欧盟警告匈牙利不要使用俄罗斯的新冠肺炎疫苗

2020-11-19 20:04

EU warns Hungary against use of Russia's COVID-19 vaccine lJk世界播

欧盟警告匈牙利不要使用俄罗斯的新冠肺炎疫苗lJk世界播


BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Hungary's plans to import and possibly use Russia's touted Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine raise safety concerns and could damage trust in potential shots, the European Commission said, opening a new front in the EU's fraught relations with Budapest. lJk世界播

布鲁塞尔(路透社)-欧盟委员会表示,匈牙利进口并可能使用俄罗斯吹捧的Sputnik V新冠肺炎疫苗的计划引发了安全担忧,可能会损害人们对潜在疫苗的信任,这为欧盟与布达佩斯紧张的关系开辟了一条新的战线。lJk世界播


Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's hard line against migration and what critics say is his increasingly authoritarian grip on power - an accusation he has repeatedly denied - as well as his pursuit of close relations with Russia have caused repeated clashes with the European Union. lJk世界播

匈牙利总理欧尔班(Viktor Orban)反对移民的强硬立场,以及批评人士所说的他对权力的日益威权控制(欧尔班一再否认这一指控),以及他寻求与俄罗斯建立密切关系,都导致他与欧盟一再发生冲突。lJk世界播


A new showdown is expected on Thursday when EU leaders hold a video conference that may address the bloc's massive COVID rescue plan and seven-year budget, which Hungary and Poland's nationalist governments are blocking because they make access to money conditional on respecting the rule of law. lJk世界播

周四,当欧盟领导人举行视频会议时,预计将出现一场新的摊牌。会议可能会讨论欧盟大规模的COVID救援计划和七年预算,匈牙利和波兰的民族主义政府正在阻止这一计划,因为他们获得资金的条件是尊重法治。lJk世界播


Hungarian plans to conduct trials of and possibly produce the Russian vaccine, an unprecedented step for an EU member state, add to existing frictions with Brussels. lJk世界播

匈牙利计划对俄罗斯疫苗进行试验,并可能生产俄罗斯疫苗,这对欧盟成员国来说是史无前例的一步,加剧了与布鲁塞尔之间现有的摩擦。lJk世界播


Asked about these plans, a spokesman for the Commission, the EU's executive, said: "The question arises whether a member state would want to administer to its citizens a vaccine that has not been reviewed by EMA." lJk世界播

在被问及这些计划时,欧盟执行机构欧盟委员会(European Commission)的一位发言人表示:“问题是,一个成员国是否愿意为其公民接种一种未经EMA审查的疫苗。”lJk世界播


Under EU rules, Sputnik V must be authorised by the European Medicines Agency before it can be marketed in any state of the 27-nation bloc, EMA said. lJk世界播

EMA表示,根据欧盟规定,Sputnik V必须得到欧洲药品管理局(European Medicines Agency)的授权,才能在欧盟27个成员国中的任何一个国家上市。lJk世界播


"This is where the authorisation process and vaccine confidence meet. If our citizens start questioning the safety of a vaccine, should it not have gone through rigorous scientific assessment to prove its safety and efficacy, it will be much harder to vaccinate a sufficient proportion of the population," the Commission spokesman added in an emailed statement. lJk世界播

该委员会发言人在一份电子邮件声明中补充道:“这就是授权过程和疫苗信心的交汇点。如果我们的公民开始质疑疫苗的安全性,如果它没有经过严格的科学评估来证明其安全性和有效性,那么要为足够比例的人口接种疫苗就会困难得多。”lJk世界播


A recent study of 8,000 people in the United States and Britain found that fewer people would "definitely" take a COVID-19 vaccine than the 55% of the population which scientists estimate is needed to provide so-called herd immunity. lJk世界播

最近在美国和英国对8,000人进行的一项研究发现,比起提供所谓的群体免疫所需的55%的人口,“肯定”愿意接种新冠肺炎疫苗的人要少。lJk世界播


Experts have said that misinformation and perceived weak safety checks on candidate vaccines play a central role in reducing confidence in their efficacy. lJk世界播

专家们表示,对候选疫苗的错误信息和被认为是薄弱的安全检查,在降低人们对其有效性的信心方面发挥了核心作用。lJk世界播


Orban's government has said it plans to trial and licence Sputnik V, and this week would begin importing a small number of doses that could lead to larger imports and mass-production in Hungary next year if the shot proved safe and effective. lJk世界播

欧尔班政府表示,计划对Sputnik V进行试验和许可,本周将开始进口少量剂量,如果注射被证明是安全有效的,这些剂量可能会导致明年匈牙利更大规模的进口和大规模生产。lJk世界播


Russia's sovereign wealth fund said last week that interim trial results showed Sputnik V is 92% effective at protecting people from the COVID-19 respiratory disease, and the country is preparing for mass inoculations. lJk世界播

俄罗斯主权财富基金上周表示,中期试验结果显示,Sputnik V在预防新冠肺炎呼吸道疾病方面的有效性为92%,该国正在准备大规模接种疫苗。lJk世界播


Vaccines being developed by U.S. firms Moderna and Pfizer - the latter in cooperation with Germany's BioNTech - have showed slightly better results on a much larger sample of people exposed to the virus. lJk世界播

由美国现代制药公司和辉瑞制药公司开发的疫苗-后者与德国的BioNTech公司合作-在更大的接触病毒人群样本中显示出略好的效果。lJk世界播


The Hungarian government did not respond to questions on whether it wanted to licence the Sputnik V vaccine at home or through the required EU process. lJk世界播

匈牙利政府没有回应有关它是否希望在国内或通过所需的欧盟程序为Sputnik V疫苗发放许可证的问题。lJk世界播


"Vaccines should be out of politics and countries should have a choice how to protect their citizens," said Kirill Dmitriev, head of the Russian sovereign wealth fund which has underwritten the development of Sputnik V. lJk世界播

俄罗斯主权财富基金负责人基里尔·德米特里耶夫(Kirill Dmitriev)表示:“疫苗应该脱离政治,各国应该有权选择如何保护本国公民。”该基金为Sputnik V的发展提供了担保。lJk世界播


He added that Russia was ready to share data with the European Medicines Agency and said it aimed to produce the vaccine in Hungary and in other willing EU nations. A subsidiary of the wealth fund also requested scientific advice from EMA in late October but has received no reply so far, the fund said. lJk世界播

他补充说,俄罗斯准备与欧洲药品管理局(European Medicines Agency)分享数据,并表示其目标是在匈牙利和其他愿意生产疫苗的欧盟国家生产疫苗。该基金表示,该财富基金的一家子公司也在10月下旬向EMA寻求科学建议,但迄今尚未收到回复。lJk世界播


EMA said that it had received no data from Russia or Hungary on Sputnik V or any other COVID-19 vaccine. lJk世界播

EMA表示,他们没有从俄罗斯或匈牙利收到关于Sputnik V或任何其他新冠肺炎疫苗的数据。lJk世界播


Sputnik V is expected to be trialled and produced in other countries across the world beyond Russia, with Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Arab Emirates among those who have expressed an interest in the shot. lJk世界播

Sputnik V预计将在俄罗斯以外的其他国家进行试验和生产,巴西、墨西哥、菲律宾和阿联酋等国已表示对发射感兴趣。lJk世界播


IMPORT DOUBTS lJk世界播

进口疑虑。lJk世界播


But the EU questions even the import of Sputnik V by one of its member states. lJk世界播

但欧盟甚至质疑其成员国之一进口Sputnik V。lJk世界播


Temporary import and distribution of unauthorised vaccines is allowed for emergency use in the EU "in response to the suspected or confirmed spread of pathogenic agents, toxins, chemical agents or nuclear radiation, any of which could cause harm," the relevant EU law reads. lJk世界播

欧盟相关法律规定,欧盟允许临时进口和分销未经授权的疫苗,用于紧急使用,以应对怀疑或确认的病原体、毒素、化学制剂或核辐射的传播,任何这些物质都可能造成伤害。lJk世界播


This rare exemption has been widely debated in recent months by EU experts, the European Commission said. lJk世界播

欧盟委员会(European Commission)表示,近几个月来,欧盟专家对这一罕见的豁免进行了广泛辩论。lJk世界播


"The widely supported view is that it should be considered very carefully," the commission spokesman said. Such emergency procedures, he said, would also conflict with the EU's current vaccine strategy. lJk世界播

这位欧盟委员会发言人表示:“广泛支持的观点是,应该非常谨慎地考虑这一点。”他说,这样的紧急程序也将与欧盟目前的疫苗战略相冲突。lJk世界播


Under that strategy, the EU has signed contracts with five vaccine makers, including Pfizer, for the supply of nearly 2 billion doses of their potential COVID vaccines and is talking with at least two other manufacturers for additional shots. lJk世界播

根据这一战略,欧盟已经与包括辉瑞在内的五家疫苗制造商签署了供应近20亿剂潜在COVID疫苗的合同,并正在与至少另外两家制造商就额外注射进行谈判。lJk世界播


That would cover the 450 million combined population of all EU states, including Hungary, which under those deals also ordered millions of doses of the Pfizer, Astra Zeneca and Johnson & Johnson vaccines now in development. lJk世界播

这将覆盖包括匈牙利在内的所有欧盟国家的4.5亿总人口,根据这些协议,匈牙利还订购了数百万剂辉瑞(Pfizer)、阿斯特拉·捷利康(Astra Zeneca)和强生(Johnson&Johnson)疫苗,这些疫苗目前正在开发中。lJk世界播

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