对于一家公司来说,什么小小的改变能节省最多的钱? Aled Jenkins 这样说...

2020-11-19 18:15

What small change for a company resulted in the most money saved? hM0世界播

对于一家公司来说,什么小小的改变能节省最多的钱?hM0世界播


Answered by: Aled Jenkins,B.Sc Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Economics, University of Warwick (2022) hM0世界播

回答者:Aled Jenkins,华威大学运筹学、统计学和经济学理学学士(2022)hM0世界播


McDonalds hM0世界播

麦当劳。hM0世界播


This one change saved the McDonalds’ Chicken McNugget hM0世界播

这一改变挽救了麦当劳的麦乐鸡。hM0世界播


hM0世界播


In the early 1980s, McDonalds came up with a new and exciting idea called the Chicken McNugget. There was just one problem… hM0世界播

20世纪80年代初,麦当劳想出了一个令人兴奋的新点子,叫做麦乐鸡。只有一个问题,…。hM0世界播


The cost of chicken was highly volatile at the time and that would make pricing the McNugget very difficult. On this note McDonalds sought advice from a famous stock and commodity trader named Ray Dalio. hM0世界播

当时鸡肉的价格波动很大,这使得给麦乐鸡定价非常困难。关于这一点,麦当劳向一位名叫雷·戴利奥的著名股票和大宗商品交易员寻求建议。hM0世界播


Ray Dalio’s (founder of Bridgewater Associates which is the biggest hedge fund in the world managing $160 billion worth in assets) two biggest clients at that time were McDonalds and a chicken producer. hM0世界播

雷·戴利奥(Bridgewater Associates)(Bridgewater Associates是世界上最大的对冲基金,管理着价值1600亿美元的资产)当时最大的两个客户是麦当劳和一家鸡肉生产商。hM0世界播


If Dalio could make the chicken price stable McDonalds could launch the McNugget, however if he couldn’t they would throw the idea away. hM0世界播

如果达利奥能让鸡肉价格稳定,麦当劳就可以推出麦乐鸡,但如果他做不到,麦当劳就会放弃这个想法。hM0世界播


Of course, Dalio pulled it off. Instead of thinking about buying chicken, Dalio thought of buying a chick and its food (corn and soymeal). The price of a chicken was fairly constant but its food was variable. But… hM0世界播

当然,戴利奥做到了。达利奥没有考虑买鸡,而是想买一只鸡和它的食物(玉米和豆粕)。鸡肉的价格是相当稳定的,但它的食物是可变的。但是…。hM0世界播


There is a futures market for corn and soymeal. hM0世界播

玉米和豆粕有一个期货市场。hM0世界播


A future market allows the buying and selling of futures. A future is a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a guaranteed price at a specified time in the future. hM0世界播

期货市场允许买卖期货。未来是一种法律协议,约定在未来的特定时间以保证的价格买卖某物。hM0世界播


Dalio showed the chicken producer how to buy and sell futures on corn and soymeal to guarantee the cost of the food for the chickens. This made the cost of chicken stable. hM0世界播

达利奥向鸡肉生产商展示了如何买卖玉米和豆粕期货,以保证鸡肉的食品成本。这使得鸡肉的价格稳定了下来。hM0世界播


It is unclear how much money this saved McDonalds, however, the Chicken McNugget would never have existed if it wasn’t for Ray Dalio. This saved the Chicken McNugget. hM0世界播

目前还不清楚这为麦当劳节省了多少钱,然而,如果没有雷·戴利奥,麦乐鸡就永远不会存在。这救了麦乐鸡。hM0世界播


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