解说员:Keystone XL输油管道是怎么回事?

2020-11-19 14:02

Explainer: What is happening with the Keystone XL oil pipeline? iLF世界播

解说员:Keystone XL输油管道是怎么回事?iLF世界播


WINNIPEG, Manitoba (Reuters) - TC Energy Corp says it is continuing to advance its Keystone XL (KXL) oil pipeline, the $9 billion project that would move oil from the province of Alberta to Nebraska. iLF世界播

路透马尼托巴省温尼伯8月23日电-TC Energy Corp(TC Energy Corp)表示,该公司正在继续推进Keystone XL(KXL)输油管道项目,该项目耗资90亿美元,将石油从艾伯塔省输送到内布拉斯加州。iLF世界播


Most recently, a Canadian indigenous group said it would invest C$1 billion ($764.35 million) in the project, which has been in the works for 12 years. iLF世界播

最近,一个加拿大土著团体表示,将在该项目上投资10亿加元(合7.6435亿美元),该项目已筹备了12年。iLF世界播


That surprised some, as KXL has been slowed by legal issues in the United States, and faces a potential fatal blow next year when President-elect Joseph Biden takes office, if he follows through on a vow to scrap KXL's presidential permit. iLF世界播

这让一些人感到意外,因为KXL在美国受到法律问题的拖累,如果拜登兑现废除KXL总统许可证的誓言,明年当选总统约瑟夫·拜登(Joseph Biden)上任时,KXL可能面临致命的打击。iLF世界播


WHY HAS THIS PROJECT BEEN DELAYED SO LONG? iLF世界播

为什么这个项目被推迟了这么久?iLF世界播


Keystone XL was an early target in a strategy by environmentalists to choke the expansion of Canada's oil sands by opposing new pipelines to move its crude to refineries. Former U.S. President Barack Obama, a Democrat, axed the project in 2015, saying Canada would reap most of the economic benefits while the project would add to greenhouse gas emissions. President Donald Trump, a Republican, issued a presidential permit in 2017 that allowed the line to move forward, and several environmental groups sued the U.S. government. iLF世界播

Keystone XL是环保人士一项战略的早期目标,该战略旨在通过反对新的管道将加拿大的原油输送到炼油厂来遏制加拿大油砂的扩张。美国前总统、民主党人巴拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)在2015年削减了该项目,称加拿大将获得大部分经济效益,同时该项目将增加温室气体排放。共和党总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)在2017年颁发了总统许可证,允许这条线路向前推进,几个环保组织起诉了美国政府。iLF世界播


IS THIS PIPELINE STILL NECESSARY? iLF世界播

这条管道还有必要吗?iLF世界播


This is debateable. Work to increase capacity of two other Canadian export pipelines, the government-owned Trans Mountain and Enbridge's Line 3, is proceeding with fewer remaining hurdles than KXL. Some analysts say these projects will provide enough capacity for the foreseeable future, now that analysts and major industry groups, including OPEC, expect that global oil demand will peak sooner than was previously anticipated. iLF世界播

这是值得商榷的。与KXL相比,加拿大另外两条出口管道--政府所有的跨山管道(Trans Mountain)和恩布里奇(Enbridge)的3号线--运力提升的工作正在进行中,剩余的障碍更少。一些分析师表示,这些项目将为可预见的未来提供足够的产能,因为分析师和包括OPEC在内的主要行业组织预计,全球石油需求触顶的时间将早于之前的预期。iLF世界播


Alberta Premier Jason Kenney has said the project is important because he is not certain that Trans Mountain will proceed. iLF世界播

艾伯塔省省长杰森·肯尼(Jason Kenney)表示,该项目很重要,因为他不确定跨山项目是否会继续进行。iLF世界播


WHAT IS THE STATE OF CONSTRUCTION? iLF世界播

目前的建设状况如何?iLF世界播


Construction is well under way in Canada. The international border crossing is complete. In the United States, TC has started construction on pump stations in each of the states the line will pass through, but legal setbacks cost it much of the 2020 construction season. iLF世界播

加拿大的建筑工程正在如火如荼地进行。国际边境口岸已经完成。在美国,TC已经开始在这条线路将经过的每个州的泵站上施工,但法律上的挫折让它在2020年的施工季节损失了很大一部分时间。iLF世界播


The U.S. Supreme Court upheld an injunction on KXL construction in July, leaving a ruling in place that blocks TC's use of a federal permit that allows dredging work on pipelines across water bodies. iLF世界播

今年7月,美国最高法院维持了对KXL建设的禁令,保留了一项裁决,该裁决阻止TC使用联邦许可证,该许可证允许在跨越水体的管道上进行疏浚工作。iLF世界播


TC continues to plan for a 2023 in-service date. iLF世界播

TC继续计划2023年的启用日期。iLF世界播


WHAT HAPPENS IF BIDEN REVOKES KXL'S PERMIT? iLF世界播

如果拜登吊销KXL的许可证会发生什么?iLF世界播


TC requires the permit to build and operate KXL. iLF世界播

TC需要获得建造和运营KXL的许可证。iLF世界播


Given the permit's importance, TC, the Canadian and Alberta governments are trying to convince Biden to allow the project. TC is looking for further equity investments from U.S. indigenous groups and has awarded construction work to four U.S. unions, hoping to make the project more politically palatable. iLF世界播

考虑到许可证的重要性,TC,加拿大和艾伯塔省政府正试图说服拜登允许该项目。TC正在寻找美国土著团体的进一步股权投资,并已将建筑工程授予四个美国工会,希望使该项目在政治上更受欢迎。iLF世界播


TC is also framing KXL as a jobs-creating project that could bolster Biden's Build Back Better economic plan. iLF世界播

TC还将KXL视为一个创造就业机会的项目,可能会支持拜登的重建更好的经济计划。iLF世界播


If Biden revokes KXL's permit, it would be a blow to TC's growth plans, give Canadian oil shippers fewer future options and likely divert more volumes to competitor Enbridge's Mainline. iLF世界播

如果拜登吊销KXL的许可证,这将是对TC的增长计划的打击,给加拿大石油托运人更少的未来选择,并可能将更多的运量转移到竞争对手Enbridge的主线。iLF世界播


WHO OWNS KEYSTONE XL? iLF世界播

谁拥有Keystone XL?iLF世界播


TC is still the major investor, but it has now sold significant minority stakes to both the Alberta government, and to Natural Law Energy (NLE). NLE is a coalition of five First Nations in Alberta and Saskatchewan, whose traditional lands KXL crosses. iLF世界播

TC仍然是主要的投资者,但它现在已经将大量少数股权出售给了艾伯塔省政府和自然法能源公司(Natural Law Energy,NLE)。NLE是由艾伯塔省和萨斯喀彻温省的五个原住民组成的联盟,KXL横跨这两个地区的传统土地。iLF世界播


NLE's investment is expected to close in the third quarter, 2021, subject to financing, by which time it should be clear what position Biden will take. iLF世界播

根据融资情况,NLE的投资预计将在2021年第三季度完成,届时拜登将采取何种立场应该是明朗的。iLF世界播

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