泰德·克鲁兹的节育评论在事实上是不正确的

2020-10-14 11:31

Ted Cruz's Comments on Birth Control Are Factually Incorrect — Here's Why That's a Problem JFK世界播

特德·克鲁兹关于节育的评论实际上是不正确的-这就是为什么这是一个问题。JFK世界播


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In the midst of Amy Coney Barrett's Supreme Court confirmation hearings on Oct. 13, Senator Ted Cruz misdefined birth control in a misleading and problematic way. Namely, he referred to birth control as "anti-abortion drugs." JFK世界播

在10月13日艾米·科尼·巴雷特(Amy Coney Barrett)的最高法院确认听证会上,参议员特德·克鲁兹(Ted Cruz)以一种误导性和有问题的方式错误地定义了节育。也就是说,他将节育称为“反堕胎药物”。JFK世界播


To catch you up, Cruz brought up birth control when discussing implied threats to religious freedom. He specifically referenced the Supreme Court case of The Little Sisters of the Poor Saints Peter and Paul Home v. Pennsylvania. In this case, the Little Sisters of the Poor asked for exemption from the part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that requires health plans to cover all FDA-approved contraceptive methods. Key word: contraceptive. (The Supreme Court ultimately ruled that organizations could opt out of this requirement for religious and moral reasons.) JFK世界播

为了跟上你的脚步,克鲁兹在讨论对宗教自由的隐含威胁时提到了节育。他特别提到了最高法院贫穷圣徒彼得和保罗·霍姆诉宾夕法尼亚州的案件。在这种情况下,穷人小姐妹组织要求免除患者保护和平价医疗法案中要求医疗计划涵盖FDA批准的所有避孕方法的部分。关键词:避孕。(最高法院最终裁定,组织可以出于宗教和道德原因选择退出这一要求。)。JFK世界播


In the hearing, Cruz said, "The Little Sisters of the Poor, our Catholic Convent of nuns, who take oaths of poverty, who devote their lives to caring for the sick, caring for the needy, caring for the elderly, and the Obama administration litigated against the Little Sisters of the Poor, seeking to fine them in order to force them to pay for abortion-inducing drugs among others." JFK世界播

在听证会上,克鲁兹说,“穷人小姐妹会,我们的天主教修女修道院,她们宣誓脱离贫困,毕生致力于照顾病人、照顾穷人、照顾老人,奥巴马政府对穷人小姐妹们提起诉讼,试图对她们处以罚款,以迫使她们支付导致堕胎的药物等费用。”JFK世界播


Buried in the rhetoric is a glaring error. Cruz is saying that contraceptives are "abortion-inducing drugs," which is medically inaccurate. Here's why. JFK世界播

言辞中隐藏着一个明显的错误。克鲁兹说避孕药是“导致堕胎的药物”,这在医学上是不准确的。原因如下。JFK世界播


Pregnancy officially begins when a fertilized egg is implanted in the uterine lining. According to the New York Times, anti-abortion groups use the phrase "abortion-inducing" to describe methods that they say can prevent this implantation from happening. JFK世界播

当受精卵被植入子宫内膜时,怀孕正式开始。据“纽约时报”报道,反堕胎团体用“堕胎诱导”一词来描述他们所说的可以防止植入的方法。JFK世界播


As the NYT explains, this assumption is already incorrect; if pregnancy does not begin until implantation, a contraceptive that prevents implantation can't be called abortion-inducing, because there is not yet a pregnancy to terminate. (Implantation, not fertilization, is considered the beginning of pregnancy because many fertilized eggs naturally fail to implant in the uterus.) Regardless, nearly all forms of birth control do not prevent pregnancy in this way. Rather, they prevent eggs from being fertilized at all, one step before implantation would even occur. Here's how several of the most popular forms of birth control work. JFK世界播

正如“纽约时报”解释的那样,这一假设已经是不正确的;如果直到植入才开始怀孕,那么阻止植入的避孕药不能被称为引产,因为还没有妊娠需要终止。(植入,而不是受精,被认为是怀孕的开始,因为许多受精卵自然无法植入子宫。)。无论如何,几乎所有形式的节育措施都不能以这种方式防止怀孕。相反,它们根本阻止卵子受精,甚至在植入之前的一步就会发生。以下是几种最流行的节育方式的工作原理。JFK世界播


Birth control by definition does not end a pregnancy; it prevents it from happening in the first place. As reproductive health continues to be a political talking point, it's crucial to hold politicians accountable on these key points, which have a direct effect on our bodies and lives. JFK世界播

从定义上讲,节育并不能结束怀孕;它从一开始就阻止了怀孕的发生。由于生殖健康仍然是一个政治话题,让政客们对这些直接影响我们身体和生活的关键点负责是至关重要的。JFK世界播

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