上诉法院允许德克萨斯州州长关闭多个投票点

2020-10-14 18:06

Appeals court allows Texas governor to close multiple ballot drop-off sites 44h世界播

上诉法院允许德克萨斯州州长关闭多个投票点44h世界播


AUSTIN, Texas — In a ruling issued late Monday, a federal appeals court upheld Gov. Greg Abbott’s order that limited counties to one mail-in ballot drop-off location. 44h世界播

得克萨斯州奥斯汀-在周一晚间发布的一项裁决中,一家联邦上诉法院维持了州长格雷格·阿博特(Greg Abbott)的命令,该命令将各县限制在一个邮寄选票投递地点。44h世界播


A three-judge panel of the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, all appointed by President Donald Trump, rejected arguments from civil and voting rights groups that claimed Abbott’s order suppressed voting rights by making it harder to cast a ballot, particularly for elderly and disabled voters who are the most likely to use mail-in balloting. 44h世界播

美国第五巡回上诉法院的三名法官组成的陪审团都由唐纳德·特朗普总统任命,驳回了民权和投票权团体的论点,这些团体声称雅培的命令通过增加投票难度而压制了投票权,特别是对于最有可能使用邮寄投票的老年人和残疾人选民。44h世界播


In reality, the judges said, Abbott expanded voting options by suspending a state law that allows mail-in ballots to be hand delivered only on Election Day — a July 27 order that Abbott merely refined on Oct. 1 by closing multiple ballot drop-off sites in Travis and three other large counties, the panel said. 44h世界播

法官们表示,在现实中,雅培通过暂停一项州法律,扩大了投票选择,该法律允许只有在选举日才能手工投递邮寄选票-7月27日的一项命令,雅培只是在10月1日通过关闭特拉维斯和其他三个大型县的多个投票点进行了完善,小组说,这项命令只是雅培在10月1日关闭了特拉维斯和其他三个大县的多个投票点。44h世界播


“That effectively gives voters 40 extra days to hand-deliver a marked mail-in ballot to an early voting clerk. And the voter still has the traditional option she has always had for casting a mail-in ballot: mailing it,” Judge Stuart Kyle Duncan wrote for the panel. 44h世界播

“这实际上给了选民40天的额外时间,让他们亲手将一张有标记的邮寄选票交给提前投票的办事员。选民仍然有她一贯的邮寄选票的传统选择:邮寄。“法官斯图尔特·凯尔·邓肯为评审团写道。44h世界播


The ruling blocked Friday’s injunction from U.S. District Judge Robert Pitman, who said Abbott’s order placed an unacceptable burden on voters who are most vulnerable to COVID-19. 44h世界播

这项裁决阻止了美国地区法官罗伯特·皮特曼周五的禁令,皮特曼表示,雅培的命令给最容易受到新冠肺炎影响的选民带来了不可接受的负担。44h世界播


“Older and disabled voters living in Texas’ largest and most populous counties must travel further distances to more crowded ballot return centers where they would be at an increased risk of being infected by the coronavirus in order to exercise their right to vote and have it counted,” Pitman wrote. 44h世界播

皮特曼写道:“居住在得克萨斯州最大、人口最多的县的老年和残疾选民必须走得更远,去更拥挤的投票站,在那里他们被冠状病毒感染的风险会增加,才能行使投票权并进行计票。”44h世界播


Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton quickly appealed, and the 5th Circuit Court issued an informal stay Saturday that blocked Pitman’s ruling until it could hear from both sides. 44h世界播

德克萨斯州总检察长肯·帕克斯顿很快提出上诉,第五巡回法院周六发布了一项非正式暂缓令,阻止了皮特曼的裁决,直到它可以听取双方的意见。44h世界播


On Monday, the panel that also included Judges Don Willett and Jim Ho issued a “stay pending appeal,” putting Pitman’s ruling on hold until the appeal is completed and Pitman’s order is upheld or overturned. 44h世界播

周一,包括法官唐·威利特(Don Willett)和吉姆·何(Jim Ho)在内的陪审团发布了一项“暂缓上诉”,搁置了皮特曼的裁决,直到上诉完成,皮特曼的命令得到维持或推翻。44h世界播


The panel criticized Pitman for vastly overstating the magnitude of the burden on voting rights caused by Abbott’s “partial refinement” of an earlier order that made it easier for eligible Texans to hand deliver a ballot before Nov. 3. 44h世界播

该小组批评皮特曼极大地夸大了雅培对早先的一项订单进行“部分改进”对投票权造成的负担的程度,该订单使符合条件的德克萨斯州人更容易在11月3日之前亲手递交选票。44h世界播


“How this expansion of voting opportunities burdens anyone’s right to vote is a mystery,” Duncan wrote. “Indeed, one strains to see how it burdens voting at all.” 44h世界播

邓肯写道:“这种投票机会的扩大是如何给任何人的投票权带来负担的,这是一个谜。”“事实上,人们很想看看它到底给投票带来了怎样的负担。”44h世界播


Texans still have “numerous ways” to participate before the Nov. 3 election — by voting early beginning Tuesday because Abbott added six days to the early voting period as a pandemic safety measure, by hand delivering completed mail-in ballots before Election Dayand by dropping their ballot in the mail, Duncan said. 44h世界播

邓肯说,德克萨斯州人在11月3日大选之前仍然有“无数种方式”参与-通过周二开始提前投票,因为作为一项流行病安全措施,雅培公司将提前投票期延长了六天,在选举日之前手工递送完成的邮寄选票,以及通过邮寄选票的方式。44h世界播


Abbott took to Twitter to praise the court for finding that he had expanded access to voting. 44h世界播

雅培在推特上赞扬法院发现他扩大了投票渠道。44h世界播


“Critics were clearly clueless about the legality of my action & simply voiced prejudicial political opinions,” he wrote early Tuesday morning. 44h世界播

周二清晨,他写道:“批评者显然对我的行为的合法性一无所知&只是发表了带有偏见的政治观点。”44h世界播


Ho, however, wrote a concurring opinion that criticized Abbott for issuing pandemic-related orders under his emergency disaster powers instead of heeding calls for a special legislative session to debate changes to state election laws. 44h世界播

然而,何鸿燊写了一篇赞同的意见,批评雅培在他的紧急灾难权力下发布与大流行相关的命令,而不是听从要求召开特别立法会议就州选举法的修改进行辩论的呼吁。44h世界播


“The district court was wrong to rewrite Texas law. But the distinguished judge who did so was simply following in the Governor’s footsteps,” Ho wrote. “It is surely just as offensive to the Constitution to rewrite Texas election law by executive fiat as it is to do so by judicial fiat. Yet that is what occurred here.” 44h世界播

“地区法院重写德克萨斯州法律是错误的。不过,这位杰出的法官这样做只不过是追随总督的脚步而已。“何鸿燊写道。“通过行政命令重写德克萨斯州选举法肯定和通过司法命令重写德克萨斯州选举法一样是对宪法的冒犯。然而,这就是这里发生的事情。“。44h世界播


Lawyers for Texas have argued that the Texas Disaster Act of 1975 gives governors the power to suspend regulations and laws that would prevent, hinder or delay necessary action in coping with a disaster, including a dangerous pandemic. 44h世界播

德克萨斯州的律师辩称,1975年的德克萨斯州灾难法案赋予州长暂停法规和法律的权力,这些法规和法律将阻止、阻碍或推迟应对灾难(包括危险的大流行)的必要行动。44h世界播

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