哪些历史事实听起来像是虚构的? Michael M. Ross 做出了回答

2020-10-30 00:21

What are some historical facts that sound fictional? HBL世界播

哪些历史事实听起来像是虚构的?HBL世界播


Answered by: Michael M. Ross,I'm a historian of human misery, myth, and meaning. HBL世界播

回答是:迈克尔·M·罗斯,我是一位研究人类苦难、神话和意义的历史学家HBL世界播


The Russian general who gets credit for defeating Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, Mikhail Kutuzov, should not have been alive to do that - twice over. He survived two devastating gunshot wounds to the head in which the bullet or musket ball traversed his skull. HBL世界播

因击败拿破仑入侵俄罗斯而获得赞誉的俄国将军米哈伊尔·库图佐夫(Mikhail Kutuzov)不应该活着去做这件事-两次。他头部有两处毁灭性的枪伤,子弹或火枪球穿过了他的头骨,他幸免于难。HBL世界播


The first bullet: 1774 - Storming Alushta, Crimea HBL世界播

第一颗子弹:1774年-袭击克里米亚的阿鲁斯塔。HBL世界播


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A bullet entered one temple and exited the other at an oblique angle, striking the frontal lobe without destroying it, missing the optic nerves but inflicting some damage to the right eye. His doctor performed surgery and kept him in the dark, literally, for six weeks to recover. And recover he did, including his sight. HBL世界播

一颗子弹以倾斜的角度进入一个太阳穴,离开另一个太阳穴,击中额叶,但没有破坏它,没有击中视神经,但对右眼造成了一些损伤。他的医生给他做了手术,并把他蒙在鼓里,真的是六个星期才能康复。他恢复了,包括他的视力。HBL世界播


The second bullet: 1788 - Siege of Ochakov, Ukraine HBL世界播

第二颗子弹:1788年--围攻乌克兰奥恰科夫。HBL世界播


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A musket ball entered his cheek and exited his lower skull, smashing his upper jaw but missing his brain case. (He continued to give orders on the battlefield until collapsing with loss of blood.) HBL世界播

一颗火枪球进入他的脸颊,从他的下颅骨出来,砸碎了他的上颚,但没有击中他的脑壳。(他继续在战场上发号施令,直到失血倒下。)。HBL世界播


Fast forward two decades, he’s Commander in Chief of the Imperial Russian Army. In 1812 he led the Russian forces at the Battle of Borodino, depleting the ranks of Napoleon’s Grand Army, and then organized the tactical evacuation of Moscow, followed by the Battle of Maloyaroslavets and Napoleon’s retreat. HBL世界播

快进20年后,他是俄罗斯帝国军队的总司令。1812年,他在波罗底诺战役中率领俄国军队,耗尽了拿破仑大军的队伍,然后组织了莫斯科的战术撤离,随后是马洛亚斯拉维茨战役和拿破仑的撤退。HBL世界播


Well, I read War and Peace, and his name comes up quite a bit - 529 times - but I don’t think Tolstoy mentioned these minor wounds even once. He does mention that he fell asleep while his general staff planned a battle. He died the following year. HBL世界播

嗯,我读过“战争与和平”,他的名字经常出现-529次-但我想托尔斯泰一次也没有提到这些轻伤。他确实提到他在总参谋部计划战斗时睡着了。第二年他去世了。HBL世界播


The doctor, Jean Massot, who is credited with saving Katuzov’s life twice, was French. Catherine the Great brought him from France to reform the decrepit practice of medicine in the Russian army. He actually performed real surgery on Katuzov, removing bone fragments and draining and suturing the wounds. He wrote in his diary “It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science.” The doctor actually returned to France in the midst of revolution, before Napoleon came to power. HBL世界播

这位名叫让·马索特(Jean Massot)的医生是法国人,他被誉为两次挽救了卡图佐夫的生命。凯瑟琳大帝把他从法国请来,改革俄国军队陈旧的行医方式。他实际上对卡图佐夫进行了真正的手术,移除了骨头碎片,并对伤口进行了引流和缝合。他在日记中写道:“必须相信命运安排库图佐夫去做一些伟大的事情,因为他在两次受伤后仍然活着,按照医学的所有规则,这是一种死刑。”这位医生实际上是在革命期间回到法国的,当时拿破仑还没有上台。HBL世界播


Source and images: The Journal of NeurosurgeryTwo bullets to the head and an early winter: fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow HBL世界播

来源和图片:神经外科杂志头部两枪初冬:命运允许库图佐夫在莫斯科击败拿破仑HBL世界播

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