2020年大选:特朗普竞选诉讼,解释

2020-11-19 08:09

Election 2020: Trump Campaign Lawsuits, Explained P1Z世界播

2020年大选:特朗普竞选诉讼,解释P1Z世界播


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A poll worker sorting out early and absentee ballots on Election Day in Kenosha, Wis. P1Z世界播

在威斯康星州基诺沙市,一名投票站工作人员在选举日整理提前和缺席的选票P1Z世界播


President Trump and his allies have filed lawsuits alleging election irregularities or improper ballot-counting procedures in five states where President-elect Joe Biden leads. P1Z世界播

特朗普总统和他的盟友提起诉讼,指控当选总统拜登所在的五个州存在选举违规行为或计票程序不当。P1Z世界播


Some suits seek to delay state officials from certifying final results, a rare step that judges likely would be reluctant to take without proof of irregularities significant enough to change the election outcome, according to legal analysts. Judges have rejected several Trump campaign and allied claims. P1Z世界播

法律分析人士表示,一些诉讼寻求推迟州官员对最终结果的认证,这是一种罕见的举措,在没有足够重大的违规行为证明足以改变选举结果的情况下,法官很可能不愿采取这一举措。法官驳回了特朗普竞选团队和盟友的几项指控。P1Z世界播


Here is a state-by-state guide to the lawsuits: P1Z世界播

以下是各州的诉讼指南:P1Z世界播


Republican Party of Pennsylvania v. Boockvar (link) P1Z世界播

宾夕法尼亚州共和党诉布克瓦尔案(链接)。P1Z世界播


A lawsuit filed by Pennsylvania Republicans in July reached the U.S. Supreme Court in recent weeks. A 4-4 order let stand a state Supreme Court decision allowing officials to count mail-in ballots received up to three days after Election Day. P1Z世界播

宾夕法尼亚州共和党人7月份提起的诉讼最近几周提交给美国最高法院。一项4票赞成、4票反对的命令维持了州最高法院的一项裁决,该裁决允许官员们在选举日后三天内清点收到的邮寄选票。P1Z世界播


The court refused Republicans’ second request to hear the case before Election Day, but left open the possibility for postelection litigation. P1Z世界播

最高法院拒绝了共和党人在选举日之前审理此案的第二次请求,但保留了在选举后提起诉讼的可能性。P1Z世界播


Justice Samuel Alito, who backed the Pennsylvania Republicans’ position and voted to overturn the Pennsylvania Supreme Court decision, suggested in a statement accompanying the order that considering those mail-in votes valid would allow state courts to undercut election rules set by the state’s GOP-controlled legislature. Pennsylvania Secretary of State Kathy Boockvar directed county election boards to separate ballots received after Nov. 3. P1Z世界播

支持宾夕法尼亚州共和党立场并投票推翻宾夕法尼亚州最高法院裁决的大法官塞缪尔·阿利托(Samuel Alito)在一份随命令一起发布的声明中表示,认为这些邮寄选票有效将允许州法院削弱该州共和党控制的立法机构制定的选举规则。宾夕法尼亚州国务卿凯西·布克瓦(Kathy Boockvar)指示县选举委员会将11月3日之后收到的选票分开。P1Z世界播


On Nov. 4, the Trump campaign asked for permission to participate in the case. P1Z世界播

11月4日,特朗普竞选团队请求允许参与此案。P1Z世界播


Status: The U.S. Supreme Court hasn’t yet said whether it will hear the appeal or allow the Trump campaign to join the suit. About 10,000 ballots arrived during the three days after Election Day, far below the margin of Mr. Biden’s lead of more than 45,000 votes. Even if the Supreme Court heard the case and threw out every ballot received during the extension, Mr. Biden would still lead. P1Z世界播

现状:美国最高法院尚未表示是否会审理上诉或允许特朗普竞选团队加入诉讼。在选举日之后的三天里,大约有1万张选票收到,远远低于拜登领先的45000多张选票的差距。即使最高法院审理了此案,并否决了延期期间收到的每一张选票,拜登仍将领先。P1Z世界播


Donald J. Trump for President v. Boockvar (link) P1Z世界播

唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J.Trump)总统诉布克瓦尔案(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign and Republican National Committee filed a petition in state court on Nov. 4, challenging Ms. Boockvar’s deadline extension for absentee voters to provide missing proof of identification. The suit asked a judge to segregate and not count those ballots. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队和共和党全国委员会于11月4日向州法院提交了一份请愿书,挑战布克瓦延长缺席选民提供失踪身份证明的最后期限。这起诉讼要求法官将选票分开,不统计这些选票。P1Z世界播


Ms. Boockvar called the lawsuit a “last gasp attempt to prevent legitimate votes from being counted.” P1Z世界播

布克瓦称这起诉讼是“阻止合法选票计票的最后一搏”。P1Z世界播


Status: On Nov. 12, the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court ruled that Ms. Boockvar lacked statutory authority to extend the deadline and ordered the ballots be segregated and not counted. P1Z世界播

现状:11月12日,宾夕法尼亚州联邦法院裁定布克瓦没有延长截止日期的法定权力,下令将选票分开计算。P1Z世界播


Donald J. Trump for President v. Boockvar (link) P1Z世界播

唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J.Trump)总统诉布克瓦尔案(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign filed a federal lawsuit on Nov. 9 against Ms. Boockvar and seven county election boards including Allegheny and Philadelphia, alleging that poll observers were kept too far away from vote counters, that voters in Republican- and Democratic-majority counties received different treatment during the election, and that mail-in and in-person ballots were given different scrutiny, in potential violation of the Constitution. The suit asked a judge to block officials from certifying the election results. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队于11月9日对布克瓦以及包括阿勒格尼和费城在内的七个县选举委员会提起联邦诉讼,指控民调观察员离投票站太远,共和党和民主党占多数的县的选民在选举期间受到不同待遇,邮寄选票和亲自投票受到不同的审查,这可能违反了宪法。诉讼要求法官阻止官员对选举结果进行认证。P1Z世界播


Election officials have said they followed the state’s election code. P1Z世界播

选举官员表示,他们遵守了该州的选举法。P1Z世界播


Status: A judge considered whether to grant a dismissal motion from state officials at a hearing Tuesday. Both sides are expected to submit additional briefs this week. P1Z世界播

现状:在周二的听证会上,一名法官考虑是否批准州政府官员的免职动议。预计双方本周都将提交额外的简报。P1Z世界播


Election Court Ballot Observation Case (link) P1Z世界播

选举法庭观察选票案(连结)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign’s election-observer complaints are echoed in a state Election Court claim, dated Nov. 3. A lower court in Philadelphia rejected Republican claims the same day. The Trump campaign appealed on Nov. 4. The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania, an intermediate appeals court, overturned the decision and handed the Trump campaign a win, ruling that observers must be able to view “all aspects of the canvassing process within six feet.” P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队对选举观察员的抱怨与州选举法院11月3日的申诉相呼应。同一天,费城的一家下级法院驳回了共和党的申诉。特朗普竞选团队于11月4日提出上诉。宾夕法尼亚联邦法院(Federal Court Of Pennsylvania)是一家中级上诉法院,它推翻了这一裁决,给特朗普竞选团队带来了胜利,裁定观察员必须能够在六英尺(约合3米)的范围内查看“拉票过程的方方面面”。P1Z世界播


Status: The Pennsylvania Supreme Court overturned the appeals court ruling, a win for Philadelphia officials who had argued for pandemic accommodations and voter privacy. P1Z世界播

现状:宾夕法尼亚州最高法院推翻了上诉法院的裁决,这对费城官员来说是一个胜利,他们曾主张大流行通融和选民隐私。P1Z世界播


Canvass of Absentee and Mail-In Ballots (link) P1Z世界播

拉票和邮寄选票(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign asked a state court to throw out 8,300 ballots that it said were filled out incorrectly. The filing is an appeal of a decision made by the Philadelphia elections board to count the votes at issue. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队要求一家州法院扔掉8300张选票,称这些选票填写错误。这份文件是对费城选举委员会做出的计票决定的上诉。P1Z世界播


Status: The Court of Common Pleas held a hearing on Nov. 13 and declined to throw out the ballots. The Trump campaign appealed to an intermediate appeals court and lawyers for Philadelphia asked that the case be transferred to the state Supreme Court, which agreed to take the case on Wednesday. P1Z世界播

现状:普通普莱斯法院(Court Of Common Pleas)于11月13日举行听证会,拒绝扔掉选票。特朗普竞选团队向一家中级上诉法院提出上诉,费城的律师要求将此案移交给州最高法院,最高法院同意在周三受理此案。P1Z世界播


Donald J. Trump for President v. Benson (link) P1Z世界播

唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J.Trump)总统诉本森案(链接)P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign sued Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson, on Nov. 4, asking a state court to halt the counting of ballots. The suit claimed that officials failed to provide Republican poll observers with “meaningful access” to watch the counting of mail-in ballots. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队于11月4日起诉密歇根州国务卿乔斯林·本森(Jocelyn Benson),要求州法院停止计票。诉讼称,官员们未能向共和党民调观察员提供“有意义的访问”,以观察邮寄选票的计票过程。P1Z世界播


An assistant attorney general said at a hearing that there was no relief that could be granted because “there are no more counting boards that are functioning.” A lawyer for the Democratic National Committee pointed out that the lawsuit was filed improperly against the secretary of state, who doesn’t oversee the absentee ballot-counting sites. P1Z世界播

一名助理司法部长在一次听证会上表示,不能给予任何救济,因为“没有更多的计票委员会在运作。”民主党全国委员会(Democratic National Committee)的一名律师指出,这起诉讼是对国务卿提起的不正当的诉讼,国务卿并没有监督缺席的计票地点。P1Z世界播


Status: On Nov. 7, a Michigan judge denied the attempt to halt the counting of absentee ballots, in part on the grounds that the lawsuit was brought against the wrong defendant and was filed too late: all the state’s votes had been counted. The Trump campaign is seeking to appeal the matter to the state Court of Appeals. P1Z世界播

现状:11月7日,密歇根州的一名法官否认了停止统计缺席选票的企图,部分理由是诉讼针对的是错误的被告,而且提起得太晚了:该州的所有选票都已经清点完毕。特朗普竞选团队正寻求将此事上诉至州上诉法院。P1Z世界播


Constantino v. City of Detroit (link) P1Z世界播

康斯坦蒂诺诉底特律市(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Great Lakes Justice Center, a conservative legal group, filed a state lawsuit on behalf of two state residents, calling on judges to block state officials from certifying the election results. P1Z世界播

保守派法律团体五大湖司法中心代表两名州居民提起州诉讼,呼吁法官阻止州官员对选举结果进行认证。P1Z世界播


The Nov. 9 complaint alleges that Detroit elections officials counted ineligible absentee ballots and improperly excluded observers from the ballot-counting process. The lawsuit also contains the allegations of a Detroit elections employee who said she observed city employees coaching voters to cast ballots for Mr. Biden in the weeks before the election. P1Z世界播

11月9日的起诉书称,底特律选举官员清点了不合格的缺席选票,并不正当地将观察员排除在计票过程之外。这起诉讼还包括底特律选举公司一名员工的指控。这名员工说,她看到底特律选举公司的一名员工在选举前几周指导选民投票给拜登。P1Z世界播


Michigan officials have defended the state’s voting system, which handled record turnout and more than 3.1 million absentee ballots statewide. P1Z世界播

密歇根州官员为该州的投票系统进行了辩护,该系统在全州范围内处理了创纪录的投票率和超过310万张缺席选票。P1Z世界播


Status: Last week, a state judge refused to stop Wayne County’s vote certification process. An appeal filed by the Great Lakes Justice Center was denied by the state court of appeals Monday. The plaintiffs appealed that decision to the Michigan Supreme Court. P1Z世界播

现状:上周,一名州法官拒绝阻止韦恩县的投票认证过程。周一,大湖区司法中心提出的上诉被州上诉法院驳回。原告就这一决定向密歇根州最高法院提出上诉。P1Z世界播


Donald J. Trump for President v. Benson (link) P1Z世界播

唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J.Trump)总统诉本森案(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign alleged, in a federal lawsuit filed a week after the election, that Ms. Benson, the Michigan secretary of state, and officials in Wayne County, home to Detroit, blocked Republican poll watchers from observing the counting of mail-in ballots. The suit asked a judge to block state officials from finalizing results. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队在大选一周后提起的联邦诉讼中称,密歇根州国务卿本森和底特律所在地韦恩县的官员阻止共和党民调观察人员观察邮寄选票的计票过程。诉讼要求法官阻止州官员最终确定结果。P1Z世界播


The Democratic National Committee, which asked to join the case along with the NAACP and the City of Detroit, asked a judge to dismiss the case Tuesday. P1Z世界播

民主党全国委员会(Democratic National Committee)要求与全国有色人种协进会(NAACP)和底特律市政府一起参与此案,并于周二要求法官驳回此案。P1Z世界播


Status: A court appearance hasn’t yet been scheduled. P1Z世界播

状态:目前还没有安排出庭的时间。P1Z世界播


Law v. Whitmer (link) P1Z世界播

法律诉惠特默案(链接)。P1Z世界播


Republicans on Tuesday contested the state’s final election results. The challenge asked the Carson City District Court to declare Mr. Trump the winner or void the results altogether, alleging the race was beset by irregularities and fraud that affected enough votes to “raise reasonable doubt as to the outcome.” No evidence of widespread fraud has emerged in Nevada. P1Z世界播

共和党人周二对该州的最终选举结果提出质疑。这项质疑要求卡森市地区法院宣布特朗普获胜,或者宣布选举结果完全无效,称这场竞选受到违规和舞弊的困扰,这些行为影响了足够多的选票,让人“对结果产生合理的怀疑”。内华达州还没有出现大范围欺诈的证据。P1Z世界播


County election officials in Nevada finished canvassing the returns Monday. The Secretary of State is expected to certify the results by Tuesday. P1Z世界播

内华达州的县选举官员星期一结束了对选举结果的拉票。预计国务卿将在周二之前确认结果。P1Z世界播


Stokke v. Cegavske (link) P1Z世界播

斯托克诉切加夫斯克案(链接)。P1Z世界播


A GOP-backed lawsuit against Nevada Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske sought to change the way ballots were being counted in Clark County, the state’s most populous area. Republicans asked the judge to halt the use of a machine used to match signatures on mail-in ballots and give the public better access to observe the ballot-counting process. P1Z世界播

共和党支持的针对内华达州国务卿芭芭拉·切加夫斯克(Barbara Cegavske)的诉讼试图改变克拉克县的计票方式,克拉克县是该州人口最多的地区。共和党人要求法官停止使用用于匹配邮寄选票上签名的机器,并让公众更好地观察计票过程。P1Z世界播


The suit, filed in federal court, mirrored similar claims made in a state-court case that was pending in the Nevada Supreme Court at the time. In that state court case, a judge had ruled the machines were “not only permissible, but the only way the county would be able to process all ballots before the statewide canvass deadline.” P1Z世界播

这起向联邦法院提起的诉讼,反映了当时内华达州最高法院正在审理的一起州法院案件中提出的类似主张。在该州法院的案件中,一名法官裁定,这种机器“不仅是允许的,而且是该县能够在全州范围内的拉票截止日期之前处理所有选票的唯一途径。”P1Z世界播


Status: On Nov. 6, a judge rejected Republicans’ request to change how state officials count votes. The original complaint is pending at the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada. P1Z世界播

现状:11月6日,一名法官驳回了共和党人提出的改变州官员计票方式的请求。最初的申诉正在美国内华达州地区法院待决。P1Z世界播


Trump v. Hobbs (link) P1Z世界播

特朗普诉霍布斯案(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign sued Arizona Secretary of State Katie Hobbs, alleging that some votes cast on Election Day were incorrectly rejected in Maricopa County, home to Phoenix and more than half the state’s residents. The complaint asked for a manual inspection of the ballots at issue and for a judge to block the state’s final vote certification until the review is complete. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队起诉亚利桑那州国务卿凯蒂·霍布斯(Katie Hobbs),声称在选举日投出的一些选票在马里科帕县被错误地拒绝了。马里科帕县是凤凰城和该州一半以上居民的所在地。起诉书要求对有争议的选票进行人工检查,并要求法官在审查完成之前阻止该州的最终投票认证。P1Z世界播


The suit claimed numerous voters were alerted by an electronic tabulation machine of irregularities with their ballots, potentially caused by stray markings, ink splotches or voter errors. Under state law, those people should have been given an opportunity to fix their ballot after the machine flagged problems. Some poll workers encouraged voters to override the error message causing each ballot to be cast with the defect, the lawsuit alleged. P1Z世界播

诉讼称,一台电子制表机向许多选民发出了选票违规的警报,这些违规行为可能是由遗失的标记、墨迹或选民错误造成的。根据州法律,在机器标记出问题后,这些人应该有机会修复他们的选票。诉讼称,一些投票工作人员鼓励选民忽略导致每张选票都有缺陷的错误信息。P1Z世界播


The Arizona secretary of state’s office said it appeared to be a second attempt to advance claims brought in a separate lawsuit, since dropped, that raised issues with the use of Sharpies to fill P1Z世界播

亚利桑那州国务卿办公室表示,这似乎是第二次试图推进另一起诉讼中提出的索赔,这起诉讼后来被撤销,引发了使用Sharpies填充的问题P1Z世界播


Status: Trump lawyers on Friday asked the judge not to rule on the Trump-related claims, which involved too few ballots to affect the election outcome. P1Z世界播

现状:特朗普的律师周五要求法官不要对与特朗普有关的指控做出裁决,这些指控涉及的选票太少,不会影响选举结果。P1Z世界播


Chatham County Absentee Ballot Case (link) P1Z世界播

查塔姆县缺席投票案例(链接)。P1Z世界播


The Georgia Republican Party and the Trump campaign filed a challenge against the Chatham County Board of Elections the day after Election Day, claiming there was evidence that officials had mixed absentee ballots received after polls closed on Nov. 3 with ones being tabulated, in violation of state law. The filing asked a state court to bar the counting of any absentee ballots received after the deadline. P1Z世界播

佐治亚州共和党和特朗普竞选团队在选举日的第二天对查塔姆县选举委员会提出了挑战,声称有证据表明,官员们将11月3日投票结束后收到的缺席选票与计入表格的选票混为一谈,这违反了州法律。这份文件要求州法院禁止统计截止日期后收到的任何缺席选票。P1Z世界播


Status: A judge dismissed the matter two days later, ruling that there was no evidence the Election Board didn’t follow the law. P1Z世界播

现状:两天后,一名法官驳回了这件事,裁定没有证据表明选举委员会违反了法律。P1Z世界播


暂无P1Z世界播

Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger announced a statewide hand recount and audit Wednesday for all votes cast in the presidential race. P1Z世界播

佐治亚州国务卿布拉德·拉芬斯伯格星期三宣布,将在全州范围内对总统竞选中的所有选票进行重新计票和审计P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign has said it plans to request a recount in Georgia and Wisconsin. Election lawyers said it was unlikely a recount would alter the results of the presidential election. Statewide recounts aren’t common and rarely succeed. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队表示,他们计划要求佐治亚州和威斯康星州重新计票。选举律师表示,重新计票不太可能改变总统选举的结果。全州范围内的重新计票并不常见,也很少成功。P1Z世界播


A study conducted by FairVote, a nonpartisan organization, found that between 2000 and 2015, statewide recounts resulted in a different outcome in one out of every 1,562 statewide elections. Historically, recounts shift statewide results only by small margins averaging less than 300 votes, FairVote said. P1Z世界播

无党派组织公平投票(FairVote)进行的一项研究发现,从2000年到2015年,全州范围内的重新计票在每1562次全州选举中就有一次产生不同的结果。FairVote说,从历史上看,重新计票只以平均不到300票的微小差距改变全州的结果。P1Z世界播


Georgia Republican Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger has ordered a statewide manual recount by hand. Mr. Biden currently leads the race by just over 14,000 votes out of almost 5 million cast. P1Z世界播

佐治亚州共和党国务卿布拉德·拉芬斯伯格(Brad Raffensperger)下令在全州范围内进行手工重新计票。拜登目前在近500万张选票中以略高于1.4万张的优势领先。P1Z世界播


The Trump campaign said that Rep. Doug Collins will lead its Georgia recount effort. P1Z世界播

特朗普竞选团队表示,众议员道格·柯林斯(Doug Collins)将领导佐治亚州重新计票工作。P1Z世界播


On Nov. 4, the Trump campaign requested a recount in Wisconsin, citing a “razor-thin race” where Mr. Biden has a 20,000-vote advantage. P1Z世界播

11月4日,特朗普竞选团队要求在威斯康星州重新计票,理由是拜登在这场“势均力敌的竞选”中拥有2万张选票的优势。P1Z世界播


Under state law, a campaign can request a recount if the vote margin is within 1 percentage point. P1Z世界播

根据该州法律,如果得票率在1个百分点以内,竞选活动可以要求重新计票。P1Z世界播


A campaign must make its request up to three days after Wisconsin counties complete their canvassing of the vote, which they are required to do by Nov. 17. A Wisconsin recount must be completed within 13 days of the formal recount order and paid for up front, usually by the requesting campaign. P1Z世界播

竞选团队必须在威斯康星州各县完成拉票后三天内提出要求,要求他们在11月17日之前完成。威斯康星州的重新计票必须在正式重新计票命令发出后的13天内完成,并预先支付费用,通常由提出请求的竞选团队支付。P1Z世界播


Wisconsin has previously conducted high-profile recounts. In the 2016 presidential election, Green Party candidate Jill Stein requested a Wisconsin recount, which resulted in a net gain of 131 votes for Mr. Trump. P1Z世界播

威斯康星州此前曾进行过高调的重新计票。在2016年总统大选中,绿党候选人吉尔·斯坦(Jill Stein)要求威斯康星州重新计票,结果特朗普获得了131张选票。P1Z世界播

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