加州准备应对刮风天气带来的新一轮火灾威胁

2020-10-14 14:04

California braces for renewed fire threat from windy weather U46世界播

加州准备应对刮风天气带来的新一轮火灾威胁U46世界播


SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Dry, windy weather posed an extreme wildfire risk Wednesday in Northern California, where massive blazes already have cost hundreds of homes and killed or injured dozens of people. U46世界播

旧金山(美联社)-周三,干燥多风的天气给北加州带来了极端的野火风险,那里的大规模大火已经造成数百户人家死亡或受伤,数十人死亡或受伤。U46世界播


The National Weather Service issued a red-flag warning from 5 a.m. through Friday morning. With bone-dry humidity and wind gusts possibly hitting 55 mph, Pacific Gas & Electric warned that it may begin cutting power Wednesday evening to as many as 54,000 customers in 24 counties. U46世界播

美国国家气象局从凌晨5点开始发布危险信号警告。一直到周五早上。由于极度干燥的湿度和阵风可能达到每小时55英里,太平洋天然气和电力公司警告说,它可能会从周三晚上开始切断24个县多达5.4万名客户的电力供应。U46世界播


The nation's largest utility was expected to make a decision earlier Wednesday on whether to implement the preemptive electricity cuts in an effort to prevent fires from being started by damaged power lines fouled or knocked down in high winds. U46世界播

美国最大的公用事业公司预计将在周三早些时候决定是否实施先发制人的停电措施,以防止大风中损坏的电线造成火灾。U46世界播


“We really view it as a last resort option,” said Mark Quinlan, the company’s incident commander. U46世界播

该公司事故指挥官马克·昆兰(Mark Quinlan)表示:“我们真的认为这是最后的选择。”U46世界播


The utility also has deployed generators and other measures to keep electricity flowing in some areas that might otherwise have lost power during the outages, Quinlan said. U46世界播

昆兰说,公用事业公司还部署了发电机和其他措施,以保持一些地区的电力流动,否则这些地区可能会在停电期间断电。U46世界播


About 33,000 homes and businesses could begin losing power at 6 p.m., mainly in the Sierra Nevada foothills and northern San Francisco Bay Area, followed by 21,000 other customers two hours later in other portions of the Sierras and the Bay Area, along with portions of the Central Coast, PG&E said. U46世界播

PG&E表示,大约3.3万户家庭和企业可能会在下午6点开始断电,主要是在内华达山脉山麓和旧金山湾区北部,两小时后,锡拉斯和旧金山湾区的其他部分以及中央海岸的部分地区会有另外2.1万名客户断电。U46世界播


The figures for affected customers range from more than 11,300 in Butte County, 6,000 in Santa Cruz County and around 5,400 customers in Alameda County to just 10 in Yolo County, according to the utility. U46世界播

据该公用事业公司称,受影响客户的数字从巴特县的1.13万多人,圣克鲁斯县的6000人,阿拉米达县的约5400人到约洛县的仅10人不等。U46世界播


About 200 people in Humboldt County in the far north could lose power Thursday afternoon as winds hit there, PG&E said. U46世界播

PG&E表示,由于大风袭击了偏远北部的洪堡县,周四下午可能会有大约200人断电。U46世界播


All power should be restored by late Friday night, the utility said. U46世界播

公用事业公司表示,所有电力应该在周五深夜恢复。U46世界播


The outages would include regions already hit by massive wildfires. The Glass Fire that ravaged the wine country of Napa and Sonoma counties was nearly surrounded after destroying more than 1,500 homes and other buildings. U46世界播

停电将包括已经遭受大规模野火袭击的地区。肆虐葡萄酒之乡纳帕县和索诺马县的玻璃大火在摧毁了1500多座房屋和其他建筑后,几乎被包围了。U46世界播


PG&E said it could cut power to more than 9,200 customers in Napa and around 1,800 in Sonoma. U46世界播

PG&E表示,可能会切断纳帕9,200多名客户和索诺马约1,800名客户的电力供应。U46世界播


Farther north, the Zogg Fire in Shasta and Tehama counties was 99% contained. Four people died in that blaze. PG&E estimated its cuts potentially could affect nearly 4,700 customers in Shasta and around 1,200 in Tehama. U46世界播

再往北走,沙斯塔县和特哈马县的佐格大火99%得到了控制。有四人在那场大火中丧生。PG&E估计,其裁员可能会影响沙斯塔的近4,700名客户和Tehama的约1,200名客户。U46世界播


Most of the huge fires have been fully or substantially contained over the past eight weeks. But 11,500 firefighters remain on the lines. U46世界播

在过去的八周里,大多数大火都得到了完全或基本上的控制。但仍有11500名消防员坚守在战线上。U46世界播


Numerous studies have linked bigger wildfires in America to climate change from the burning of coal, oil and gas. Scientists say climate change has made California much drier, meaning trees and other plants are more flammable. U46世界播

许多研究已经将美国更大的野火与燃煤、石油和天然气引起的气候变化联系在一起。科学家说,气候变化使加州变得更加干燥,这意味着树木和其他植物更容易燃烧。U46世界播


PG&E said last month that it is executing smarter and shorter power shutoffs after receiving widespread criticism last year when it turned off electricity to 2 million people to prevent its equipment from sparking wildfires. U46世界播

PG&E上个月表示,它正在执行更智能、更短的停电。去年,为了防止设备引发野火,PG&E切断了200万人的电力供应,受到了广泛批评。U46世界播


PG&E’s aging equipment has previously sparked some of the state’s largest wildfires, including the deadly 2018 fire that destroyed much of the town of Paradise and killed 85. The utility pleaded guilty in June to 84 felony counts of involuntary manslaughter; one death was ruled a suicide. The utility paid $25.5 billion in settlements to cover the losses from power line-sparked catastrophes. U46世界播

PG&E老化的设备此前曾引发该州一些最大的野火,包括2018年致命的大火,那场大火摧毁了天堂镇的大部分地区,造成85人死亡。这家公用事业公司在6月份承认了84项过失杀人罪的重罪;其中一人的死亡被裁定为自杀。这家公用事业公司支付了255亿美元作为和解协议,以弥补电线引发的灾难造成的损失。U46世界播


Meanwhile, wildfires will remain a threat in California indefinitely. U46世界播

与此同时,野火仍将无限期地威胁加州。U46世界播


“We have had a historic fire season this year,” PG&E meteorologist Scott Strenfel said. “We are and will continue to be in the peak of fire season until the rain and snow returns. And all of us here hope that it returns sooner rather than later.” U46世界播

PG&E气象学家斯科特·斯特伦费尔(Scott Strenfel)说:“今年我们经历了一个历史性的火灾季节。”“我们现在是,并将继续处于火季的高峰期,直到雨雪重现。我们在座的所有人都希望它早日回归。“U46世界播

© 2016 世界播 www.shijiebobao.com 中国互联网举报中心 京ICP证140141号 鄂ICP备18018000号-1
违法和不良信息举报: