Saddam Hussein had studied the Vietnam War and expected the American invasion in 2003 to end up like Vietnam. Why didn’t it?
Answered by: Donald J. Cheek,Industrial Mechanic, my wife's former boyfriend
One, the US military of 1990 was NOT the US military of Vietnam. It was an all-volunteer force, augmented by a huge number of fully trained Reservists and Guardsmen.
Two, the US military services had thoroughly studied the mistakes of the Vietnam era and done their best to not only correct those mistakes, but improve the art of war. (IMHO, the US Army in 1990 was at the peak of proficiency.)
And Three, the Iraqi military of 1990 was in no way a modern professional army. The Iraqi army was theoretically organized and trained along Soviet lines, but the majority of its soldier were unwilling conscripts forced into uniform and thrown into combat with little training and damn little logistical support.
In short, the Iraqi army was a First-wave army with pretensions of being a Second-wave army, that had the bad judgment to take on the worlds only Third-wave army.