最高法院下令结束人口普查计数

2020-10-14 07:32

The Supreme Court Is Allowing The Trump Administration To End The Census Count Early 0KE世界播

最高法院允许特朗普政府提前结束人口普查计票。0KE世界播


暂无0KE世界播

A census volunteer speaks with people in New York City last month. 0KE世界播

上个月,一名人口普查志愿者在纽约市与人们交谈0KE世界播


The US Supreme Court on Tuesday allowed the Trump administration to stop the census count from continuing until the end of October. 0KE世界播

周二,美国最高法院允许特朗普政府停止人口普查统计,一直持续到10月底。0KE世界播


On behalf of the court, Justice Elena Kagan granted a stay that suspended a lower court's order requiring the once-a-decade data collection to continue. 0KE世界播

代表法院,大法官埃琳娜·卡根(Elena Kagan)批准暂缓执行下级法院要求继续进行十年一次的数据收集的命令。0KE世界播


The Department of Commerce had argued that it needed to end the field counting in order to begin processing the data for the Dec. 31 deadline, by which it is required to turn over the figures to the president. 0KE世界播

商务部曾辩称,它需要结束字段清点,以便开始在12月31日的最后期限前处理数据,在这一最后期限之前,商务部必须将数据提交给总统。0KE世界播


But civil rights groups and local governments had sued, saying that an earlier cutoff would mean a less accurate count of the census among communities that are difficult to count. 0KE世界播

但民权组织和地方政府已经提起诉讼,称更早的截止日期将意味着对难以统计的社区的人口普查统计不那么准确。0KE世界播


The census is used to divvy up seats in the House of Representatives (a process known as apportionment), and it affects hundreds of billions of dollars of federal funding. 0KE世界播

人口普查被用来分配众议院的席位(这一过程被称为分配),它影响着数千亿美元的联邦资金。0KE世界播


Justice Sonia Sotomayor was the only member of the court who wrote a dissent from the granting of the stay. 0KE世界播

大法官索尼娅·索托马约尔(Sonia Sotomayor)是最高法院中唯一写下对批准暂缓执行的异议的成员。0KE世界播


“Moreover, meeting the deadline at the expense of the accuracy of the census is not a cost worth paying," she wrote. "The harms caused by rushing this year's census count are irreparable. And respondents will suffer their lasting impact for at least the next 10 years." 0KE世界播

她写道:“此外,以牺牲人口普查的准确性为代价来赶在最后期限前完成普查并不是值得付出的代价,仓促进行今年的人口普查所造成的伤害是无法弥补的。”而且受访者至少在未来10年内都会受到持久的影响。“。0KE世界播


暂无0KE世界播

0KE世界播

0KE世界播


In April, amid difficulties caused to the data collection by the coronavirus pandemic, the Census Bureau extended the end date for its counting period from June 31 to Oct. 31. The Democrat-controlled House then passed a bill extending the Dec. 31 reporting deadline by 120 days, but the Republican-led Senate did not. The Census Bureau then said it would try to stop the count at the end of September. 0KE世界播

今年4月,由于冠状病毒大流行给数据收集带来的困难,人口普查局将计票期的结束日期从6月31日延长到10月31日。民主党控制的众议院随后通过了一项法案,将12月31日的报告截止日期延长了120天,但共和党领导的参议院没有这样做。人口普查局随后表示,将试图在9月底停止统计。0KE世界播


It was around this time that the Trump administration announced its intention to exclude millions of undocumented people from being counted when congressional districts are revised after the 2020 census. Such a move would reduce the number of seats for states like New York and California. 0KE世界播

正是在这个时候,特朗普政府宣布,在2020年人口普查后修改国会选区时,打算将数百万无证人口排除在统计范围之外。这样的举动将减少纽约州和加利福尼亚州等州的席位数量。0KE世界播


In September, federal judges stopped Trump from ordering officials to exclude undocumented immigrants. That case is now also before the Supreme Court. 0KE世界播

9月,联邦法官阻止特朗普命令官员排除非法移民。该案现在也提交最高法院审理。0KE世界播


Legal observers have speculated that the Trump administration wants to stick to the Dec. 31 deadline so that the president has time to continue with his apportionment plans even if he loses his bid for reelection in November. Should he win, Joe Biden would take office on Jan. 20, 2021. 0KE世界播

法律观察人士猜测,特朗普政府希望坚持12月31日的最后期限,这样即使总统在11月竞选连任失败,也有时间继续他的分配计划。如果他获胜,乔·拜登将于2021年1月20日就职。0KE世界播


Census Bureau officials said Tuesday that 99.9% of housing units have been accounted for so far. 0KE世界播

人口普查局官员周二表示,到目前为止,99.9%的房屋单元已经被计算在内。0KE世界播


"But even a fraction of a percent of the Nation’s 140 million households amounts to hundreds of thousands of people left uncounted," wrote Sotomayor. "Because the harms associated with an inaccurate census are avoidable and intolerable, I respectfully dissent from the grant of stay." 0KE世界播

索托马约尔写道:“但即使是全国1.4亿家庭中的一小部分,也相当于数十万人没有统计。”“由於与不准确的人口普查有关的损害是可以避免和不能容忍的,我恭敬地反对批准逗留。”0KE世界播

© 2016 世界播 www.shijiebobao.com 中国互联网举报中心 京ICP证140141号 鄂ICP备18018000号-1
违法和不良信息举报: