最高法院允许特朗普政府提前结束人口普查

2020-10-14 08:04

Supreme Court Allows Trump Administration to End Census Early ud6世界播

最高法院允许特朗普政府提前结束人口普查ud6世界播


暂无ud6世界播

A Census 2020 employee helps fill out census form in New York on Sept. 22. ud6世界播

9月9日,一名2020年人口普查员工在纽约帮助填写人口普查表格。22.ud6世界播


The Supreme Court on Tuesday approved Trump administration plans to end the 2020 census before a Oct. 31 deadline, suspending lower court orders requiring the decennial count to continue according to a schedule announced in April. ud6世界播

周二,最高法院批准了特朗普政府在10月31日的最后期限之前结束2020年人口普查的计划,暂停了下级法院要求根据4月份宣布的时间表继续进行十年一次的人口普查的命令。ud6世界播


The eight-member court gave no reasons for its unsigned order, which was issued over the dissent of Justice Sonia Sotomayor. ud6世界播

这个由八名成员组成的法院没有给出其未签署命令的原因,该命令是在大法官索尼娅·索托马约尔(Sonia Sotomayor)持不同意见的情况下发布的。ud6世界播


The long-planned census field operations, in which enumerators visit households that have failed to complete questionnaires, initially were to end July 31. The coronavirus pandemic upended those plans, forcing officials to suspend door-to-door visits in March. To make up for lost time and other obstacles, the Census Bureau in April adopted a new schedule where field operations would end Oct. 31. ud6世界播

计划已久的人口普查现场行动,即统计员走访未能完成问卷调查的家庭,最初定于7月31日结束。冠状病毒大流行颠覆了这些计划,迫使官员们在3月份暂停挨家挨户的访问。为了弥补失去的时间和其他障碍,人口普查局在4月份通过了一个新的时间表,现场作业将于10月31日结束。ud6世界播


In August, however, officials said they could wrap things up by Sept. 30, in the hope of delivering data to President Trump by Dec. 31. ud6世界播

然而,在8月份,官员们表示,他们可能会在9月1日之前完成工作。30,希望在12月31日之前向特朗普总统提交数据。ud6世界播


Groups including the National Urban League, the League of Women Voters and the NAACP, along with Harris County, Texas, the city of San Jose, Calif., and other local governments, sued to retain the Oct. 31 deadline, arguing that suspending the count earlier would lead to an undercount of minority groups and urban areas. ud6世界播

包括全美城市联盟(National Urban League)、女性选民联盟(League Of Women Voters)和全国有色人种协进会(NAACP)在内的团体,以及德克萨斯州哈里斯县、加利福尼亚州圣何塞市和其他地方政府,提起诉讼,要求保留10月31日的最后期限,理由是提前暂停计票会导致少数族裔群体和城市地区的人数偏少。ud6世界播


Federal courts in California ordered the count to continue, finding the government hadn’t justified its change in plans and failed to consider the impact on people who had been told the deadline was Oct. 31. ud6世界播

加利福尼亚州的联邦法院命令计票继续进行,发现政府没有证明改变计划是合理的,也没有考虑到对那些被告知最后期限是10月31日的人的影响。ud6世界播


In her dissent, Justice Sotomayor said the government offered only one reason for seeking to end the count early: the need to get the data to Mr. Trump before a Dec. 31 legal deadline. ud6世界播

索托马约尔大法官在她的异议中表示,政府寻求提前结束计票只有一个原因:需要在12月31日的法定最后期限之前将数据交给特朗普。ud6世界播


But, “for months, senior Bureau officials have represented that, whatever the data collection deadline, meeting the Dec. 31 reporting deadline would be impossible,” she wrote. “Only recently have officials begun to claim that the Bureau might yet be able to meet the statutory deadline, and even then, their story keeps changing,” she wrote. “Marginalized populations” and people “in hard to count areas, such as rural and tribal lands… will disproportionately bear the burden of any inaccuracies.” ud6世界播

但是,“几个月来,该局高级官员一直表示,无论数据收集截止日期是什么,都不可能在12月31日的报告截止日期前完成,”她写道。她写道:“直到最近,官员们才开始声称,该局可能仍能在法定期限内完成任务,即使到了那个时候,他们的说法也在不断变化。”难以统计的地区的“边缘化人口”和“人”,如农村和部落土地…。将不成比例地承担任何不准确的负担。“。ud6世界播


The Trump administration wants to wrap up counting immediately so that it can begin an intense period of data processing in hopes that it can produce the census’s first results by a legal deadline of Dec. 31. Those results—just the states’ population totals—will set each states’ seats in the House of Representatives and votes in the Electoral College for the next decade. ud6世界播

特朗普政府希望立即结束统计,这样就可以开始一段紧张的数据处理阶段,希望能在12月31日的法定最后期限之前拿出第一批人口普查结果。这些结果-仅仅是各州的人口总数-将决定未来十年每个州在众议院的席位和选举人团的选票。ud6世界播


The House agreed to the extension the Trump administration sought in April, but the Senate hasn’t. ud6世界播

众议院同意特朗普政府在4月份寻求的延期,但参议院没有。ud6世界播


However, the administration reversed course within days of Mr. Trump’s announcement July 21 that he planned to exclude people in the U.S. illegally from the state totals. If the president isn’t re-elected, he wouldn’t be able to shape the results if they aren’t delivered by Jan. 20, Inauguration Day. ud6世界播

然而,在特朗普7月21日宣布计划将美国非法移民排除在州总数之外后的几天内,政府就改变了方向。如果总统不能连任,如果结果不能在1月20日就职日之前公布,他将无法塑造结果。ud6世界播


Unless further court orders change the schedule, the ruling leaves the bureau just 10 weeks to finish work that it had originally scheduled to take six months. It trimmed that estimate to three months in the accelerated schedule that was challenged in court. It must resolve duplicate responses, fill in blanks where it has only partial information on a household and blend in a separate tally of federal workers overseas, such as diplomatic and military personnel. ud6世界播

除非法院进一步命令改变时间表,否则这项裁决将使该局只剩下10周的时间来完成原计划需要6个月的工作。在受到法庭质疑的加速时间表中,它将这一估计下调至3个月。它必须解决重复的回复,在只有一个家庭的部分信息的地方填写空白,并融入一个单独的海外联邦工作人员的记录,如外交和军事人员。ud6世界播


As of Monday, the bureau said that 99.8% of 147 million housing units had been counted. It said it had reached its goal of at least 99% in every state except Louisiana, where 98.3% had been counted. About two-thirds of households responded to the census by mail, online or phone, and the rest were counted by a quarter-million temporary workers who fanned out beginning in late July. ud6世界播

截至周一,该局表示,1.47亿套住房中99.8%的住房已经清点完毕。它说,除了路易斯安那州,它已经达到了每个州至少99%的目标,路易斯安那州已经统计了98.3%。大约三分之二的家庭通过邮件、在线或电话回复人口普查,其余的由25万名临时工统计,他们从7月下旬开始分散开来。ud6世界播


However, the administration reversed course within days of Mr. Trump’s announcement July 21 that he planned to exclude immigrants in the U.S. without legal permission from the state totals. ud6世界播

然而,在特朗普7月21日宣布他计划在没有法律许可的情况下将在美国的移民排除在州总数之外的几天内,政府改变了方向。ud6世界播


A Justice Department representative couldn’t immediately be reached for comment. ud6世界播

记者无法立即联系到司法部代表置评。ud6世界播


“Trusted career census officials outlined an extended counting period in order to achieve the full enumeration of all people living in the United States, as called for in the Constitution,” said League of Women Voters Chief Executive Officer Virginia Kase. “The senseless back and forth, the endless court challenges, and the refusal to comply with court orders are all part of this administration’s attempts to undermine an accurate count.” ud6世界播

女性选民联盟首席执行官弗吉尼亚·凯斯说:“值得信赖的职业人口普查官员勾勒出延长的计票期,以便按照宪法的要求,实现对所有生活在美国的人的全面统计。”“毫无意义的来回奔波,没完没了的法庭挑战,以及拒绝遵守法院命令,都是本届政府试图破坏准确计票的一部分。”ud6世界播


In a separate case, the administration is asking the Supreme Court to throw out a lower court ruling that blocked the plan to exclude from the reapportionment count immigrants in the U.S. without legal permission. ud6世界播

在另一起案件中,政府要求最高法院驳回下级法院的一项裁决,该裁决阻止了在未经法律许可的情况下将美国移民排除在重新分配之外的计划。ud6世界播

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