白宫冠状病毒工作组呼吁“所有美国人的行为发生重大改变”

2020-11-25 07:40

White House coronavirus task force calls for 'significant behavior change of all Americans' j2s世界播

白宫冠状病毒工作组呼吁“所有美国人的行为发生重大改变”j2s世界播


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The White House coronavirus task force continues to sound the alarm on the spread of the pandemic across the country in weekly reports to states, focusing this week on mitigation efforts and calling for "significant behavior change of all Americans." j2s世界播

白宫冠状病毒特别工作组继续在向各州提交的每周报告中就疫情在全国蔓延敲响警钟,本周重点关注缓解措施,并呼吁“所有美国人的行为发生重大改变”。j2s世界播


"There is aggressive, rapid, and expanding community spread across the country, reaching over 2,000 counties," said the set of reports, which were dated November 22 and obtained by CNN. j2s世界播

美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)获得的这组日期为11月22日的报道称:“社区正在迅速扩张,遍及全国各地,覆盖2000多个县。”j2s世界播


The reports compared mitigation strategies such as mask usage, social distancing and dining restrictions working in some parts of the country to Europe, but warned that efforts in some parts of the US are not having an impact. j2s世界播

这些报告将美国部分地区使用口罩、社交距离和用餐限制等缓解策略与欧洲进行了比较,但警告称,美国部分地区的努力并未产生影响。j2s世界播


"In states with aggressive mitigation, we are beginning to see the impact of that mitigation despite the cooling weather. We are also seeing stabilization in many European countries that implemented strong public and private mitigation, but preserved schooling. However, in many areas of the country, mitigation efforts are inadequate or too recently implemented to see a significant impact," the reports said. j2s世界播

报告称:“在积极缓解的国家,尽管天气变冷,我们仍开始看到缓解的影响。我们也看到许多欧洲国家的稳定,这些国家实施了强有力的公共和私人缓解措施,但保留了学校教育。然而,在该国的许多地区,缓解努力不够,或者实施得太晚,看不到显著的影响,”报告说。j2s世界播


Those mitigation strategies, the task force said, will require "significant behavior change of all Americans," including the wearing of masks. j2s世界播

特别工作组说,这些缓解策略将需要“所有美国人显著改变行为”,包括戴口罩。j2s世界播


More aggressive testing efforts, the task force said, "must be combined with significant behavior change of all Americans. Ensure masks at all times in public, increase physical distancing through significant reduction in capacity in public and private indoor spaces, and ensure every American understands the clear risks of ANY family or friend interactions outside of their immediate household indoors without masks." j2s世界播

该工作组表示,更积极的检测工作“必须与所有美国人的重大行为改变相结合。在公共场合时刻确保戴上口罩,通过大幅减少公共和私人室内空间的容量来增加身体距离,并确保每个美国人都明白,在不戴口罩的情况下,家人或朋友在室内以外的任何互动都会带来明显的风险。”j2s世界播


The reports also offered this bleak assessment: "All states and all counties must flatten the curve to sustain the health system for both Covid and non-Covid emergencies." j2s世界播

报告还提出了这种悲观的评估:“所有州和县都必须使曲线变平,以维持卫生系统,以应对Covid和非Covid的紧急情况。”j2s世界播


North Dakota is yet again the state with the highest number of new cases per 100,000 population since at least mid-October, followed by Wyoming, then South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Montana, Wisconsin, Utah and New Mexico in the top 10. j2s世界播

至少自10月中旬以来,北达科他州再次成为每10万人口新增病例数量最多的州,紧随其后的是怀俄明州,然后是南达科他州、明尼苏达州、爱荷华州、内布拉斯加州、蒙大拿州、威斯康星州、犹他州和新墨西哥州。j2s世界播


In states with rising cases, like Delaware, the task force recommended some interventions, including "restricting indoor dining and limiting or closing areas of congregation without masking." But, the reports said, those measures "had limited success in preventing spread at private gatherings," calling for reinforced messaging about social gatherings, including avoiding large groups and the usage of masks. j2s世界播

在病例上升的州,如特拉华州,特别工作组建议采取一些干预措施,包括“限制室内用餐,限制或关闭不戴面具的集会区域。”但是,报道称,这些措施“在防止在私人聚会上传播的成效有限”,呼吁加强社交聚会的信息传递,包括避免大型团体和戴口罩。j2s世界播


Days before the Thanksgiving holiday, the task force urged this messaging: "We need to protect those we are thankful for in our families and communities. Ensure indoor masking around vulnerable family members during any gatherings." j2s世界播

在感恩节假期的前几天,特别工作组敦促人们传达这样的信息:“我们需要保护家庭和社区中那些我们感恩的人。在任何聚会期间,都要确保在室内遮盖住脆弱的家庭成员。”j2s世界播


The report for Pennsylvania expressed concern about hospital shortages. j2s世界播

宾夕法尼亚州的这份报告表达了对医院短缺的担忧。j2s世界播


"The continued increase in transmission remains concerning, especially given local hospital shortages and further increases anticipated over the upcoming holidays. Recent restrictions are warranted and commendable," the Pennsylvania report said. j2s世界播

宾夕法尼亚州的报告说:“传播的持续增加仍然令人担忧,特别是考虑到当地医院短缺,以及即将到来的假期预计会进一步增加。最近的限制措施是有理由的,值得赞扬的。”j2s世界播


The task force praised Iowa this week after Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds instituted some masking policy. j2s世界播

在共和党州长金·雷诺兹(Kim Reynolds)制定了一些掩饰政策后,特别工作组本周赞扬了爱荷华州。j2s世界播


"Encouraged by the steps the governor is taking to decrease transmission; this is the first week where the rise in cases is less than previous weeks. Covid-related hospitalizations will continue in the coming weeks; however, with increased strong mitigation, cases could decline to the yellow zone within 4 to 5 weeks, like in states that strongly mitigated during the summer surge," the Iowa report said. j2s世界播

爱荷华州的报告称:“州长正在采取措施减少传播,这是第一周病例上升幅度低于前几周。未来几周,与Covid相关的住院治疗将继续;然而,随着强有力的缓解,病例可能会在4到5周内降至黄色区域,就像在夏季激增期间大幅缓解的州一样,”爱荷华州的报告称。j2s世界播


The task force also raised questions about supply levels at Louisiana hospitals. j2s世界播

特别工作组还对路易斯安那州医院的供应水平提出了质疑。j2s世界播


"There are early signs of reduced N95, gown, and glove supply in specific hospitals' reporting. Please contact all hospitals reporting less than one week's supply to confirm data; contact the regional FEMA office for support if this supply issue is confirmed," the Louisiana report said. j2s世界播

路易斯安那州的报告称:“在具体医院的报告中,有N95、睡袍和手套供应减少的早期迹象。请联系所有报告供应不足一周的医院以确认数据;如果这一供应问题得到证实,请联系联邦应急管理局地区办公室寻求支持,”路易斯安那州的报告称。j2s世界播


And the reports also encouraged states to make a plan for testing of university students. j2s世界播

报告还鼓励各州制定一项对大学生进行测试的计划。j2s世界播


"Ensure all universities returning in the winter move to mandatory weekly testing of all on and off campus students. Planning for that must begin now," reports said. j2s世界播

报道称:“确保所有在冬季返校的大学都强制每周对所有在校和在校学生进行测试。必须现在就开始制定计划。”j2s世界播

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