2020-10-14 07:37

And Then They Were Gone: How COVID-19 Has Led to an Increase in Domestic Violence YyB世界播



At just 29 years old, Jenea Harvison was already a pillar in her Canal Winchester, OH, community. The successful owner of five 24-hour daycare centers, she had always loved children and was even nominated for a small business award in 2015. A mother of two, Jenea was described as a planner who had it all figured out. YyB世界播

年仅29岁的杰妮亚·哈维森(Jenea Harvison)已经是她所在的俄亥俄州运河温彻斯特社区的支柱。作为五个24小时日托中心的成功所有者,她一直很喜欢孩子,甚至在2015年获得了一个小企业奖的提名。作为两个孩子的母亲,Jenea被描述为一位把一切都想好了的规划师。YyB世界播

Everything changed on April 1, 2015, when Jenea and her 23-year-old brother, Donell McDonald, were gunned down in a daycare parking lot during their lunch break by Jenea's estranged husband, Roy Harvison. Twenty-five minutes later, Jenea and Donell's mom, Crystal Turner, got the phone call that would change her life forever. YyB世界播

2015年4月1日,当Jenea和她23岁的弟弟Donell McDonald在午休时间在日托停车场被Jenea分居的丈夫Roy Harvison枪杀时,一切都改变了。25分钟后,Jenea和Donell的妈妈Crystal Turner接到了一个电话,这个电话将永远改变她的生活。YyB世界播




"My son was shot and killed as he sat in a car," Crystal told POPSUGAR. "My daughter was killed as she ran away from Roy, pleading for him to not take her life. All of these dreams were taken from them in a matter of 20 minutes by someone they knew, someone who they had known since he was 15 years old." YyB世界播


For Crystal, who had also known Roy since he was a teenager, the event was a complete shock. Although she knew Jenea and Roy argued from time to time, she wasn't aware of how serious their disagreements had become. YyB世界播


"Domestic violence has a new face. Before, when you looked at domestic violence, you could physically see it," she said. "Now we know that domestic violence can take the form of mental and verbal abuse. We can't see those scars that give us a sign. And honestly, we really did not see the signs. They were a young couple, their arguments were that of any growing young couple. There weren't any police reports. There were no neighbors who could say, 'Well, the police have been there multiple times. We heard them having these ridiculous fights.'" YyB世界播


From the outside, it seemed like Roy was on his way to having a rewarding life. "He had a bachelor's degree in criminology and was a football player in college," she explained. "He was a community mentor who went to low-income communities like those that he came out of to speak with young men who looked like him and never thought that they'd have a chance." YyB世界播


In 2018, Roy was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 66 years after pleading guilty to two counts of aggravated murder. "It was premeditated," Crystal said matter-of-factly, reflecting on Roy's trial. Although Crystal struggled to forgive her son-in-law, she eventually asked him to mail her a letter with an explanation. "He wrote to me and said 'All I wanted her to do was love me.' However, he stood over her after he shot her in the back of the head, and put four more bullets in her back." YyB世界播


Crystal knows from experience just how insidious domestic abuse can be, which is part of what propelled her into doing advocacy work with Moms Demand Action. "Oftentimes, it is even generational, which is the case in my family," explained Crystal. "I've survived domestic violence, and so has my mother. I have aunts, cousins, and a grandmother — there are unfortunately so many of us — in just one family who have been victims of domestic violence." YyB世界播


"When you take someone's life, you don't just take that person, you don't just hurt that person, you're hurting a family and a community," said Crystal. "I also hope that I inspire those who are in authority, and have the ability to make changes to our current gun laws as they fit so another family doesn't have the same experiences that my family's had." YyB世界播





According to Everytown For Gun Safety, over half of woman victims of intimate partner homicide in the US are killed with a gun. Roughly 53 women are shot and killed by their partner in an average month throughout the US, according to its website. Moreover, about 92 percent of all women killed with guns in high-income countries in 2015 were from the US. YyB世界播

根据Everytown for Gun Safety的数据,在美国,超过一半的亲密伴侣凶杀案的女性受害者是被枪杀死的。根据该网站的数据,全美平均每月约有53名女性被伴侣枪杀。此外,2015年高收入国家所有死于枪支的女性中,约有92%来自美国。YyB世界播

While the rate of killings of women by violent partners with a firearm has increased in recent years, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused victims to stay inside with their abusers, accelerating the rates of domestic violence around the world. YyB世界播


"Family violence during pandemics is associated with a range of factors including economic stress, disaster﹔elated instability, increased exposure to exploitative relationships, and reduced options for support," explained a study from the National Institutes of Health. It noted, "Reports of domestic abuse and family violence have increased around the world since social isolation and quarantine measures came into force. Recently, anecdotal evidence from the United States, China, Brazil, and Australia indicates increases in intimate partner, women, and children violence due to isolation and quarantine." YyB世界播

美国国立卫生研究院(National Institutes Of Health)的一项研究解释说:“大流行期间的家庭暴力与一系列因素有关,包括经济压力、与灾难相关的不稳定、暴露在剥削性关系中的增加,以及支持选择的减少。”报告指出,“自从社会隔离和隔离措施生效以来,世界各地关于家庭暴力和家庭暴力的报告都有所增加。最近,来自美国、中国、巴西和澳大利亚的坊间证据表明,由于隔离和隔离而导致的亲密伴侣、妇女和儿童暴力事件有所增加。”YyB世界播

An April report from The Conversation found the increase in social-distancing regulations has correlated with the number of domestic violence cases in several American cities. "In Seattle, one of the first US cities to have a major outbreak, the police saw a 21 percent increase in domestic violence reports in March," explained the author. "In Texas during March, the Montgomery County District Attorney saw a 35 percent increase in domestic violence cases." YyB世界播


Shannon Watts, the founder of Moms Demand Action — an organization committed to gun violence prevention, with chapters in all 50 states — believes that it's more important than ever for politicians to reevaluate gun safety laws in America. "We know over one million women who are alive today have been threatened with guns. This was a crisis even before COVID began," she told POPSUGAR over the phone. "The pandemic is certainly exacerbating the gun violence crisis because women are isolated at home with their abusers." YyB世界播

“妈妈要求行动”的创始人香农·瓦茨(Shannon Watts)认为,政客们重新评估美国的枪支安全法律比以往任何时候都更加重要。该组织致力于预防枪支暴力,在所有50个州都设有分会。她在电话中告诉POPSUGAR:“我们知道,今天在世的100多万女性已经受到了枪支的威胁。这甚至在COVID开始之前就是一场危机。”“这场流行病肯定会加剧枪支暴力危机,因为女性在家里与施虐者是孤立的。”YyB世界播

Even more chilling, gun sales have skyrocketed in the US since March, meaning that more inexperienced gun owners have access to firearms. "We know that 4.6 million children in America lived in homes with unsecured guns," explained Shannon. "That number could be going up because there was a historic number of gun sales from March through July. Many of those guns were sold to first-time gun buyers who may live in states that don't require training. The new owners might not know how to safely secure their guns." YyB世界播





Like Crystal, Irene Diaz experienced first-hand the cyclical nature of domestic abuse. Born into a family of migrant farmers in Phoenix, AZ, she spent time with her parents and seven sisters picking crops. Unfortunately, domestic violence ran rampant in her family members' relationships. YyB世界播


"When children grow up in those homes, they think it's normal," she told POPSUGAR. "Then they will have relationships that are similar to the ones they grew up around. Except for me, all of my sisters have been in a relationship with domestic violence at some point in their lives. I don't know why I was the one that broke that cycle, but I did." YyB世界播


According to Irene, the migrant farming community is incredibly tight-knit. After her older sister, Janie, met her first boyfriend, Ray, at 10 years old, she became pregnant at 14 and got married. "Back in those days in the culture I grew up in, when girls got pregnant young they were forced to get married young," explained Irene. YyB世界播


Because they were born 18 months apart, Irene was incredibly close with Janie. She was shocked to see her big sister come home with bruises after her wedding night. "When she came home the next day, I asked why she had a black eye," she said. "She told me she had run into the door while she was at Ray's parents' house. I remember that clearly. Throughout their relationship, there were lots of instances of domestic violence that we have heard about during Ray's trial. But in our family, it was considered to be normal because that's just the way we grew up in my household — my father would hit my mother. We'd always just call the police to come stop the abuse." YyB世界播


Eventually, Irene left for college while Janie stayed with Ray to raise their son. While Irene heard murmurs about Ray's behavior, she didn't realize how abusive he was to Janie until she went to live with them after graduation. YyB世界播


"Janie woke me up at 2 a.m.," said Irene. "She was yelling at her husband to stop hitting her. He was hitting her and she was saying 'Stop it, stop it!' Instead of going to help her, I rolled up in a ball like a 5-year-old and cried because I was so scared. There I was, a 23-year-old college-educated woman. I thought [my education] would have made a difference in my life. But I didn't go to help." YyB世界播


In 1990, while shopping for her wedding dress with her older sister, Janie finally told her about what she'd been enduring for 15 years. "She had opened up about how bad her marriage had been and how bad the domestic violence had been," said Irene. "Everything from marital rape to him breaking her ribs at one point in her life. After 15 years of marriage, she left him and took out an order of protection." YyB世界播


In December 1990, Janie and her 13-year-old son were living with family when Ray asked to give their son a present for his birthday. Although the order of protection banned Ray from interacting with their child at all, Janie allowed him to stop by with a gift. YyB世界播


"Ray went up to the porch, knocked on the door, and talked to his son," she said. "When he got there he didn't have the present. He kissed my nephew on the forehead and told him to go inside. Within seconds my nephew heard Janie yelling as she ran away. Ray was chasing my sister outside around his car with a gun. He shot her under the streetlamp here in Phoenix. That's where she died, under a streetlamp." YyB世界播


Janie died at 30 years old. Ray then turned the gun on himself, though he survived the self-inflicted wound. Since her sister's tragic death, Irene worked tirelessly with Moms Demand Action to give victims like Janie a voice. Determined to change the legislation at the state and national level, Irene has pushed Arizona's government to make possessing a gun illegal for people who have been convicted of domestic abuse or have a protection order against them. YyB世界播


"There aren't sufficient laws in America that protect victims of domestic violence," said Irene. "We need more laws to protect victims from gun violence, especially because we know that gun violence and domestic violence is a deadly combination. To me, it's unimaginable why our current politicians would not want us to protect human life. My sister was literally running for her life." YyB世界播


"After joining Moms Demand Action three years ago, I learned that, with their support, I had a voice that needed to be heard with local legislation as well as nationally," she said, adding that victims need to be given the chance to speak up. "We have to talk about domestic violence. Victims feel ashamed that they are victims. With my family, we realized we all had different parts of my sister's secret after the murder trial. We kept her secrets not knowing that eventually it would lead to her death." YyB世界播





Susan Browder's daughter, Sarah, was an artist. She was generous, charismatic, and forgiving. Tragically, Sarah was killed by her husband, who was also a Marine, in Winston-Salem, NC, in 2000. Now it's up to her family to carry on her legacy. YyB世界播


"I never saw myself in that role as a gun safety activist," Susan told POPSUGAR. "I'm a mom and a grandmother, and my advocacy work has always centered around my role as a teacher and the needs of my students. But in 2000 there were two incidents that changed the direction of my life. The first was the murder of my daughter at the hands of her abusive husband with a gun on Sept. 24, 2012. The second incident was the Sandy Hook Elementary School mass shooting that killed 20 first-graders and six adults." YyB世界播

苏珊告诉POPSUGAR:“我从来没有想过自己会成为一名枪支安全活动家。”“我是一名母亲,也是一名祖母,我的倡导工作一直围绕着我作为老师的角色和学生的需求展开。但在2000年,有两起事件改变了我的生活方向。第一起是2012年9月24日,我的女儿被她虐待的丈夫持枪杀害。第二起是桑迪·胡克小学(Sandy Hook Element School)发生的大规模枪击事件,造成20名一年级学生和6名成年人死亡。”YyB世界播

Although Susan and her husband, Sandy, were aware that Sarah and their son-in-law argued, they thought that simply helping Sarah leave the marriage would solve any issues. "We thought that our role was to dry her tears and offer support," explained Susan. "We had no idea that her life would be in danger at the moment that she told him she was leaving. We did not know that the presence of a gun in a domestic violence situation increased the risk of homicide five times." YyB世界播


The evening that Sarah told her husband she was leaving him, he reached for his firearm and shot her through the throat and shoulder. After shooting Sarah, he turned the gun on himself. YyB世界播


"He died immediately of suicide, but Sarah lied in the ICU at Baptist Hospital here in Winston-Salem unable to move, speak, or breathe on her own for the four days that it took for her to die as our family sat around her bed and tried to console her with stories," said Susan. "My life took a sharp detour after that from teaching to advocating for gun safety." YyB世界播





As a person whose family has owned guns and hunting rifles, Susan is very careful about how she alludes to her work, staying away from the term "gun control," and opting for phrases such as "gun safety." After all, Susan and advocates like her have no intention of making responsible Americans give up their firearms. Rather, they want more legislation in place that keeps guns out of violent offenders' hands. YyB世界播


"The word 'control' has always bothered me because I don't feel controlled when I'm asked to keep my guns secure," she explained. "People who are pro-second amendment tend to fear that someone will take their guns. So, I refer to the work I do as gun safety work or gun violence prevention." YyB世界播


By speaking at demonstrations on behalf of Moms Demand Action and advocating for gun safety, Susan is helping herself heal. "We know that we will always grieve our daughter, but the intensity of the grief ebbs and flows," she shared. "I find my work healing in many ways. For example, I've acquired a vast community of people who care about me and my loved one. She's always present in our lives through this work we do. I have a community of people who've experienced similar pain." YyB世界播


Ultimately, Susan and other advocates simply want to keep American families safe. "We have learned enough about the culture of guns to know that guns in the hands of violent people can be very dangerous," said Susan. "We also know that children are very curious and you may think that your child would never pick up a gun if they came across it hidden somewhere in your house, but studies have shown that that is not necessarily true. I think we can all agree on keeping guns out of children's hands and out of the hands of people who have suicidal or homicidal ideations." YyB世界播


Despite the fact the House of Representatives passed a reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) — a critical piece of legislation that protects women from domestic abuse — as of April 4, 2019, it has been stalled in the Senate. YyB世界播


A bipartisan bill that was originally authored by Joe Biden and signed into law by Bill Clinton in 1994, the legislation was updated with two additional provisions, according to gun-control advocate and former US congresswoman Gabby Giffords: YyB世界播

据枪支管制倡导者、前美国国会女议员加比·吉福兹(Gabby Giffords)称,这项最初由乔·拜登(Joe Biden)起草并由比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton)于1994年签署成为法律的两党法案,更新了两项额外的条款:YyB世界播

Although the new provisions were supported by 30 Republicans, the bill is still stalled in the Senate because of the National Rifle Association. "The National Rifle Association opposed these protections for women and threatened to include votes on the measures in future ratings," says Giffords's website. "So when it arrived in the upper chamber, Senate leaders opposed it, too. After months of negotiations failed, Senate Republicans ultimately blocked the House bill." YyB世界播


According to Mariel Saez, Women's Media Director for the Joe Biden campaign, the former vice president will build on his strong track record of standing up for survivors. Additionally, one of his top first 100 day priorities will be to reauthorize VAWA and include significant, forward-looking improvements and innovations — including closing the boyfriend loophole. Ultimately, the Biden-Harris ticket plans to: YyB世界播

根据乔·拜登竞选团队的女性媒体总监玛丽埃尔·赛兹(Mariel Saez)的说法,这位前副总统将建立在他为幸存者挺身而出的良好记录的基础上。此外,他头100天的首要任务之一将是重新授权VAWA,并包括重大的前瞻性改进和创新-包括堵住男友的漏洞。最终,拜登-哈里斯的机票计划:YyB世界播

Mariel illustrated exactly how the Biden-Harris ticket plans to push the VAWA through amid COVID-19, highlighting why families need this bill to pass now more than ever. YyB世界播


Moreover, getting more women into political office could mean tangible change to gun safety laws in the US. "It's incredibly important that we encourage women through Moms Demand Action to move from not just shaping policy, but to making it," said Shannon Watts. "We have over 100 volunteers running for office up and down the ballot this election alone." YyB世界播


Although not a day goes by where Susan Browder doesn't think about Sarah, she's hopeful that a Biden-Harris administration will enact real change. "We're making a lot of progress, but there is still so much to do," she shared. "I really believe that a Biden-Harris candidacy would help us leap forward. I would like to see Congress not only pass the Violence Against Women Act, but close the boyfriend loophole so that people who are not married who are victims of domestic violence can have protection. I would also like to see stricter regulations around background checks." YyB世界播


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