2021-03-07 00:23

Hardly anyone is following the CDC guidelines perfectly. Here's how to stay safe even while bending the rules. JR4世界播



Seven-year-old Jacquie Carney runs to hug her grandma, Donna Vidrine, upon arrival in Los Angeles, California on November 23, 2020. Allen J. Schaben/Los Angeles Times/Getty Images JR4世界播

2020年11月23日,7岁的杰奎卡尼抵达加利福尼亚州洛杉矶后,奔跑着拥抱她的祖母唐娜·维德琳。艾伦·J·沙本(Allen J.Schaben)/洛杉矶时报/盖蒂图片公司(Getty Images)JR4世界播

*As pandemic fatigue sets in, many Americans have stopped following CDC rules as closely. JR4世界播


*Experts shared tips for how to hug, see friends, and take trips while keeping your risk of infection low. JR4世界播


Emily Gurley, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, drove from Maryland to Illinois this week to visit her in-laws. She's not vaccinated yet, but she decided the road trip was relatively low-risk - even though the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises against all domestic travel. JR4世界播

约翰霍普金斯大学布隆伯格公共卫生学院的流行病学家艾米丽·格利(Emily Gurley)本周从马里兰州驱车前往伊利诺伊州看望她的姻亲。她还没有接种疫苗,但她认为自驾游的风险相对较低-尽管疾病控制和预防中心建议不要在国内旅行。JR4世界播

"The black-and-white thinking gets us to bad places, honestly," Gurley told Insider. "If you're willing to always apply common sense and the principles of transmission, you can frequently figure out ways to do things safely, even if they're not being promoted as a safe activity generally." JR4世界播


It's a message many Americans want to hear - and are already living day-to-day - after a year spent in relative isolation. Many people have returned to familiar practices like hugging relatives, vacationing with friends, or even hosting weddings. But the CDC still recommends that Americans avoid indoor activities, keep their distance, and wear masks anytime they're around others. JR4世界播


"Now is not the time to relax the critical safeguards that we know can stop the spread of COVID-19 in our communities," Dr. Rochelle Walensky, the CDC director, said at a White House briefing earlier this week. JR4世界播


"Please hear me clearly," she added. "At this level of cases, with variants spreading, we stand to completely lose the hard-earned ground we have gained." JR4世界播


Still, it's unrealistic to think that everyone will follow the CDC guidelines to a tee. It's somewhat akin to abstinence-only education: By simply telling people not to be sexually active, the strategy doesn't highlight known ways to prevent pregnancies or STDs. JR4世界播


At this point in the pandemic, people need tools to help them preserve their sanity without majorly driving up coronavirus transmission. JR4世界播


So Gurley and Dr. Cindy Prins, an epidemiologist at University of Florida, outlined a few ways to keep your infection risk low even if you choose to bend the rules. In general, they suggest wearing a mask first and foremost, and only removing it when outdoors and six feet from others. JR4世界播

因此,格利和佛罗里达大学流行病学家辛迪·普林斯(Cindy Prins)博士概述了几种方法,即使你选择违反规则,也可以保持较低的感染风险。一般来说,他们建议首先戴上口罩,只有在户外和距离他人6英尺的地方才能摘下口罩。JR4世界播

Opt for a road trip instead of a cross-country flight JR4世界播



A man works outdoors. Gideon Mendel/Getty Images JR4世界播

一个男人在户外工作。吉迪恩·孟德尔(Gideon Mendel)/盖蒂图片公司JR4世界播

Experts generally agree that the safest way to travel is in a car alone or with other members of your household. Trips to campgrounds or national parks are ideal, they said, since it's easy to social distance there. Outdoor air also means a lower chance of transmission. JR4世界播


"The other thing you could do is rent a home somewhere nice, where you're just enjoying being in this other area with a view," Prins said. JR4世界播


If you decide to hop on a plane, experts suggest keeping the trip short and avoiding multiple connecting flights. JR4世界播


Your destination matters, too: Try to pick somewhere with a low rate of transmission. Another good rule of thumb, both experts said, is to avoid dense cities and places where you'd dine out frequently. JR4世界播


Meet friends for a picnic instead of at a restaurant JR4世界播



Guzel Duchateau and Alison Hinchman watch the inauguration outdoors, Jan 20, 2021. Abigail Higgins for Insider JR4世界播

2021年1月20日,古泽尔公爵和艾莉森·辛奇曼在户外观看就职典礼。阿比盖尔·希金斯(Abigail Higgins),《内幕》JR4世界播

A new CDC report found that restaurant dining - both indoor and outdoor - was associated with increases in daily COVID-19 cases and deaths across the US. Indeed, Gurley said, there's "lots of anecdotal evidence" that transmission happens over meals. JR4世界播


If you're going to meet a friend at a restaurant, she said, eat outdoors with someone who's taking similar precautions to your own, and try to confirm that community transmission is low in the area where you're dining. JR4世界播


The safest way to share a meal, though, is over an outdoor picnic or in a backyard, where you can ensure you're six feet from others. JR4世界播


"Personally, that's my strategy for getting together with people: outside, six feet apart. You can still carry on a conversation and everybody brings their own snacks," Gurley said. JR4世界播


Prins said she also meets friends outdoors for lunch, "but we sit at opposite ends of the picnic table." JR4世界播


Keep indoor gatherings small, and try to avoid eating or drinking JR4世界播



A family dines indoors. Cavan Images/Getty Images JR4世界播


Across the board, outdoor interactions are safer than indoor ones. But since many Americans are choosing to gather indoors anyway, there are ways to do it more safely: Keep groups small, wear masks, and try to stay far apart. JR4世界播


"Ideally if you're socializing, you're having one person over, maybe two people," Prins said. "You're not having a party, because that's a bad situation." JR4世界播


Prins also suggested keeping eating and drinking to a minimum. JR4世界播


"It's all a little strange, right? Because you expect to bring someone over, feed them, sit with them, and converse," she said. "If you are going to eat something, maybe think about having more bite-sized snacks that someone can take their mask down, have a bite, and then put their mask back on." JR4世界播


Choose socially distanced, outdoor workouts over indoor gyms JR4世界播



An outdoor tennis match. Westend61/Getty Images JR4世界播

户外网球比赛。Westend61/Getty ImagesJR4世界播

Both experts strongly advised against going to an indoor gym, but Gurley said outdoor fitness classes are a lower-risk alternative. That's true even if people aren't perfectly spaced six feet apart, she added. JR4世界播


Prins also suggested trying outdoor sports, especially those that don't involve close contact - choose tennis over basketball, for example. A tennis match probably wouldn't even require masks, she said, but masks should be worn during basketball game, which should also be kept short. JR4世界播


"I'm sticking with my outdoor exercise: walking and running or playing tennis," Prins said. "I miss my fitness classes, but I haven't felt comfortable going back to that yet." JR4世界播


If you're going to hug, wear a good mask JR4世界播



Michelle Grant hugs her mother, Mary Grace Sileo, in Wantagh, New York, on May 24, 2020. Al Bello/Getty Images JR4世界播

2020年5月24日,在纽约旺塔格,米歇尔·格兰特拥抱她的母亲玛丽·格蕾丝·西里奥(Mary Grace Sileo)。Al Bello/Getty ImagesJR4世界播

Experts understand that many of us are starved for hugs. JR4世界播


"I get it," Gurley said. "I'm a hugger myself." JR4世界播


If you have to hug someone, she said, make sure it's outside and that you're wearing your best mask. Don't hug if either of you feel ill or have had recent exposure to COVID-19. It helps if cases are low in your community. JR4世界播


"Giving a quick hug and masks are on - for me, I just don't see it as that big a deal," Prins said. "Go in and grab your hug, then put the six feet back between you." JR4世界播


Ask wedding guests to test and quarantine beforehand JR4世界播



Groom Serdal Aman and bride Filiz Peker dance with their relatives during their wedding in Diyarbakir, Turkey on July 1, 2020. Reuters JR4世界播


The CDC classifies weddings as high-risk, since it's difficult for guests to stay apart, and attendees often travel from out of town. But an outdoor wedding is safer than an indoor one, the experts said, and masks are critical. JR4世界播


Even if it's not a perfect solution, Gurley said, it's helpful to ask guests to quarantine roughly two weeks before they arrive and get tested. Prins suggested having each guest's contact information handy in case someone tests positive for COVID-19. JR4世界播


"I would keep it to something more like cocktail and appetizer, rather than the big sit down, close-to-each-other kind of dinner," she added. JR4世界播


Overall, the experts said, it's best to choose the few activities that are most meaningful to you and enjoy them as safely as possible. JR4世界播


"I've always found it difficult to say, 'Never do this,'" Gurley said. "There are usually safe way to do most things, but it just takes a lot more planning and commitment." JR4世界播


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