解说员:选举认证通常是如何运作的?

2020-11-19 10:02

EXPLAINER: How does election certification usually work? ULC世界播

解说员:选举认证通常是如何运作的?ULC世界播


In normal times, the certification of election results is a routine process that doesn’t get much attention. But these are not normal times. ULC世界播

在正常情况下,选举结果的认证是一个例行公事,不会受到太多关注。但现在不是正常时期。ULC世界播


As part of an ongoing series of attacks on the integrity of the election, President Donald Trump and his Republican allies are trying to stop the formal certification of results in some of the states where he lost — mostly by making unsubstantiated claims of fraud. ULC世界播

作为针对选举公正性的一系列持续攻击的一部分,唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)总统和他的共和党盟友正试图阻止他输掉选举的一些州的正式结果认证--主要是通过未经证实的舞弊指控。ULC世界播


While most of their legal claims have failed, a high-profile incident in Michigan’s largest county this week shows how easily the process can get sidetracked. ULC世界播

虽然他们的大多数法律主张都失败了,但本周在密歇根州最大县发生的一起备受瞩目的事件表明,这一过程很容易偏离主题。ULC世界播


HOW DOES IT USUALLY WORK? ULC世界播

它通常是怎么工作的?ULC世界播


After an election, local officials count ballots, review the tallies to make sure they match the votes cast, and check that people who cast provisional ballots because of some problem at the polls did so legally. ULC世界播

选举结束后,地方官员会清点选票,审查计票结果,以确保计票结果与所投选票相符,并检查因投票站出现问题而临时投票的人是否合法投票。ULC世界播


Local elections office then sends the final results to a board for certification. Such boards are typically bipartisan, their members either elected or appointed by county leaders. Barring an obvious problem with the count that could change the result of the election, the board then approves the vote tallies before sending them to the state for final certification. That's usually done by a state canvassing board, the secretary of state or a small group that might include the governor and other state officials. ULC世界播

地方选举办公室然后将最终结果发送给一个委员会进行认证。这样的委员会通常是两党的,成员要么由县领导选举产生,要么由县领导任命。除非计票存在可能改变选举结果的明显问题,否则董事会会在将计票结果送往该州进行最终认证之前批准计票结果。这通常是由州拉票委员会、国务卿或一个可能包括州长和其他州官员的小组完成的。ULC世界播


From there, federal law requires governors to prepare official certificates to report the popular vote in their states. These documents are often signed by the governors and must carry the seal of the state. A copy is sent to the archivist of the United States. ULC世界播

从那时起,联邦法律要求州长准备官方证书来报告他们所在州的普选情况。这些文件通常由州长签署,必须盖上州政府的印章。一份复印件被送往美国档案馆。ULC世界播


WHAT HAPPENED THIS TIME? ULC世界播

这次是怎么回事?ULC世界播


In an extraordinary move Tuesday night, two Republican members on Michigan's Wayne County Board of Canvassers voted against certifying of the county's votes — then abruptly reversed course amid heavy criticism. ULC世界播

周二晚间,密歇根州韦恩县拉票人委员会的两名共和党成员做出了非同寻常的举动,他们投票反对确认该县的选票,然后在严厉的批评声中突然改弦易辙。ULC世界播


Explaining the initial vote, a Republican member of the Wayne County board said absentee ballot books did not match the number of ballots cast in majority-Black city of Detroit. ULC世界播

韦恩县董事会的一名共和党成员在解释最初的投票时表示,缺席选票与黑人占多数的底特律城市的选票数量不匹配。ULC世界播


But a Democrat on the board noted the issues were the result of routine “human error," and the Republican's claim drew complaints of racism from Democrats and election experts who also noted there has been no sign of widespread voting fraud in Michigan or elsewhere. ULC世界播

但委员会中的一名民主党人指出,这些问题是例行公事的“人为错误”的结果,这位共和党人的说法招致了民主党人和选举专家对种族主义的抱怨,他们还指出,密歇根州或其他地方没有普遍存在选举舞弊的迹象。ULC世界播


And the results weren't even close: President-elect Joe Biden beat Trump in Wayne County by a more than 2-to-1 margin and won Michigan by 146,000 votes, according to unofficial results. ULC世界播

结果甚至不是很接近:根据非官方结果,当选总统乔·拜登在韦恩县以超过2比1的优势击败特朗普,并以14.6万张选票赢得密歇根州。ULC世界播


SO, WHAT'S THE DAMAGE? ULC世界播

那么,损失是什么呢?ULC世界播


Even though the Wayne County votes were certified in the end, the incident is likely to cast more doubt about the election's legitimacy among Trump's supporters. It also could help galvanize Republicans elsewhere to look for ways to delay making Biden's victory official. ULC世界播

尽管韦恩县的投票最终得到了认证,但这一事件很可能会让特朗普的支持者对选举的合法性产生更多怀疑。这也有助于激励其他地方的共和党人想方设法推迟宣布拜登的胜利。ULC世界播


Associated Press coverage of voting rights receives support in part from Carnegie Corporation of New York. The AP is solely responsible for this content. ULC世界播

美联社对投票权的报道部分得到了纽约卡内基公司的支持。美联社对此内容负全部责任。ULC世界播

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