特朗普的忠实拥护者被赶出白宫,现在领导着五角大楼的一场改组

2020-11-26 00:08

Trump loyalist pushed out of White House now leading a shake-up at the Pentagon 9bb世界播

特朗普的忠实拥护者被赶出白宫,现在领导着五角大楼的一场改组9bb世界播


A controversial former White House official is helping the Trump administration use its waning days to carry out a contentious reorganization that gives the Pentagon’s civilian leadership greater control over U.S. Special Operations Command. 9bb世界播

一名有争议的前白宫官员正在帮助特朗普政府利用其任期的尾声进行一项有争议的重组,让五角大楼的文职领导层对美国特种作战司令部有更大的控制权。9bb世界播


The overhaul comes four years after Congress directed the Pentagon to give civilians more authority over special operations forces, and shortly after President Trump appointed Christopher Miller to replace Mark Esper, who was fired by tweet on Nov. 9. A retired Special Forces colonel, Miller had worked to revamp civilian oversight over special operations forces in a previous Pentagon job. 9bb世界播

四年前,国会指示五角大楼赋予平民对特种部队更大的权力,不久之后,特朗普总统任命克里斯托弗·米勒(Christopher Miller)接替11月9日在Twitter上被解职的马克·埃斯佩尔(Mark Esper)。米勒是一名退役特种部队上校,在之前的五角大楼工作中,他曾致力于改革文职人员对特种部队的监督。9bb世界播


A driving force behind the current initiative is Ezra Cohen, a former Defense Intelligence Agency officer who has held several national security positions during the Trump administration and is now the acting assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity conflict, or SO/LIC. 9bb世界播

当前倡议背后的推动者之一是前国防情报局(Defense Intelligence Agency)官员埃兹拉·科恩(Ezra Cohen),他在特朗普政府期间担任过几个国家安全职位,现在是负责特种作战和低强度冲突(SO/LIC)的代理助理国防部长。9bb世界播


The appointment of Cohen as the acting assistant secretary was a major factor behind the decision to implement the congressional legislation. “Ezra was critical,” said a senior Pentagon official. “We needed fresh eyes and we needed fresh energy.” Miller and Cohen had a “melding of the minds” when it came to the need to make the changes before the end of the Trump administration, the senior Pentagon official said. 9bb世界播

任命科恩为代理助理国务卿是决定实施国会立法的一个主要因素。“以斯拉很关键,”五角大楼的一位高级官员说。“我们需要新鲜的眼睛,我们需要新鲜的能量。”前述五角大楼高级官员表示,米勒和科恩在特朗普政府任期结束前做出这些改变的必要性方面,两人“思想交融”。9bb世界播


Cohen, who used to go by Cohen-Watnick, was hired in early 2017 for a spot on the National Security Council staff by Trump’s first national security adviser, retired Army Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn. He was fired in August 2017 by Flynn’s successor, Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster. 9bb世界播

科恩曾被称为科恩-沃特尼克(Cohen-Watnick),2017年初,他被特朗普的第一位国家安全顾问、退役陆军中将迈克尔·弗林(Michael Flynn)聘用为国家安全委员会(National Security Council)工作人员。2017年8月,他被弗林的继任者陆军中将H·R·麦克马斯特(H.R.McMaster)解雇。9bb世界播


Cohen’s name showed up again amid allegations made by the Republican chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, David Nunes, who claimed that the Obama administration had spied on the Trump campaign. Cohen was one of Nunes’s sources for his claim, according to the New York Times. 9bb世界播

科恩的名字再次出现在众议院情报委员会(House Intelligence Committee)共和党主席大卫·努内斯(David Nunes)的指控中,他声称奥巴马政府对特朗普的竞选活动进行了间谍活动。据《纽约时报》报道,科恩是努内斯的消息来源之一。9bb世界播


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Ezra Cohen speaks at Fort Bragg on Nov. 18. (DOD video) 9bb世界播

11月18日,埃兹拉·科恩(Ezra Cohen)在布拉格堡(Fort Bragg)发表讲话。(国防部视频)9bb世界播


In May Trump appointed Cohen as the deputy assistant secretary of defense for counternarcotics and global threats, his third appointee job in the administration. From there he was promoted to become the acting assistant secretary of defense for SO/LIC, a position that Miller announced last week he was putting on a par with the secretaries of the Army, Navy and Air Force. 9bb世界播

今年5月,特朗普任命科恩为负责禁毒和全球威胁的副助理国防部长,这是他在政府中的第三个任命职位。从那时起,他被提升为SO/LIC的代理助理国防部长,米勒上周宣布,他将把这个职位与陆军、海军和空军的部长平起平坐。9bb世界播


During a Nov. 18 trip to Fort Bragg, N.C., Miller stated that he was finally implementing Section 922 of the 2017 National Defense Authorization Act. That section puts the assistant secretary of special operations in the chain of command of special operations forces — between the four-star U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) and the defense secretary — when it comes to manning, training and equipping the force, but not for operations. 9bb世界播

在11月18日访问北卡罗来纳州布拉格堡期间,米勒表示,他终于要执行2017年国防授权法案的第922条。这一部分将负责特种作战的助理部长置于特种作战部队的指挥链中-在四星级美国特种作战司令部(SOCOM)和国防部长之间-在人员配备、训练和装备部队方面,但不是为了行动。9bb世界播


If carried to its logical conclusion, this would give the assistant secretary’s office control over several areas, such as relations with Congress and the purchase of weapons, that are currently under the purview of SOCOM, which is headquartered in Tampa. 9bb世界播

如果按照其合乎逻辑的结论,这将使助理国务卿办公室控制几个领域,例如与国会的关系和武器采购,这些领域目前属于总部设在坦帕的SOCOM的职权范围。9bb世界播


But SOCOM commander Army Gen. Richard Clarke, supported by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Army Gen. Mark Milley, is resisting these efforts and will likely seek to dilute them in the coming weeks, according to current and former Pentagon officials. 9bb世界播

但据五角大楼现任和前任官员说,在参谋长联席会议主席米利(Mark Milley)的支持下,SOCOM司令理查德·克拉克(Richard Clarke)抵制这些努力,并可能在未来几周寻求削弱这些努力。9bb世界播


“SOCOM has become a Praetorian Guard and they don’t want to submit to anybody except Caesar,” said a former senior national security official. “It’s a knife fight right now and SOCOM, with Milley’s support, is actively resisting the implementation of the law and the chain of command and the reforms that Congress and President Obama signed into law. It’s a pretty f***ed up situation.” 9bb世界播

一位前高级国家安全官员表示:“SOCOM已成为禁卫军,除了凯撒,他们不想屈服于任何人。”“现在这是一场刀战,SOCOM在米利的支持下,正在积极抵制这项法律和指挥链的实施,以及国会和奥巴马总统签署成为法律的改革。”这是一个相当紧张的局面。“。9bb世界播


This dynamic is not new, according to keen observers of the relationship between SOCOM and the assistant secretary’s office. “SOCOM commanders for the last couple of decades have actually actively resisted oversight from SO/LIC,” said a Pentagon official. 9bb世界播

根据对SOCOM和助理国务卿办公室关系的敏锐观察,这种动态并不新鲜。一位五角大楼官员说:“在过去的几十年里,SOCOM指挥官实际上一直在积极抵制SO/LIC的监督。”9bb世界播


But a SOCOM official pushed back hard on any notion that Clarke was resistant to civilian oversight. Clarke “strongly believes that civilian leadership of the military is necessary and critical,” the official said in an emailed response to questions from Yahoo News. In addition, the SOCOM official said, the command “has always maintained a strong relationship with [the assistant secretary of defense for] (SO/LIC) and welcomes greater advocacy for our exceptional warfighters and their families, while continuing our history of robust civilian oversight of USSOCOM.” 9bb世界播

但SOCOM的一名官员强烈驳斥了克拉克抵制平民监督的任何说法。克拉克“坚信军队的文职领导是必要的,也是至关重要的,”这位官员在通过电子邮件回复雅虎新闻的问题时说。此外,SOCOM官员说,该司令部“一直与(美国国防部助理部长)(SO/LIC)保持着密切的关系,并欢迎更多地倡导我们的杰出战士及其家属,同时延续我们对USSOCOM进行强有力的文职监督的历史。”9bb世界播


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Acting Secretary of Defense Christopher Miller at the Pentagon on Nov. 13. (Alex Wong/Getty Images) 9bb世界播

11月13日,代理国防部长克里斯托弗·米勒在五角大楼9bb世界播


Although the legislation that Miller committed to implementing is four years old, it had languished in the absence of a high-level champion within the defense bureaucracy. Several factors combined to make it suddenly become a high priority in the Pentagon in the last months of the Trump administration. One was Trump’s Nov. 9 appointment of Miller as the acting defense secretary. 9bb世界播

尽管米勒承诺实施的这项立法已经实施了四年,但在国防官僚机构中缺乏高层倡导者的情况下,这项立法一直萎靡不振。在特朗普政府的最后几个月里,几个因素加在一起,使它突然成为五角大楼的高度优先事项。其中之一是特朗普于11月9日任命米勒为代理国防部长。9bb世界播


A veteran of multiple combat tours who retired from the military in 2014, Miller had already served as the official performing the duties of the assistant secretary for SO/LIC earlier this year. He had also worked in and around that office on multiple occasions previously in his career, according to a Pentagon official. As a result, he was intimately familiar with the issues that Congress sought to fix. 9bb世界播

米勒是一名参加过多次战斗的老兵,于2014年从军队退役。今年早些时候,米勒已经担任过SO/LIC助理秘书的官员。据五角大楼的一名官员说,在他的职业生涯之前,他也曾在该办公室内和周围工作过多次。因此,他对国会试图解决的问题非常熟悉。9bb世界播


Indeed, said a senior official in the office of the secretary of defense (OSD), the document that Miller signed in last week’s ceremony at Fort Bragg was essentially the same memo he had sent to then-Defense Secretary Mark Esper’s office before he left the assistant secretary job that Cohen now holds to become director of the National Counterterrorism Center in August. “So of course when he came in [as acting defense secretary] that’s one of the first things he did,” the senior official said. “He made it a priority.” 9bb世界播

事实上,国防部长办公室的一名高级官员说,米勒上周在布拉格堡举行的仪式上签署的文件,基本上就是他在8月辞去科恩现在担任的助理国务卿一职成为国家反恐中心主任之前发给时任国防部长马克·埃斯佩尔办公室的备忘录。这位高级官员说:“当然,当他(作为代理国防部长)上任时,这是他做的第一件事。”“他把这件事放在首位。”9bb世界播


Cohen, who also holds the more senior job of acting undersecretary of defense for intelligence and security, is something of a lightning rod in Washington national security circles. News articles sometimes depict him as a scheming partisan with outsize influence in the Trump administration, a perception shared by some in the Pentagon. 9bb世界播

科恩还担任着负责情报和安全事务的国防部代理副部长这一更高级的职位,在华盛顿国家安全界,他在某种程度上是一个避雷针。新闻文章有时会把他描绘成一个在特朗普政府中拥有超大影响力的诡计多端的党派成员,五角大楼的一些人也有同样的看法。9bb世界播


“My theory [is] that Ezra Cohen is the most powerful person in the building at this point in time,” said a Pentagon official. But a senior OSD official described as “ridiculous” the notion that the 34-year-old Cohen wielded more power than Miller, Milley or numerous other senior figures in the department. 9bb世界播

五角大楼一名官员表示:“我的理论是,埃兹拉·科恩(Ezra Cohen)是目前大楼里最有权势的人。”但OSD的一名高级官员称,34岁的科恩比米勒、米利或该部门其他许多高级官员拥有更多权力的说法是“荒谬的”。9bb世界播


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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley testifies on Capitol Hill on July 9. (Michael Reynolds/Pool via AP) 9bb世界播

7月9日,参谋长联席会议主席马克·米利将军在国会山作证9bb世界播


Miller has given Cohen’s office 30 days to finalize an “implementation memo” that will lay out the specifics on how the department will meet the intent of Congress with regard to Section 922. However, the extent to which Miller’s expansive vision in that regard will be realized now depends on negotiations between his office and Cohen’s office on one side and U.S. Special Operations Command on the other, according to Pentagon officials. 9bb世界播

米勒给科恩的办公室30天的时间来敲定一份“执行备忘录”,该备忘录将详细说明司法部将如何满足国会关于第922条的意图。然而,根据五角大楼官员的说法,米勒在这方面的宏伟愿景现在能在多大程度上实现,取决于他的办公室和科恩的办公室与美国特种作战司令部(U.S.Special Operations Command)之间的谈判。9bb世界播


Some observers expect a fight. “SOCOM commanders for the last couple of decades have actually actively resisted oversight from SO/LIC,” said a Pentagon official. “They see this as a zero-sum game and they don’t want to give up any of their power,” said a former senior national security official. “They’ve grown very accustomed to SO/LIC being a kind of useless appendage and not really having to be subject to any real oversight.” 9bb世界播

一些观察人士预计会有一场战斗。一位五角大楼官员说:“在过去的几十年里,SOCOM指挥官实际上一直在积极抵制SO/LIC的监督。”一位前国家安全高级官员表示:“他们认为这是一场零和游戏,他们不想放弃任何权力。”“他们已经习惯了SO/LIC是一种无用的附属品,实际上不必受到任何真正的监督。”9bb世界播


Even before delivering his speech at Bragg, Miller had removed a number of items from the document he signed because of objections from Clarke, despite the fact that the document had already been cleared by the Defense Department general counsel, according to a senior Pentagon official. 9bb世界播

据五角大楼的一名高级官员称,甚至在布拉格发表演讲之前,米勒就已经因为克拉克的反对而从他签署的文件中删除了一些项目,尽管该文件已经得到国防部总法律顾问的批准。9bb世界播


Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs, also “had a couple of issues” with the draft of the memo, the senior Pentagon official said. However, “of 12 or 14 action items” in the memo, Milley and Miller “agreed to 10 or 11 of them,” said the senior official, adding that Miller was not offended by Milley’s comments. 9bb世界播

五角大楼高级官员说,参谋长联席会议主席米利对备忘录草案也有“几个问题”。然而,这位高级官员说,在备忘录中的“12或14个行动项目”中,米利和米勒“同意了其中的10或11个”,并补充说,米勒并没有被米利的言论冒犯。9bb世界播


But the perception among supporters of the steps Miller is taking is that Clarke and SOCOM remain opposed to the increased civilian oversight the acting defense secretary’s Nov. 18 announcement portended. Several cited as evidence the absence of any senior military leaders at the open-air ceremony at Fort Bragg, even though it took place at the headquarters of U.S. Army Special Operations Command. 9bb世界播

但米勒正在采取的措施的支持者认为,克拉克和SOCOM仍然反对代理国防部长11月18日的声明所预示的加强文职监督。一些人引用了没有任何高级军事领导人参加在布拉格堡举行的露天仪式的证据,尽管仪式是在美国陆军特种作战司令部总部举行的。9bb世界播


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Gen. Richard D. Clarke. (Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call via Getty Images) 9bb世界播

理查德·D·克拉克将军。(汤姆·威廉姆斯/CQ电视台盖蒂图片点名节目环节)9bb世界播


One Pentagon official said Clarke had ordered the head of U.S. Army Special Operations Command, Lt. Gen. Francis Beaudette, to skip the ceremony. A spokesperson for Beaudette did not return a phone call seeking comment, but a SOCOM official denied the allegation. 9bb世界播

五角大楼的一名官员说,克拉克已下令美国陆军特种作战司令部司令弗朗西斯·博德特中将跳过仪式。博德特的发言人没有回复寻求置评的电话,但SOCOM的一名官员否认了这一指控。9bb世界播


“The signing was a policy event,” said the SOCOM official, adding that special operations forces personnel were neither required to attend nor ordered not to. 9bb世界播

这位SOCOM官员表示:“签署协议是一项政策活动。”他补充说,特种部队人员既没有被要求参加,也没有被命令不得参加。9bb世界播


Miller’s supporters said that Special Operations Command does not want to lose certain functions like legislative affairs, acquisition authority, public affairs and the inspector general, which in the Army, Navy and Air Force typically fall under the control of the civilian service secretaries, not the uniformed leadership. One of the biggest sticking points between Miller and Clarke is “who can provide budget guidance,” the senior Pentagon official said. “Service secretaries give budget guidance down to the services,” but at present the SO/LIC office does not, the official added. 9bb世界播

米勒的支持者说,特种作战司令部不想失去立法事务、征收权、公共事务和监察长等某些职能,在陆军、海军和空军中,这些职能通常由文职部长控制,而不是制服领导层。前述五角大楼高级官员说,米勒和克拉克之间最大的症结之一是“谁能提供预算指导”。这位官员补充说,“服务秘书向服务部门下达预算指导”,但目前SO/LIC办公室并不这样做。9bb世界播


Asked whether Clarke was concerned that these functions would shift to civilian leadership under Miller’s plan, a SOCOM official said that “it would be inappropriate to speculate on the details prior to the development and approval of an implementation plan,” adding that SOCOM “looks forward to actively assisting the department in building an effective implementation plan for this policy over the next month.” 9bb世界播

当被问及克拉克是否担心根据米勒的计划,这些职能将转移到文职领导人手中时,SOCOM的一名官员表示,“在制定和批准实施计划之前猜测细节是不合适的”,并补充说,SOCOM“期待在下个月积极协助该部门为这一政策制定一个有效的实施计划”。9bb世界播


Ultimately the solution might require further legislation, in order to erase some ambiguity between Section 922 and parts of the law that deal with the SOCOM, the assistant secretary of defense for SO/LIC and the service secretariats, several officials said. But the strong bipartisan support for strengthening the assistant secretary job means the outcome is likely to last beyond the end of the Trump administration. 9bb世界播

几名官员表示,最终,解决方案可能需要进一步立法,以消除第922条与涉及SOCOM、SO/LIC助理国防部长和军种秘书处的部分法律之间的一些模棱两可的地方。但两党对加强助理国务卿职位的强烈支持意味着,这一结果可能会持续到特朗普政府结束后。9bb世界播


“We’re doing a complete solid for the next administration,” the senior Pentagon official said. “There’s no fricking way they’ll overturn this.” 9bb世界播

这位五角大楼高级官员说:“我们正在为下一届政府做好准备。”“他们绝对不可能推翻这一决定。”9bb世界播

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