两个政府在英国退欧法案上在上议院落败

2020-11-19 07:37

Brexit: Lords defeat government twice over internal market law SJv世界播

英国退欧:上议院在国内市场法问题上两次击败政府。SJv世界播


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The government has lost two more votes in the Lords over its Brexit bill. SJv世界播

英国政府在退欧法案问题上又在上议院失去了两票。SJv世界播


Peers voted by 367 to 209 to amend the Internal Market Bill, after claims that it would allow the UK government to "shackle" devolved administrations as powers are returned from Brussels. SJv世界播

同僚们以367票对209票通过了《内部市场法案》(Internal Market Bill)。此前有消息称,随着权力从布鲁塞尔回归,该法案将允许英国政府对下放的政府施加束缚。SJv世界播


And they voted by 327 to 223 to curb ministers' powers to rewrite parts of the bill at a later stage. SJv世界播

他们以327票赞成、223票反对的投票结果限制了部长们在稍后阶段重写法案部分内容的权力。SJv世界播


The proposed law aims to create a UK-wide internal market after the Brexit transition period ends on 31 December. SJv世界播

这项拟议的法律旨在12月31日英国退欧过渡期结束后创建一个覆盖全英国的内部市场。SJv世界播


It was approved by the Commons in September but is encountering strong resistance in the Lords, where Boris Johnson's government does not have a majority. SJv世界播

该法案于9月份在下议院获得通过,但在上议院遭到强烈抵制,鲍里斯·约翰逊(Boris Johnson)政府在上议院没有多数席位。SJv世界播


Last week, peers defeated the government over plans to allow the UK to override parts of the legally-binding withdrawal agreement that apply to Northern Ireland. SJv世界播

上周,同行们挫败了英国政府的计划,即允许英国推翻适用于北爱尔兰的具有法律约束力的退出协议的部分内容。SJv世界播


Once peers have finished debating the bill it will head back to the House of Commons where MPs will decide either to reject or accept the Lords' amendments. SJv世界播

一旦同僚们完成了对该法案的辩论,它将返回下议院,在那里议员们将决定是拒绝还是接受上议院的修正案。SJv世界播


In the event of a stalemate between the two Houses, the government has not ruled out forcing through the changes through a rarely-used law known as the Parliament Act, which dates back to 1911. SJv世界播

如果两院陷入僵局,政府不排除强行通过一项很少使用的法律《议会法案》(Parliament Act)通过这些改革,该法案可以追溯到1911年。SJv世界播


The act, which enshrined the primacy of the elected Commons over the unelected Lords, was used in 2004 by Tony Blair's government to push through a ban on fox and deer hunting and hare-coursing with dogs. SJv世界播

该法案将民选下议院置于非民选上议院之上,在2004年被托尼·布莱尔(Tony Blair)政府用来推动禁止猎狐、猎鹿和猎狗的禁令。SJv世界播


In the first of Wednesday's reverses for the government, peers supported an amendment that sought to strengthen the role of the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. SJv世界播

在周三政府遭遇的第一个逆转中,同僚们支持一项修正案,该修正案旨在加强苏格兰、威尔士和北爱尔兰权力下放政府的作用。SJv世界播


Speaking in favour of the amendment, Crossbench peer Baroness Finlay of Llandaff said the bill would allow Westminster to bypass the views of devolved governments in Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast and consign current arrangements to a "meaningless sideshow". SJv世界播

来自兰达夫的议员芬利男爵夫人发言支持修正案,她表示,该法案将允许威斯敏斯特绕过加的夫、爱丁堡和贝尔法斯特的权力下放政府的观点,把目前的安排交给一个“毫无意义的杂耍”。SJv世界播


She added that the proposed legislation "shackles the ability of the elected parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to find their own solutions to the problems we face". SJv世界播

她补充说,拟议中的立法“束缚了苏格兰、威尔士和北爱尔兰民选议会为我们面临的问题找到自己解决方案的能力”。SJv世界播


And Labour said it would, for example, prevent the Welsh government from banning different types of plastic ahead of the rest of the UK. SJv世界播

工党表示,例如,它将阻止威尔士政府先于英国其他地区禁止不同类型的塑料。SJv世界播


Speaking for the government, Cabinet Office Minister Lord True said the right place for final decisions on the internal market should be the Westminster Parliament. SJv世界播

内阁办公室大臣特鲁尔勋爵(Lord True)代表政府发言时表示,对国内市场做出最终决定的正确地点应该是威斯敏斯特议会。SJv世界播


The Internal Market Bill is designed to enable goods and services to flow freely across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland once the transition period is over. SJv世界播

《内部市场法案》旨在让商品和服务在过渡期结束后能够在英格兰、苏格兰、威尔士和北爱尔兰自由流动。SJv世界播


Currently regulations and standards on issues like animal welfare are agreed and applied across the EU. SJv世界播

目前,有关动物福利等问题的法规和标准已在整个欧盟达成一致并付诸实施。SJv世界播


After the transition period, many of these standards will be directly controlled by the devolved administrations - but the UK government has said they will still have to accept goods and services from all other parts of the UK, even if they have set different standards locally. SJv世界播

过渡期过后,这些标准中的许多将由权力下放的政府直接控制,但英国政府表示,他们仍将不得不接受来自英国所有其他地区的商品和服务,即使他们在当地设定了不同的标准。SJv世界播

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