黎巴嫩和以色列将启动具有里程碑意义的海上边界谈判

2020-10-14 15:23

Lebanon, Israel to start landmark maritime border talks ymi世界播

黎巴嫩和以色列将启动具有里程碑意义的海上边界谈判ymi世界播


暂无ymi世界播

Lebanon and Israel had agreed to begin UN-brokered negotiations, in what Washington hailed a "historic" agreement. ymi世界播

黎巴嫩和以色列同意开始由联合国斡旋的谈判,华盛顿称赞这是一项“历史性的”协议ymi世界播


BEIRUT (AFP) - Lebanon and Israel, still technically at war, begin unprecedented talks sponsored by the UN and Washington on Wednesday (Oct 14) to settle a maritime border dispute and clear the way for hydrocarbon exploration. ymi世界播

贝鲁特(法新社)-黎巴嫩和以色列,严格来说仍处于战争状态,周三(10月14日)开始由联合国和华盛顿发起的史无前例的谈判,以解决海上边界争端,并为油气勘探扫清道路。ymi世界播


Following years of US shuttle diplomacy, Lebanon and Israel, this month said they had agreed to begin UN-brokered negotiations, in what Washington hailed a "historic" agreement. ymi世界播

在美国多年的穿梭外交之后,黎巴嫩和以色列本月表示,他们已同意开始由联合国斡旋的谈判,华盛顿称赞这是一项“历史性的”协议。ymi世界播


The talks, which will be held at the headquarters of UN peacekeeping force Unifil in the Lebanese border town of Naqura, come weeks after Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates became the first Arab nations to establish relations with Israel since Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994. ymi世界播

会谈将在黎巴嫩边境城镇纳库拉的联合国维和部队Unifill总部举行,几周前,巴林和阿联酋成为自1979年埃及和1994年约旦以来首批与以色列建立关系的阿拉伯国家。ymi世界播


This has prompted suspicions that the flurry of US-sponsored diplomacy relating to Israel is linked to President Donald Trump's re-election campaign. ymi世界播

这引发了人们的怀疑,即美国发起的一系列与以色列有关的外交活动与唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)总统的连任竞选活动有关。ymi世界播


The Naqura talks, which will focus exclusively on the disputed sea frontier, come at a sensitive time as Lebanon, battered by multiple crises, hopes to continue exploring for oil and gas in a part of the Mediterranean also claimed by Israel. ymi世界播

纳库拉会谈将完全集中在有争议的海上边境问题上,谈判正值敏感时期,因为遭受多重危机打击的黎巴嫩希望继续在地中海的一部分勘探石油和天然气,以色列也声称对其拥有主权。ymi世界播


US envoy David Schenker will facilitate the opening session along with US Ambassador to Algeria John Desrocher, who will mediate in the talks. ymi世界播

美国特使大卫·申克(David Schenker)将与美国驻阿尔及利亚大使约翰·德斯罗彻(John Desrocher)一起主持开幕式,德斯罗彻将在会谈中进行调解。ymi世界播


Israel has said that there will be "direct negotiations", something Lebanese officials have denied. ymi世界播

以色列曾表示将进行“直接谈判”,黎巴嫩官员对此予以否认。ymi世界播


It is expected the two delegations will be sitting in the same hall. ymi世界播

预计两个代表团将坐在同一大厅。ymi世界播


Talks are due to start in the morning, but no specific time has been made public. ymi世界播

会谈定于上午开始,但具体时间尚未公布。ymi世界播


Israel is sending a six-member team, including the director-general of its energy ministry, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's foreign policy adviser and the head of the army's strategic division. ymi世界播

以色列将派出一个六人小组,其中包括能源部部长、总理本雅明·内塔尼亚胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)的外交政策顾问和军队战略师的负责人。ymi世界播


Lebanon's four-member delegation comprises two army officers, a Lebanese oil official and a maritime border law expert. ymi世界播

黎巴嫩代表团由四名成员组成,包括两名军官、一名黎巴嫩石油官员和一名海上边境法专家。ymi世界播


Israel and Lebanon have no diplomatic relations and this week's talks are a rare official interaction. ymi世界播

以色列和黎巴嫩没有外交关系,本周的会谈是一次罕见的官方互动。ymi世界播


Lebanon insists that negotiations are purely technical and don't involve any soft political normalisation with Israel. ymi世界播

黎巴嫩坚称,谈判纯粹是技术性的,不涉及与以色列的任何软政治正常化。ymi世界播


Lebanon, mired in its worst economic crisis since the 1975-1990 civil war, is looking to settle the maritime border dispute so it can press its offshore quest for oil and gas. ymi世界播

黎巴嫩陷入了自1975-1990年内战以来最严重的经济危机,目前正寻求解决海上边界争端,以便能够继续在海上寻找石油和天然气。ymi世界播


In February 2018, Lebanon signed its first contract for drilling in two blocks in the Mediterranean with a consortium comprising energy giants Total, ENI and Novatek. ymi世界播

2018年2月,黎巴嫩与能源巨头道达尔(Total)、埃尼(ENI)和诺瓦泰克(Novatek)组成的财团签署了在地中海两个区块钻探的第一份合同。ymi世界播


Exploration of one of the blocks is more controversial as part of it is located in an 860 sq km area claimed by both Israel and Lebanon. ymi世界播

其中一个区块的勘探更具争议,因为它的一部分位于以色列和黎巴嫩都声称拥有主权的860平方公里区域内。ymi世界播


A senior source at Israel's energy ministry told AFP that the border dispute "can be concluded hopefully in a few months time." ymi世界播

以色列能源部的一位高级消息人士告诉法新社,边界争端“有望在几个月内结束”。ymi世界播


"This is a limited effort to resolve a well-defined, limited problem," he said. ymi世界播

他说:“这是一次有限的努力,目的是解决一个定义明确的、有限的问题。”ymi世界播


"We have no illusions. Our aim is not to create here some kind of normalisation or peace process." ymi世界播

“我们没有幻想。我们的目标不是在这里创造某种正常化或和平进程。”ymi世界播


Dr Hilal Khashan, a political science professor at the American University of Beirut, said that an agreement between the two sides is the "best option for Lebanon so that it could start work in Block 9". ymi世界播

贝鲁特美国大学政治学教授Hilal Khashan博士说,双方达成协议是“黎巴嫩的最佳选择,这样它就可以在第9号区块开始工作”。ymi世界播


But he questioned the timing, saying it was likely scheduled by the Trump administration ahead of presidential elections so it can chalk up a "new foreign policy accomplishment". ymi世界播

但他质疑这一时机,称这可能是特朗普政府在总统选举之前安排的,这样它就可以记录下“新的外交政策成就”。ymi世界播


Reactions to the talks have been mixed in Lebanon, still reeling from a huge Aug4 explosion at Beirut port that killed more than 190 people and dealt another crippling blow to Lebanon's crisis-hit economy. ymi世界播

黎巴嫩对会谈的反应褒贬不一,8月4日贝鲁特港发生的巨大爆炸仍令黎巴嫩摇摇欲坠,那次爆炸造成190多人死亡,并对黎巴嫩遭受危机打击的经济造成了又一次严重打击。ymi世界播


Hizbollah critics on social media have described the talks as contrasting with the powerful Iran-backed movement's anti-Israel stance. ymi世界播

社交媒体上的真主党批评人士称,这次会谈与伊朗支持的强大运动的反以色列立场形成了鲜明对比。ymi世界播


The pro-Hizbollah Al-Akhbar daily on Monday called them "a moment of unprecedented political weakness for Lebanon", arguing that Israel is the real "beneficiary". ymi世界播

亲真主党的“阿克巴尔日报”(Al-Akhbar)周一称这是“黎巴嫩政治空前疲软的时刻”,辩称以色列才是真正的“受益者”。ymi世界播


Hizbollah is both an armed group that has fought several wars against Israel and a major force in Lebanese politics, with seats in Parliament. ymi世界播

真主党既是一个对以色列发动过几次战争的武装组织,也是黎巴嫩政治中的一股主要力量,在议会中占有席位。ymi世界播


Last Thursday, its parliamentary bloc stressed that demarcating Lebanon's disputed maritime border with Israel does not signify "reconciliation" or "normalisation". ymi世界播

上周四,其议会集团强调,划定黎巴嫩与以色列有争议的海上边界并不意味着“和解”或“正常化”。ymi世界播


Following a 2006 war, regular talks between Israeli and Lebanese army officers were re-established under Unifil's auspices. ymi世界播

在2006年的一场战争之后,以色列和黎巴嫩军官之间的定期会谈在联尼菲尔的主持下重新建立起来。ymi世界播


As well as the discussions on the maritime border to be facilitated by the US, a Unifil-brokered track is also due to address outstanding land border disputes. ymi世界播

除了在美国的推动下就海上边界进行讨论外,由联合国教科文组织斡旋的轨道也将解决悬而未决的陆地边界争端。ymi世界播


Khashan of AUB said these negotiations would be more complex as they would undoubtedly raise the issue of the formidable arsenal held by Hizbollah, the only Lebanese group not to have disarmed after Lebanon's civil war. ymi世界播

AUB的卡山表示,这些谈判将更加复杂,因为它们无疑会提出真主党(Hizbollah)持有的强大武器库的问题,真主党是黎巴嫩内战后唯一没有解除武装的黎巴嫩组织。ymi世界播


"Hizbollah will not agree to give up its arsenal," he said. ymi世界播

“真主党不会同意放弃其武器库,”他说。ymi世界播

© 2016 世界播 www.shijiebobao.com 中国互联网举报中心 京ICP证140141号 鄂ICP备18018000号-1
违法和不良信息举报: