纽约小企业将根据议会法案获得罚款退款

2021-03-01 08:10

New York Small Businesses to Get Fine Refunds Under Council Bill 2o5世界播

纽约小企业将根据议会法案获得罚款退款2o5世界播


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Businesses on Brooklyn’s 5th Avenue in December. One bill would allow for a period of time for businesses to fix violations and avoid fines. 2o5世界播

12月,布鲁克林第五大道上的商家。一项法案将允许企业在一段时间内修复违规行为并避免罚款2o5世界播


The New York City Council is considering legislation that would provide relief to small businesses, including easing code-violation enforcement and refunding thousands of fines that restaurateurs and mom-and-pop shops have been issued during the Covid-19 pandemic. 2o5世界播

纽约市议会正在考虑为小企业提供救济的立法,包括放松违规执法,并退还新冠肺炎疫情期间餐馆和夫妻店开出的数以千计的罚款。2o5世界播


The two-bill package would also allow for-hire pedicabs with electric-assist motor systems back on city streets for the first time since they were banned more than a decade ago. It would also repeal other regulations that have historically hurt small-business operators’ profit margins. The council’s committee on small business will hold a hearing on the bills on Monday. 2o5世界播

这项由两项法案组成的一揽子计划还将允许装有电动辅助电机系统的三轮车重新出现在城市街道上,这是自十多年前被禁止以来的第一次。它还将废除其他历来损害小企业经营者利润率的规定。议会的小企业委员会将于周一就这些法案举行听证会。2o5世界播


“This legislation will fundamentally reshape the way New York City interacts with small businesses—giving them a chance to survive, save jobs and allowing them to thrive in the future,” said Councilman Mark Gjonaj, a Bronx Democrat who is chairman of the committee and helped draft the bills. 2o5世界播

该委员会主席、来自布朗克斯的民主党议员马克·乔纳伊(Mark Gjonaj)表示:“这项立法将从根本上重塑纽约市与小企业互动的方式--给它们一个生存的机会,保住就业机会,让它们在未来蓬勃发展。”他也参与了法案的起草工作。2o5世界播


One bill, whose lead sponsor is Bronx Democrat Vanessa Gibson, would update more than 180 sanitation, health, noise-control and other code violations on the books at city agencies to provide civil-penalty relief for restaurants, laundromats, pawnshops and other small businesses. This includes lowering existing penalties, letting violators off on warnings for first offenses and allowing “cure periods” for businesses to fix violations and avoid fines. 2o5世界播

其中一项法案的主要发起人是布朗克斯民主党人瓦妮莎·吉布森(Vanessa Gibson),该法案将更新市政机构账簿上180多项卫生、健康、噪音控制和其他违反法规的行为,为餐馆、洗衣店、当铺和其他小企业提供民事处罚减免。这包括降低现有的惩罚,对初犯的警告让违规者逍遥法外,并为企业提供修复违规行为和避免罚款的“治疗期”。2o5世界播


For instance, city Department of Buildings inspectors can now issue $1,250 fines to businesses who illegally display outdoor signs without permits. However, under the bill, operators would get a 30-day grace period to fix the problem and avoid fines. 2o5世界播

例如,市建筑部检查员现在可以对未经许可非法展示户外标志的企业处以1250美元的罚款。然而,根据该法案,运营商将获得30天的宽限期,以解决问题并避免罚款。2o5世界播


Eateries now face city Health Department fines of at least $200 for exceeding a half-gram of trans fat per serving and up to $200 fines if they are caught offering children soda or other sugary drinks in kids’ meal packages. However, the legislation would also give these establishments a reprieve if they timely correct the problem. 2o5世界播

现在,每份超过半克反式脂肪的餐馆将面临市卫生局至少200美元的罚款,如果他们被发现在儿童套餐中向儿童提供汽水或其他含糖饮料,罚款最高可达200美元。然而,如果这些机构及时纠正问题,这项立法也将给予这些机构一个缓刑。2o5世界播


Businesses that now fail to neatly maintain public trash bins on sidewalks currently face $50 penalties on a first offense and $100 on the second, but city Department of Sanitation inspectors under the legislation would be allowed to give only warnings on first offenses and would have to provide operators the chance to remedy the situation on second offenses to avoid $50 fines. 2o5世界播

目前,未能在人行道上整齐维护公共垃圾桶的企业目前第一次违规将面临50美元的罚款,第二次违规将面临100美元的罚款,但根据这项立法,市环卫检查员只能在第一次违规时发出警告,而且必须为经营者提供机会,在第二次违规时纠正这种情况,以避免50美元的罚款。2o5世界播


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Councilwoman Vanessa Gibson is the lead sponsor of one of the bills. 2o5世界播

女议员瓦内萨·吉布森(Vanessa Gibson)是其中一项法案的主要发起人2o5世界播


The other bill, authored by Mr. Gjonaj, would waive or refund thousands of low-level penalties small businesses have been issued for city code violations dating back to March 12, when Mayor Bill de Blasio declared a state of emergency in the city because of the pandemic. 2o5世界播

格约纳伊起草的另一项法案将免除或退还小企业自3月12日以来因违反城市法规而被处以的数千笔低级别罚款,当时市长白思豪(Bill De Blasio)宣布该市因疫情蔓延而进入紧急状态。2o5世界播


Since the amnesty period would extend until the continuing emergency concludes, it is unclear how much money the cash-strapped city would need to pay back to businesses or where the city would come up with the funds as it currently faces a budget gap of more than $5 billion. 2o5世界播

由于特赦期将延长到持续的紧急情况结束,目前尚不清楚这座资金紧张的城市需要向企业偿还多少钱,也不清楚该市将从哪里筹集资金,因为它目前面临着超过50亿美元的预算缺口。2o5世界播


From July through October, the city Health Department, which inspects restaurants, collected about $8.4 million in fines. The city Department of Consumer Affairs, which enforces licensing and other regulations, collected $2.9 million during that period. Both agencies handle the most small-business fines. 2o5世界播

从7月到10月,负责检查餐厅的市卫生局收取了约840万美元的罚款。在此期间,负责执行许可证和其他法规的城市消费者事务部(City Department Of Consumer Affairs)收取了290万美元。这两家机构都处理最多的小企业罚款。2o5世界播


Mayoral spokesman Mitch Schwartz said the mayor’s office is reviewing the bills and is committed to working with the council to help small businesses—provided city agencies can still protect consumers from unscrupulous practices during the pandemic. 2o5世界播

市长发言人米奇·施瓦茨(Mitch Schwartz)说,市长办公室正在审查这些法案,并致力于与市政委员会合作帮助小企业-前提是城市机构仍能保护消费者在疫情期间免受不道德行为的影响。2o5世界播


Among the de Blasio administration’s concerns is that the legislation as currently written could provide refunds to merchants who were fined for price gouging. Council members insist this isn’t the intention of the legislation. 2o5世界播

白思豪政府的担忧之一是,目前的立法可能会向因价格欺诈而被罚款的商家提供退款。安理会成员坚称,这不是立法的目的。2o5世界播


City Council Speaker Corey Johnson, a Democrat, said he supports both bills and was proud the council took the lead in reviewing existing laws to find relief from fines for small businesses. 2o5世界播

市议会议长、民主党人科里·约翰逊(Corey Johnson)表示,他支持这两项法案,并为市议会带头审查现有法律以减轻对小企业的罚款感到自豪。2o5世界播


“This has been a problem for decades, but there’s a renewed energy now because of the pandemic,” he said. 2o5世界播

他说:“几十年来,这一直是一个问题,但由于大流行,现在有了新的活力。”2o5世界播


Andrew Rigie, executive director of the NYC Hospitality Alliance, which represents restaurant and nightlife establishments, said thousands of the city’s bars and eateries have closed since the pandemic and many are teetering on the edge of survival. 2o5世界播

代表餐厅和夜生活场所的纽约市酒店联盟(NYC Hotitality Alliance)的执行董事安德鲁·里奇(Andrew Rigie)表示,自疫情爆发以来,该市数以千计的酒吧和餐馆已经关门,许多酒吧和餐馆正徘徊在生存的边缘。2o5世界播


He also said the legislation is desperately needed to keep small businesses afloat. “The city has historically treated restaurants like its personal ATM with fines and fees,” he added. 2o5世界播

他还说,为了维持小企业的生存,迫切需要这项立法。“该市历来对待餐馆就像对待个人自动取款机一样,收取罚款和费用,”他补充道。2o5世界播


Ms. Gibson’s bill would also repeal certain licensing requirements for amusement rides, arcades, and some other businesses. It would also eliminate an antiquated rule prohibiting bingo games from beginning before 6 p.m. on Sundays. 2o5世界播

吉布森的法案还将废除游乐设施、游乐场和其他一些企业的某些许可要求。它还将取消一项过时的规定,禁止宾果游戏在下午6点前开始。在星期天。2o5世界播


The bill also reverses controversial action the council took in 2007 prohibiting pedicabs from using electric assist motors that allow drivers to ease their legs during long treks. 2o5世界播

该法案还推翻了议会在2007年采取的有争议的行动,禁止三轮车使用电动辅助马达,让司机在长途跋涉中放松腿部。2o5世界播


The 2007 legislation, by a council then led by Council Speaker Christine Quinn, also regulated and capped the city’s pedicab industry. Itwas opposed by then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg, a Democrat who at the time was an independent, because he felt the free market should determine how many pedicabs are on the road. A veto override by the council was required for the legislation to become law. 2o5世界播

2007年的立法由当时由议会议长克里斯汀·奎因(Christine Quinn)领导的一个委员会制定,也对该市的三轮车行业进行了监管和封顶。这也遭到了当时的市长迈克尔·布隆伯格(Michael Bloomberg)的反对,他当时是一名民主党人,是一名无党派人士,因为他认为自由市场应该决定路上有多少三轮车。这项立法要成为法律,需要得到委员会的否决。2o5世界播


Drivers operating electric-powered pedicabs now face fines of $500 to $4,000. 2o5世界播

驾驶电动三轮车的司机现正面临500元至4,000元的罚款。2o5世界播


Council members who support striking the violation from city law say it is outdated and no longer makes sense considering state lawmakers in 2019 legalized the use of electric-assist bicycles and scooters. 2o5世界播

支持打击违反城市法律的议员表示,考虑到州议员在2019年将电动自行车和滑板车的使用合法化,这种做法已经过时,不再有意义。2o5世界播

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