2020-10-17 09:30

The false US election claims going viral y6T世界播



In the final weeks of the US election campaign all manner of false and misleading things are being shared on social media. y6T世界播


Here are some of the most recent - and false - claims. y6T世界播


Postal votes y6T世界播


The Trump campaign has often claimed, without evidence, that increased postal voting ("mail-in" is the American term) due to the pandemic will lead to tremendous fraud. y6T世界播


In fact, electoral fraud is incredibly rare. y6T世界播


Last week, President Trump suggested 50,000 people in Ohio getting erroneous absentee ballots was evidence of a "rigged election". y6T世界播





He repeated the example at a town-hall event on Thursday, when the moderator put it to him that the director of the FBI says there is no evidence of widespread fraud. y6T世界播


The elections board in Franklin County, Ohio, said the ballot error was a "serious mistake" but in its response to the president's tweet, it added: "Our board is bipartisan and our elections are fair. And every vote will be counted." y6T世界播


The error came through a technology malfunction - a high-speed scanner stopped working - that meant a chunk of more than 250,000 absentee ballots, for those not voting in person in their state, sent out were inaccurate. y6T世界播


Everyone affected now has the correct voter slip, the elections boards said, and there are various safeguards in place to make sure no one votes twice. y6T世界播


"Dumped" ballots y6T世界播


In September, pictures of ballot envelopes in California were shared thousands of times on Facebook along with further unsubstantiated claims of "vote rigging". y6T世界播





The official County of Sonoma Facebook page published a statement addressing the claims. "The pictures are of old empty envelopes from the November 2018 election that were disposed of as allowed by law," they said. y6T世界播


The county's ballots for this year's presidential election had not yet been sent out to voters when the pictures were shared. y6T世界播


Numerous national and state-level studies show that voter fraud is incredibly rare in the US. y6T世界播


There have been isolated cases of postal-ballot fraud and the FBI is currently investigating a case of nine military ballots that were discarded in Pennsylvania. y6T世界播


But Ellen Weintraub, commissioner of the Federal Election Commission, which oversees campaign spending laws, has said: "There's simply no basis for the conspiracy theory that voting by mail causes fraud." y6T世界播

但负责监督竞选支出法律的联邦选举委员会委员艾伦·温特劳布(Ellen Weinterub)表示:“邮寄投票导致欺诈的阴谋论根本没有根据。”y6T世界播

Campaign ads and attack videos y6T世界播


Misleading videos and adverts vilifying opponents, spinning facts and exaggerating the truth are of course common during election campaigns - and this one has been no different. y6T世界播


Donald Trump Jr posted a video featuring an interview with Joe Biden replying affirmatively - using the word "bingo" - when asked about gun control. y6T世界播

小唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump Jr)发布了一段视频,视频中乔·拜登(Joe Biden)在被问及枪支管制时做出了肯定的回答-使用了“宾果”(Bingo)这个词。y6T世界播




But the actual question was not about a wholesale ban on guns, but rather on one specific type - assault weapons. Mr Biden does indeed support a ban on the manufacture and sale of those high-powered weapons, and proposes that owners will either be able to sell them back to the government or register them. y6T世界播


The clip and Mr Trump Jr's tweet dropped any such nuance, however. y6T世界播


A Democratic Party-supporting Twitter account published its own video on the issue. Referring to the president's supporters, it claimed: "Hey MAGA, Trump is coming for your guns". Attached was a clip from a press conference in which the president says: "Take the firearms first and then go to court". y6T世界播





But here the president was referring to a policy of removing weapons from the hands of potentially dangerous people. y6T世界播


Misleadingly edited videos have been a recurring feature of the campaign. y6T世界播


This week, a Trump campaign ad was edited to make it look like Dr Anthony Fauci, one of the leaders of the White House coronavirus task force, was praising the president. In reality, Dr Fauci was talking about his own response to the pandemic. y6T世界播

本周,特朗普的一则竞选广告经过编辑,使其看起来像是白宫冠状病毒特别工作组的领导人之一安东尼·福奇博士(Dr Anthony Fuci)在赞扬总统。事实上,福奇博士谈论的是他自己对大流行的反应。y6T世界播

We've also seen campaign adverts on Facebook push inaccurate claims. y6T世界播


A frequent falsehood includes allegations that the president called coronavirus a "hoax". An ad seen a few hundred thousand times on Facebook this week and promoted by "Color Of Change PAC" - a "political action committee" separate from the political parties - includes the false claim. y6T世界播

经常出现的谎言包括总统称冠状病毒为“骗局”的指控。本周,Facebook上的一则广告被浏览了几十万次,该广告由独立于政党的“政治行动委员会”“改变的颜色政治行动委员会”(Color Of Change PAC)宣传,其中包括虚假声明。y6T世界播

While he has at times made wildly unscientific statements, President Trump did not directly call coronavirus a hoax. The rumour seems to stem from a speech he gave earlier in the year, in which he called the Democratic Party's reaction to his handling of the pandemic "their new hoax". y6T世界播


Following the first presidential debate, the Trump campaign posted ads promoting a false claim that Joe Biden wore an earpiece. y6T世界播

在第一场总统辩论之后,特朗普竞选团队发布了广告,宣传乔·拜登(Joe Biden)戴着耳机的虚假说法。y6T世界播

Further ads falsely claimed Mr Biden had been using a teleprompter in TV interviews. y6T世界播


Conspiracy theories y6T世界播


Tweets generating thousands of shares in recent days promoted a bizarre conspiracy theory, claiming to reveal secret information about the capture and death of Osama Bin Laden - an idea that was amplified by the president himself. y6T世界播

最近几天,产生了数千条分享的推文宣扬了一种离奇的阴谋论,声称披露了关于奥萨马·本·拉登(Osama Bin Laden)被捕和死亡的秘密信息-这一想法被总统本人放大了。y6T世界播




An article reporting these unfounded claims eventually entered the mainstream conversation after President Trump retweeted it. y6T世界播


The "whistleblower" in the story claims to have information to prove that a "body double" of Osama Bin Laden was killed by American troops in Pakistan, rather than the real Al Qaeda leader. y6T世界播


The article went even further, with the interviewee accusing Joe Biden of orchestrating a cover-up and the shooting down of a US helicopter in Afghanistan in 2011. They provided no evidence to support the claims. y6T世界播

这篇文章甚至更进一步,受访者指责乔·拜登(Joe Biden)策划掩盖事实,并于2011年在阿富汗击落一架美国直升机。他们没有提供任何证据来支持这些说法。y6T世界播

The accusations prompted fury from a member of the elite Navy Seal unit who took part in the mission. He totally rejected the theory, telling CNN it was "trampling on the graves of some of the best heroes I have ever personally worked with". y6T世界播


The author of the article retweeted by the president admitted on Twitter: "I have no proof that the Whistleblower's claims are true." y6T世界播


At Thursday's town-hall event the president was asked about his decision to retweet the dubious article, and responded: "I'll put it out there - people can decide for themselves." y6T世界播


Mr Trump has promoted conspiracy theories in the past and also became the subject of some when he caught coronavirus. y6T世界播





One particularly far-fetched theory shared on Facebook and Reddit this week claimed that Mr Trump has been replaced by a clone. y6T世界播


A collage of images entitled "The real Donald Trump never left hospital" contrasted photos of Donald Trump before and after his stay in hospital, labelling him a "new-born clone". y6T世界播


Though some people clearly shared the post as a joke, other comments suggested the idea was taken seriously by some. y6T世界播


The president has been seen in public multiple times since his release from hospital, and there is no evidence to support the wild theory. y6T世界播


This isn't the first time a sitting president has been accused of being replaced by a clone during an election campaign. y6T世界播


In 2018 a viral rumour that Nigeria's President Buhari had been replaced by a body double became so widespread that the president himself responded, saying: "It's the real me, I assure you". y6T世界播


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