虚假的美国选举声明在网上疯传

2020-10-17 09:30

The false US election claims going viral y6T世界播

虚假的美国选举声明在网上疯传。y6T世界播


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In the final weeks of the US election campaign all manner of false and misleading things are being shared on social media. y6T世界播

在美国大选的最后几周,各种虚假和误导性的东西在社交媒体上被分享。y6T世界播


Here are some of the most recent - and false - claims. y6T世界播

以下是一些最新的-也是错误的-声明。y6T世界播


Postal votes y6T世界播

邮寄选票。y6T世界播


The Trump campaign has often claimed, without evidence, that increased postal voting ("mail-in" is the American term) due to the pandemic will lead to tremendous fraud. y6T世界播

特朗普竞选团队经常声称,在没有证据的情况下,由于大流行而增加的邮寄投票(“mail-in”是美国的术语)将导致巨大的欺诈。y6T世界播


In fact, electoral fraud is incredibly rare. y6T世界播

事实上,选举舞弊非常罕见。y6T世界播


Last week, President Trump suggested 50,000 people in Ohio getting erroneous absentee ballots was evidence of a "rigged election". y6T世界播

上周,特朗普总统表示,俄亥俄州有5万人获得了错误的缺席选票,这是“选举受到操纵”的证据。y6T世界播


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He repeated the example at a town-hall event on Thursday, when the moderator put it to him that the director of the FBI says there is no evidence of widespread fraud. y6T世界播

他在周四的一次市政厅活动中重复了这个例子,当时主持人对他说,联邦调查局局长说没有证据表明存在广泛的欺诈行为。y6T世界播


The elections board in Franklin County, Ohio, said the ballot error was a "serious mistake" but in its response to the president's tweet, it added: "Our board is bipartisan and our elections are fair. And every vote will be counted." y6T世界播

俄亥俄州富兰克林县的选举委员会表示,投票错误是一个“严重的错误”,但在回应总统的推文时,它补充说:“我们的委员会是两党的,我们的选举是公平的。每一张选票都将被计算在内。”y6T世界播


The error came through a technology malfunction - a high-speed scanner stopped working - that meant a chunk of more than 250,000 absentee ballots, for those not voting in person in their state, sent out were inaccurate. y6T世界播

这个错误是由于技术故障造成的-一台高速扫描仪停止工作-这意味着超过25万张缺席选票,对于那些没有亲自投票的人来说,寄出的选票是不准确的。y6T世界播


Everyone affected now has the correct voter slip, the elections boards said, and there are various safeguards in place to make sure no one votes twice. y6T世界播

选举委员会说,现在每个受影响的人都有正确的投票单,而且有各种保障措施来确保没有人投票两次。y6T世界播


"Dumped" ballots y6T世界播

“倾倒”选票。y6T世界播


In September, pictures of ballot envelopes in California were shared thousands of times on Facebook along with further unsubstantiated claims of "vote rigging". y6T世界播

今年9月,加利福尼亚州选票信封的照片在Facebook上被分享了数千次,同时还出现了更多未经证实的“选票操纵”指控。y6T世界播


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The official County of Sonoma Facebook page published a statement addressing the claims. "The pictures are of old empty envelopes from the November 2018 election that were disposed of as allowed by law," they said. y6T世界播

索诺马县的Facebook官方页面发布了一份声明,回应了这些说法。他们说:“这些照片是2018年11月大选时的旧空信封,这些信封都是法律允许的。”y6T世界播


The county's ballots for this year's presidential election had not yet been sent out to voters when the pictures were shared. y6T世界播

当照片被分享时,该县今年总统选举的选票还没有发给选民。y6T世界播


Numerous national and state-level studies show that voter fraud is incredibly rare in the US. y6T世界播

无数的全国性和州级研究表明,选民欺诈在美国极其罕见。y6T世界播


There have been isolated cases of postal-ballot fraud and the FBI is currently investigating a case of nine military ballots that were discarded in Pennsylvania. y6T世界播

邮寄选票欺诈的案件一直是孤立的,联邦调查局目前正在调查宾夕法尼亚州丢弃的9张军事选票的案件。y6T世界播


But Ellen Weintraub, commissioner of the Federal Election Commission, which oversees campaign spending laws, has said: "There's simply no basis for the conspiracy theory that voting by mail causes fraud." y6T世界播

但负责监督竞选支出法律的联邦选举委员会委员艾伦·温特劳布(Ellen Weinterub)表示:“邮寄投票导致欺诈的阴谋论根本没有根据。”y6T世界播


Campaign ads and attack videos y6T世界播

竞选广告和攻击视频。y6T世界播


Misleading videos and adverts vilifying opponents, spinning facts and exaggerating the truth are of course common during election campaigns - and this one has been no different. y6T世界播

在竞选期间,诋毁对手、捏造事实和夸大事实的误导性视频和广告当然很常见-这一次也不例外。y6T世界播


Donald Trump Jr posted a video featuring an interview with Joe Biden replying affirmatively - using the word "bingo" - when asked about gun control. y6T世界播

小唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump Jr)发布了一段视频,视频中乔·拜登(Joe Biden)在被问及枪支管制时做出了肯定的回答-使用了“宾果”(Bingo)这个词。y6T世界播


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But the actual question was not about a wholesale ban on guns, but rather on one specific type - assault weapons. Mr Biden does indeed support a ban on the manufacture and sale of those high-powered weapons, and proposes that owners will either be able to sell them back to the government or register them. y6T世界播

但真正的问题不是大规模禁止枪支,而是针对一种特定的类型-攻击性武器。拜登先生确实支持禁止制造和销售这些高威力武器,并建议拥有者要么可以将它们卖回给政府,要么进行登记。y6T世界播


The clip and Mr Trump Jr's tweet dropped any such nuance, however. y6T世界播

然而,这段视频和小特朗普的推文没有任何这样的细微差别。y6T世界播


A Democratic Party-supporting Twitter account published its own video on the issue. Referring to the president's supporters, it claimed: "Hey MAGA, Trump is coming for your guns". Attached was a clip from a press conference in which the president says: "Take the firearms first and then go to court". y6T世界播

一个支持民主党的推特账号发布了自己关于这个问题的视频。在谈到总统的支持者时,它声称:“嘿,玛加,特朗普来抢你们的枪了。”随附的是总统在新闻发布会上说的一段视频:“先拿枪,然后上法庭”。y6T世界播


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But here the president was referring to a policy of removing weapons from the hands of potentially dangerous people. y6T世界播

但在这里,总统指的是从潜在危险分子手中夺走武器的政策。y6T世界播


Misleadingly edited videos have been a recurring feature of the campaign. y6T世界播

经过误导编辑的视频一直是这场活动的一个反复出现的特点。y6T世界播


This week, a Trump campaign ad was edited to make it look like Dr Anthony Fauci, one of the leaders of the White House coronavirus task force, was praising the president. In reality, Dr Fauci was talking about his own response to the pandemic. y6T世界播

本周,特朗普的一则竞选广告经过编辑,使其看起来像是白宫冠状病毒特别工作组的领导人之一安东尼·福奇博士(Dr Anthony Fuci)在赞扬总统。事实上,福奇博士谈论的是他自己对大流行的反应。y6T世界播


We've also seen campaign adverts on Facebook push inaccurate claims. y6T世界播

我们还看到Facebook上的竞选广告推送不准确的声明。y6T世界播


A frequent falsehood includes allegations that the president called coronavirus a "hoax". An ad seen a few hundred thousand times on Facebook this week and promoted by "Color Of Change PAC" - a "political action committee" separate from the political parties - includes the false claim. y6T世界播

经常出现的谎言包括总统称冠状病毒为“骗局”的指控。本周,Facebook上的一则广告被浏览了几十万次,该广告由独立于政党的“政治行动委员会”“改变的颜色政治行动委员会”(Color Of Change PAC)宣传,其中包括虚假声明。y6T世界播


While he has at times made wildly unscientific statements, President Trump did not directly call coronavirus a hoax. The rumour seems to stem from a speech he gave earlier in the year, in which he called the Democratic Party's reaction to his handling of the pandemic "their new hoax". y6T世界播

虽然特朗普总统有时会发表极不科学的声明,但他并没有直接称冠状病毒为骗局。谣言似乎源于他今年早些时候的一次演讲,他在演讲中称民主党对他处理大流行的反应是“他们的新骗局”。y6T世界播


Following the first presidential debate, the Trump campaign posted ads promoting a false claim that Joe Biden wore an earpiece. y6T世界播

在第一场总统辩论之后,特朗普竞选团队发布了广告,宣传乔·拜登(Joe Biden)戴着耳机的虚假说法。y6T世界播


Further ads falsely claimed Mr Biden had been using a teleprompter in TV interviews. y6T世界播

进一步的广告错误地声称拜登在电视采访中一直在使用提词器。y6T世界播


Conspiracy theories y6T世界播

阴谋论y6T世界播


Tweets generating thousands of shares in recent days promoted a bizarre conspiracy theory, claiming to reveal secret information about the capture and death of Osama Bin Laden - an idea that was amplified by the president himself. y6T世界播

最近几天,产生了数千条分享的推文宣扬了一种离奇的阴谋论,声称披露了关于奥萨马·本·拉登(Osama Bin Laden)被捕和死亡的秘密信息-这一想法被总统本人放大了。y6T世界播


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An article reporting these unfounded claims eventually entered the mainstream conversation after President Trump retweeted it. y6T世界播

在特朗普总统转发后,一篇报道这些毫无根据的说法的文章最终进入了主流对话。y6T世界播


The "whistleblower" in the story claims to have information to prove that a "body double" of Osama Bin Laden was killed by American troops in Pakistan, rather than the real Al Qaeda leader. y6T世界播

故事中的“告密者”声称有信息证明奥萨马·本·拉登的“替身”是被驻巴基斯坦的美军击毙的,而不是真正的基地组织头目。y6T世界播


The article went even further, with the interviewee accusing Joe Biden of orchestrating a cover-up and the shooting down of a US helicopter in Afghanistan in 2011. They provided no evidence to support the claims. y6T世界播

这篇文章甚至更进一步,受访者指责乔·拜登(Joe Biden)策划掩盖事实,并于2011年在阿富汗击落一架美国直升机。他们没有提供任何证据来支持这些说法。y6T世界播


The accusations prompted fury from a member of the elite Navy Seal unit who took part in the mission. He totally rejected the theory, telling CNN it was "trampling on the graves of some of the best heroes I have ever personally worked with". y6T世界播

这些指控激起了一名参加任务的精锐海豹突击队成员的愤怒。他完全否认了这一理论,他告诉CNN,这是“践踏了我个人工作过的一些最好的英雄的坟墓”。y6T世界播


The author of the article retweeted by the president admitted on Twitter: "I have no proof that the Whistleblower's claims are true." y6T世界播

总统转发的这篇文章的作者在推特上承认:“我没有证据证明举报人的说法是真的。”y6T世界播


At Thursday's town-hall event the president was asked about his decision to retweet the dubious article, and responded: "I'll put it out there - people can decide for themselves." y6T世界播

在周四的市政厅活动中,当被问及转发这篇可疑文章的决定时,总统回答说:“我会把它公之于众--人们可以自己决定。”y6T世界播


Mr Trump has promoted conspiracy theories in the past and also became the subject of some when he caught coronavirus. y6T世界播

特朗普过去曾鼓吹阴谋论,当他感染冠状病毒时也成为一些人的攻击对象。y6T世界播


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One particularly far-fetched theory shared on Facebook and Reddit this week claimed that Mr Trump has been replaced by a clone. y6T世界播

本周在Facebook和Reddit上分享的一个特别牵强的理论声称,特朗普已经被一个克隆人取代。y6T世界播


A collage of images entitled "The real Donald Trump never left hospital" contrasted photos of Donald Trump before and after his stay in hospital, labelling him a "new-born clone". y6T世界播

一张名为“真实的唐纳德·特朗普从未离开过医院”的拼贴画对比了唐纳德·特朗普住院前后的照片,称他为“新生克隆人”。y6T世界播


Though some people clearly shared the post as a joke, other comments suggested the idea was taken seriously by some. y6T世界播

虽然一些人显然是在开玩笑地分享这篇帖子,但其他评论表明,这一想法受到了一些人的认真对待。y6T世界播


The president has been seen in public multiple times since his release from hospital, and there is no evidence to support the wild theory. y6T世界播

自从总统出院以来,他已经多次公开露面,没有证据支持这一疯狂的理论。y6T世界播


This isn't the first time a sitting president has been accused of being replaced by a clone during an election campaign. y6T世界播

这不是第一次有人指责在任总统在竞选期间被克隆人取代。y6T世界播


In 2018 a viral rumour that Nigeria's President Buhari had been replaced by a body double became so widespread that the president himself responded, saying: "It's the real me, I assure you". y6T世界播

2018年,尼日利亚总统布哈里被替身取代的谣言甚嚣尘上,以至于总统本人回应说:“我向你保证,这是真正的我。”y6T世界播

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