法官阻止特朗普政府遣返无人陪伴的移民儿童

2020-11-19 07:34

A Judge Has Blocked The Trump Administration From Turning Back Unaccompanied Children At The Border hW9世界播

一名法官阻止特朗普政府遣返边境无人陪伴的儿童。hW9世界播


暂无hW9世界播

A 7-year-old asylum-seeker waits with an immigration lawyer at the port of entry in Brownsville, Texas, Dec. 17, 2019. hW9世界播

2019年12月17日,德克萨斯州布朗斯维尔,一名7岁的寻求庇护者与移民律师在入境口岸等待hW9世界播


A federal judge on Wednesday blocked the Trump administration from turning back unaccompanied children at the border under a controversial policy that gave federal agents unprecedented powers to close off access during the coronavirus pandemic. hW9世界播

周三,一名联邦法官阻止特朗普政府根据一项有争议的政策将无人陪伴的儿童送回边境。这项政策赋予联邦特工前所未有的权力,可以在冠状病毒大流行期间关闭通道。hW9世界播


Before the pandemic, unaccompanied children were sent to government-run shelters as they attempted to pursue their asylum cases. The Trump administration has argued that the current policy is necessary to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in the United States. Critics said the government was using public health orders from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as an excuse to violate federal laws that govern the processing of unaccompanied minors at the border. hW9世界播

在疫情爆发之前,无人陪伴的儿童被送往政府运营的收容所,试图追查他们的庇护案件。特朗普政府辩称,为了防止冠状病毒在美国蔓延,目前的政策是必要的。批评人士说,政府正在利用疾病控制和预防中心(Centers For Disease Control And Prevention)的公共卫生命令作为借口,违反管理边境处理无人陪伴未成年人的联邦法律。hW9世界播


BuzzFeed News previously reported that the Department of Homeland Security has expelled unaccompanied immigrant children from the US border more than 13,000 times since March. hW9世界播

BuzzFeed新闻此前曾报道,自3月份以来,国土安全部已经将无人陪伴的移民儿童驱逐出美国边境超过1.3万次。hW9世界播


Judge Emmet Sullivan issued a preliminary injunction on Wednesday, blocking border officials from turning away unaccompanied children. hW9世界播

法官埃米特·沙利文(Emmet Sullivan)周三发布了初步禁令,阻止边境官员拒绝无人陪伴的儿童。hW9世界播


“Today’s ruling is a critical step in halting the Trump administration’s unprecedented and illegal attempt to expel children under the thin guise of public health. The administration’s order has already allowed for the rapid expulsion of more than 13,000 children in need of protection, who were legally entitled to apply for asylum,” said Lee Gelernt, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union leading the case. hW9世界播

“今天的裁决是阻止特朗普政府以公共卫生为幌子驱逐儿童的史无前例的非法企图的关键一步。负责此案的美国公民自由联盟(American Civil Liberties Union)的律师李·格勒尔特(Lee Gelernt)说,政府的命令已经允许迅速驱逐超过1.3万名需要保护的儿童,他们在法律上有权申请庇护。hW9世界播


Before the pandemic, unaccompanied children picked up by Border Patrol agents would be sent to the Office of Refugee Resettlement, where they would be housed in shelters as they officially started applying for asylum and waited to be reunited with family members in the US. hW9世界播

疫情爆发前,被边境巡逻人员接走的无人陪伴的儿童将被送往难民安置办公室(Office Of Refugee Reletation),在那里他们将被安置在收容所里,然后正式开始申请庇护,等待与在美国的家人团聚。hW9世界播


The ORR referral process was created by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act, which was signed by then-president George W. Bush in 2008. Under the law, Customs and Border Protection officials are generally required to refer the children within 72 hours to the US refugee agency. hW9世界播

ORR转介程序是由人口贩运受害者保护重新授权法案创建的,该法案由时任总统乔治·W·布什(George W.Bush)于2008年签署。根据这项法律,海关和边境保护局官员通常被要求在72小时内将这些儿童转介给美国难民署。hW9世界播


But those referrals dropped precipitously after the CDC's coronavirus order. Instead, unaccompanied children at the border are turned back immediately to Mexico or held in CBP facilities until a flight can get them out of the country. hW9世界播

但在疾控中心下达冠状病毒命令后,这些转诊人数急剧下降。取而代之的是,边境上无人陪伴的儿童会立即被遣返回墨西哥,或者被关押在CBP设施中,直到飞机能把他们带出这个国家。hW9世界播


In late June, US District Judge Carl Nichols, who was appointed by President Donald Trump, blocked the deportation of a 16-year-old Honduran boy under the CDC's order. While the ruling did not void the policy altogether, it was seen as a blow to the administration. Since then, the government has said it was no longer seeking to use the CDC's order to remove the boy from the country. hW9世界播

6月下旬,由唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)总统任命的美国地区法官卡尔·尼科尔斯(Carl Nichols)根据疾控中心的命令阻止了一名16岁洪都拉斯男孩的驱逐。虽然这项裁决并没有完全废除这项政策,但它被视为对政府的打击。自那以后,政府表示不再寻求利用疾控中心的命令将男孩驱逐出境。hW9世界播

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