纽约市MTA警告地铁、公交车服务削减

2020-11-19 08:11

New York City’s MTA Warns of Service Cuts for Subways, Buses D4v世界播

纽约市MTA警告地铁、公交车服务削减D4v世界播


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The MTA’s finances are taking a hit, with weekday subway ridership off about 70% from the start of the year. D4v世界播

MTA的财务状况受到了打击,工作日的地铁客运量比年初下降了约70%D4v世界播


Commuters could have to wait much longer for subways, buses and trains in 2021 as New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority on Wednesday outlined potential service cuts to plug a multibillion-dollar deficit caused by the coronavirus pandemic. D4v世界播

2021年,通勤者可能不得不等待更长时间的地铁、公交车和火车,因为纽约大都会运输局(Metropolitan Transportation Authority)周三概述了可能的服务削减计划,以填补冠状病毒疫情造成的数十亿美元赤字。D4v世界播


The MTA’s chief financial officer, Robert Foran, speaking at an authority board meeting, said officials drawing up the 2021 budget are considering reducing or suspending some weekday subway services and limiting weekend train frequency to every 15 minutes. D4v世界播

MTA首席财务官罗伯特·福兰(Robert Foran)在管理局董事会会议上表示,起草2021年预算的官员正在考虑减少或暂停一些工作日的地铁服务,并将周末的列车班次限制在每15分钟一班。D4v世界播


Mr. Foran said some bus routes could also reduce in frequency or be eliminated while peak-hour service on the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad could be scaled back to every 20 or 30 minutes. D4v世界播

福兰说,一些公交线路也可能减少班次或取消,而长岛铁路(Long Island Rail Road)和地铁北线(Metro-North Railway)的高峰时段服务可能会缩减至每20或30分钟一次。D4v世界播


Such reductions could result in job losses for more than 9,000 of the authority’s roughly 68,000 workforce. D4v世界播

这样的裁员可能会导致该局约6.8万名员工中的9000多人失业。D4v世界播


MTA officials say many of the cuts could be avoided if the authority secures a federal bailout in the coming months. D4v世界播

MTA官员说,如果当局在未来几个月获得联邦救助,许多削减是可以避免的。D4v世界播


The MTA received $4 billion as part of a federal coronavirus bailout in May. MTA Chairman Patrick Foye told board members he is cautiously hopeful that the recent election of Democrat Joe Biden as president-elect increases the authority’s chances of receiving more federal aid next year. D4v世界播

MTA在5月份收到了40亿美元,作为联邦冠状病毒救助计划的一部分。MTA主席帕特里克·福耶(Patrick Foye)告诉董事会成员,他谨慎地希望,最近民主党人乔·拜登(Joe Biden)当选总统会增加MTA明年获得更多联邦援助的机会。D4v世界播


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The MTA is considering reducing or suspending some weekday subway services. D4v世界播

MTA正在考虑减少或暂停一些工作日的地铁服务D4v世界播


But Mr. Foye added that because the MTA cannot bank on such funds coming through, especially if Republicans maintain control of the Senate, the authority must start planning for cuts. D4v世界播

但弗耶补充说,由于MTA不能指望这样的资金能够通过,特别是如果共和党人保持对参议院的控制,该机构必须开始规划削减开支。D4v世界播


Mr. Foran said the cuts, which would be subject to public hearings and a board vote, could be put into place as early as May. D4v世界播

福兰说,削减开支最早可能在5月份实施,这还需要举行公开听证会和董事会投票。D4v世界播


MTA board members also debated the merits of implementing planned biennial fare and toll increases in 2021 at a time when ridership is at record lows. D4v世界播

MTA董事会成员还讨论了在客运量处于创纪录低点的情况下,在2021年实施两年一次的票价和通行费上调计划的好处。D4v世界播


Even with the proposed service cuts, the MTA faces projected deficits in each of the next four years averaging about $2.9 billion. The shortfalls are driven by low ridership across subways, buses and commuter rails as well as anticipated drops in revenues from dedicated taxes. D4v世界播

即使有了拟议的服务削减,MTA在未来四年每年也平均面临约29亿美元的预计赤字。造成这一缺口的原因是地铁、公交车和通勤轨道的客运量较低,以及预计专用税收收入将下降。D4v世界播


The deficits are forecast even after the authority has taken a series of cost-cutting measures, such as reducing overtime and contracts with consultants. The MTA’s proposed operating budget for 2021 of $16 billion is $1 billion lower than 2020. D4v世界播

即使在当局采取了一系列削减成本的措施,比如减少加班和与顾问签订合同之后,赤字也是可以预测的。MTA提出的2021年运营预算为160亿美元,比2020年减少了10亿美元。D4v世界播


The authority has also paused billions of dollars of capital spending. It also expects to borrow $2.9 billion from the Federal Reserve by the end of the year to help cover operating costs. D4v世界播

当局还暂停了数十亿美元的资本支出。该公司还预计,到今年年底将从美联储(Federal Reserve)借入29亿美元,以帮助支付运营成本。D4v世界播


Ridership on subways, buses and commuter rail plummeted when the pandemic hit New York in March. Currently, weekday ridership on the subway is down about 70%, while ridership on commuter rail is down between 75% and 80%. D4v世界播

当3月份大流行袭击纽约时,地铁、公交车和通勤铁路的乘客人数暴跌。目前,工作日乘坐地铁的乘客减少了约70%,而通勤铁路的乘客减少了75%到80%。D4v世界播


Earlier this year, transit officials were thinking ridership would return to pre-pandemic levels by the end of 2023. But Mr. Foran said Wednesday that the authority now expects that even after a Covid-19 vaccine has been widely distributed many people will continue to work from home and shop online more frequently. The MTA, he said, expects ridership to remain between 8% and 20% below pre-pandemic levels through the mid-2020s. D4v世界播

今年早些时候,交通官员认为乘客量将在2023年底之前恢复到大流行前的水平。但福然周三说,当局现在预计,即使新冠肺炎疫苗已经广泛分发,许多人仍将继续在家工作,更频繁地在网上购物。他说,MTA预计到2020年代中期,乘客数量将保持在比大流行前水平低8%至20%之间。D4v世界播


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Traveling on trains and buses means potential exposure to the coronavirus, so cities are racing to make their public transit systems safe. WSJ explores how things like sanitizing robots, working from home and expanded bike lanes are changing our commutes. D4v世界播

乘坐火车和公交车意味着可能接触到冠状病毒,因此各城市都在竞相确保公共交通系统的安全。《华尔街日报》探讨了给机器人消毒、在家工作以及拓宽自行车道等事情是如何改变我们的通勤方式的D4v世界播


Mr. Foran said that because of such projections the authority needs to consider reducing some services. “We have to figure out what is the right level of service to meet the customer’s needs,” he said. D4v世界播

福兰说,由于这样的预测,当局需要考虑减少一些服务。他说:“我们必须弄清楚什么样的服务水平才能满足客户的需求。”D4v世界播


Authority officials also presented board members with options for the biennial fare and toll increases, which have been budgeted for spring of 2021. D4v世界播

管理局官员还向董事会成员提供了两年一次的票价和通行费上调的选项,这些选项已编入2021年春季的预算。D4v世界播


The MTA runs nine toll bridges and tunnels. Officials proposed several toll options, including raising E-ZPass tolls at major crossings by up to $6.70 or varying pricing based on time of day. D4v世界播

MTA运营着9座收费桥梁和隧道。官员们提出了几个收费方案,包括将主要过境点的E-ZPass通行费提高最高6.70美元,或者根据一天中的不同时间调整定价。D4v世界播


On the subways and buses, their proposals included raising all tickets by 2% or 4%, or targeting certain discount programs, such as eliminating seven-day and 30-day passes while freezing base fares. Proposals on commuter rails included increasing one-way and 10-trip passes while freezing weekly and monthly tickets. D4v世界播

在地铁和公交车上,他们的建议包括将所有车票提高2%或4%,或者针对某些折扣计划,比如取消7天和30天通行证,同时冻结基本票价。关于通勤铁路的提议包括增加单程和10次通行证,同时冻结周票和月票。D4v世界播


Some board members suggested that because of the drop in ridership caused by the pandemic, the MTA ought to consider freezing fares low for regular riders or even reducing some fares to lure back commuters. D4v世界播

一些董事会成员建议,由于疫情导致乘客减少,MTA应该考虑冻结常客票价,甚至降低一些票价,以吸引回头客。D4v世界播


The authority will hold virtual public hearings on the fare and toll proposals in December with a view to voting on them in early 2021. D4v世界播

管理局将于12月就票价和通行费建议举行虚拟公开听证会,以期在2021年初对其进行投票。D4v世界播


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Bus riders in New York on Tuesday. D4v世界播

周二,纽约的公交车乘客D4v世界播

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