回到健身房让我松了一口气,但是这里安全吗?

2020-10-26 00:10

Relieved to Be Back at the Gym, but Is It Safe? SDs世界播

回到健身房让我松了一口气,但是这里安全吗?SDs世界播


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Marco Guanilo, who owns Momentum Fitness, holds outdoor classes in Central Park in New York on Aug. 30, 2020. (Sarah Blesener/The New York Times) SDs世界播

2020年8月30日,在纽约中央公园,拥有Momentum Fitness的马可·瓜尼洛(Marco Guanilo)在开设户外课程。(Sarah Blesener/《纽约时报》)SDs世界播


NEW YORK — The coronavirus has made a routine trip to the gym feel like a health threat. SDs世界播

纽约-冠状病毒让例行的健身房之旅感觉像是对健康的威胁。SDs世界播


Many epidemiologists consider gyms to be among the highest-risk environments, and they were some of the last businesses to reopen in New York City in early September. SDs世界播

许多流行病学家认为健身房是风险最高的环境之一,它们是9月初在纽约市重新开业的最后几家企业之一。SDs世界播


Now gyms must comply with a long list of regulations. Checking in requires a health screening; masks are mandatory, even during the most strenuous workouts; only one-third of normal occupancy is allowed; and everyone must clean, then clean some more. SDs世界播

现在,健身房必须遵守一长串规定。办理登机手续需要健康检查;口罩是强制性的,即使在最剧烈的锻炼期间也是如此;只允许正常入住率的三分之一;每个人都必须打扫,然后再打扫一些。SDs世界播


At a Planet Fitness in Brooklyn, Dinara Izmagambetova, who wore a floral black face mask and had a sheen of sweat after completing a two-hour workout, said she was thrilled to be back in a gym. But safety measures had made it a less sociable experience, she said. SDs世界播

在布鲁克林的一家Planet Fitness,戴着花卉黑色面膜的迪娜拉·伊兹马加贝托娃(Dinara Izmagambetova)在完成两个小时的锻炼后汗流浃背,她说,回到健身房让她很兴奋。但她说,安全措施让它变得不那么社交性了。SDs世界播


“I could ask someone” how to use a machine before the outbreak, Izmagambetova said. “Now I’m doing a lot of Googling.” SDs世界播

Izmagambetova说,在疫情爆发之前,“我可以问别人”如何使用机器。“现在我在谷歌上搜索很多。”SDs世界播


Despite all the safety guidelines, some fitness enthusiasts are reluctant to go back and many have adapted to virtual workouts and exercising outdoors. Sales of fitness equipment like kettlebells and Peloton bikes have skyrocketed as people brought their workouts home. SDs世界播

尽管有所有的安全指南,一些健身爱好者不愿回去,许多人已经适应了虚拟锻炼和户外锻炼。随着人们把锻炼带回家,像壶铃和佩洛顿自行车这样的健身器材的销量飙升。SDs世界播


Christopher Carbone plans to cancel his membership at a Planet Fitness branch near his home on Staten Island because of concerns about people who touch “the same equipment many times and excess sweat and breathing in range of others.” SDs世界播

克里斯托弗·卡伯恩(Christopher Carbone)计划取消他在斯塔滕岛(Staten Island)家附近一家Planet Fitness分店的会员资格,因为他担心人们会多次触摸相同的设备,并在其他人的范围内挥洒过多的汗水和呼吸。SDs世界播


Instead of going to the gym, Carbone will keep working out at home with a small set of hand weights. SDs世界播

卡伯恩不会去健身房,而是继续在家里锻炼,做一组小的手举重。SDs世界播


In normal times, gyms often served as places of solace, where fitness buffs and casual exercisers could sweat out the stresses of the day. SDs世界播

在正常情况下,健身房通常是安慰的地方,健身爱好者和休闲锻炼者可以在那里汗流浃背地排解一天的压力。SDs世界播


Many former patrons are eager to return to their routines, and gym owners desperately need their business. SDs世界播

许多以前的顾客都渴望回到他们的日常生活中,健身房老板迫切需要他们的业务。SDs世界播


But even as gyms have reopened, their future remains unclear. Some of them have had to shut down again after Gov. Andrew Cuomo recently designated parts of Brooklyn and Queens coronavirus hot spots. SDs世界播

但是,即使健身房已经重新开放,它们的未来仍然不明朗。在州长安德鲁·科莫(Andrew Cuomo)最近指定布鲁克林和皇后区的部分地区为冠状病毒热点后,其中一些不得不再次关闭。SDs世界播


A Retro Fitness location in Rego Park, Queens, formerly in one of Cuomo’s “red zones,” expressed regret about closing on its Facebook page. SDs世界播

位于皇后区雷戈公园(Rego Park)的一家复古健身店,以前位于库默的“红区”之一,在其Facebook页面上对关闭表示遗憾。SDs世界播


“We have done our best to stay open as long as possible to serve you,” the post said, adding, “We support the city/county’s decision as being in the best interest of our members, staff, and community to help curb the spread of Coronavirus.” SDs世界播

“我们已经尽了最大努力保持营业时间,尽可能长时间为您服务,”该帖子说,并补充说,“我们支持市/县的决定,认为这是为了我们的成员、工作人员和社区的最佳利益,以帮助遏制冠状病毒的传播。”SDs世界播


The gym was recently allowed to reopen as some restrictions were eased. SDs世界播

随着一些限制的放松,健身房最近获准重新开放。SDs世界播


Despite scientists’ concerns, infection clusters connected to gyms in the United States have been relatively rare so far, though they have been reported in Hawaii and California. SDs世界播

尽管科学家们对此表示担忧,但到目前为止,美国与健身房相关的感染群相对较少,尽管夏威夷和加利福尼亚州也有报道。SDs世界播


“We’re not seeing outbreaks tied to gyms as heavily as something like a bar or school,” said Dr. Saskia Popescu, an epidemiologist from George Mason University. SDs世界播

乔治梅森大学(George Mason University)流行病学家萨斯基娅·波佩斯库(Saskia Popescu)博士说:“我们没有看到像酒吧或学校那样与健身房密切相关的疫情。”SDs世界播


Still, a number of the 2,000 or so gyms in New York state and fitness centers across the country face a fight for life. At least one-fourth of the more than 40,000 gyms in the United States could close by the end of the year, according to the International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association, an industry group. A study by Yelp said that more than 2,600 already had. SDs世界播

尽管如此,纽约州约2000家健身房和全国各地的健身中心中,仍有一些面临着生存之战。根据行业组织国际健康、球拍和体育俱乐部协会(International Health,Racquet and SportsClub Association)的数据,美国4万多家健身房中至少有四分之一可能在今年年底前关闭。Yelp的一项研究称,已经有超过2600人这样做了。SDs世界播


Many of those that have closed are smaller, independently owned businesses that have fewer resources than large national chains like Planet Fitness, LA Fitness and Equinox. SDs世界播

许多关闭的企业都是规模较小的独立所有企业,与Planet Fitness、LA Fitness和Equinox等大型全国性连锁店相比,这些企业拥有的资源更少。SDs世界播


Marco Guanilo, who owns Momentum Fitness on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, said he had struggled during the long months he was closed, but that about 50% of his business had returned since he reopened. SDs世界播

在曼哈顿上西区拥有Momentum Fitness的马尔科·瓜尼洛(Marco Guanilo)说,在他关闭的长达几个月的时间里,他一直在苦苦挣扎,但自从他重新开业以来,大约50%的业务已经恢复。SDs世界播


Still, he was $300,000 in debt, much of it from back rent payments he could not pay. Guanilo said that he thought his business would endure as long as he could stay open. The recent state-imposed closures have made him anxious. SDs世界播

尽管如此,他还是欠了30万美元的债务,其中很大一部分是因为他付不起房租。瓜尼洛说,他认为只要他能继续营业,他的业务就会持续下去。最近国家强制关闭让他感到焦虑。SDs世界播


“I’m scared of another shutdown,” Guanilo said, “because that will put us under.” SDs世界播

“我害怕再次关门,”瓜尼洛说,“因为那会让我们陷入困境。”SDs世界播


While major chains may have deeper pockets, many are also in dire straits. Gold’s Gym, 24 Hour Fitness and Town Sports International — the parent company of New York Sports Clubs — have all filed for bankruptcy. SDs世界播

虽然大型连锁店的财力可能更雄厚,但许多也处于可怕的困境中。Gold‘s健身房、24小时健身和纽约体育俱乐部的母公司City Sports International都已经申请破产。SDs世界播


Planet Fitness, which has more than 2,000 locations around the world and 40 in New York City, has also faced serious challenges. Its revenue was down nearly 80% from the same period last year, according to the company’s second quarter earnings report SDs世界播

在世界各地拥有2000多家分店和在纽约市拥有40家分店的Planet Fitness也面临着严峻的挑战。该公司第二季财报显示,其营收较上年同期下降近80%。SDs世界播


Despite the bleak numbers, Chris Rondeau, Planet Fitness’s chief executive, said the company has managed to weather the pandemic. SDs世界播

尽管数据惨淡,但Planet Fitness首席执行官克里斯·朗多(Chris Rondeau)表示,该公司已设法度过了大流行。SDs世界播


“Cancels are a little bit higher, for sure,” Rondeau said, but, he added, “people are joining at the same clip they were this time last year.” SDs世界播

“可以肯定的是,取消的门票稍微高了一点,”朗多说,但他补充说,“人们正在以去年这个时候一样的速度加入进来。”SDs世界播


Planet Fitness furloughed most of its employees during the pandemic, but about 85% of them have returned to work and no locations closed, Rondeau said. SDs世界播

Rondeau说,Planet Fitness在大流行期间让大多数员工休假,但其中约85%的员工已经重返工作岗位,没有任何门店关闭。SDs世界播


Across the country, states have imposed different regulations to reopen gyms safely. Most require occupancy limitations and at least 6 feet of social distancing, though some states mandate as much as 14 feet. Requirements for face coverings vary. SDs世界播

在全国各地,各州都实施了不同的规定,以安全地重新开放健身房。大多数要求入住率限制和至少6英尺的社会距离,尽管有些州的要求高达14英尺。对面罩的要求各不相同。SDs世界播


Regulations differ even in the states neighboring New York: New Jersey only allows gyms to operate at 25% capacity, while Connecticut permits twice that. SDs世界播

即使是邻近纽约州的法规也不同:新泽西州只允许健身房以25%的容量运营,而康涅狄格州允许的容量是这个数字的两倍。SDs世界播


Before gyms in New York can reopen they must undergo an inspection over video with an official from the city’s Health Department, showing that they have posted safety plans, have spaced machines apart and are using an up-to-code air filtration system. SDs世界播

纽约的健身房在重新开放之前,必须与该市卫生局的一名官员通过视频进行检查,显示他们已经发布了安全计划,将机器分开,并使用了符合标准的空气过滤系统。SDs世界播


Fulfilling the requirements and stockpiling cleaning supplies and personal protective equipment can cost more than $10,000, a significant burden after months of inactivity. SDs世界播

满足要求并储存清洁用品和个人防护装备可能需要超过1万美元,在几个月的不活动之后,这是一个巨大的负担。SDs世界播


As of the beginning of October, the city had inspected more than 1,000 gyms, and only 11 had failed. Failing gyms can reopen once they fix the issues they were cited for. In-person inspections might begin in the near future, officials said. SDs世界播

截至10月初,该市已检查了1000多家健身房,只有11家失败。失败的健身房一旦解决了被引用的问题就可以重新开放。官员们说,面对面的检查可能在不久的将来开始。SDs世界播


Popescu said she believed that “the virtual approach” to inspections “is frankly better than nothing, which is what many have done.” SDs世界播

波佩斯库说,她相信检查的“虚拟方式”“坦率地说总比没有好,这是许多人已经做过的”。SDs世界播


Whatever the risk factor, gyms are certainly different these days. SDs世界播

无论风险因素是什么,如今的健身房肯定不同了。SDs世界播


On a recent weekend at a large Planet Fitness branch in Brooklyn, a masked greeter asked clients whether they had coronavirus symptoms, then collected their contact information. SDs世界播

最近的一个周末,在布鲁克林的一家大型星球健身分店,一名蒙面迎宾员询问客户是否有冠状病毒症状,然后收集了他们的联系方式。SDs世界播


Television screens flashed reminders to disinfect workout stations, and every other treadmill and elliptical machine was blocked out with yellow-and-purple signs that said, “We’re practicing social fitnessing. This machine is not available for use.” Even so, there were few people working out. SDs世界播

电视屏幕上闪烁着对锻炼站进行消毒的提示,其他所有跑步机和椭圆机都被黄色和紫色的牌子挡住了,上面写着:“我们正在练习社交健身。”这台机器不可用。“。即便如此,锻炼的人还是很少。SDs世界播


One of them was Dana Fagan, a bookkeeper, 41, who said she was pleased by the precautions being taken. SDs世界播

其中一位是41岁的簿记员达娜·费根(Dana Fagan),她说她对正在采取的预防措施感到高兴。SDs世界播


“I’m cleaning more — the whole thing is wet and I’m fine with that,” she said about disinfecting the equipment. “You can never have enough.” SDs世界播

“我在更多地清洁-整个东西都是湿的,我对此没有意见,”她在谈到对设备进行消毒时说。“你永远不会满足。”SDs世界播


Guanilo’s boutique gym normally offers group classes, physical therapy and individual sessions with trainers. The more controlled atmosphere at his gym, where patrons have individual sessions if they’re not in a group class, appeals to people who are concerned about infection, like Joshua Rubin, a 38-year-old director at an accounting firm. SDs世界播

瓜尼洛的精品健身房通常提供小组课程、物理治疗和与教练的个人课程。他的健身房气氛更受控制,如果不参加小组课程,顾客会单独上课,这对那些担心感染的人很有吸引力,比如38岁的一家会计师事务所的董事约书亚·鲁宾(Joshua Rubin)。SDs世界播


“There’s not people wandering around using different machines,” Rubin said. “There’s only two to three of us at a time.” SDs世界播

鲁宾说:“没有人使用不同的机器四处游荡。”“我们一次只有两到三个人。”SDs世界播


Nearby, Jesse Damon, 46, stretched his arms while a trainer verbally guided him, keeping several feet away. SDs世界播

附近,46岁的杰西·达蒙(Jesse Damon)伸出双臂,一名教练口头指导他,保持几英尺远。SDs世界播


“They’re very safe here, this is a private gym,” he said, adding that he went to a gym in Wyoming during a visit in June and “it was a lot of 20-year-olds not wearing masks.’’ SDs世界播

“他们在这里非常安全,这是一家私人健身房,”他说,并补充说,他在6月份的一次访问中去了怀俄明州的一家健身房,“那里有很多20岁的年轻人没有戴口罩。”SDs世界播


Fitness classes normally make up nearly half of Guanilo’s income, but the city still does not allow them indoors because officials say they are too risky. SDs世界播

健身班通常占瓜尼洛收入的近一半,但该市仍然不允许它们进入室内,因为官员们说它们风险太大。SDs世界播


While he was shut, Guanilo was able to recover some of his lost business through virtual sessions and group fitness classes in Central Park, which involved hauling hundreds of pounds of equipment on a hand truck. SDs世界播

在关门期间,瓜尼洛能够通过虚拟会议和中央公园的集体健身课程恢复一些失去的业务,其中包括用一辆手推车拖着数百磅的设备。SDs世界播


Guanilo’s clients want him to succeed, but some are not comfortable returning. Richard Stanger, a 70-year-old business consultant, said he would not go back to Momentum Fitness until there was a reliable treatment for the virus. SDs世界播

瓜尼洛的客户希望他成功,但一些人对回来感到不舒服。70岁的商业顾问理查德·斯坦格(Richard Stanger)表示,在找到可靠的病毒治疗方法之前,他不会回到Momentum Fitness。SDs世界播


“We all want life to return to normal, and normal to me would be working out with Marco,” Stanger said. “And I’m hoping we get there, but I’m not optimistic that we can get there before the first of the year.” SDs世界播

斯坦格说:“我们都希望生活恢复正常,对我来说,和马可一起锻炼也是正常的。”“我希望我们能到达那里,但我对我们能在今年年初之前到达那里并不乐观。”SDs世界播


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