从“相当安全”到“跳过它!”,医生们根据新冠肺炎的风险程度对热门节日活动进行排名

2020-11-25 08:12

From 'pretty safe' to 'skip it!,' doctors rank popular holiday activities by level of COVID-19 risk FAd世界播

从“相当安全”到“跳过它!”,医生们根据新冠肺炎的风险程度对热门节日活动进行排名FAd世界播


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Viewing Christmas lights at a drive-through display — such as this year's Glittering Lights at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway, is a generally safe holiday activity this year. (Photo: Ethan Miller/Getty Images) FAd世界播

在免下车的展台上观看圣诞彩灯--比如今年拉斯维加斯赛车场的闪闪发光的彩灯--通常是今年安全的节日活动。(图片来源:Ethan Miller/Getty Images)FAd世界播


The holiday season is here and, just like every year, there are plenty of ways to celebrate. But in 2020, of course, typically must-do events don’t look quite the same, as the global pandemic has turned even Santa visits and attending midnight Mass into high-risk, potentially deadly choices. FAd世界播

假日季节到了,就像每年一样,有很多方式来庆祝。当然,在2020年,通常必做的活动看起来不太一样,因为全球大流行已经把拜访圣诞老人和参加午夜弥撒都变成了高风险、可能致命的选择。FAd世界播


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has made it clear that spending time with anyone outside your household carries some level of risk of your contracting COVID-19. And, unfortunately, that doesn’t go away just because it’s the holidays. But there are still plenty of celebratory options that carry low risks, and to find out what those activities are — and which should be avoided at all costs — Yahoo Life has consulted with experts about how to best plan your upcoming days and nights. FAd世界播

美国疾病控制和预防中心明确表示,与家人以外的任何人呆在一起,都会有一定程度的感染新冠肺炎的风险。不幸的是,这并不会因为现在是假日而消失。但仍然有很多低风险的庆祝选择,为了找出这些活动是什么-以及哪些活动应该不惜一切代价避免-雅虎生活咨询了专家,看看如何最好地规划你未来的日日夜夜。FAd世界播


Overall, they agree on a few things: Outdoor gatherings are safer than being indoors, crowds are to be generally avoided, social distancing is preferred and masks are a must. “Any situations when people would be interacting without masks should be out,” Dr. Thomas Russo, professor and chief of infectious disease at the University at Buffalo, tells Yahoo Life. “That’s a no-no.” FAd世界播

总体而言,他们在几件事上达成了共识:户外聚会比在室内更安全,一般要避免人群,更喜欢社交距离,必须戴口罩。布法罗大学传染病科主任兼教授托马斯·鲁索博士告诉雅虎生活:“任何不戴口罩的情况都应该被禁止。”“这是个禁忌。”FAd世界播


These guidelines also apply when you meet with relatives who don’t live in your household, Dr. Prathit Kulkarni, assistant professor of medicine in infectious diseases at Baylor College of Medicine, tells Yahoo Life. “Although we know our relatives and close friends well, if they do not live with us, contact with them poses a similar risk,” he says. FAd世界播

贝勒医学院传染病医学助理教授Prathit Kulkarni博士告诉雅虎生活,当你遇到不住在你家里的亲戚时,这些指导原则也同样适用。他说:“虽然我们很了解我们的亲戚和密友,但如果他们不和我们住在一起,与他们接触也会带来类似的风险。”FAd世界播


Not sure whether your favorite holiday activities are safe, risky or fall somewhere in the middle this year? Here’s what the experts have to say. FAd世界播

不确定你最喜欢的节日活动是安全的、有风险的,还是落在今年中间的某个地方?以下是专家们要说的话。FAd世界播


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You'll want to skip the holiday buffets this year, experts warn. (Photo: Getty Images) FAd世界播

专家警告说,今年你会想要跳过节日自助餐。(图片来源:Getty Images)FAd世界播


Danger zone: Skip it! FAd世界播

危险地带:跳过它!FAd世界播


Unfortunately, this list is pretty long, but experts say these activities are simply not worth the risk. FAd世界播

不幸的是,这份清单相当长,但专家表示,这些活动根本不值得冒险。FAd世界播


Holiday buffets FAd世界播

假日自助餐。FAd世界播


While many restaurants have found safer ways to do buffets, like having masked staffers serve the food and allowing only a limited number of people to get in line at once, Russo says it’s still not a safe activity. “It’s a lot of people eating indoors without masks on,” he says. “It should be out.” FAd世界播

虽然许多餐厅已经找到了更安全的自助餐方式,比如让蒙面员工上菜,一次只允许有限数量的人排队,但鲁索表示,这仍然不是一种安全的活动。“很多人不戴口罩在室内用餐,”他说。“它应该出来了。”FAd世界播


Santa visits FAd世界播

圣诞老人来访。FAd世界播


While Russo says Santa is the one who is the most at risk of infection due to all of those interactions with children, the close contact that typically happens during Santa visits and having them indoors, such as at malls or department stores, doesn’t make this a safe activity. “Definitely pass,” he says. FAd世界播

虽然鲁索说,圣诞老人是最有可能感染的人,因为所有这些与孩子的互动,密切接触,通常发生在圣诞老人拜访期间,并让他们在室内,如在商场或百货商店,这并不是一种安全的活动。“绝对通过,”他说。FAd世界播


Midnight Mass on Christmas FAd世界播

圣诞节午夜弥撒。FAd世界播


Henry F. Raymond, associate professor and epidemiologist at the Rutgers School of Public Health, calls this “problematic” for a few reasons. “Some people are still regularly going to church and, in a sense, that’s probably a quasi-bubble,” he says. “But midnight Mass is when you’re going to have people show up who don’t normally, including family members from out of town.” FAd世界播

罗格斯公共卫生学院(Rutgers School Of Public Health)副教授兼流行病学家亨利·F·雷蒙德(Henry F.Raymond)称这是“有问题的”,原因有几个。他说:“有些人仍然经常去教堂做礼拜,从某种意义上说,这可能是个准泡沫。”“但午夜弥撒的时候会有一些平时不会出现的人出现,包括来自外地的家人。”FAd世界播


Office parties FAd世界播

办公室聚会。FAd世界播


Russo calls this one “very high” risk, pointing out that people will be unmasked while they eat and drink. “Alcohol also lowers inhibitions,” he says, noting that could lead to more unsafe behavior. “It’s best to avoid.” FAd世界播

拉索称这是一种“非常高”的风险,他指出,人们在吃喝的时候会被揭开面纱。他说:“酒精还会降低自制力。”他指出,这可能会导致更多不安全的行为。“最好避免这样做。”FAd世界播


Outdoor cocktail crawls FAd世界播

户外鸡尾酒爬行。FAd世界播


An outdoor cocktail crawl — which is when you travel from place to place, sampling drinks at each stop — may seem as though it would just pose a moderate risk, similar to that of an outdoor dinner party. But doctors say the presence of alcohol and the potential for a large crowd is concerning. “Skip it,” Russo says. FAd世界播

户外鸡尾酒狂欢--也就是你从一个地方到另一个地方旅行,在每一站都品尝鸡尾酒--看起来似乎只是一个中等风险,类似于户外晚宴。但医生表示,酒精的存在和可能出现的大量人群令人担忧。“跳过它,”鲁索说。FAd世界播


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Attending a midnight Mass for Christmas — such as the one seen here, at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York in 2013 — should be off the list this year, say experts. (Photo: Reuters/Carlo Allegri) FAd世界播

专家表示,参加圣诞节午夜弥撒--比如2013年在纽约圣帕特里克大教堂(St.Patrick‘s Cathedral)看到的那种--应该不在今年的名单上。(图片来源:路透社/卡洛·阿莱格里)FAd世界播


Thanksgiving Eve high school reunion parties FAd世界播

感恩节前夕高中同学聚会。FAd世界播


“No, absolutely not,” Russo says. Raymond agrees. “Where have all these people been? What have they been doing?” he asks, illustrating that the answers would be unknown. Raymond acknowledges that it can be tough to turn down an invite to one of these gatherings — especially if it’s the only time each year that you see old friends. But, he adds, “with the uptick in cases we’re seeing, we all need to be very careful.” FAd世界播

“不,绝对不是,”鲁索说。雷蒙德对此表示赞同。“这些人都到哪里去了?”他们都做了些什么?“。他问道,这说明答案将是未知的。雷蒙德承认,拒绝参加这些聚会的邀请可能很难--特别是如果这是你一年中唯一一次见到老朋友的话。但是,他补充说,“随着我们看到的病例增加,我们都需要非常小心。”FAd世界播


Turkey bowls and powderpuff football games FAd世界播

火鸡保龄球和粉扑橄榄球小游戏。FAd世界播


Powderpuff football games, for which people gather to play touch or flag football, really isn’t ideal, Russo says. “If you’re playing, there’s lots of heavy breathing going on,” he points out. “It’s also impossible to space out.” FAd世界播

鲁索说,粉扑橄榄球比赛,人们聚集在一起玩触球或旗帜足球,真的不理想。他指出:“如果你在打球,就会有很多沉重的呼吸。”“空间也是不可能的。”FAd世界播


White elephant or ‘Secret Santa’ gift swap FAd世界播

白象或“神秘圣诞老人”礼物交换。FAd世界播


A gift swap done with friends or co-workers, regardless of the specific theme or rules, “is not necessarily about the transmission on the packages, but if it’s done indoors in a break room, it’s not a good idea,” Russo says. “People get excited and generate extra respiratory secretions — it could be really risky.” Instead, you and fellow white elephant participants could plan ahead by mailing gifts to each other, and then open them together over a Zoom call. FAd世界播

拉索说,与朋友或同事交换礼物,不管具体的主题或规则是什么,“不一定是关于包裹上的传递,但如果是在室内休息室进行的,那就不是一个好主意。”“人们很兴奋,会产生额外的呼吸道分泌物--这可能真的很危险。”取而代之的是,你和其他白象参与者可以提前计划,互相邮寄礼物,然后通过Zoom Call一起打开它们。FAd世界播


Carries some risk: Assess carefully FAd世界播

带来一些风险:仔细评估FAd世界播


These events can be doable, but will need some modifications from the usual to make them safe, doctors say. FAd世界播

医生说,这些活动是可行的,但需要对通常的情况进行一些修改,以确保它们的安全性。FAd世界播


Holiday parades FAd世界播

假日游行。FAd世界播


While these of course take place outdoors, it can be tough to avoid the crowd and still witness the event, Raymond points out. Kulkarni agrees. “I would likely skip if it involves a large crowd,” he says. If there’s a way to watch from your car or stand at the edge of the crowd, Russo says it might be OK — if you wear a mask. An even better choice? To watch the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, remotely. FAd世界播

雷蒙德指出,虽然这些活动当然是在户外进行的,但要避开人群并仍然目睹这一活动是很困难的。库尔卡尼对此表示赞同。他说:“如果有一大群人参加,我可能会跳过。”如果有一种方法可以从你的车里看,或者站在人群的边缘,拉索说,如果你戴上口罩,这可能是可以的。更好的选择吗?远程观看梅西百货感恩节游行。FAd世界播


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While this year's Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade will take place, it will look much different than in 2019, pictured here, with no crowds allowed to gather — a good rule of thumb for holiday parades anywhere, doctors say. (Photo by: Peter Kramer/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images) FAd世界播

虽然今年的梅西百货感恩节游行将举行,但它看起来将与2019年大不相同,如图所示,不允许人群聚集--医生说,这是任何地方节日游行的一个很好的经验法则。(图片来源:Peter Kramer/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank Via Getty Images)FAd世界播


Neighborhood caroling FAd世界播

邻里颂歌。FAd世界播


“This can be safe, if you do it the right way,” says Russo. If you can carol with your immediate household or people within your bubble, you should be OK, he says. You’ll also need to stay spread out from the people you’re singing to. But it’s an entirely different story if you plan to carol in a group of people from outside your household or bubble. “It’s important to think about who is in this group of carolers,” Raymond says. While being outside is good, one study from the CDC released in May found that 87 percent of a choral group in Washington contracted COVID-19 from one infected member. “The risk is real,” Raymond says. FAd世界播

“如果你用正确的方法,这是安全的,”鲁索说。他说:如果你能和你的直系亲属或你的圈子里的人一起唱颂歌,你应该没问题。你还需要远离你唱歌的对象。但如果你打算和一群来自你家庭或泡泡之外的人一起唱颂歌,那就完全是另外一回事了。雷蒙德说:“想一想谁是这群唱颂歌的人,这一点很重要。”虽然外出是件好事,但美国疾病控制与预防中心5月份发布的一项研究发现,在华盛顿的一个合唱团中,87%的人感染了新冠肺炎,是由一名感染病毒的成员感染的。“风险是真实存在的,”雷蒙德说。FAd世界播


Outdoor dinner parties FAd世界播

户外晚宴。FAd世界播


The CDC says that having a small outdoor dinner with people who live in your community is considered a “moderate risk” activity. “It’s not perfect, but it could be done more safely if people separate and each social bubble has their own table, separated by at least 6 feet,” Russo says. “Make sure masks are up when you mingle.” FAd世界播

美国疾病控制与预防中心表示,与居住在你所在社区的人共进一顿小型户外晚餐被认为是一种“中等风险”的活动。拉索说:“这并不完美,但如果人们分开,每个社交泡泡都有自己的桌子,相隔至少6英尺,这样做可能会更安全。”“当你们混在一起的时候,一定要戴上口罩。”FAd世界播


Public Christmas tree or Hanukkah menorah lightings FAd世界播

公共圣诞树或光明节烛台点灯。FAd世界播


These events can be tricky, because they typically attract a lot of people, Russo says. If you do decide to take the risk, he recommends wearing a mask and sticking to the edge of the crowd. FAd世界播

拉索说,这些活动可能很棘手,因为它们通常会吸引很多人。如果你真的决定冒险,他建议你戴上口罩,站在人群的边缘。FAd世界播


Turkey trots FAd世界播

火鸡小跑。FAd世界播


This falls squarely into the “it depends” category: If you plan to race as usual, “it’s a no-go,” Russo says. But if you take certain precautions, it may be a moderate-risk activity. “While it is possible to remain masked and distanced, given the wide range of individuals attending these races, it can be difficult to know the health status of everyone you come into contact with,” Dr. Mark Conroy, emergency medicine physician at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, tells Yahoo Life. If you can run on the periphery and steer clear of others, it may be doable, Raymond adds. Even better: a virtual turkey trot. “Running outside individually is a low-risk activity,” Kulkarni notes. FAd世界播

这完全可以归入“这取决于”一类:如果你计划像往常一样比赛,“这是行不通的,”鲁索说。但如果你采取一定的预防措施,这可能是中等风险的活动。俄亥俄州立大学韦克斯纳医学中心的急诊内科医生马克·康罗伊博士告诉雅虎生活:“虽然可以保持蒙面和保持距离,但考虑到参加这些比赛的个人范围很广,很难知道你接触过的每个人的健康状况,”俄亥俄州立大学韦克斯纳医学中心的急诊内科医生马克·康罗伊(Mark Conroy)告诉雅虎生活(Yahoo Life)。雷蒙德补充说,如果你能在外围奔跑,避开其他人,这可能是可行的。更棒的是:一场虚拟的火鸡小跑。库尔卡尔尼指出:“单独在户外跑步是一种低风险的活动。”FAd世界播


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Volunteering at a soup kitchen this year can still happen, as long as certain safety protocol are being followed, say experts. (Photo: Susan Watts/New York Daily News Archive via Getty Images) FAd世界播

专家表示,只要遵守一定的安全规程,今年仍有可能在施舍厨房做志愿者。(图片来源:苏珊·瓦茨(Susan Watts)/纽约每日新闻档案馆(Getty Images))FAd世界播


Volunteering at a soup kitchen FAd世界播

在施舍处做义工。FAd世界播


“It depends on the details,” Kulkarni says. “How is dining arranged in the facility? How is food being served? Does the facility have a universal masking and distancing policy?” He adds that it may be possible to do this in a way that minimizes your risk, but a lot of precautions would need to be followed, including social distancing behind the scenes and when food is served, spacing out tables, having one person doing the serving, allowing people to receive their food in small groups rather than creating a large line and, of course, making sure everyone wears masks unless they are eating. FAd世界播

库尔卡尔尼说:“这取决于细节。”“设施里的用餐安排是怎么安排的?”食物是怎么上桌的?该设施是否有统一的遮蔽和疏远政策?“。他补充说,也许可以用一种将风险降至最低的方式来做到这一点,但需要遵循很多预防措施,包括在幕后和上菜时保持社交距离,隔开桌子,由一个人上菜,允许人们以小组形式接受食物,而不是排起长队,当然,还需要确保每个人都戴着口罩,除非他们在吃饭。FAd世界播


Generally safe: Go for it, but proceed with caution FAd世界播

总体上是安全的:去做吧,但要谨慎行事。FAd世界播


While doctors say these activities are largely safe, there are some caveats. FAd世界播

虽然医生说这些活动在很大程度上是安全的,但也有一些警告。FAd世界播


Cookie competition FAd世界播

曲奇大赛。FAd世界播


Gather your roommates or household family and see who can who can bake the best traditional holiday cookies in under two hours. Will fan favorite gingerbread reign as champion? Or will peanut butter kisses take the cake? Do your best Paul Hollywood impression and find out. FAd世界播

召集你的室友或家人,看看谁能在两小时内烤出最好的传统节日饼干。粉丝最喜欢的姜饼会成为冠军吗?或者花生酱之吻会夺走蛋糕吗?尽你所能给保罗·好莱坞留下最好的印象,然后找出答案。FAd世界播


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A bake-off with those you live with is a safe and celebratory activity this year. (Photo: Getty Images) FAd世界播

今年,和你住在一起的人一起烤面包是一种安全和庆祝的活动。(图片来源:Getty Images)FAd世界播


Checking out Christmas light displays FAd世界播

查看圣诞彩灯展示。FAd世界播


Drive-through displays, where you stay in your car with members of your own household, are best, “as long as you limit people in your car to your immediate family,” Conroy says. A walk-through display can also be safe, but you’ll want to make sure you stay spread out from others and bring masks. “If anyone gets close to you, just pop your mask on,” Russo advises. FAd世界播

康罗伊说,“只要你把车里的人限制在你的直系亲属之内”,免下车展示是最好的,就是你和你自己的家庭成员呆在你的车里的时候,“只要你把车里的人限制在你的直系亲属之内”。穿行展示也是安全的,但你要确保自己远离他人,并带上口罩。拉索建议说:“如果有人接近你,就戴上口罩。”FAd世界播


Christmas movie marathon FAd世界播

圣诞电影马拉松。FAd世界播


Grab the popcorn and some mulled wine and cozy up for a night of your favorite Christmas movies. Make it a group event by inviting friends to a Netflix party. And don’t forget the tissues. Love Actually gets us. Every. Single. Time. FAd世界播

拿上爆米花和一些热酒,舒舒服服地看一晚你最喜欢的圣诞电影。邀请朋友参加Netflix派对,把它变成一个集体活动。别忘了纸巾。爱情真的会让我们。每个。单人间。时间到了。FAd世界播


Kissing under the mistletoe FAd世界播

在槲寄生下接吻。FAd世界播


Yes, this is safe, with one huge exception: as long as you’re kissing your established partner or someone who lives in your household, Conroy says. But if you want to smooch someone who doesn’t live in your household, it’s best to take a pass. “It is an unmasked activity with direct exchange of respiratory secretions,” Kulkarni points out. FAd世界播

康罗伊说,是的,这是安全的,但有一个很大的例外:只要你在亲吻你的既定伴侣或住在你家里的人。但是,如果你想亲吻一个不住在你家里的人,最好的办法就是放过他。库尔卡尔尼指出:“这是一种不加掩饰的活动,直接交换呼吸道分泌物。”FAd世界播


Virtual tree decorating party FAd世界播

虚拟树木装饰派对FAd世界播


The first step to getting into the holiday spirit is turning your home into the cozy haven of your dreams. And what better way than doing so virtually with your friends and family? So grab the fairy lights, ornaments, tinsel and blast some Michael Bublé, then gather your friends and family on Zoom and see who can go the most all-out this year. Winner gets bragging rights all winter long. FAd世界播

融入节日氛围的第一步是把你的家变成你梦想中的温馨港湾。还有什么比虚拟地和你的朋友和家人一起做这件事更好的方式呢?所以,拿起仙灯,装饰品,金属饰品,吹一些迈克尔·布莱(Michael Bublé),然后把你的朋友和家人聚集在Zoom上,看看谁能在今年最全力以赴。获胜者整个冬天都有吹嘘的权利。FAd世界播


Visiting a Christmas tree farm or stand FAd世界播

参观圣诞树农场或摊位。FAd世界播


This can be a safe family activity, Raymond says, adding, “If you and your kids want to pick out a Christmas tree outdoors and socially distance from others, that’s fine.” Just wear a mask when you pay and have one family member interact with the seller while others hang back to minimize the risk of exposure. A Christmas tree stand can be a little riskier, depending on how crowded it is, Russo says, but adds that if everyone in your family wears a mask and stays spread out from others, it should be fine. FAd世界播

雷蒙德说,这可能是一项安全的家庭活动,他补充说,“如果你和你的孩子想在户外挑选一棵圣诞树,并与其他人保持社交距离,那也没问题。”付款时只需戴上口罩,让一名家庭成员与卖家互动,其他人则留下来,将暴露的风险降至最低。拉索说,圣诞树摊位的风险可能会稍高一些,这取决于它有多拥挤,但他补充说,如果你家里每个人都戴着口罩,并与其他人分散在一起,应该没有问题。FAd世界播


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