如果我离别人6英尺远,我需要戴口罩吗?

2020-10-22 16:07

Do I need to wear a mask if I’m 6 feet away from others? 91G世界播

如果我离别人6英尺远,我需要戴口罩吗?91G世界播


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AP Illustration/Peter Hamlin; 91G世界播

美联社插图/彼得·哈姆林;91G世界播


Do I need to wear a mask if I’m 6 feet away from others? 91G世界播

如果我离别人6英尺远,我需要戴口罩吗?91G世界播


Health experts recommend wearing masks in public and keeping your distance from others in most cases, but whether you should do both could depend on the situation. 91G世界播

健康专家建议,在大多数情况下,在公共场合戴口罩并与他人保持距离,但是否应该两者兼而有之,可能要视情况而定。91G世界播


“There’s no invisible force field at 6 feet,” said Saskia Popescu, an infectious disease expert at George Mason University. 91G世界播

乔治梅森大学的传染病专家Saskia Popescu说:“在6英尺的高度没有看不见的力场。”91G世界播


The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says spread of the virus beyond 6 feet is uncommon but more likely in poorly ventilated spaces. Some health experts say the virus can spread more easily than the agency indicates, and suggest wearing masks even in prolonged outdoor gatherings when people are more than 6 feet apart. 91G世界播

美国疾病控制和预防中心表示,病毒传播超过6英尺的情况并不常见,但更有可能是在通风不良的空间。一些健康专家说,病毒比该机构所说的更容易传播,并建议即使在距离超过6英尺的长时间户外集会中也要戴口罩。91G世界播


Other factors could also influence whether it’s best to keep your distance while also wearing a mask. When people raise their voices or pant — such as when they sing, shout or exercise — they can expel more respiratory droplets or aerosols, and send them traveling farther through the air. The longer you’re in a situation with potential for exposure to the virus, the greater your risk of infection. 91G世界播

其他因素也会影响到是否最好在戴口罩的同时保持距离。当人们提高嗓音或喘气时-例如当他们唱歌、喊叫或锻炼时-他们可以排出更多的呼吸滴或气溶胶,并将它们送到更远的空气中。你处于有可能接触病毒的情况下的时间越长,你感染的风险就越大。91G世界播


“The reason this stuff is so confusing is people want clear answers, and there’s not a straightforward answer,” said Lisa M. Lee, a public health expert at Virginia Tech. 91G世界播

弗吉尼亚理工大学的公共卫生专家丽莎·M·李(Lisa M.Lee)说,“这件事之所以如此令人困惑,是因为人们想要明确的答案,而没有一个直接的答案。”91G世界播


Since no protective measure is entirely effective, Lee suggests layering safeguards like masks, social distancing and hand washing. 91G世界播

由于没有任何保护措施是完全有效的,李建议采取分层保护措施,如口罩、社交距离和洗手。91G世界播


“And your mask is your basic layer,” she said. 91G世界播

“你的面具是你的基本层,”她说。91G世界播


Getting in the habit of wearing a mask anytime you leave the house also eliminates having to decide when you should, said Bob Bednarczyk, an expert in infectious diseases at Emory University. 91G世界播

埃默里大学(Emory University)传染病专家鲍勃·贝德纳奇克(Bob Bednarczyk)表示,养成出门时戴口罩的习惯,也就不必决定什么时候应该戴口罩。91G世界播


“It’s one less thing to worry about,” he said. 91G世界播

“这就少了一件要担心的事,”他说。91G世界播


The AP is answering your questions about the coronavirus in this series. Submit them at: FactCheck@AP.org. 91G世界播

美联社在这一系列节目中回答了您关于冠状病毒的问题。请将它们提交到:FactCheck@ap.org。91G世界播


Read previous Viral Questions: 91G世界播

阅读之前的病毒式问题:91G世界播

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