黎巴嫩和以色列就海上边界问题开始间接谈判

2020-10-14 16:04

Lebanon, Israel begin indirect talks over maritime border F90世界播

黎巴嫩和以色列就海上边界问题开始间接谈判F90世界播


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NAQOURA, Lebanon (AP) — Lebanon and Israel began indirect talks Wednesday over their disputed maritime border, with American officials mediating the talks that both sides insist are purely technical and not a sign of any normalization of ties. F90世界播

黎巴嫩纳库拉(美联社)-黎巴嫩和以色列周三开始就两国有争议的海上边界进行间接谈判,美国官员进行了调解,双方都坚称谈判纯粹是技术上的,并不是关系正常化的迹象。F90世界播


The U.S. has been mediating the issue for about a decade, but only earlier this month a breakthrough was reached on an agreement on a framework for U.S.-mediated talks. F90世界播

美国已经调解这个问题大约十年了,但直到本月早些时候,才在美国斡旋的谈判框架协议上取得了突破。F90世界播


The development comes against the backdrop of Lebanon's spiraling economic crisis, the worst in its modern history, and following a wave of U.S. sanctions that recently included two influential former Cabinet ministers allied with the militant Hezbollah group. Israel, the United States, as well as some other Western and Arab countries consider the Iran-allied Hezbollah a terrorist organization. F90世界播

这一事态发展是在黎巴嫩现代史上最严重的经济危机螺旋式上升的背景下发生的,此前美国最近对黎巴嫩实施了一波制裁,其中包括两名与激进组织真主党(Hezbollah)结盟的有影响力的前内阁部长。以色列、美国以及其他一些西方和阿拉伯国家认为与伊朗结盟的真主党是恐怖组织。F90世界播


Beirut hopes that oil and gas discoveries in its territorial waters will help it overcome the crisis and pay back its massive debt that stands at 170% of the GDP, making it one of the highest in the world. F90世界播

贝鲁特希望,在其领海发现的石油和天然气将帮助其克服危机,偿还占GDP 170%的巨额债务,使其成为世界上债务最高的国家之一。F90世界播


The U.S.-mediated talks began at a U.N. post along the border known as Ras Naqoura on the edge of the Lebanese border town of Naqoura. The Lebanese delegation will speak through U.N. and U.S. officials to the Israelis. F90世界播

美国斡旋的会谈开始于黎巴嫩边境城镇纳古拉边缘的一个名为Ras Naqoura的联合国哨所。黎巴嫩代表团将通过联合国和美国官员向以色列人发表讲话。F90世界播


Israel and Lebanon have no diplomatic relations and are technically in a state of war. They each claim about 860 square kilometers (330 square miles) of the Mediterranean Sea as being within their own exclusive economic zones. F90世界播

以色列和黎巴嫩没有外交关系,严格来说,两国处于战争状态。他们各自声称约860平方公里(330平方英里)的地中海位于自己的专属经济区内。F90世界播


“We have no illusions. Our aim is not to create here some kind of normalization or some kind of peace process,” a senior official with Israel’s energy ministry said. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the media. F90世界播

他说:“我们不抱任何幻想。我们的目标不是在这里创造某种正常化或某种和平进程,“以色列能源部的一名高级官员说。由于未获授权对媒体发言,他要求匿名。F90世界播


“Our aim is very strict and limited and therefore hopefully achievable,” he added. F90世界播

“我们的目标非常严格和有限,因此有希望实现,”他补充说。F90世界播


Lebanon's outgoing Foreign Minister Charbel Wehbi said Lebanese negotiators will be “more fierce than they expect because we have nothing to lose.” He added that if Lebanon's economy collapses, “there is no interest in making concessions.” F90世界播

黎巴嫩即将离任的外交部长查贝尔·韦比(Charbel Wehbi)表示,黎巴嫩谈判代表将“比他们预期的更激烈,因为我们没有什么可失去的。”他补充说,如果黎巴嫩经济崩溃,“没有兴趣做出让步。”F90世界播


It is unclear how long the talks will last but Lebanon began offshore drilling earlier this year and hopes to start drilling for gas in the disputed area in the coming months. Lebanon has divided its expanse of waters into 10 blocs, of which three are in the area under dispute with Israel. F90世界播

目前尚不清楚谈判将持续多久,但黎巴嫩今年早些时候开始进行近海钻探,并希望在未来几个月开始在有争议的地区钻探天然气。黎巴嫩已将其广阔水域划分为10个区块,其中3个区块位于与以色列有争端的地区。F90世界播


Israel already has developed a natural gas industry elsewhere in its economic waters, producing enough gas for domestic consumption and to export to neighboring Egypt and Jordan. F90世界播

以色列已经在其经济水域的其他地方发展了天然气工业,生产了足够的天然气供国内消费,并出口到邻国埃及和约旦。F90世界播


U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs David Schenker, the top American diplomat for the Middle East, arrived in Lebanon on Tuesday afternoon to attend the opening session of the talks. Schenker was joined by American Ambassador John Desrocher, who will serve as the U.S. mediator for these negotiations. F90世界播

美国负责近东事务的助理国务卿大卫·申克(David Schenker)是美国负责中东事务的最高外交官,他于周二下午抵达黎巴嫩,出席了会谈的开幕式。申克和美国大使约翰·德斯罗彻(John Desrocher)一起参加了这些谈判,德斯罗彻将担任这些谈判的美国调解人。F90世界播


The Israeli delegation will be led by the director-general of the Energy Ministry, Udi Adiri, while the Lebanese four-member team will be led by Brig. Gen. Bassam Yassin, the army’s deputy chief of staff. F90世界播

以色列代表团将由能源部总干事乌迪·阿迪里(Udi Adiri)率领,黎巴嫩四人小组将由陆军副总参谋长巴萨姆·亚辛准将(Brig.Gen.Bassam Yassin)率领。F90世界播


The Lebanese team met Lebanon's President Michel Aoun on Tuesday who stressed the talks “are technical negotiations that only deal with marking the maritime border.” F90世界播

黎巴嫩代表团星期二会见了黎巴嫩总统米歇尔·奥恩(Michel Aoun)。奥恩强调,会谈“是技术性谈判,只涉及划定海上边界”。F90世界播


Hezbollah said last week the talks do not indicate a reconciliation with Israel. The Hezbollah bloc in parliament said that defining the border of “national sovereignty” is the job of the Lebanese state. F90世界播

真主党上周表示,会谈并不意味着与以色列的和解。真主党在议会表示,划定“国家主权”的边界是黎巴嫩国家的工作。F90世界播


Hezbollah's leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah said in a speech two years ago that if asked by the government, his group is ready to use its arsenal, consisting of tens of thousands of rockets and missiles, to defend Lebanon’s economic rights. F90世界播

真主党领导人纳斯鲁拉在两年前的一次讲话中说,如果政府要求,真主党准备使用由数万枚火箭弹和导弹组成的武器库来捍卫黎巴嫩的经济权利。F90世界播


Early Wednesday, Hezbollah and its Shiite ally, the Amal group of Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, released a joint statement expressing reservations that the Lebanese team includes civilians, and called for the delegation to be reformed so that it only includes members of the military. F90世界播

星期三早些时候,真主党及其什叶派盟友、议会议长贝里领导的阿迈勒集团发表了一份联合声明,对黎巴嫩代表团包括平民表示保留,并呼吁对代表团进行改革,使其只包括军方成员。F90世界播


Former Lebanese army general and military expert Elias Farhat wrote this week that the Lebanese team is heading to the talks “armed with the support of the political leadership, the people, and the power of the resistance that guarantees deterring the enemy from carrying any act that infringes on Lebanon’s sovereignty.” F90世界播

黎巴嫩前陆军上将、军事专家埃利亚斯·法哈特(Elias Farhat)本周写道,黎巴嫩代表团将前往参加会谈,“在政治领导层、人民和抵抗力量的支持下,这些力量保证阻止敌人采取任何侵犯黎巴嫩主权的行为。”F90世界播


The town of Naqoura already hosts monthly tripartite, indirect Israel-Lebanon meetings over violations along the land border. F90世界播

纳古拉镇已经主办了每月一次的以色列-黎巴嫩三方间接会议,讨论沿陆地边界的侵犯行为。F90世界播


Israel and Lebanon also held indirect negotiations in the 1990s, when Arab states and Israel worked on peace agreements. The Palestinians and Jordan signed agreements with Israel at the time but Lebanon and Syria did not. F90世界播

以色列和黎巴嫩在20世纪90年代也进行了间接谈判,当时阿拉伯国家和以色列致力于和平协议。巴勒斯坦和约旦当时与以色列签署了协议,但黎巴嫩和叙利亚没有。F90世界播


Mroue reported from Beirut and Federman from Jerusalem. F90世界播

穆鲁从贝鲁特和费德曼从耶路撒冷报道。F90世界播

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