印度教:根据印度教,世界将如何终结? Arthur Paul Burton III 做出了回答

2020-11-19 12:20

Hinduism: How will the world end according to Hinduism? HJi世界播

印度教:根据印度教,世界将如何终结?HJi世界播


Answered by: Arthur Paul Burton III,Universalist Minister HJi世界播

回答者:阿瑟·保罗·伯顿三世,普世主义者部长HJi世界播


Interesting question, but kind of “incomplete.” HJi世界播

这个问题很有趣,但有点“不完整”。HJi世界播


How will the world end, AGAIN, according to Hinduism? HJi世界播

根据印度教的说法,世界将如何终结?HJi世界播


Because according to Hinduism, our world HAS ended many many times before. HJi世界播

因为根据印度教的说法,我们的世界在此之前已经毁灭了很多很多次。HJi世界播


And will do so, many, MANY times again. HJi世界播

而且还会再这么做很多很多次。HJi世界播


Hands down, one of the most fascinating aspect of Hinduism is the idea of HJi世界播

毫无疑问,印度教最吸引人的方面之一是。HJi世界播


the RE-OCCURRING cycle of creation. HJi世界播

创造的循环循环。HJi世界播


Imagine this- HJi世界播

想象一下-。HJi世界播


No-thingness. HJi世界播

没有任何东西。HJi世界播


Then. HJi世界播

然后。HJi世界播


The Big Bang HJi世界播

大爆炸。HJi世界播


HJi世界播


Out of “No-thing” comes - HJi世界播

从“无物”中脱颖而出的是-。HJi世界播


Every-thing! HJi世界播

每件事!HJi世界播


And imagine this creation lasts for a VERY, VERY, VERY long time. HJi世界播

想象一下这个创造持续了非常、非常、非常长的一段时间。HJi世界播


Then it begins to collapse on itself- and there is a period where No-thing alone exists. HJi世界播

然后,它开始自我崩溃--有一段时间,没有任何东西单独存在。HJi世界播


This lasts for a VERY, VERY, VERY long time. HJi世界播

这将持续非常、非常、非常长的一段时间。HJi世界播


And then… .. HJi世界播

然后是…。。。HJi世界播


Another Big Bang. HJi世界播

又一次大爆炸。HJi世界播


And everyone and every-thing is… .. HJi世界播

所有人和每件事都是…。。。HJi世界播


Re-created! HJi世界播

重新创造!HJi世界播


And this cycle repeats over and over and over. HJi世界播

这个循环一遍又一遍地重复。HJi世界播


By the way. Sanatan Dharma (The Eternal Truth- aka Hinduism) has A LOT to say about that “No-thing” from which Every-thing springs. HJi世界播

顺便说一下。萨纳坦法(永恒的真理,也就是印度教)有很多话要说,那就是万物皆生的“无物”。HJi世界播


It calls it BRAHMAN- the Eternal Source of All that is. HJi世界播

它叫婆罗门--万物的永恒之源。HJi世界播


The Hindu view of existence is based on two cycles that Bhrahman- the Supreme Source- goes through. HJi世界播

印度教对存在的看法是基于婆罗门教--至高无上的源头--经历的两个周期。HJi世界播


The primary cycle of Brahman is periods of rest and awakeness. HJi世界播

婆罗门的主要周期是休息和觉醒。HJi世界播


And during awakeness- a secondary cycle or occurrence happens: HJi世界播

在觉醒期间--第二个循环或发生:HJi世界播


Creation, Maintenance, and Destruction. HJi世界播

创造、维护和毁灭。HJi世界播


And then, a period of “rest" and then… HJi世界播

然后是一段时间的“休息”,然后是…。HJi世界播


B.rahman awakes… and another “round” of HJi世界播

B.Rahman唤醒…。再来一轮“轮回”HJi世界播


creation, maintenance, destruction. HJi世界播

创造、维护、毁灭。HJi世界播


And then “sleep” HJi世界播

然后“睡觉”HJi世界播


and then… .. HJi世界播

然后是…。。。HJi世界播


HJi世界播


i.e. Eternal cycles of this. HJi世界播

也就是说,这是一个永无止境的循环。HJi世界播


Please note- this cycle only applies to the MATERIAL world. HJi世界播

请注意--这个循环只适用于物质世界。HJi世界播


Your soul and THE SUPREME itself are not destroyed. HJi世界播

你的灵魂和至高无上本身并没有被摧毁。HJi世界播


Hinduism points out that your soul, just like God, is Eternal. HJi世界播

印度教指出,你的灵魂,就像上帝一样,是永恒的。HJi世界播


While these two cycles of at the core of Hinduism, what is not mentioned often is that many things will even repeat themselves within these cycles! HJi世界播

虽然这两个周期处于印度教的核心,但人们不经常提到的是,许多事情甚至会在这两个周期内重复发生!HJi世界播


One source of this idea can be found in Vaisthata’s Yoga. HJi世界播

这个想法的一个来源可以在Vaisthata的瑜伽中找到。HJi世界播


There is a great sage named Kakbushunda or Kakbushundhi. HJi世界播

有一位伟大的圣人,名叫卡布斯昆达或卡布斯昆希。HJi世界播


Another great sage, (Arthur believes it was Vasistha himself) hears of Kakbushunda and thought, “Oh I must go meet this great sage.” HJi世界播

另一位伟大的圣人(亚瑟认为是瓦西斯塔本人)听说了卡布苏达,心想:“哦,我必须去见见这位伟大的圣人。”HJi世界播


So he travels far and long, and eventually comes to the place where Kakbushunda is and greets hims and says how he honored he is to meet Kakbushunda. HJi世界播

所以他长途跋涉,最终来到了卡布斯达所在的地方,向他打招呼,并说他很荣幸能见到卡布斯达。HJi世界播


Kakbushunda smiles and says, “This is the 7th time we have met. The only difference is, I remember, and you do not.” HJi世界播

卡布苏达笑着说:“这是我们第七次见面了。唯一的区别是,我记得,而你不记得。“。HJi世界播


Kakbushunda goes on to explain the cycles of creation, saying that he is one of the few beings who has a special boon that allows him to remember previous cycles. HJi世界播

卡布斯达接着解释了创造的循环,他说,他是为数不多的拥有特殊恩惠的生物之一,这种恩惠让他能够记住之前的循环。HJi世界播


Most beings forget. HJi世界播

大多数生物都会忘记。HJi世界播


Kakbushunda then goes on to describe that he has witness the events of the Mahabhratta war (from which we get the Bhagavat Gita) 16 different times and the Ramayanna 11 different times. HJi世界播

卡布苏达接着描述说,他目睹了马哈巴拉塔战争(我们从中得到了博伽梵歌)16次和罗摩衍那11次的不同事件。HJi世界播


Having different outcomes! HJi世界播

结果各不相同!HJi世界播


So, how will the world end, THIS TIME? HJi世界播

那么,这一次世界将如何终结呢?HJi世界播


I am not sure if this is referred to in the scriptures… and assuming other causes don’t destroy it- it will be withdrawn into God, like everything… .. HJi世界播

我不确定《圣经》(…)中是否提到了这一点。假设其他原因没有摧毁它--它会退回到上帝那里,就像一切…一样。。。HJi世界播


And, HJi世界播

和,。HJi世界播


be created again! HJi世界播

再次被创造!HJi世界播


The scholarly classification of this kind of idea is called “The Eternal Recurrence” or “Eternal Return.” Eternal return - Wikipedia. HJi世界播

学术上对这种观念的分类叫做“永恒的重现”或“永恒的回归”。永恒回归-维基百科。HJi世界播


The Western Philosopher Nietzsche was famous for his belief in this. HJi世界播

西方哲学家尼采以他的这一信仰而闻名。HJi世界播


He was a STRICT determinism, meaning he believed EVERYTHING happened over and over- EXACTLY THE SAME, each time! HJi世界播

他是一个严格的决定论者,这意味着他相信每件事都发生了一遍又一遍--每一次都是一模一样的!HJi世界播


This view can be well summed up as: HJi世界播

这一观点可以很好地概括为:HJi世界播


“All of this has happened before, HJi世界播

“这一切以前都发生过,HJi世界播


and it will all happen again.” HJi世界播

而且这一切还会再次发生。“。HJi世界播


This is of course a bit “dour”… as pointed out by another Western “Philosopher”: HJi世界播

这当然有点“沉闷”的…。正如另一位西方“哲学家”所指出的:HJi世界播


HJi世界播


The yogis, sages, Gurus and Scripture of Hinduism do not say everything happens the SAME way each time. HJi世界播

印度教的瑜伽修行者、圣人、古鲁和《圣经》并不是说每件事都是以同样的方式发生的。HJi世界播


And as shown, Hinduism points out that while many events happen over and over, different outcomes happen. HJi世界播

如图所示,印度教指出,虽然许多事件反复发生,但不同的结果会发生。HJi世界播


As if all of this is not fascinating enough- creation itself is considered VASTER then VAST in Hindu Philosophy. HJi世界播

似乎所有这一切还不够吸引人--在印度教哲学中,创造本身被认为是更广阔的。HJi世界播


To get a sense of how vast creation is in The Hindu view, please see: Arthur Paul Burton III's answer to In Hinduism, what would become of the cycle of rebirth if an apocalypse occurred, such as an all-out nuclear war that killed all life? HJi世界播

要了解印度教认为的造物有多大,请看亚瑟·保罗·伯顿三世(Arthur Paul Burton III)对印度教的回答:如果世界末日发生,比如一场导致所有生命死亡的全面核战争,重生的循环会发生什么?HJi世界播


So, what to do with this information? HJi世界播

那么,如何处理这些信息呢?HJi世界播


One Advaita Guru whom Arthur respects said that in essence, Life is a School- moskha (liberation, enlightenment) being the graduation. HJi世界播

亚瑟尊敬的一位先知上师说,从本质上讲,人生就是一所学校--解脱、开悟,就是毕业典礼。HJi世界播


And with the above idea of the re-occurring cycle of creation… we really can see how this is true..… . HJi世界播

有了上面关于创造…循环再出现的想法。我们真的可以看到这是怎么回事了..…。。HJi世界播


The lessons will keep repeating themselves till we learn them! HJi世界播

这些教训会不断重复,直到我们学会为止!HJi世界播


So Arthur chooses to view life is a precious opportunity to learn and grow… . HJi世界播

所以亚瑟选择把生活看作是学习和成长…的宝贵机会。。HJi世界播


He considers the following to be the essence of the lessons:HumilityFaithSurrenderCommunion with the DivineAnd how to JOYFULLY Serve HJi世界播

他认为以下是这些课程的精髓:谦卑、忠诚、降服、与神灵的交融以及如何快乐地服侍。HJi世界播


And so, Arthur would like to ask instead dear reader- are you sure this is the first time you have come to Quora, and read this answer to: “How will the world end according to Hinduism?” HJi世界播

所以,亲爱的读者,亚瑟想要问的是--你确定这是你第一次来到Quora,读到这个答案:“根据印度教,世界将如何终结?”HJi世界播


And after asking you that, he decides to ask himself… how many times have I written this piece for Quora…… HJi世界播

在问了你这个问题之后,他决定问自己…。我为Quora……写了多少次这篇文章了?HJi世界播

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