氟化物对你的牙齿有什么作用?

2020-11-19 11:31

Here's Why Your Dentist Loves Fluoride So Much tPE世界播

这就是为什么你的牙医如此热爱氟化物。tPE世界播


暂无tPE世界播

Smiling woman looking teeth in hand mirror. Female dentist is explaining dental health to patient. They are in medical examination room. tPE世界播

微笑的女人在手镜中看着牙齿。女牙医正在给病人讲解牙齿健康。他们在体检室里tPE世界播


While my mouth is full of equipment, my dentist always checks-in with, "You're using fluoride products, right?" I respond with a shrug while trying not to spit or choke. tPE世界播

当我嘴里塞满了设备时,我的牙医总是问我:“你在用氟化物产品,对吗?”我的回答是耸耸肩,同时尽量不吐痰或哽咽。tPE世界播


Admittedly, I don't seek out fluoride — it's coincidentally in some of the dental products I habitually use. Am I consuming too little or too much? I have no idea — honestly, I'm not even sure of what fluoride is all about. tPE世界播

诚然,我并不寻找氟化物--巧合的是,我习惯使用的一些牙科产品中也含有氟化物。我是吃得太少还是太多了?我不知道--老实说,我甚至不确定氟化物到底是什么。tPE世界播


I have Dr. Shruti Shah, DMD, of ProHEALTH Dental, to thank for breaking things down for me: "Fluoride is a mineral that has cavity-fighting and cavity-prevention properties. Trace amounts of fluoride can be naturally found in water, food, soil, and plants. It's most commonly consumed by drinking fluoridated water, having food and drinks that are made with fluoridated water, and using toothpaste and other dental products." tPE世界播

我要感谢ProHealth Dental的DMD Shruti Shah博士为我做了详细的介绍:“氟化物是一种具有抗龋齿和防蛀性的矿物质。水、食物、土壤和植物中都含有微量的氟化物。最常见的消费方式是饮用氟化水、食用用氟化水制成的食物和饮料,以及使用牙膏和其他牙科产品。”tPE世界播


Dr. Shah explains that your teeth's enamel loses and gains minerals daily — plaque, bacteria, and sugar in the mouth attack the enamel while food and water containing minerals like calcium, fluoride, and phosphate replenish your teeth. When demineralization exceeds remineralization and the enamel layer isn't sufficiently repaired, tooth decay occurs, she adds. tPE世界播

沙阿博士解释说,牙齿的釉质每天都会流失和增加矿物质--牙菌斑、细菌和口腔中的糖分会攻击釉质,而含有钙、氟化物和磷酸盐等矿物质的食物和水会给牙齿补充营养。她补充说,当脱矿超过再矿化,牙釉质层没有得到充分修复时,就会发生龋齿。tPE世界播


If you want to rebuild weakened tooth enamel, reverse the progression of early or existing cavities, prevent tooth decay, prevent the growth of harmful oral bacteria, or reduce hypersensitivity, Dr. Shah says that fluoride might help. tPE世界播

沙阿博士说,如果你想重建受损的牙釉质,逆转早期或现有龋齿的发展,防止龋齿,防止有害口腔细菌的生长,或者减少过敏,氟化物可能会有所帮助。tPE世界播


Suffering from dry mouth (or a condition that causes dry mouth!) could make you more susceptible to developing dental cavities, in which case, your dentist might up your fluoride intake — especially if you're dealing with tooth sensitivity, she adds. tPE世界播

口干(或导致口干的疾病!)。这会让你更容易患龋齿,在这种情况下,你的牙医可能会增加你的氟化物摄入量--特别是当你正在处理牙齿敏感的问题时,她补充道。tPE世界播


"The safest and easiest way to consume fluoride is simply by drinking water in fluoridated communities. According to the CDC, drinking fluoridated water reduces tooth decay rate by 25 percent." tPE世界播

“饮用氟化物最安全、最简单的方式就是在含氟社区喝水。根据美国疾病控制与预防中心的说法,饮用含氟水可以降低25%的龋齿发生率。”tPE世界播


Depending on your age and oral health, your dentist might recommend you use additional products like fluoride-infused toothpaste, mouthwashes, and beverages processed with fluoridated water, and dietary supplements containing prescription-level fluorides, Dr. Shah says. tPE世界播

沙阿说,根据你的年龄和口腔健康状况,牙医可能会建议你使用其他产品,比如注入氟化物的牙膏、漱口水、含氟水加工的饮料,以及含有处方级氟化物的膳食补充剂。tPE世界播


Seeking advice from your dentist on fluoride intake is important because there is such a thing as overdoing it — especially amongst children. Dr. Shah explains that if a kid (especially under the age of six-years-old!) consumes too much fluoride, hazardous fluoride toxicity can occur. tPE世界播

向你的牙医咨询有关氟化物摄入量的建议很重要,因为有一种事情就是过量摄取--特别是在儿童中。沙阿博士解释说,如果一个孩子(特别是6岁以下的孩子!)。摄入过多的氟化物,可能会发生危险的氟化物中毒。tPE世界播


"If enamel discoloration (dental fluorosis) occurs from overuse of fluoride (in young children), the amount of fluoride used topically should be reduced to the recommended levels based on age. Fluoride hypersensitivity or toxicity from the overuse of fluoride may indicate a need to lower usage of topical and/or systemic fluoride." tPE世界播

如果(幼儿)因过量使用氟化物而导致釉质变色(氟斑牙),则应根据年龄将局部氟化物的使用量降至推荐水平。过度使用氟化物引起的氟化物过敏或毒性可能表明需要减少局部和/或全身氟化物的使用量。tPE世界播


Click here for more health and wellness stories, tips, and news. tPE世界播

点击这里了解更多关于健康和健康的故事、小贴士和新闻。tPE世界播

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