一辆纯粹为城市战争设计的坦克会是什么样子? Bill Soo 做出了回答

2020-11-19 14:01

What would a tank designed for purely urban warfare look like? DnI世界播

一辆纯粹为城市战争设计的坦克会是什么样子?DnI世界播


Answered by: Bill Soo,Handyman, software engineer DnI世界播

回答者:Bill Soo,杂工,软件工程师DnI世界播


During WW2, the Germans found out the hard way that urban combat was the worst kind of combat and that tanks were not that useful. Even absent the threat of modern RPGs, tanks in close quarters were susceptible to infantry assaults with Molotov cocktails and grenades. At Stalingrad, the Germans sent in their best infantry, combat engineers, and while it worked, it was extremely expensive. So they brought in the Sturm-Infanteriegeschütz 33B: DnI世界播

在第二次世界大战期间,德国人痛苦地发现,城市战斗是最糟糕的战斗类型,坦克没有那么大的用处。即使没有现代火箭榴弹的威胁,近距离的坦克也很容易受到步兵用燃烧弹和手榴弹的攻击。在斯大林格勒,德国人派出了他们最好的步兵,战斗工程师,虽然它奏效了,但代价极其昂贵。因此,他们带来了Sturm-Infanteriegeschütz 33B:DnI世界播


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This was a 150mm infantry gun mounted on a Pzkw III chassis. The armor was decent, up to 80mm on the front, and unlike mobile artillery it was fully enclosed so it was protected against infantry on rooftops. The idea was to knock down the buildings rather than clear them room by room. And while the Germans never fully captured Stalingrad, the idea had enough merit that versions based on Pzkw IV and Tiger chassises were developed: DnI世界播

这是一门安装在Pzkw III底盘上的150毫米步兵炮。装甲很不错,前部可达80毫米,与移动火炮不同,它是完全封闭的,因此可以在屋顶上抵御步兵的攻击。他们的想法是推倒这些建筑,而不是逐个房间地清理它们。虽然德国人从未完全攻占斯大林格勒,但这个想法有足够的可取之处,以至于基于Pzkw IV和Tiger Chassies的版本被开发出来:DnI世界播


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Sturmpanzer IV (aka Brummbar) DnI世界播

Sturmpanzer IV(又名布伦巴)。DnI世界播


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Sturmtiger DnI世界播

鲟鱼。DnI世界播


The Sturmpanzer IV had a 150mm howitzer while the Sturmtiger had a massive 380mm rocket projector. Both had fairly heavy armor as well. DnI世界播

Sturmpanzer IV有一个150毫米榴弹炮,而SturmTiger有一个巨大的380毫米火箭发射器。两人都有相当重的盔甲。DnI世界播


Later on, when the US was fighting in Europe, they used the M12 155mm self propelled howitzer in the direct firing mode for this purpose: DnI世界播

后来,当美国在欧洲作战时,他们使用了M12155毫米自行榴弹炮的直射模式来达到这个目的:DnI世界播


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M12 GMC DnI世界播

M12 GMC。DnI世界播


While it wasn’t designed for the job, it did well enough. DnI世界播

虽然它不是为这项工作而设计的,但它做得足够好了。DnI世界播


During the recent rebellions in Chechnya, the Russians incurred heavy tank losses fighting in urban areas. The problem was the high rise buildings in the cities allowed rebel infantry to target tank roofs with RPGs while the tanks had insufficient elevation to fire back. While it would be possible to level the buildings with massive artillery fire, the rubble would make the streets impassible. So the Russians developed the BMPT terminator: DnI世界播

在车臣最近的叛乱中,俄罗斯人在城市地区的战斗中损失了大量坦克。问题是,城市中的高层建筑允许叛军步兵用火箭榴弹瞄准坦克屋顶,而坦克的高度不足以还击。虽然用大规模炮火将建筑物夷为平地是可能的,但瓦砾会使街道无法通行。因此,俄罗斯人开发了BMPT终结器:DnI世界播


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BMPT Terminator DnI世界播

BMPT终结器。DnI世界播


This AFV had a pair of high angle 30mm auto cannon that could target the top floors of skyscrapers. It also carried 4 launchers for ATGMs as well as a pair of 30mm grenade launchers. DnI世界播

这架AFV有一对高角度30毫米自动加农炮,可以瞄准摩天大楼的顶层。它还携带了4个ATGM发射器以及一对30毫米榴弹发射器。DnI世界播


This is where we are today. The brute force of the Sturmtiger has given way to the finesse of the Terminator. If brute force is required, it can be delivered with laser guided bombs these days. DnI世界播

这就是我们今天所处的位置。鲟鱼的蛮力已经让位于终结者的机智。如果需要使用暴力,现在可以用激光制导炸弹投放。DnI世界播

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