为什么我们不把海水倒在所有的野火上呢? Elsa Kristian 做出了回答

2020-10-28 00:28

Why don’t we just dump ocean water on all the wildfires? WTP世界播

为什么我们不把海水倒在所有的野火上呢?WTP世界播


Answered by: Elsa Kristian,Born and grew up in Iceland. WTP世界播

回答者:埃尔莎·克里斯蒂安(Elsa Kristian),在冰岛出生和长大WTP世界播


Well… .. WTP世界播

Well…。。。WTP世界播


As lots of other people have pointed out, many of the wildfires just happen to be quite far from the ocean. WTP世界播

正如许多其他人指出的那样,许多野火恰好发生在离海洋很远的地方。WTP世界播


And… . WTP世界播

和…。。WTP世界播


Salt water isn’t exactly good for the local flora and fauna. WTP世界播

咸水对当地的动植物不是很好。WTP世界播


However… .. WTP世界播

然而,…。。。WTP世界播


There was a famous incident on Heimaey Island, which is a small island off the southern coast of Iceland, and part of Vestmannaeyjar, often called the Westman Islands in English. WTP世界播

海梅岛是冰岛南部海岸外的一个小岛,也是维斯曼内贾尔的一部分,在英语中通常被称为威斯特曼群岛,那里发生了一起著名的事件。WTP世界播


Heimaey is a small island, with a bit over 5,000 people living on it. Its economy is mostly fishing, but It does get some tourists that come and see the puffins and visit with the twins, Eldfell and Helgafell. WTP世界播

海迈岛是一个小岛,岛上居住着5000多人。它的经济主要是渔业,但也有一些游客来看海雀,并与双胞胎埃尔德费尔和赫尔加菲尔一起参观。WTP世界播


You can take a ferry that leaves from Landeyjahfn, and get to Heimaey in about 35 minutes, but the last time my sister and I went, the ride was over two hours, because the seas were wild and angry, and tossed us around a bit. WTP世界播

你可以乘坐从兰德贾芬出发的渡轮,大约35分钟就能到达海梅伊,但我和妹妹上次去的时候,行程超过了两个小时,因为大海狂暴而狂暴,把我们打翻了一会儿。WTP世界播


But it was fun. :) WTP世界播

但这很有趣。:)。WTP世界播


But during the early part of 1973, being on Heimaey wasn’t so much fun, because without warning, the island of Heimaey suddenly shook, and the volcano Eldfell, decided to wake up. WTP世界播

但在1973年初,在海迈岛上并不是那么有趣,因为在没有任何预兆的情况下,海迈岛突然摇晃起来,埃尔德费尔火山决定醒来。WTP世界播


The name Eldfell, means Hill of Fire in Icelandic, and is well named indeed. WTP世界播

埃尔德费尔这个名字在冰岛语中的意思是火焰山,名字确实很好听。WTP世界播


It was immediately obvious that this was a very bad eruption, and the entire island of over five thousand people were evacuated as quickly as possible. Because of this prompt action, only one life was lost because of Eldfell, and that was because someone decided to go back and break into a pharmacy to steal drugs. :( WTP世界播

显而易见,这是一次非常严重的喷发,全岛五千多人都被尽快疏散。由于这一迅速的行动,只有一人因为埃尔德费尔而丧生,那是因为有人决定回去闯入一家药店偷药。:(。WTP世界播


Monstrous pillars of fire were flickering high into the air, and volcanic ash and huge red hot boulders, some the size of school buses, were tossed around the entire island. Streams of lava came pouring out, and by the end of the eruption the landmass of the island increased by over 20 percent. WTP世界播

巨大的火柱高高地向空中闪烁,火山灰和巨大的红色热石(其中一些有校车大小)被抛向整个岛屿。熔岩流涌出,到喷发结束时,该岛的陆地面积增加了20%以上。WTP世界播


However… . WTP世界播

然而,…。。WTP世界播


A huge problem was developing. The massive wall of lava was heading toward the harbor, which the entire economy of the island was based. If the harbor was permanently closed because of the lava, the effects on the island would be catastrophic. WTP世界播

一个巨大的问题正在形成。巨大的熔岩墙正走向港口,而这个港口是该岛整个经济的基础。如果港口因为熔岩而永久关闭,对岛上的影响将是灾难性的。WTP世界播


So… . WTP世界播

所以…。。WTP世界播


The ingenious Icelandic people thought of a daring and creative way of stopping the lava flow. They would use the ocean. WTP世界播

独具匠心的冰岛人想出了一种大胆而有创意的方法来阻止熔岩流。他们会利用海洋。WTP世界播


At first the attempts were careful and tenuous, but then when a gigantic chunk of the top of Eldfell broke away, and started being carried on top of the lava toward the harbor, it was time to get serious. WTP世界播

起初,这些尝试是谨慎而脆弱的,但后来当埃尔德费尔山顶的一大块碎裂,开始被熔岩顶部带到港口时,是时候认真起来了。WTP世界播


So many meters of pipes were quickly laid down, and powerful pumps brought in from the United States, capable of moving thousands of gallons of seawater per second, were activated. WTP世界播

这么多米长的管道很快就铺设好了,从美国引进的能够每秒输送数千加仑海水的强大水泵也被启动了。WTP世界播


Actually the pumps were made to carry oil and not seawater, but modifications were made by brilliant engineers in Reykjavik, and the pumps were made to work. WTP世界播

实际上,这些泵是用来输送石油而不是海水的,但雷克雅未克的杰出工程师对其进行了改装,使其能够正常工作。WTP世界播


The work was extremely dangerous, but fortunately a few minor burns were the only casualties. WTP世界播

这项工作极其危险,但幸运的是,仅有几处轻微烧伤是唯一的伤亡。WTP世界播


And… WTP世界播

和…。WTP世界播


The idea of stopping the lava with seawater did indeed work. It took millions of gallons of seawater pumping constantly for months, but the lava flow was finally stopped only about 100 meters from the entrance of the harbor. WTP世界播

用海水阻止熔岩的想法确实奏效了。几个月来,数百万加仑的海水不停地抽水,但熔岩流最终在距离港口入口处仅100米左右的地方被阻止。WTP世界播


Hundreds of homes were destroyed, and Eldfell still lurks menacingly over the island. But the people of Heimaey did return and rebuild, and things are peaceful once again. WTP世界播

数以百计的房屋被毁,埃尔德费尔仍然危险地潜伏在岛上。但是海梅伊的人民确实回来重建了,事情又一次和平了。WTP世界播


At least until Eldfell, or its volcanic friend, Helgafell, decide to have some fun, and test the fortitude, ingenuity and perseverance of the people of Heimaey once again. WTP世界播

至少在埃尔德费尔或它的火山朋友赫尔加费尔决定找点乐子,再一次考验海迈人民的毅力、独创性和毅力之前。WTP世界播


We usually only post photos that we take ourselves, but considering we weren’t born yet when Eldfell erupted, we stole some photos off the internet to post. <3 <3 WTP世界播

我们通常只发布自己拍的照片,但考虑到埃尔德费尔火山爆发时我们还没有出生,我们从互联网上偷了一些照片发布。<3<3。WTP世界播


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Eldfell and Helgafell. Bad company indeed. WTP世界播

埃尔德费尔和赫尔加费尔。确实是糟糕的伙伴。WTP世界播


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The island of Heimaey. Eldfell and Helgafell are a bit to the upper right of the runway. You can see all the new land in the extreme upper right of the island that was made in the eruption. WTP世界播

海梅岛。埃尔德费尔和海尔加费尔在跑道的右上角。你可以看到岛最右上角的所有新陆地都是在火山喷发中形成的。WTP世界播


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Definitely time to get out. <3 <3 WTP世界播

绝对是时候离开了。<3<3WTP世界播

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