俄罗斯和中国,谁更强大? Sylvain Saurel 的回答火了

2020-10-14 09:19

Who is more powerful, Russia or China? erI世界播

俄罗斯和中国,谁更强大?erI世界播


Answered by: Sylvain Saurel,former https://sylvainsaurel.substack.com/ erI世界播

回答者:西尔万·索雷尔,前https://sylvainsaurel.substack.com/erI世界播


The first thing to understand is that power is measured through different criteria: economic, military, technology, education, or even soft power. erI世界播

首先要理解的是,实力是通过不同的标准来衡量的:经济、军事、技术、教育,甚至软实力。erI世界播


erI世界播


On all these criteria, the United States remains the world's leading superpower today. erI世界播

按照所有这些标准,美国今天仍然是世界领先的超级大国。erI世界播


However, China's ambition is to become the equal of the United States, and then to surpass the United States by 2030. erI世界播

然而,中国的雄心是与美国平起平坐,然后在2030年超过美国。erI世界播


Russia is now only a shadow of what it may have been in the past during the Soviet era. The vestiges of the past still allow Russia to be ahead of China from a military point of view. erI世界播

俄罗斯现在只是苏联时代过去的影子。从军事角度来看,过去的遗迹仍然允许俄罗斯领先于中国。erI世界播


While China has advanced military technology, it does not have the military know-how and equipment of Russia today. However, it is working on it since it invests more than 230 billion dollars every year in military spending. erI世界播

虽然中国拥有先进的军事技术,但它没有今天的俄罗斯的军事技术和装备。然而,它正在努力,因为它每年在军费开支上投资超过2300亿美元。erI世界播


Russia cannot afford to spend that much, but it is still in the Top 10 with just over $60 billion invested annually in this sector. erI世界播

俄罗斯花不起那么多钱,但它仍然跻身前10名,每年在这一领域的投资略高于600亿美元。erI世界播


Apart from the military, Russia cannot compete with China. erI世界播

除了军事以外,俄罗斯无法与中国竞争。erI世界播


Economically, China is a giant compared to Russia. China is the world's second economic power while Russia is outside the Top 10. erI世界播

在经济上,与俄罗斯相比,中国是一个巨人。中国是世界第二经济强国,而俄罗斯在前十名之外。erI世界播


China is on the upward trajectory and everything seems to indicate that the country will overtake the United States in this area over the next 10 to 20 years. erI世界播

中国正处于上升轨道,一切似乎都表明,中国将在未来10到20年内在这一领域超越美国。erI世界播


In terms of technology, China is also more impressive than Russia. After copying the US and Europe a lot, China is now able to innovate as it shows in 5G with Huawei. erI世界播

就技术而言,中国也比俄罗斯更令人印象深刻。在大量模仿美国和欧洲之后,中国现在能够创新,就像它与华为在5G中所显示的那样。erI世界播


In the field of education, China has a huge lead over Russia as well. Chinese universities are among the best in the world. erI世界播

在教育领域,中国也遥遥领先于俄罗斯。中国的大学在世界上名列前茅。erI世界播


Finally, in the field of soft power, China does not reach the level of the United States, but it largely dominates Russia which is practically non-existent at the world level in this field. erI世界播

最后,在软实力领域,中国没有达到美国的水平,但在这一领域,中国在很大程度上主导着在世界层面上几乎不存在的俄罗斯。erI世界播


In the end, China is already more powerful than Russia. Only the military power of Russia still allows it to give the exchange. The big question is for how long? erI世界播

归根结底,中国已经比俄罗斯更强大了。只有俄罗斯的军事力量仍然允许它进行交换。最大的问题是能持续多久?erI世界播


Indeed, China is investing massively in this area because it is well aware that its rise to the rank of the world's leading superpower by 2030 will not be possible without an extremely powerful army. erI世界播

事实上,中国在这一领域进行了大规模投资,因为它很清楚,如果没有一支极其强大的军队,到2030年,中国将不可能升至世界领先超级大国的行列。erI世界播

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