草基因组可以帮助释放更绿色的能源

2020-11-19 15:31

Climate change: Aberystwyth elephant grass research could help unlock greener energy XqR世界播

气候变化:Aberystwyth象草研究可能有助于释放更绿色的能源。XqR世界播


暂无XqR世界播

Miscanthus can grow up to 10ft tall and can be used as a biofuel XqR世界播

芒属植物可以长到10英尺高,可以用作生物燃料XqR世界播


Researchers in Wales have helped unlock the DNA of a plant that could have a key role in fighting climate change. XqR世界播

威尔士的研究人员帮助解锁了一种可能在应对气候变化中发挥关键作用的植物的DNA。XqR世界播


The scientists from Aberystwyth University were part of a global team to sequence the genome of miscanthus, known as elephant grass. XqR世界播

来自Aberystwyth大学的科学家是一个全球团队的成员,他们对芒属植物的基因组进行了排序,这种植物被称为象草。XqR世界播


Native to Africa and South Asia, it grows up to 10ft (3m) and can be used as biomass to generate electricity. XqR世界播

原产于非洲和南亚,长达10英尺(3米),可用作生物质发电。XqR世界播


Unlocking the genome means varieties better suited to other climates and uses can be developed more quickly. XqR世界播

解锁基因组意味着更适合其他气候和用途的品种可以更快地开发出来。XqR世界播


This could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions and reliance on fossil fuels. XqR世界播

这可能有助于减少二氧化碳排放和对化石燃料的依赖。XqR世界播


Currently only one hybrid type of miscanthus is grown and used in the UK for combustion for low-carbon electricity generation. XqR世界播

目前,英国只种植了一种杂交芒属植物,并将其用于燃烧低碳发电。XqR世界播


But the versatile plant could replace fossil fuels in many other applications, including in home insulation and the manufacture of vehicles. XqR世界播

但这种多功能的工厂可以在许多其他应用中取代化石燃料,包括在房屋隔热和车辆制造方面。XqR世界播


'Secrets of the genome' XqR世界播

“基因组的秘密”XqR世界播


Kerrie Farrar, a member of the research team from Aberystwyth University, said they were very excited to finally have the miscanthus genome. XqR世界播

来自Aberystwyth大学的研究团队成员Kerrie Farrar说,他们非常兴奋终于得到了芒属植物的基因组。XqR世界播


"It's a very large grass, and the genome is also very large and complex so it's been a long time coming and a big collaborative effort to sequence the genome," she said. XqR世界播

她说:“这是一种非常大的草,而且基因组也非常大和复杂,所以需要很长时间才能完成,这是一项巨大的合作努力,需要对基因组进行排序。”XqR世界播


"Unlocking the secrets of the genome means that we can accelerate the development of new varieties with enhanced productivity that will contribute to tackling climate change." XqR世界播

“解开基因组的秘密意味着我们可以加快开发生产率更高的新品种,这将有助于应对气候变化。”XqR世界播


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An "elephant-grass house" was built by researchers from Aberystwyth University XqR世界播

阿伯里斯特威斯大学的研究人员建造了一座“象草屋”XqR世界播


The team have been forced to minimise their celebrations because of the pandemic. XqR世界播

由于这场大流行,该团队被迫将庆祝活动减至最少。XqR世界播


"There might have been a better celebration if it hadn't been for Covid," said Dr Farrar. XqR世界播

法勒博士说:“如果不是科维德,可能会有更好的庆祝活动。”XqR世界播


"Usually we all get together in January in a big conference in San Diego, but that won't be happening, so unfortunately the timing for celebration isn't ideal, but we're all happy anyway." XqR世界播

“通常我们都会在一月份在圣地亚哥的一个大型会议上聚在一起,但这不会发生,所以不幸的是,庆祝的时机并不理想,但无论如何我们都很高兴。”XqR世界播

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