研究发现,英国、意大利、西班牙在第一波大流行中有很高的“超额死亡”

2020-10-14 18:02

UK, Italy, Spain had high "excess deaths" in first pandemic wave, study finds 38a世界播

研究发现,英国、意大利、西班牙在第一波大流行中有很高的“超额死亡”38a世界播


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LONDON (Reuters) - Britain, Italy and Spain had the highest rates of so-called "excess deaths" from all causes, including COVID-19, among 21 developed countries during the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic, an international study has found. 38a世界播

路透伦敦8月23日电-一项国际研究发现,在冠状病毒大流行的第一波期间,包括新冠肺炎在内的21个发达国家中,英国、意大利和西班牙因各种原因造成的所谓“超额死亡”的比率最高。38a世界播


Some 206,000 more people died between mid-February and the end of May in the 21 countries in total than would have been expected to die had the pandemic not taken place - an 18% increase in deaths, scientists who conducted the research said. 38a世界播

进行这项研究的科学家表示,在2月中旬至5月底期间,这21个国家的死亡人数总共比没有大流行的情况下预计的死亡人数多出约20.6万人-死亡人数增加了18%。38a世界播


England and Wales accounted for 28% of all the excess deaths, Italy for 24%, and Spain 22%. 38a世界播

英格兰和威尔士占所有额外死亡人数的28%,意大利占24%,西班牙占22%。38a世界播


The researchers said analysing excess deaths from all causes combined - which they did using weekly death data from the 21 countries - gives a more comprehensive picture of the overall impact of a pandemic. 38a世界播

研究人员说,分析各种原因造成的额外死亡人数加在一起-他们使用了21个国家的每周死亡数据-提供了一幅更全面的大流行总体影响的图景。38a世界播


"The pandemic has affected people's lives and health in so many ways," said Vasilis Kontis, who co-led the work. "For instance, some people may have had an operation or treatment delayed, or might have lost the support they need with their day to day medical needs. 38a世界播

共同领导这项工作的瓦西里斯·康蒂斯(Vasilis Kontis)说:“大流行在很多方面影响了人们的生活和健康。”“例如,一些人可能延误了手术或治疗,或者可能失去了他们日常医疗需求所需的支持。38a世界播


"Taking these factors into account, looking at deaths from COVID-19 infection alone is too limited; looking at deaths from all causes allows us to better understand how well countries handled the pandemic." 38a世界播

“考虑到这些因素,单看新冠肺炎感染造成的死亡人数太有限了;观察各种原因造成的死亡人数,可以让我们更好地了解各国处理疫情的情况。”38a世界播


The 21 countries in the analysis were Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. 38a世界播

分析中的21个国家是澳大利亚、奥地利、比利时、保加利亚、捷克、丹麦、英格兰和威尔士、芬兰、法国、匈牙利、意大利、荷兰、新西兰、挪威、波兰、葡萄牙、苏格兰、斯洛伐克、西班牙、瑞典和瑞士。38a世界播


The combined death toll of 206,000 is similar to the total annual number of deaths from lung cancer in these countries, the researchers said. It is more than twice their annual combined death toll from diabetes or breast cancer. 38a世界播

研究人员说,20.6万人的总死亡人数与这些国家每年死于肺癌的总人数相似。这是他们每年死于糖尿病或乳腺癌总和的两倍多。38a世界播

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