大多数现代坦克上使用的光膛加农炮有什么优点?枪管内的来复线不是可以提高精确度、射程并减少弹丸的潜在翻滚吗? Gary Zhang 做出了回答

2020-11-19 18:20

What are the advantages of a smooth bore cannon used on most modern tanks? Wouldn’t rifling in the barrel improve accuracy, range and reduce potential tumbling of the projectile? mC0世界播

大多数现代坦克上使用的光膛加农炮有什么优点?枪管内的来复线不是可以提高精确度、射程并减少弹丸的潜在翻滚吗?mC0世界播


Answered by: Gary Zhang,lives in Australia mC0世界播

回答者:Gary Zhang,现居澳大利亚mC0世界播


Smoothbores for the most part are just straight up better mC0世界播

光滑球在很大程度上是直截了当的更好。mC0世界播


Nowadays, the better cannons are generally the ones that are smooth-bore. Rifled guns are still in use, but technology has caught up that allows the advantages of Smooth-bore guns to come into play while mitigating the disadvantages. mC0世界播

如今,更好的大炮通常是口径光滑的大炮。步枪仍在使用中,但技术已经迎头赶上,使光膛枪的优势得以发挥,同时减轻了劣势。mC0世界播


Rifled guns were originally the mainstay of the majority of tank cannons. The biggest advantage that they provided was that they were consistently more accurate than tanks with smoothbore guns. This is because the rifling inside the barrel spins the shell as it is fired, stabilizing it and making it more accurate. mC0世界播

膛线炮最初是大多数坦克炮的中流砥柱。它们提供的最大优势是,它们始终比装有光膛火炮的坦克更精确。这是因为枪管内的步枪在发射时会旋转炮弹,稳定炮弹,使其更精确。mC0世界播


mC0世界播


An example of rifling in the 105mm L7A1 gun mC0世界播

105 mm L7A1火炮来复线一例。mC0世界播


Nowadays, the British use a Main Battle Tank with a rifled gun specifically because they place special importance on their HESH(High Explosive Squash Head) shells. These shells are filled with a plastic explosive and a delayed base fuze. When, impacting against a surface, the plastic explosive will spread out and then explode, which could potentially cause catastrophic structural damage. Indeed, this shell was noted for being extremely useful against buildings and lightly armoured vehicles. mC0世界播

如今,英国人使用带膛线枪的主战坦克,特别是因为他们特别重视他们的HESH(高爆壁头)炮弹。这些炮弹装满了塑料炸药和延期的底座引信。当塑料炸药撞击到表面时,会扩散并爆炸,这可能会造成灾难性的结构破坏。事实上,这种炮弹在对付建筑物和轻型装甲车方面非常有用。mC0世界播


This kind of round is unable to be fired by smoothbore guns which is why other countries have done away with this kind of ammunition. Currently, only the British Challenger 2 uses such a round. It should be noted that the Indian Arjun tank also has a rifled gun. Other than that, no other tanks fielded by other major nations use rifled guns. mC0世界播

这种子弹不能用光口径火炮发射,这就是为什么其他国家已经废除了这种弹药。目前,只有英国挑战者2使用这样的回合。应该指出的是,印度的阿尔琼坦克也有一门来复线火炮。除此之外,其他主要国家部署的坦克都没有使用来复线枪炮。mC0世界播


Smoothbore guns have the advantage of being better suited to firing fin-stabilized armor piercing rounds. There is also the added benefit of the barrels being able to last longer with reduced barrel wear compared to rifled guns. mC0世界播

光膛火炮的优点是更适合发射鳍稳定装甲穿甲弹。还有一个额外的好处是,与来复线枪相比,枪管寿命更长,枪管磨损更小。mC0世界播


The biggest difference between smoothbore and rifled guns is the secondary ammunition they can fire. A smooth-bore gun is ideal for firing HEAT(High Explosive Anti Tank) rounds. A rifled gun can fire specially designed types of this ammunition but it is generally cheaper and easier to use a smooth-bore. mC0世界播

光膛枪和膛线枪最大的区别在于它们可以发射的第二种弹药。光口径火炮是发射热能(高爆反坦克)炮弹的理想武器。来复线枪可以发射特殊设计的这种弹药,但通常更便宜,更容易使用光膛。mC0世界播


The reason why rifled guns have all but disappeared is because that smoothbore guns simply have so many more advantages. They are better suited to firing specific types of ammunition especially the APFSDS(Armor Piercing Fin Stabilize Discarding Sabot) rounds which are currently the best option when it comes to anti-tank performance. These rounds have fins on them which stabilize the round anyway removing the need for a Rifled gun. mC0世界播

来复线枪几乎消失的原因是光膛枪有更多的优点。它们更适合发射特定类型的弹药,特别是APFSDS(装甲穿鳍稳定器丢弃萨博)子弹,这是目前反坦克性能的最佳选择。这些子弹上有鳍,无论如何都可以稳定子弹,不需要来复线枪。mC0世界播


Combine this with being better suited to fire HEAT rounds, reduced barrel wear and negligible loss of accuracy compared to rifled guns, the smoothbore guns simply have a large number of benefits compared to the downsides that technology has mostly eliminated anyway. mC0世界播

与膛线枪相比,光膛枪更适合发射热子弹,枪管磨损更小,精确度损失可以忽略不计,与技术几乎已经消除的缺点相比,光膛枪有很多好处。mC0世界播


Smoothbores are simply better right now. mC0世界播

光滑工现在好多了。mC0世界播

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