外媒:武汉出现疫情8周前,美国进行了一场瘟疫预演,几乎全应验

2020-03-21 14:35

Devastating report reveals how federal officials held a pandemic flu wargame in 2019 and realized the U.S. would run out of masks and ventilators, face chaos over 'social distancing' - despite Trump saying 'nobody knew'
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一份令人震惊的报告揭示了联邦官员如何在2019年进行了一场流感大流行的生存游戏,并意识到美国将会没有口罩和呼吸机,同时面临“社交疏远”的混乱——尽管特朗普说“没人知道”
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It started with a new virus emerging in China – which tourists rapidly brought home to Chicago, setting off a cascade of events that confounded government officials and revealed gaping holes in the national stockpile.9Gg世界播

它始于首次在中国发现的一种新病毒——游客们迅速把这种病毒带回位于芝加哥的家,引发了一连串的事件,让政府官员感到困惑,并暴露出美国国家储备的巨大漏洞。9Gg世界播


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But it wasn't the new coronavirus – it was the 'Crimson Contagion' – part of a government exercise that anticipated many of the failures currently holding back government agencies and front-line health professionals.9Gg世界播

但这并不是关于新型冠状病毒的演练,而是一项名为“深红色传染病”的演练项目--这是美国政府的其中一个演练行动,它预测了目前阻碍政府机构和前线专业医护人员的许多失败。9Gg世界播


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The exercise produced a draft report that was produced on a 'Do Not Distribute' bases that involved a range of government agencies.It came out in October of 2019, just two months before officials in China identified a new coronavirus that would shut down much of the world economy and bring on a terrifying death toll and infection rate.9Gg世界播

这次演习产生了一份报告草案,该草案被贴上了“不分发”标签,涉及一系列政府机构。它是在2019年10月发布的,就在中国官员发现一种新型冠状病毒的两个月前,这种病毒现已导致世界经济的大部分地区被关闭,并带来了可怕的死亡人数和感染率。9Gg世界播


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A devastating draft report from October 2019 identified weaknesses in how the feds would respond to a flu pandemic9Gg世界播

2019年10月的一份令人震惊的报告草案指出了联邦政府应对流感大流行的薄弱环节9Gg世界播


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The draft report, obtained by the New York Times, was revealed on a day President Trump claimed 'nobody knew there'd be a pandemic or epidemic of this proportion' and his administration backed a $1 trillion recovery plan and said it identified tens of thousands of ventilators that could be 'converted' for hospital use.Construction workers were being asked to donate excess masks, and the military was determining where it could set up mobile hospitals.9Gg世界播

《纽约时报》获得这份报告草案的当天,特朗普总统声称“没有人知道会有这么大规模的流行病或传染病”,他的政府支持一项1万亿美元的经济复苏计划,并表示已经确定了数万台可以“改装”为医院使用的呼吸机。建筑工人被要求捐赠多余的口罩,军方正在确定在哪里可以建立流动医院。9Gg世界播


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The draft report described a simulation and exercise involving19 federal departments and agencies and 12 states, as well as 87 hospitals.One such state was New York, which now has the most U.S. coronavirus cases and is searching for ways to accommodate patients.9Gg世界播

报告草案描述了一项涉及19个联邦部门和机构以及12个州和87家医院的模拟和演习。纽约州就是其中的一个州,它现在是美国新冠病毒感染病例最多的州,正在寻找收治确诊患者的方法。9Gg世界播


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Partners 'lacked clarity' on agency partners' roles, according to the report, overseen by the Health and Human Services Department.It found there was 'confusion' among briefs submitted by various agencies, including HHS, FEMA and Homeland Security.9Gg世界播

这份由美国卫生与公众服务部监督的报告称,合作伙伴对机构合伙人的角色“不够明确”。调查发现,美国国土安全部、联邦应急管理局和国土安全部等机构提交的简报存在“混乱”。9Gg世界播


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President Trump said Thursday that 'nobody knew there'd be a pandemic'9Gg世界播

特朗普总统周四时表示:“没有人知道会出现大流行”。9Gg世界播


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Financial markets have tanked as the coronavirus spread9Gg世界播

随着新型冠状病毒的蔓延,金融市场已经崩溃9Gg世界播


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A man wearing a protective face mask walks with his luggage in Times Square, following the outbreak of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in the Manhattan borough of New York City, New York, U.S., March 19, 20209Gg世界播

2020年3月19日,美国纽约市曼哈顿区,新冠肺炎疫情(COVID-19)爆发后,一名戴着防护口罩的男子拖着行李行走在时代广场。9Gg世界播


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The agencies undertook the exercise after identifying problems in the response to Ebola and other outbreaks9Gg世界播

这些机构在发现应对埃博拉和其他疫情的问题后进行了模拟演习9Gg世界播


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The report identified 'insufficient funding sources' for a pandemic response.The treasury will now be out trillions trying to resuscitate the economy9Gg世界播

报告指出,应对大流行的“资金不足”。财政部现在将拿出数万亿美元试图重振经济9Gg世界播


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A driver wears a protective mask while traveling in an Amazon.com Inc.delivery truck in New Rochelle, New York, U.S., on Thursday, March 12, 2020.Members of the National Guard have arrived in New Rochelle to clean institutions and deliver food to the more than 120 sick residents within the three mile containment area9Gg世界播

2020年3月12日,周四,一名司机戴着防护口罩,乘坐亚马逊公司的送货卡车行驶在美国纽约州新罗谢尔市。国民警卫队成员已经抵达新罗谢尔,为医疗机构进行消杀,并向三英里隔离区内的120多名患病居民分发食物9Gg世界播


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Members of the New York Army National Guard assist Hope Community Services to pack food for distribution in an area with multiple cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in New Rochelle, New York, U.S., March 18, 20209Gg世界播

2020年3月18日,美国纽约州新罗谢尔市,纽约陆军国民警卫队的成员协助希望社区服务机构打包食品,以分发给多例新型冠状病毒病(covid19)确诊患者9Gg世界播


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The draft ran a simulation for the 'Crimson Contagion'9Gg世界播

该草案模拟了“深红传染病”情况9Gg世界播


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An October simulation forecast how a pandemic might play out9Gg世界播

10月份的一次模拟预测了大流行可能会如何发展9Gg世界播


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The simulation tracked the spread of a respiratory disease9Gg世界播

该模拟追踪了一种呼吸道疾病的传播情况9Gg世界播


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'The current medical countermeasure supply chain and production capacity cannot meet demands imposed by nations during a global influenza pandemic,' authors wrote – in a finding that mirrored the lack of gloves, ventilators, and masks for caregivers.9Gg世界播

报告作者写道:“当前的医疗对策供应链和生产能力无法满足各国在全球流感大流行期间的需求。”这一发现反映出了医护人员缺乏手套、呼吸机和口罩的情况。9Gg世界播


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States experienced ‘multiple challenges’ requesting federal resources and responded differently to events – a finding that echoes the gulf of available resources and funding to respond.9Gg世界播

各州经历了请求联邦资源的“多重挑战”,并对疫情做出了不同的反应-这一发现呼应了可用于应对的资源和资金的巨大缺口。9Gg世界播


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Some states ‘were not clear on pre-pandemic vaccine’ or the nation’s stockpile.9Gg世界播

一些州对“流感大流行前的疫苗或美国的储备情况并不清楚”。9Gg世界播


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The simulations followed problems in the U.S. response to Ebola and H1N1 swing flu and other outbreaks.9Gg世界播

这些模拟试验是在美国应对埃博拉和H1N1流感以及其他疫情时出现问题之后进行的。9Gg世界播


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The planning happened at a level lower down the bureaucracy, the Times found, without getting sufficient attention from top officials now calling the shots.9Gg世界播

《纽约时报》发现,这项计划是在官僚机构的底层进行的,没有得到现在发号施令的高层官员的足够重视。9Gg世界播

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