2020-11-19 15:30

Japan lawmakers declare climate emergency after govt sets zero emissions goal lr2世界播



Nuclear provided about 30 per cent of Japan's electricity before Fukushima. lr2世界播


TOKYO (REUTERS) - Japanese lawmakers on Thursday (Nov 19) declared a climate emergency in a symbolic vote aimed at increasing pressure for action to combat global warming after the government last month committed to a firm timetable for net-zero emissions. lr2世界播


With the vote by Parliament's powerful lower chamber, Japan - the world's fifth-biggest carbon emitter - joins fellow Group of Seven members Britain, Canada and France in similar resolutions, as well as the European Union as a bloc and nearly 2,000 regional and city authorities around the world. lr2世界播

日本是世界第五大碳排放国,通过议会下议院的投票,它加入了七国集团(G7)成员国英国、加拿大和法国的行列,加入了欧盟(European Union)以及世界各地近2000个地区和城市当局的行列,提出了类似的决议。lr2世界播

Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga last month announced Japan would aim to cut greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, a major shift for the world's third-largest economy which relies heavily on imported fossil fuels for its energy sources. lr2世界播

日本首相菅义伟(Yoshiide Suga)上个月宣布,日本将致力于到2050年将温室气体排放降至净零,这对严重依赖进口化石燃料的世界第三大经济体来说是一个重大转变。lr2世界播

The emergency, non-binding declaration - drafted by a cross-party group of legislators - cites "unprecedented damage" from hurricanes, flooding and forest fires, exacerbated by climate change at home and abroad, and said the world faces a "climate crisis". lr2世界播


With erratic weather patterns from this year's record hurricane season in the Atlantic to floods in Europe being linked to climate change, governments around the world face more calls to act even as the coronavirus pandemic rages, sapping resources. lr2世界播


Ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) lawmaker Yoshihisa Furukawa, head of the secretariat of a non-partisan group of MPs behind the declaration, said the resolution was vital to show the world Japan was not lagging in the fight against global warming. lr2世界播

自民党执政党议员古川义久(Yoshihisa Furukawa)是支持该宣言的无党派议员团体秘书处的负责人,他表示,该决议对于向世界展示日本在抗击全球变暖方面没有落后至关重要。lr2世界播

"I think this can send the message to the world that Japan's Parliament and government are firmly resolved to tackle this aiming at a carbon-free society," he told Reuters, speaking before the vote. lr2世界播


The government is developing measures including investment funds and tax incentives to push through changes needed to reach the net zero emissions target, and Mr Furukawa said the declaration would give impetus to those efforts, given its non-partisan backing. lr2世界播


Japan's new target for carbon neutrality could open the way for its beleaguered nuclear industry to fire up again, nearly a decade after the Fukushima disaster shut down most reactors, although the public remains wary. lr2世界播


Nuclear provided about 30 per cent of Japan's electricity before Fukushima, when the country had 54 operable reactors compared with just two operating now. lr2世界播


Announcing the new emissions target, Prime Minister Suga said Japan would "pursue nuclear power", along with introducing as much renewable energy as possible, without specifying precise plans for reactors. lr2世界播


Still, frustrated scientists and activists have regularly sounded warnings that action is still lagging to meet the Paris Agreement target of curbing emissions enough to keep temperature rises to within 1.5-2 deg C of pre-industrial levels. lr2世界播

尽管如此,沮丧的科学家和活动人士经常发出警告,称在实现《巴黎协定》(Paris Agreement)的减排目标方面,行动仍然滞后,该目标旨在将气温上升控制在工业化前水平的1.5-2摄氏度以内。lr2世界播

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