疫苗不情愿与相信冠状病毒恶作剧有关:研究

2020-10-14 09:22

Vaccine reluctance linked to belief in coronavirus hoaxes: Study hiT世界播

疫苗不情愿与相信冠状病毒恶作剧有关:研究hiT世界播


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The World Health Organisation has warned that the pandemic has been accompanied by a damaging "infodemic". hiT世界播

世界卫生组织警告说,这场大流行伴随着一种破坏性的“信息者”hiT世界播


PARIS (AFP) - Up to a third of people in certain countries may believe coronavirus misinformation and in turn be less open to immunisation, scientists said Wednesday (Oct 14), warning that development of a vaccine "might not be enough". hiT世界播

巴黎(法新社)-科学家周三(10月14日)说,在某些国家,多达三分之一的人可能相信冠状病毒的错误信息,进而不太容易接受免疫接种,并警告说,疫苗的开发“可能还不够”。hiT世界播


Researchers in Britain and the Netherlands conducted surveys in the UK, United States, Ireland, Mexico and Spain and found that while most people rejected Covid-19 conspiracy theories, some of these false stories had taken root in "substantial sections" of the population. hiT世界播

英国和荷兰的研究人员在英国、美国、爱尔兰、墨西哥和西班牙进行了调查,发现虽然大多数人驳斥了新冠肺炎的阴谋论,但其中一些虚假故事已经在人口的“相当一部分”扎根。hiT世界播


The World Health Organisation has warned that the pandemic has been accompanied by a damaging "infodemic" that has made it hard for people to cut through the misinformation. hiT世界播

世界卫生组织警告说,这场大流行伴随着一种破坏性的“信息者”,这使得人们很难切断错误的信息。hiT世界播


The study found the conspiracy most believed by participants was the claim that the virus was deliberately engineered in a laboratory in the Chinese city of Wuhan, where the epidemic first emerged. hiT世界播

研究发现,参与者最相信的阴谋是声称病毒是在中国武汉的一个实验室里故意设计的,那里是疫情最早出现的地方。hiT世界播


Between 22-23 per cent of respondents in the UK and US rated this assertion as "reliable", rising to 33 per cent and 37 per cent Mexico and Spain respectively. hiT世界播

在英国和美国,22%至23%的受访者认为这一论断“可靠”,墨西哥和西班牙的这一比例分别升至33%和37%。hiT世界播


The hoax that Covid-19 symptoms are worsened by 5G phone networks was deemed reliable by 16 per cent of respondents in Mexico and in Spain, 12 per cent in Ireland, and 8 per cent in both the UK and US. hiT世界播

在墨西哥和西班牙,16%的受访者认为新冠肺炎的症状因5G电话网络而恶化的骗局是可靠的,在爱尔兰,有12%的受访者认为可信,在英国和美国都有8%的受访者认为可信。hiT世界播


The study, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, found "a clear link" between believing coronavirus conspiracies and hesitancy around any future vaccine, said co-author Sander van der Linden, director of the Cambridge University Social Decision-Making Lab. hiT世界播

剑桥大学社会决策实验室主任、合著者桑德·范德林登(Sander Van Der Linden)表示,这项发表在“皇家学会开放科学”(Royal Society Open Science)杂志上的研究发现,相信冠状病毒阴谋与对未来任何疫苗的犹豫不决之间存在“明确的联系”。hiT世界播


"As well as flagging false claims, governments and technology companies should explore ways to increase digital media literacy in the population," he said. hiT世界播

他说:“在标记虚假声明的同时,政府和科技公司应该探索提高民众数字媒体素养的方法。”hiT世界播


"Otherwise, developing a working vaccine might not be enough." hiT世界播

“否则,研发有效的疫苗可能是不够的。”hiT世界播


Researchers conducted two surveys in the UK in April and May with 1,050 and 1,150 participants respectively, while there were also 700 participants each in the US, Mexico, Spain and Ireland. hiT世界播

研究人员于4月和5月在英国进行了两项调查,分别有1050人和1150人参加,美国、墨西哥、西班牙和爱尔兰也各有700人参加。hiT世界播


They were also asked to rate the reliability of coronavirus claims on a scale of one to seven. hiT世界播

他们还被要求对冠状病毒声称的可靠性进行评分,从1到7分。hiT世界播


On average, the study found that an increase by one-seventh in someone's perception that misinformation was reliable was associated with a drop of 23 per cent in the likelihood they would agree to get vaccinated. hiT世界播

研究发现,平均而言,一个人对错误信息可靠的看法增加七分之一,他们同意接种疫苗的可能性就会下降23%。hiT世界播


By contrast, a one-seventh increase in trust in scientists was associated with a 73 per cent increase in the likelihood of getting vaccinated. hiT世界播

相比之下,对科学家的信任度增加七分之一与接种疫苗的可能性增加73%相关。hiT世界播


Jon Roozenbeek, the lead author and a postdoctoral fellow at Cambridge's Department of Psychology, said people were dealing with "a deluge of statistics" in the pandemic. hiT世界播

该研究的主要作者、剑桥大学心理学系博士后研究员乔恩·鲁森贝克(Jon Roozenbeek)表示,人们正在应对大流行中的“大量统计数据”。hiT世界播


"The fostering of numerical skills for sifting through online information could well be vital for curbing the 'infodemic' and promoting good public health behaviour," he said. hiT世界播

他说:“培养筛选网上信息的数字技能对于遏制‘信息狂人’和促进良好的公共卫生行为非常重要。”hiT世界播


Researchers found that high levels of trust in scientists and numeracy levels were "significantly and consistently" associated with imperviousness to misinformation across all countries studied. hiT世界播

研究人员发现,在所有被研究的国家中,对科学家和算术水平的高度信任与对错误信息的不透明性“显著且一致地”相关。hiT世界播


Trusting politicians' ability to tackle the crisis predicted a higher likelihood of believing conspiracies in Mexico, Spain and the US, but not in the UK and Ireland, the study found. hiT世界播

研究发现,对政客解决危机能力的信任预示着墨西哥、西班牙和美国相信阴谋的可能性更高,但在英国和爱尔兰则不是这样。hiT世界播


A study from Cornell University earlier in October found that US President Donald Trump was the world's biggest driver of Covid-19 misinformation, because of his promotion of what the researchers termed "miracle cures". hiT世界播

10月初,康奈尔大学的一项研究发现,美国总统唐纳德·特朗普是世界上误传新冠肺炎的最大推手,因为他推广了研究人员所称的“灵丹妙药”。hiT世界播


This month also saw Facebook announce a ban on accounts linked to QAnon, a conspiracy movement centred on the unsubstantiated belief that the world is run by a cabal of Satan-worshippers. hiT世界播

本月,facebook还宣布禁止与qanon有关的账户,qanon是一个阴谋运动,其核心是未经证实的信念,即世界是由一个崇拜撒旦的阴谋集团管理的。hiT世界播


Its followers have alleged, without proof, that the coronavirus is a conspiracy to control people using vaccines and 5G. hiT世界播

它的追随者在没有证据的情况下声称,冠状病毒是一个阴谋,目的是控制使用疫苗和5G的人。hiT世界播

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