谁会怕艾米·康尼·巴雷特?

2020-10-14 08:03

Who’s Afraid of Amy Coney Barrett? FZl世界播

谁会怕艾米·康尼·巴雷特?FZl世界播


暂无FZl世界播

Supreme Court nominee Judge Amy Coney Barrett testifies before the Senate Judiciary Committee on the second day of her Supreme Court confirmation hearing on Capitol Hill, Oct. 13. FZl世界播

10月13日,最高法院提名人法官艾米·科尼·巴雷特(Amy Coney Barrett)在国会山举行的最高法院确认听证会的第二天向参议院司法委员会作证FZl世界播


The Senate confirmation hearings for Amy Coney Barrett may lack for political drama, but they are still instructive. They are revealing the deep fault lines over the Supreme Court, and how Democrats view it as a mini-legislature to achieve policy goals, rather than a real judicial body. FZl世界播

参议院对艾米·科尼·巴雷特(Amy Coney Barrett)的确认听证会可能缺乏政治戏剧性,但它们仍然具有启发性。他们揭示了最高法院的深刻断层,以及民主党人如何将其视为实现政策目标的微型立法机构,而不是真正的司法机构。FZl世界播


Democrats are asking very little about the actual law or Judge Barrett’s jurisprudential thinking. Instead, one after another, Democrats have used their time to focus on a parade of policy horribles if she is confirmed. And for emotional effect, they brought along photo displays of children and women who would supposedly be her victims on health care, abortion, gun violence and more. FZl世界播

民主党人很少询问实际的法律或巴雷特法官的法学思想。取而代之的是,如果她得到确认,民主党人纷纷利用他们的时间专注于一系列可怕的政策。为了达到情感效果,他们带来了儿童和妇女的照片展示,这些人本应是她在医疗保健、堕胎、枪支暴力等方面的受害者。FZl世界播


All of this distorts the role of a judge, who has to rule based on what the law is, not on what she would want it to be. “Judges can’t just wake up one day and say ‘I have an agenda. I like guns. I hate guns. I like abortion, I hate abortion’ and walk in like a royal queen and impose their will on the world,” Judge Barrett said Tuesday. But that is lost on Democrats, who are treating the hearings like a campaign rally. FZl世界播

所有这些都扭曲了法官的角色,他必须根据什么是法律来裁决,而不是根据她希望的法律是什么。“法官不能有一天醒来说‘我有一个议程。我喜欢枪。我讨厌枪。我喜欢堕胎,我讨厌堕胎‘,像皇后一样走进来,把他们的意志强加给世界,“巴雷特法官周二说。但民主党人没有意识到这一点,他们将听证会视为竞选集会。FZl世界播


Start with their focus on Judge Barrett as a threat to health insurance. Republican state attorneys general, joined by the Trump Administration, argue in a case that the Court will hear on Nov. 10 that the Affordable Care Act should be struck down. Recall that Chief Justice John Roberts in 2012 upheld the individual mandate to carry health insurance as a tax. But the 2017 tax reform zeroed out the financial penalty for not being insured. The AGs say that because there now is no tax, the entire law should be struck down. FZl世界播

首先,他们把焦点放在巴雷特法官对医疗保险的威胁上。共和党州总检察长与特朗普政府一起,在最高法院将于11月10日开庭审理的一起案件中辩称,《平价医疗法案》(Affordable Care Act)应该被推翻。回想一下,首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts)在2012年支持将个人强制携带医疗保险作为一项税收。但2017年的税制改革将没有保险的经济处罚归零。检察官们说,因为现在没有税,所以整个法律都应该废除。FZl世界播


As we’ve argued, the AG suit is political and legal malpractice because the lawsuit has almost no chance of success. Three conservative Justices have suggested in opinions this year that they are wary of throwing out entire laws due to discrete constitutionally defective provisions, and with good reason. The vote could be 9-0. FZl世界播

正如我们所争论的那样,AG的诉讼是政治和法律上的不当行为,因为这起诉讼几乎没有胜诉的机会。三名保守派大法官在今年的意见中表示,他们对由于离散的宪法缺陷条款而抛弃整个法律持谨慎态度,这是有充分理由的。投票结果可能是9比0。FZl世界播


Yet Democrats assert that Judge Barrett’s appointment to the Court would threaten protections for millions of Americans with pre-existing conditions, insurance coverage for young adults, free mammograms and birth control as well as lead to higher prescription costs for seniors. “It’s all at stake,” Kamala Harris declared. FZl世界播

然而,民主党人断言,巴雷特法官进入最高法院会威胁到对数百万患有既往疾病的美国人的保护,年轻人的保险覆盖范围,免费的乳房X光检查和节育,以及导致老年人更高的处方费用。卡玛拉·哈里斯(Kamala Harris)宣称:“这一切都岌岌可危。”FZl世界播


Imagine if GOP Senators displayed photos of crime victims for a Democratic nominee who had overturned a conviction on appeal? They would be skewered as demagogues. FZl世界播

想象一下,如果共和党参议员为一位在上诉中推翻定罪的民主党提名人展示犯罪受害者的照片,会是什么样子?他们会被抨击为煽动者。FZl世界播


California Sen. Dianne Feinstein asked how Judge Barrett would handle the ACA’s lifetime coverage caps. Judge Barrett duly noted she would consider this like any “issue that would arise under the Affordable Care Act or any other statute should be determined by the law—by looking at the text of the statute, by looking at precedent.” Good answer. Coverage caps are a policy issue for Congress. FZl世界播

加州参议员黛安·范斯坦(Dianne Feinstein)询问巴雷特法官将如何处理ACA的终身保险上限。巴雷特法官恰如其分地指出,她会像考虑任何“根据”平价医疗法案“(Affordable Care Act)或任何其他法规产生的问题都应该由法律决定--通过查看法规文本,通过查看先例”来考虑这一问题。“。回答得好。覆盖上限是国会的一个政策问题。FZl世界播


Democrats also flogged Judge Barrett for criticizing the Chief Justice’s creative interpretation of the individual mandate as a tax. She joins a long queue there. But Judge Barrett replied: “I am not hostile to the ACA. I am not hostile to any statute that you pass. . . . I apply the law. I follow the law. You make the policy.” She also said “reliance interests,” such as the number of people who gained insurance under ObamaCare, have to be considered now that the law has been in place for six years. FZl世界播

民主党人还鞭打了巴雷特法官,因为他批评了首席大法官将个人强制令创造性地解释为税收。她在那里排起了长队。但巴雷特法官回答说:“我对ACA没有敌意。我对你通过的任何法规都没有敌意。。。。我适用法律。我遵守法律。你来制定政策。“。她还说,“信赖利益”,例如在奥巴马医改下获得保险的人数,现在必须考虑到这项法律已经实施了六年。FZl世界播


Democrats also distorted the risks that the Court will overturn Obergefell v. Hodges that divined a right to same-sex marriage in the Constitution because Justice Antonin Scalia dissented and Judge Barrett was his clerk. Yet Justice Scalia dissented because the Court was imposing policy preferences by diktat. FZl世界播

民主党人还扭曲了最高法院推翻奥伯格费尔诉霍奇斯案(Obergefell v.Hodges)的风险,该案在宪法中规定了同性婚姻的权利,因为大法官安东宁·斯卡利亚(Antonin Scalia)持不同意见,巴雷特法官是他的书记员。然而,斯卡利亚大法官持不同意见,因为最高法院正在通过命令强加政策优惠。FZl世界播


As he explained, “the substance of today’s decree is not of immense personal importance to me,” but the judiciary’s hubris in divining a new right signified “that my Ruler, and the Ruler of 320 million Americans coast-to-coast, is a majority of the nine lawyers on the Supreme Court.” FZl世界播

正如他解释的那样,“今天法令的实质对我来说并不具有巨大的个人重要性”,但司法机构在预测一项新权利方面的傲慢表明,“我的统治者,也是从东海岸到西海岸的3.2亿美国人的统治者,是最高法院九名律师中的大多数。”FZl世界播


He was right then, but tens of thousands of same-sex Americans have been married since Obergefell. This is the definition of a “reliance interest,” and conservative judges take it seriously. There is no way a conservative Court is going to invalidate those marriages. FZl世界播

他当时是对的,但自从奥伯格费尔以来,数以万计的同性美国人已经结婚了。这就是“信赖利益”的定义,保守派法官对此十分重视。保守的法院不可能宣布这些婚姻无效。FZl世界播


The current “conservative” Court has already shown it is more heterodox than one dominated by liberals. That’s because originalists seek to interpret laws based on the text and the Constitution rather than merely find a way to arrive at a foregone policy result. Everything we know suggests Judge Barrett will rule in the same originalist way, and this should reassure the public that the Court will be properly modest in interpreting the law as it is. FZl世界播

目前的“保守”法院已经表明,它比由自由派主导的法院更加异端。这是因为原创主义者寻求根据文本和宪法来解释法律,而不是仅仅找到一种方法来达到既定的政策结果。我们所知的一切都暗示巴雷特法官会以同样的原创主义方式作出裁决,这应可令公众放心,最高法院会适当地谦虚地诠释法律的原貌。FZl世界播


Democrats are doing a great disservice to the law and judiciary by treating these hearings like an emotive political ad. They are telling voters that the courts are nothing more than another arena for political disputes. Keep doing that and soon the Supreme Court will be as unpopular as Congress—which may be their real goal as they prepare the ground to pack the Court next year. FZl世界播

民主党人将这些听证会视为情绪化的政治广告,对法律和司法机构造成了极大的伤害。他们告诉选民,法院只不过是另一个政治纠纷的竞技场。继续这样做,很快最高法院就会像国会一样不受欢迎-这可能是他们的真正目标,因为他们正在为明年挤满最高法院做准备。FZl世界播


暂无FZl世界播

As Judge Amy Coney Barrett's confirmation hearing gets underway, Joe Biden still won’t say whether he supports adding Justices to the Supreme Court. Image: AP/Zuma Press Composite: Mark Kelly FZl世界播

随着法官艾米·科尼·巴雷特(Amy Coney Barrett)的确认听证会正在进行,乔·拜登(Joe Biden)仍然不愿透露他是否支持增加最高法院的法官。图片:美联社/祖马新闻综合报道:马克·凯利(Mark Kelly)FZl世界播

© 2016 世界播 www.shijiebobao.com 中国互联网举报中心 京ICP证140141号 鄂ICP备18018000号-1
违法和不良信息举报: