermined its claims to be the more natural fit for government by flitting through leaders this year. Its third choice just weeks before the election, Judith Collins, was the better performer in some of the leaders’ debates, but unlike her rival, failed to make a sweeping connection with voters. TkC世界播

分析人士表示,危机气氛有利于现任总统,国民银行今年通过掠过领导人,削弱了其更自然地适合政府的说法。选举前几周的第三人选朱迪思·柯林斯(Judith Collins)在一些领导人的辩论中表现更好,但与她的竞争对手不同的是,她未能与选民建立全面的联系。TkC世界播


In a speech to jubilant party faithful, Ms. Ardern, 40 years old, acknowledged that she had won significant support from New Zealanders who wouldn’t usually vote for Labour. TkC世界播

40岁的阿德恩在向欢欣鼓舞的党内忠实人士发表演讲时承认,她赢得了新西兰人的大力支持,而新西兰人通常不会投票给工党。TkC世界播


“Governing for every New Zealander has never been so important,” she said. TkC世界播

她说:“对每一个新西兰人来说,治理从未像现在这样重要。”TkC世界播


“We are living in an increasingly polarized world. A place where more and more people have lost the ability to see one another’s point of view,” she said. “I hope that in this election, New Zealand has shown that this is not who we are, that as a nation we can listen and debate.” TkC世界播

他说:“我们生活在一个日益两极分化的世界里。在这个地方,越来越多的人失去了看清彼此观点的能力,“她说。“我希望在这次选举中,新西兰表明我们不是这样的人,作为一个国家,我们可以倾听和辩论。”TkC世界播


Ms. Ardern, who rose to international prominence by becoming a mother during her premiership and for her empathetic response to the March 2019 terrorist attack on mosques in Christchurch, has captured the imagination of many in New Zealand and abroad with political messaging that seems personal and authentic. Like President Trump, she frequently sidesteps mainstream news organizations and uses social media, such as Instagram videos and Facebook live streams from her home, to communicate directly with supporters. TkC世界播

阿德恩在担任总理期间成为一名母亲,并因她对2019年3月克赖斯特彻奇清真寺遭受恐怖袭击的感同身受的回应而在国际上声名鹊起。她通过看似个人化和真实的政治信息激发了新西兰国内外许多人的想象力。和特朗普总统一样,她经常避开主流新闻机构,使用社交媒体,比如Instagram视频和她家中的Facebook直播流,与支持者直接沟通。TkC世界播


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Prime Minister Ardern, center, posed for a photo during the final campaign day in Onehunga, Auckland, Friday. TkC世界播

周五,奥克兰奥内亨加,总理阿德恩(中)在最后一次竞选日摆姿势拍照TkC世界播


The election result is unlikely to change the broad economic policy settings in New Zealand, said Duncan Grant, an associate professor at Massey University who specializes in New Zealand politics and public policy. Labour and National both hew to the middle ground, he said, and favor free trade, an independent central bank and a tax system that redistributes some wealth to pay for public services. TkC世界播

梅西大学(Massey University)专门研究新西兰政治和公共政策的副教授邓肯·格兰特(Duncan Grant)表示,选举结果不太可能改变新西兰的广泛经济政策环境。他说,工党和国家党都坚持中间立场,支持自由贸易、独立的中央银行和重新分配部分财富以支付公共服务费用的税收制度。TkC世界播


But Jack Vowles, a political scientist at Victoria University, said it could cement Labour as the governing party for two more terms, allowing it to shift further away from the neoliberal economics that have dominated the thinking of policy makers in New Zealand and other Western countries since the 1980s. TkC世界播

但维多利亚大学(Victoria University)政治学家杰克·沃尔斯(Jack Vowles)表示,这可能会巩固工党的执政党地位,使其进一步远离新自由主义经济学。自20世纪80年代以来,新自由主义经济学一直主导着新西兰和其他西方国家的政策制定者的想法。TkC世界播


The left bloc of Labour and the Green Party have secured about 56% of the vote based on the partial results, up from 43% in 2017. TkC世界播

根据部分结果,左翼工党和绿党获得了约56%的选票,高于2017年的43%。TkC世界播


“We’re potentially in for quite a long period of Labour-led governments, which I think would be of considerable historical significance, particularly given continuing uncertainties in the global economy and the challenges of climate change,” Mr. Vowles said. “Whatever government is in office in New Zealand over the next three to six years is going to shape policy in a way that might not have been the case in normal times.” TkC世界播

沃尔斯说,“我们可能会在相当长的一段时间内由工党领导的政府执政,我认为这将具有相当大的历史意义,特别是考虑到全球经济持续存在的不确定性和气候变化的挑战。”“未来三到六年,无论新西兰的哪个政府上台,都将以一种正常时期可能不会出现的方式来塑造政策。”TkC世界播


Despite Ms. Ardern’s popularity, the Labour Party had been flagging in opinion polls before the pandemic. The government had failed to deliver on signature policies such as boosting the supply of affordable housing and reducing a rate of child poverty that is high by developed-nation standards. But its support soared to nearly 60% in opinion polls earlier this year as coronavirus death tolls rose in the U.S. and some European countries while New Zealand remained largely virus free. TkC世界播

尽管阿德恩很受欢迎,但在大流行之前,工党在民意调查中的支持率一直在下滑。政府未能兑现标志性的政策,如增加经济适用房的供应,降低以发达国家标准衡量较高的儿童贫困率。但它的支持率在今年早些时候的民意调查中飙升至近60%,因为美国和一些欧洲国家的冠状病毒死亡人数上升,而新西兰基本上保持无病毒状态。TkC世界播


Ms. Ardern maximized New Zealand’s inherent advantages in a pandemic of remote island geography and low population by closing borders and imposing one of the world’s strictest lockdowns that kept people at home and closed most business for about six weeks starting late in March. TkC世界播

从3月下旬开始,阿德恩关闭了边境,实施了世界上最严格的封锁之一,让人们呆在家里,并关闭了大部分业务,从而最大限度地发挥了新西兰在偏远岛屿地理和人口稀少的大流行病中的固有优势。TkC世界播


In frequent televised news conferences, she persuaded the country to accept the draconian measures with a combination of dire warnings and memorable slogans such as “go early and go hard” and “team of five million,” in reference to New Zealand’s entire population. TkC世界播

在频繁的电视新闻发布会上,她用可怕的警告和令人难忘的口号相结合的方式说服这个国家接受这些严厉的措施,比如指的是新西兰的全体人口,比如“早点去,努力去”和“500万人的团队”。TkC世界播


The lockdown caused the economy to contract a record 12.2% in the second quarter, but the number of people applying for jobless support hasn’t risen dramatically. TkC世界播

政府停摆导致经济在第二季度收缩了创纪录的12.2%,但申请失业救济金的人数并没有大幅上升。TkC世界播


Wage subsidies and other support measures that will cost nearly 20% of gross domestic product and triple government debt have minimized the economic and social pain, partly by pushing some of it into the future. New Zealand’s indebtedness, however, will at its peak still be low compared with countries such as Japan and the U.S. TkC世界播

工资补贴和其他支持措施将花费近20%的国内生产总值(GDP)和三倍的政府债务,已经将经济和社会痛苦降至最低,部分原因是将其中一些推到了未来。然而,与日本和美国等国相比,新西兰的债务在顶峰时期仍将处于较低水平。TkC世界播


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Voters waited in line at a polling station in Auckland Saturday. TkC世界播

周六,选民们在奥克兰的一个投票站排队等候TkC世界播

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